潔西整理劍橋字典音標與 KK 音標的比較+分享喜歡日劇六個配角同住的片頭曲跟片尾曲

潔西每次都推薦劍橋字典給同學,因為有英英的解釋,也有英中,所以對學習很有幫助。然後同學有個問題,他們說看不懂劍橋字典的音標。所以潔西做了個對照表,跟影片,解釋一下幫助記憶跟理解。

順便推薦一下只剩最後一集的日劇 バイプレイヤーズ 〜もしも6人の名脇役がシェアハウスで暮らしたら〜 配角們〜假如六個有名的配角一起合宿的話〜有潔西很喜歡的遠藤憲一跟松重豐,兩個感覺戲裡跟戲外差不多,都很可愛的大叔。內容就是說六個中年大叔,都演他們自己,一起住在一個一起 share house 就是那種合住的房子,大家一起住。劇情蠻簡單的,不過看那幾個大叔還蠻好笑的,也真的幾乎每一季的日劇都會看到他們。片尾歌潔西非常的喜歡,片頭曲也不錯,分享一下。想睡,沒幾個小時可睡,可能要去圖書睡吧,類。祝大家跟潔西有個美好的一天!

片尾曲,歌者坐在地上唱歌,歌聲渾厚,聽著聽著眼淚會流出來呢。

 

片頭情,熱血彭拜的搖滾風

 

 

潔西講解音標不同的影片。

 

字母 劍橋字典音標 KK音標 劍橋字典單字與音標 對應單字與KK音標
a /æ/ /æ/ fat /fæt/ fat /fæt/
e /e/ /ɛ/ set /set/ set /sɛt/
i /ɪ/ /ɪ/ kid /kɪd/ kid /kɪd/
o /ɑː/, /ɒ/ /ɑ/ not /nɑːt/, 英式  /nɒt/ not /nɑːt/
u /ʌ/ /ʌ/ cup /kʌp/ cup /kʌp/
a-e /eɪ/ /e/ mate /meɪt/ /meɪt/
ee /iː/ /i/ see /siː/ see /siː/
i-e /aɪ/ /aɪ/ kite /kaɪt/ kite /kaɪt/
o-e /oʊ/, /nəʊ/ /o/ note /noʊt/, 英式/nəʊt/ note /not/
u-e /juː/ /ju/ cute /kjuːt/ cute /kjut/
ue /uː/ /u/ blue /bluː/ blue /blu/
oo /ʊ/ /ʊ/ book /bʊk/ book /bʊk/
aw /ɑː/, /ɔː/ /ɔ/ flaw /flɑː/, 英式 /flɔː/ flaw /flɔ/
au /ɑː/,  /ɒ/ /ɔ/ fault /fɑːlt/, 英式  /fɒlt/ fault /fɔlt/
oy /tɔɪ/ /tɔɪ/ toy /tɔɪ/ toy /tɔɪ/
ou /aʊ/ /aʊ/ mouth /maʊθ/ mouth /maʊθ/
ir /ɝː/, /ɜː/ /ɝ/ bird /bɝːd/, 英式 /bɜːd/ bird /bɝd/
or /ɚ/, r/ /ɚ/ actor

/ˈæk.tɚ/,

英式

/ˈæk.tər/

actor

/ˈæk.tɚ/

a /ə/ /ə/ ago /əˈɡoʊ/ ago /əˈɡo/
p /p/ /p/ please /pliːz/ please /pliz/
b /b/ /b/ but /bʌt/ but /bʌt/
k /k/ /k/ cake /keɪk/ cake /kek/
ɡ /ɡ/ /ɡ/ girl /ɡɝːl/, 英式 /ɡɜːl/ girl /ɡɝl/
t /t/ /t/ tip /tɪp/ tip /tɪp/
d /d/ /d/ down /daʊn/ down /daʊn/
f /f/ /f/ five /faɪv/ five /faɪv/
v /v/ /v/ voice /vɔɪs/ voice /vɔɪs/
s /s/ /s/ sweet /swiːt/ sweet /swit/
z /z/ /z/ zoo /zuː/ zoo /zu/
th /θ/ /θ/ think /θɪŋk/ think /θɪŋk/
th /ð/ /ð/ that /ðæt/ that /ðæt/
sh /ʃ/ /ʃ/ ship /ʃɪp/ ship /ʃɪp/
si /ʒ/ /ʒ/ Asia

/ˈeɪ.ʒə/

Asia

/ˈeʒə/

ch /tʃ/ /tʃ/ match /mætʃ/ match /mætʃ/
j /dʒ/ /dʒ/ jump /dʒʌmp/ jump /dʒʌmp/
h /h/ /h/ hi /haɪ/ hi /haɪ/
m /m/ /m/ may /meɪ/ may /me/
n /n/ /n/ net /net/ net /nɛt/
ng /ŋ/ /ŋ/ sing /sɪŋ/ sing /sɪŋ/
l /l/ /l/ love /lʌv/ love /lʌv/
r /r/ /r/ rat /ræt/ rat /ræt/
y /j/ /j/ yes /jes/ yes /jes/
w /w/ /w/ wit /wɪt/ wit /wɪt/

Alan Walker – Faded (Luke Christopher Remix) 艾倫沃克 – 消逝(路可 克里斯多福 混音版) 潔西不專業翻譯

這首 Faded 是先前翻過兩次,因為有人說翻太直,的確是,所以又翻了一次,還是有人不免,恩,You can please everyone, and it’s not necessary. 你不需要討好每個人,也不必要。所以潔西後來就把比較過分的留言直接刪掉了。真的世界很大,很多人有不同的翻譯,可以去看自己喜歡的。Alan Walker 也是喜歡這首歌的一部分是聽的人可以自己詮釋。有人喜歡潔西的翻譯,很開心,不喜歡的也沒關係,潔西會看情形檢討修改,真的是錯誤的地方,會改過來,也非常謝謝指教。但是潔西還蠻常直翻的,因為想說英文教學嗎,不過很多時候翻譯真的直譯跟意譯有蠻大的差別,就是台灣人看同一首中文歌,也會有不同的詮釋,所以潔西多是照自己喜歡的翻,有時候再修了一下,可能也還是差不了多少。老實說,有時候覺得很多人被網路免費資源寵壞了,翻譯需要花時間心力,上網站看翻譯也不用錢,不喜歡看這個版本就去看別的版本的翻譯,為什麼還要特意留言酸翻譯的人呢?這樣真的讓人很不想繼續翻下去。實際上被酸多了後來就比較少翻,真的還是會有影響的,雖然說應該不用太在意的。

這首歌混音的版本是網友要求,網友要求的歌其實潔西很少翻,不過這首歌剛好是混音,不太難,然後想說剛好可以把歌詞意思用錄影的方式講解,讓喜歡的人可以自己詮釋,這樣也不錯吧?這個混音版是 美國創作型饒舌歌手 Luke Christopher 所演唱的,雖然也翻得有點差,非常心虛。原本 Faded 演唱這首歌聲音很飄渺的是 Iselin Solheim ,是挪威創作型歌手,製作的 Alan Walker 是一半英國一半挪威的混血 DJ。關於這個 MV 維基有解釋了一下,不然潔西應該也看不出來,拍攝的地點是 Estonia 愛沙尼亞,前蘇聯的一部份。先前有核能廠。這個 MV 的男主角感覺就是設定在核爆後的殘骸,靠著照片找他的老家,最後找到已經夷為平地時,失望之餘把戴在臉上用來保護他不受周遭可能有的毒氣所殘害的面罩除下。MV大家其實已可以有不同想法。Alan Walker 這個造型其他 MV 也有出現,另外一首 Alone 也不錯聽。

好想整理好多講義,錄影片,每天都很累,鄰居又很吵,裝修中,天氣變化又大,咳嗽又咳不好的一堆藉口,啊!加油中!

潔西解說歌詞的影片

 

Luke Christopher – Faded Remix  路可 克里斯多福 – 消逝 混音版

 

Luke Christopher – Faded Remix  路可 克里斯多福 – 消逝 混音版

lyrics 中文歌詞  潔西不專業翻譯

 

Where are you now? 你身在何方

Atlantis, under the sea, under the sea 亞特蘭提斯,深在地底,深在地底

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Another dream 另外一個夢中

The monster’s running wild inside of me 怪物在我心裡狂亂奔跑

I’m faded 我逐漸消逝了

 

Honestly you probably shouldn’t listen to a word I say 老實說你大概不該聽我說的任何一句話

Cus girl I feel like I’ve been dizzy for days 因為女孩我覺得我好像已經昏昏沈沈好幾天

Would you do it if I asked you to stay 假如我要求你留下來的話你會嗎?

Or would you tell me it’s a little too late 或者你會告訴說我已經有點太遲了

Cus if it is I’d be happy to fade 因為假如是這樣的話我很樂意消失

Said I’d pick a better time and place 假如說我挑個比較好的時間跟地點

But if it’s not you still got monsters 但是假如不是這樣,你心中還有怪物的話

My demons would be happy to play 我的惡魔們非常願意一起玩耍

Just look at everyone’s faces 看看每個人的臉龐

Y’know that they faded 你知道他們正在享受著

Always escaping 總是在逃避

I did too much taking 我從你身上拿走太多

Now when you say shxx 當你說狗屎時

I feel it’s nothin’ like 我覺得沒有什沒可以比得上

When I had you girl 當我曾經擁有你的時候

At least I had somethin right 至少我做過正確的事

Deep like the ocean 像海底深

Seizing the moment 把握當下

My cards are showing 我的底牌全都秀出來了

 

Where are you now? 你身在何方

Atlantis, under the sea, under the sea 亞特蘭提斯,深在地底,深在地底

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Another dream 另外一個夢中

The monster’s running wild inside of me 怪物在我心裡狂亂奔馳

I’m faded, I’m faded 我消逝了,我消逝了

So lost, I’m faded, I’m faded 如此的迷失,我消逝了,我消逝了

So lost, I’m faded 如此的迷失,我消逝了

 

And I don’t mean to put on the pressure 我不是想要給你壓力

But if you ever wanna do it to me again I probably would let ya 但是假如你要再對我做一次同樣的事,我大概也會讓你那麼做

And I know it’s a little bit extra 我知道這是有點多餘的

To say that I’m messed up’s an understatement 說我搞砸了只是輕描淡寫

It’s time that I let go I’m done with hatin’是我該放手的時候了,我已經受夠了心中充滿仇恨

I hear music having me blasting 我聽說音樂會讓我開心

Life is steadily passing 生活穩定地一天過一天

And baby I’m not exaggerated 親愛的,我不是誇大

So imma keep deep diving 我繼續往下深沉

Just to see where you hidin’ 只是要看你究竟躲在哪兒

And if you aren’t in the sea 假如你不在海裡

I just wait until I dream 我就一直等到我做夢

To see if I can find you 看是否能在夢中找到你

 

Where are you now? 你身在何方

Atlantis, under the sea, under the sea 亞特蘭提斯,深在地底,深在地底

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Another dream 另外一個夢中

The monster’s running wild inside of me 怪物在我心裡狂亂奔馳

I’m faded, I’m faded 我消逝了,我消逝了

So lost, I’m faded, I’m faded 如此的迷失,我消逝了,我消逝了

So lost, I’m faded 如此的迷失,我消逝了

 

第二次翻譯比較順的 Faded 的歌詞

 

Alan Walker – Faded 艾倫沃克 – 消逝

Lyrics 中文歌詞 潔西不負責翻譯

 

(Verse 1)

You were the shadow to my light 你印記在我的心中如影隨形

Did you feel us? 你也有相同的感受嗎?

Another star, you fade away 宛如星星般,你漸漸地消失

Afraid our aim is out of sight 憂心看不見我們的未來

Wanna see us, alive 想要見到我們愛情持續下去

 

(Pre-Chorus 1)

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Was it all in my fantasy? 這一切都是在我的幻夢中嗎?

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Were you only imaginary? 你只是我的幻覺嗎?

 

(Chorus)

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Atlantis 如神話中的亞特蘭提斯般

under the sea 在深海裡

under the sea 在深海裡

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Another dream 在另外一個夢中

The monster’s running wild inside of me 我的心中彷彿有怪物亂竄般焦慮不安

I’m faded 我漸漸地在消失

I’m faded 我漸漸地在消失

So lost 如此地迷惑

I’m faded 我漸漸地在消失

I’m faded 我漸漸地在消失

So lost 如此地迷惑

I’m faded 我漸漸地在消失

 

(Verse 2)

The shallow waters never met what I needed 膚淺的世界不能符合我所想要的

I’m letting go, a deeper dive 我放手那些東西,往更深處去尋求

Eternal silence of the sea 海底世界永恆的沈寂

I’m breathing, alive 我能夠自由呼吸,感受到自己的存在

 

(Pre-Chorus 2)

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Under the bright but faded lights 在明亮的卻逐漸地消逝的燈光下

You set my heart on fire 你讓我的心熱血沸騰

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

 

(Chorus)

Another dream 在另外一個夢中

Another dream 在另外一個夢中

Another dream 在另外一個夢中

Another dream 在另外一個夢中

 

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Atlantis 如神話中的亞特蘭提斯般

under the sea 在深海裡

under the sea 在深海裡

Where are you now? 你身在何方?

Another dream 在另外一個夢中

The monster’s running wild inside of me 彷彿有怪物在我心中亂竄般的不安焦慮

I’m faded 我漸漸地在消失

I’m faded 我漸漸地在消失

So lost 如此地迷惑

I’m faded 我漸漸地在消失

I’m faded 我漸漸地在消失

So lost 如此地迷惑

I’m faded 我漸漸地在消失

 

 

第一次翻譯超級直譯的歌詞

Alan Walker – Faded 艾倫沃克 – 消逝

Lyrics 中文歌詞 潔西不負責翻譯

(Verse1)

You were the shadow to my light 你是我燈光的影子

Did you feel us 你可以感受到我們嗎?

Another star 另外一顆星星

You fade away 你消逝而去

Afraid our aim is out of sight 害怕我們看不見我們的目標

Wanna see us 想要看我們

Alive 活著

 

(Pre-Chorus 1)

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

Was it all in my fantasy 這些都是我的幻想嗎?

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

Were you only imaginary 你只是我虛構的嗎?

 

(Chorus)

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

Atlantis 亞特蘭提斯

Under the sea 在深海底下

Under the sea 在深海底下

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

Another dream 另外一個夢

The monsters running wild inside of me 怪物們在我體內瘋狂的亂竄

I’m faded 我慢慢地消逝

I’m faded 我慢慢地消逝

So lost, I’m faded 如此地迷惑,我慢慢地消逝

I’m faded 我慢慢地消逝

So lost, I’m faded 如此地迷惑,我慢慢地消逝

 

(Verse 2)

These shallow waters, never met 這些淺淺的水窪 ,永遠不會聚在一起

What I needed 我所需要的

I’m letting go 我正在放手

A deeper dive 一個深潛

Eternal silence of the sea 大海永恆的沈默

I’m breathing 我在呼吸著

Alive 活著

(Pre-Chorus 2)

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

Under the bright but faded lights 在明亮的但漸漸地變暗的燈光下

You’ve set my heart on fire 你把我的心點燃

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

(Chorus)

Another dream 在另外一個夢中

Another dream 在另外一個夢中

Another dream 在另外一個夢中

Another dream 在另外一個夢中

 

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

Atlantis 亞特蘭提斯

Under the sea 在深海底下

Under the sea 在深海底下

Where are you now 你現在在哪裡?

Another dream 另外一個夢

The monsters running wild inside of me 怪物們在我體內瘋狂的亂竄

I’m faded 我慢慢地消逝

I’m faded 我慢慢地消逝

So lost, I’m faded 如此地迷惑,我慢慢地消逝

I’m faded 我慢慢地消逝

So lost, I’m faded 如此地迷惑,我慢慢地消逝

 

 

資訊氾濫的無知

資訊越氾濫人類越無知,聽起來很奇怪吧?用早上教學生的 The more…, the more … 的句型來說 The more information people have, the more ignorant they are.  但事實上就是如此。越來越多的標題農場 content farm,越來越多的 click bait 為了賺點擊率的標題。這些都沒什麼,最可怕的就是看人家講什麼就相信什麼的人,覺得網路上寫的都是對的,不去懷疑,看到是某某權威專家就完全相信。恩,就英文而言或考試技巧來說,有些人真的別人說什麼信什麼,潔西有時候會問學生說是在網路上看到的,但是作者是誰?什麼職業或專業背景?不知道。是該說台灣人太善良,容易相信別人,還是要感慨 critical thinking 批判性思考為什麼對台灣人來說這麼難?

潔西的同學跟小寶都知道潔西非常不喜歡川普,但是也不會只看批評他的新聞,捧她的還是要看依下,為什麼支持的人支持,反對的又為什麼反對,看多了其實可以看出一些共通性。另外有些新聞會有很聳動的標題,內文空洞,還有就是只有某家在報導,感覺應該是大事,但是其他家都沒說,這時候就要考慮真實性。

不知道大家會去看網址嗎?某些網址代表了某個國家,某些是公家機關的網址,來源至少要知道,確認。潔西老爸接過法院的通知書說欠錢,將於存續帳戶直接扣除。老爸就一個認定是詐騙,潔西把信封拿來看,蠻真的,看了上面的地址電話,上網找法務部的地址電話,是真的,後來打去問,原來是某年的稅有收入卻沒有報到,本來只要補繳就可以了,但是老爸一直覺得那都是詐騙,就一直丟掉,丟到最後就來這個忘記叫什麼信函,就法院強致執行就是了。

其實要辨別一個網站說的是真的是假的,很多時候打入相關的關鍵字,看看其他的網站的報導,另外有些網站是造假的,其實仔細看一下內容大概可以看得出來,假的網站的內容一段非常空洞,或是連結到空的網頁。內容是真是假叫要靠自己的判斷,就新聞而言,幾個大網站都是差不多的報導,大致上就比較不會出錯。有關健康的訊息,請採半信半疑的態度,研究結果顯示?研究的樣本究竟多大,研究過了幾年常常就變了。

話說現在的社交網站蠻空虛的,跟最早沒有廣告的時期比起來,很多東西商業化之後就變質了。現在所謂的 echo chamber 回聲室效應,也就是社交媒體是靠一些參數(是這樣說嗎?)還決定出現什麼樣的東西讓你看,更吸引你,所以看到後面都是自己想看的東西,都是固定的某些東西,人的眼界也很容易變得越來越狹隘。

當我看到一篇文章,假如是我不喜歡的,我會去看他的出處,是八卦網站,還是有聲譽的網站,作者的意見是中肯還是偏頗,再看看其他類似的網站對同樣的事件的看法與說法是什麼,再憑自己的判斷力來理解這件事。不過喜歡的大概就接受了,不會想太多,哈哈。

其實潔西部落格上小錯很多,最近上課一直發現,但是下課了就忘了上來改,實在蠻糟的。深深一鞠躬道歉,看到很奇怪的大概都是潔西打錯了,請見諒。

潔西想說的資訊氾濫的無知主要是因為現代人資訊的取得真的太容易了,導致很多人就眼見為憑,看到的就是真的,其實很多時候有可能是假的。真的有人會為了點閱率去做假新聞,當中混一點事實進去,大家很容易就信以為真了。所以真的不要太輕易相信網路上看到的東西,看看作者是什麼樣的人,網頁是專業網站,還是業餘的部落格,還是看得出來的業配文,查很多東西尤其是 3C 產品的時候很多業配文。好,知道有人會問 3C 是哪三個,潔西記得從前查過是 computer, camera, cell phone 電腦,相機,手機,不過剛剛查維基是 computer, communication, consumer electoronics 電腦,通訊,消費性電子產品。其實國外一般會用 consumer electronics 來表達這些電腦,手機,跟其他的電子產品,3C 是台灣人自己發明的樣子,所以跟外國人說 3C 可能他們會聽不懂喔。但是說 consumer electronics 消費性電子產品,大部分的人應該會懂吧。

沒心備課,隔壁太吵,天氣好好,同樣的風景,加了陽光覺得每樣東西都變美了,都亮了起來,心情也亮了起來。只可惜還是很咳,懶得出門,不過該去剪頭髮了,一把亂髮嚇人,順便分享一下昨天的悲慘世界的笑點,哈哈,人越覺得糟糕的時候笑點越低啊。faded 翻混音版的翻好久了,晚一點看能不能生出來,耳機戴太久好痛喔 = = 大家週末愉快!

 

悲慘世界的笑點

附近又在裝潢了,電鑽聲魔音穿耳,好幾天沒睡好,外面又冷,捨不得出門,只好耳機戴著音樂聽電腦的音樂開大聲擋噪音。

剛剛耳邊傳來手機的鈴聲,開始找手機,ㄟ,沒響啊?喔喔,原來是電腦傳來的音樂聲,哈哈。

大家請保重身體,年輕的時候還是不要玩太兇好了,才不會像潔西問題一堆

星期六晚上咳到半夜醒來好幾次,吃了藥有好一點但是醒來幾次
星期天晚上繼續咳醒來,但是已經沒藥了,只好讓他咳
星期一打算去看醫生,醫生沒幫潔西掛號,這星期通通滿號
星期二一早起來頭痛到爆,下午勉強去買壞掉的燈,回家繼續頭痛,再睡
星期三一早起來又頭痛到爆,但是剛好有視訊家教,一邊上課一邊通,然後左眼的眼淚來一直流,沒錯,偏頭痛眼淚是流單邊的,痛過才知道。
星期四想說可以好好睡一下,敲打電鑽聲不停,現在還一直敲,但好多事該做,就一個不想出門,

 

 

【潔西家】容易混淆的 another, other, the other, the others 用法說明與練習 (上) 與練習題 (下)

潔西老實說,這兩支影片有空時會重錄,因為兩隻都是吃了藥,無意識的時後錄的,說了什麼一點都不記得,還講了超久,真誇張,有錯請見諒,找時間來聽聽看,覺得應該會蠻混亂的,講義應該是不太會錯,清醒的時候寫的,錄影片就完全沒印象,早上起來完全沒印象,啊!!!!!

 

從昨天寫了一整天寫到今天早上起來頭痛到爆,睡到四點去買無可救藥的燈,回家繼續肚子痛跟頭痛,悲慘的一天,沒寫出來又很不甘心。

第一部分是解說

 

一般限定詞 general determiner 代名詞 pronoun
單數 another friend is   另外一個朋友 another is
複數 other friends are  另外一些朋友 others are
特定限定詞 specific determiner 代名詞 pronoun
單數 the other friend is 剩下的那個朋友 the other is
複數 the other friends are 剩下的那些朋友 the others are

I have five foreign friends.   1, 2, 3, 4, 5

One is from France. Another is from Switzerland. Another is from Germany. Another is from Italy. The other is from Britain.

I have five foreign friends. 1, 2 3 4 5

One is from America. The others are from Canada.

I have five foreign friends. 1, 2, 3 4, 5

One is from South Korea. Another is from Japan. Others are from Thailand. The other is from Singapore.

I have five friends.   1 2, 3, 4 5

Two are engineers. Another is a designer. The others are accountants.

ANOTHER 的用法

1 當限定詞 (determiner) 用時,相當於形容詞的用法,後面要加單數可數名詞。當前面已經提過,

   很清楚的時候,可以用 another one 來代替,或直接用代名詞 (pronoun) another 來代替。

   Could I have another cookie?

   These cookies are delicious. Could I have another? / Could I have another one?

   May poured a glass of wine for me, and another for herself.

2 用來表示在前面說過的人事物之外,再來一個 one more,或是一個不同的 a different more,附加的 additional,額外的 extra 等意思。語意相當於 an + other ,一個其他的,但是不可以分開寫,一定要寫 another。

   additional 額外的

   Can I have another cookie?

   Would you like another piece of pie?

   Would you like another glass of wine?

   Would you like another drink?

   Buy two CDs and get another completely free.   Buy one get one free.  Three for two.

   Have another potato.

   He’s bought another car.

   different  不同的

   Let’s go to another restaurant for a change.

  I think we should paint it another color.

  They must have returned by another route.

  We finally moved to another apartment.

  I’m busy right now. Could you come back another time?

  Helen resigned from her last job and has yet to find another.

3 例外 (進階)

another

a 通常只用在可數名詞的單數,假如是不可數名詞跟可數複數名詞時,通常用 more 來表示更多,不會用 other 來表更多。

Would you like some more meat?

Would you like some more peas?

b 但是我們會在表達時間,金錢,距離時會用 another + few 或 another + 數字 + 複數名詞,用來表式額外的時間,金錢,距離。

I need another few minutes.  ( I need a few more minutes.)

I will be here for another three years. ( I need three more years to be here.)

I need another five dollars. ( I need five more dollars.)

We drove another three miles. (We drove three more miles.

OTHER  的用法  other friends = other ones = others

1 other 當限定詞時是形容詞的用法,後面加複數名詞,來表示除了先前提過的人事物外,其他的人事物,額外的一些,另外的一些。當前面已經提過很清楚的時候可以用 other ones 或 others 來表示前面提過的人事物。others 本身就是複數,後面不可以再加名詞。

The students in the class come from many countries. One of the students is from Mexico. Another student is from Iraq. Another is from Japan. Other students are from Spain. Others are from Algeria.

I spoke to John, Helen and a few other friends.

There are one or two other problems I’d like to discuss.

I’ve got some other friends I’d like to invite.

Do you have any other questions?

2 other : 不同的,用來指與前面提到過的是不同的人事物,其他不特定的幾個

David and Jessica were playing with two other children.

You’d better change into some other clothes.

Do you envy other women who seem to manage their lives better?

Can we discuss this some other time?

There is no other job I would rather do.

Saudi Arabia produces more oil than any other country.

I hope you will learn to show more respect for others (=other people).

Some people are at greater risk than others.

Some people like to stay home on weekends. Others like to go out and do outdoor activities.

Can you show me some other shoes?

Can you show me some others?

Some like dancing, and others don’t.

He couldn’t find the CD there, so he decided to check other stores.

Does this dress come in another color?

Does this dress come in other colors?

3 通常,other(s) 只會在當前面已經說過的名詞後才會單獨使用。另外時是用來表示其他人 others/ 

  the others 用來表示 other people, the other people,長用來指除了自己之外 beside oneself

  He never thinks of others.

  Jake’s arrived – I must tell the others.

  Why don’t you think more about other people?

THE OTHER, THE OTHERS  的用法

1 the other 用來表示在特定的一群東西中剩下的一個跟其他相似的

2 the others 用來表示在某些特定群組中其餘剩下的最後一些跟前面相似的東西。

I have three books. Two are mine. The other book is yours. (The other is yours.)

I have three books. One is mine. The other books are yours. (The others are yours.)

Tell the other people.

Tell the others.

One of my sisters is an officer worker, and the other is a college student.

Three of the club members came on time, but the others were late.

Tom was in the classroom, but the other students were playing outside.

Open the other hand. Open your other hand.

3 the/所有格/數量詞+other+複數名詞:表示不同的,前面沒有提到過的

the other books, my other books, three other books + 複數名詞

The other hotels were more expensive.

Ray agreed with me but my other friends said I was wrong.

Fall all other enquiries, phone this number.

4 the/所有格+other+單數名詞:表示前面沒有提到過的人或事

One of his sisters lives in France and his/the other sisters live in Australia.

5 the other (one) 用來表示一個先前已經提到過的人或事

He’s got two homes – one is in London and the other (one) is in Florida.

6 other 用來表示其他人 other people 或其他事 other things

Some people like sport and others aren’t interested in it at all.

the others 用來在一個團體中的人或一組事物當中的其他的

We arrived first and the others came later.

例題:答案在最下面

1

A: Do you like Haruki Murakami?

B: I’m not sure. I really enjoyed one of his books but I haven’t enjoyed any of ________ the other books he’s written.

2

A: Have you been to any __________  cities in Taiwan apart from Taiei?

B: Yes, on my __________  visit to this country last year, I went to Tainan.

3

A: Are you on your own?

B: Yes, but _________  are on their way. They’ll be here soon.

4

A: Is the company yo work for big?

B: It has two main offices. ________ office is in Tokyo and _______  is in Seoul.

5

A: Can we make a decision now?

B: No, I think we should have __________   discussion about the subject later.

6 Look at my hands. One is my left hand. ____________ is my right hand.

7  Look at my right hand. I have five fingers. One is my thumb. __________ is my index finger. _________ finger is my middle finger. __________  one is my ring finger. And ________ finger is my little finger.

8 Tom reads Apple Daily every morning. He doesn’t read any ___________ newspapers.

9 Some people prefer Korean dramas, but _________ prefer American TV series.

10 I’m almost finished. I just need ___________ few minutes.

11  Taipei has two basic problems. One is traffic, and _____________ is inflation.

12 Dr. Smith has three children. One is an accountant. ___________ is an engineer. ____________ is a doctor.

12 There are three colors in the French flag. One of the colors is blue. _________________ are white and red.

9 There are three colors in the French flag. One of the colors is blue. _______________ colors are white and red.

10 Many people like to get up early on weekends. ____________ like to sleep until noon.

11 Her boyfriend gave her a ring. She put it on her ring finger, but it didn’t fit. Therefore, she had to put it on ___________ finger.

12 I speak three languages. One is Mandarin. ____________ is Japanese. ____________ language is English.

Norman Coe, Mark Harrison, Ken Paterson, Oxford Practice Grammar, Basic, Oxford

出處

Michael Swan, Practical English Usage, Oxford

Michael Swan, Catherine Walter, How English Works, Oxford

Betty Schrampfer Azar, Understanding and Using English Grammar, Longman

Betty Schrampfer Azar, Fundamentals of English Grammar, Longman

朗文英文文法全集,石黑昭博,朗文

第二部分是解答

 

例題

1

A: Do you like Haruki Murakami?

B: I’m not sure. I really enjoyed one of his books but I haven’t enjoyed any of ________ the other books he’s written.

2

A: Have you been to any __________ other cities in Taiwan apart from Taipei?

B: Yes, on my __________ another visit to this country last year, I went to Tainan.

3

A: Are you on your own?

B: Yes, but _________  others are on their way. They’ll be here soon.

4

A: Is the company you work for big?

B: It has two main offices. ________ One office is in Tokyo and _______ the other one is in Seoul.

5

A: Can we make a decision now?

B: No, I think we should have __________  another  discussion about the subject later.

6 Look at my hands. One is my left hand. ____________ the other is my right hand.

7 Look at my right hand. I have five fingers. One is my thumb. __________  Another is my index finger. _________ Another finger is my middle finger. __________ Another one is my ring finger. And ________ the other finger is my little finger.

8 Tom reads Apple Daily every morning. He doesn’t read any ___________ other newspapers.

9 Some people prefer Korean dramas, but _________  others prefer American TV series.

10 I’m almost finished. I just need ___________  another few minutes.

11 Taipei has two basic problems. One is traffic, and _____________ the other is inflation.

12 Dr. Smith has three children. One is an accountant. ___________ Another is an engineer. ____________ The other is a doctor.

13 There are three colors in the French flag. One of the colors is blue. _________________ The others are white and red.

14 There are three colors in the French flag. One of the colors is blue. _______________  The other colors are white and red.

15 Many people like to get up early on weekends. ____________  others like to sleep until noon.

16 Her boyfriend gave her a ring. She put it on her ring finger, but it didn’t fit. Therefore, she had to put it on ___________ another finger.

17 I speak three languages. One is Mandarin. ____________ Another is Japanese. ____________ The other language is English.

  

【潔西家】經常被用錯的標點符號:逗號 comma

要出門上課了,匆匆忙忙地錄了逗號的規則,改作文時幾乎每次都會改用錯逗號的句子,不能用逗號連接兩個句子啊!昨天錄了十遍以上吧,一直不成功,今天也是不太好,講太快了啦!一直搶拍,恩,自己聽一直笑,被自己打敗的潔西要去上課了!好冷。Have a good day. Stay warm and dry!

 

 

I had a bad cough, I went to the hospital. (X)

不可以用逗號連接兩個句子(獨立子句)

I had a bad cough. I went to the hospital.

 

從屬連接詞在最前面的時候,則需要逗號。

Because I had a bad cough, I went to the hospital.

主要子句在前面的時候,不需要逗號,因為從屬連接詞就把他們分開了。

I went to the hospital, because I had a bad cough. (X)

I went to the hospital because I had a bad cough.

 

I had a bad cough, so I went to the hospital.

I had a bad cough; I went to the hospital.

從屬連接詞 when, if, before, after, because

對等連接詞 fanboys:for, and, but, or, yet, so

 

逗號 comma , 

逗號在英文中有幾個不同的功能。主要是用來分開獨立子句,一長串的項目,對等形容詞,插入性的表達語,及非限制性的詞或子句。

1. 用逗號來分開對等連接詞 (and, but, for, or, nor, yet, so) 所連接的兩個獨立子句或片語。

Five people took the course, but only three of them passed the test.  failed

Tom cooked the meal, and his wife washed the dishes.

 

2. 用逗號來分開一長串的項目。  Oxford comma

I speak Chinese, English, and Japanese.  I speak Chinese, English and Japanese.

Lisa got up, took a shower, drank a cup of coffee, and left for work.

 

3. 用逗號來分開修飾同一個名詞的對等形容詞。

He washed his new, black, shiny pickup.

Her cat has long, silky, heavy fur.

 

4. 用逗號來把句首介紹性的字、片語或子句跟主要子句分開。

First, you need to fill out this form.

Because of the heavy rains, many of the roads were flooded.

When I arrived, she had already left.

 

5. 用兩個逗號來分開插入句子中的非限定性的片語或子句。 形容詞子句

Mary, who was my best friend, dropped the class.

 

6. 用逗號來分開接在主要子句後的非限定性片語或子句

My sister lives in Taipei, which is the capital of Taiwan.

 

7. 用逗號來分開同位格(appositive)。同位格是一個名詞或名詞片語,用來重述或解釋前面的名詞,給予有關前面名詞的額外資料。

The novel, a mystery about a secret island, was an instant bestseller.

Barrack Obama, the former president of the U.S., was in New York last week.

 

8. 用逗號來分開句子中直接稱呼的對象。

Excuse me, Beth, but aren’t you late for your tennis lesson?

Please take a seat, Mr. Lin.

 

9. 用逗號來取代省略的字或片語。

The First Bank is located in a shopping mall; the City Bank, in

the heart of town.     , = is located

 

10. 用逗號來使語意更清晰。

Ever since, we have taken the plane rather than the train.

Capitalization Rules 大寫規則+潔西家小幫手時間改成 8-10pm 開台回答問題

 

今天要說的是大寫規則,接下來會講到逗號,分號,冒號等等其他標點符號的用法。

然後因為明天小幫手沒有人報名,剛好潔西咳嗽變嚴重了,另外房間的燈壞了,常常只剩暗暗的小夜燈,這樣實在沒有辦法上視訊的課,所以明天下課要感快去買燈回來安裝。對這個很不拿手,老弟說買回來自己裝比較快,也是,但是很怕裝不好,希望可以順利買到,順利安裝。所以決定把明天的小幫手時間延到明天晚上的八點到十點,開直播,回答問題,沒有人問問題的話會整理加強英文的方式,整理分享先前大家推薦的網站。先睡覺去了,好累,不知道為什麼,肩膀超重的。晚安:)

有錄了影片上傳中,剛剛上傳錯了,暈倒…

 

Capitalization Rules 大寫規則

一個句子的第一個字要大寫。I 永遠大寫。其他規則如下

My name is Jessie.  I’m a teacher.

You and I are friends.

Tom and I are classmates.

You, Tom, and I are colleagues.

 

Proper names 專有名詞的第一個字要大寫

1 人名、頭銜、商標、地標等

Jessie Lin, President Barack Obama, Coca- Cola, Taipei 101

 

2 地理名稱。如國家、城市、路名、區域、山川、海洋、河流等

Taiwan, Taipei, Zhongshan Road, Xinyi District, Jade Mountain

 

3 特定國家的人、文化、種族、語言、宗教等

Taiwanese, Hakka, Asian, Mandarin, Buddhism

 

4 學校、政府部門與機構、公司的名稱

National Taiwan University, Government Information Office, Republic of China, Red Cross, First Bank

 

5 星期、月份、紀念日、假日

Monday, March, Father’s Day, Thanksgiving

 

6 特定活動或期間,歷史性文件

the Fourteenth Amendment, Middle Ages, Operation Desert Storm, the Great Depression

 

7 宗教性著作、假日、人物

the Bible, Koran, Easter, Christmas, God, Allah

 

8 在句子中有特別意義的字

We all know that Time waits for no man.

 

9 學校課程名稱

Chemistry 101

 

縮寫、首字縮寫要大寫

IBM, WTO, AIDS, NBA= National Basketball Association

 

報章雜誌、書籍、電影等標題的第一個字與其他重要的字都要大寫。冠詞(the, a, an), 連接詞(and, but, for, or yet), 介係詞(in, to, for, up, under)等除非在第一個字,否則不必大寫。

The Lord of the Rings, La La Land, Game of Thrones,

How to Get Away with Murder

 

Content word 內文字

Function word 機能字

潔西家小幫手 2 3/12 星期天下午 2:30-4:30 + 問人家想法跟如何回答的影片

潔西家小幫手終於又回來了,上次實在因為太病了,還好這星期吃的藥頗有用,不過這天氣也是很糟糕,明明回溫了,昨天晚上睡覺還被冷醒,然後今天又頭痛了。春天了怎麼還沒回暖,太過分了啦!不過最近狀況好些了,所以星期天小幫手時間又可以正常了。這個星期天 3/12 下午兩點半到四點半在伯朗咖啡忠孝新生店。上次兩點實在太趕了,所以兩點半比較剛好,潔西也可以吃個東西,不然十點半上到一點半,下課時每次肚子都超餓的。

內容跟上次差不多吧,歡迎有問題的人可以來問問題,討論學習方式。這次想說討論完後可以把先前問大家英語學習的網站,大家有提供的整理一下放上來。還有有人來的話可以練習一下問個人資訊,自我介紹,一些簡單的介紹自己的方式或任何其他大家想聊的部分。有興趣的人可以來聊聊天,最好可以的話先報名一下,臨時要來也可以啦。到時候可以敲潔西家的 FB,潔西當天也會發文說坐在哪裡穿什麼衣服。想睡,明天還要上課,下雨天真的什麼事情都不想做的慵懶的感覺,這種天氣最適合在家睡到死,話說潔西今天就睡到下午三點,一天就這麼過了。春天快來,希望有更多的精神,更多的戰鬥力XD  週末愉快!

 

問別人的想法與回答自己的意見

What do you think of it?

A: Have you listened to Ed Sheeran’s new album yet?

B: Yeah, I listened to it last night.

A: What did you think of it?

B: I really liked it. The music was terrific. How did you like it?

A: I thought it was just okay.

1 listened to, Ed Sheeran’s new album, listened to, music, terrific, just okay

2 seen, La La Land, saw, movie, fantastic, boring

3 played the computer game “Overwatch”, game, exciting, nothing special

A: Have you seen La La Land yet?

B: Yeah, I saw it last night.

A: What did you think of it?

B: I really liked it. The movie was fantastic. How did you like it?

A: I thought it was boring.

A: Have you played the computer game “Overwatch”?

B: Yeah, I played it last night.

A: What did you think of it?

B: I really liked it. The game was exciting. How did you like it?

A: I thought it was nothing special.

terrific, fantastic, exciting, wonderful, awesome, amazing

just okay, just so-so, boring, nothing special, terrible, awful

Have you watched Game of Thrones yet?

 

下面是中文翻譯。用過去式是因為在談論過去的事

What do you think of it? 你覺得如何?

A: Have you listened to Ed Sheeran’s new album yet?

A: 你聽過紅髮艾德的新專輯嗎?

B: Yeah, I listened to it last night.

B: 恩,我昨天晚上聽了。

A: What did you think of it?

A: 你覺得如何?

B: I really liked it. The music was terrific. How did you like it?

B: 我非常喜歡。那音樂太讚了!你覺得如何?

A: I thought it was just okay.

A: 我覺得那還好而已。

 

下面是做替換練習

1 listened to, Ed Sheeran’s new album, listened to, music, terrific, just okay

2 seen, La La Land, saw, movie, fantastic, boring

3 played the computer game “Overwatch”, game, exciting, nothing special

 

A: Have you seen La La Land yet?

A: 你看過越來越愛你嗎?

B: Yeah, I saw it last night.

B: 恩,我昨天晚上看了。

A: What did you think of it?

A: 你覺得如何?

B: I really liked it. The movie was fantastic. How did you like it?

B: 我非常喜歡。那部電影非常的覺得很棒。你覺得如何?

A: I thought it was boring.

A: 我覺得那很無聊。

 

A: Have you played the computer game “Overwatch”?

A: 你玩過叫「鬥陣特攻」的電腦遊戲嗎?

B: Yeah, I played it last night.

B: 恩,我昨天晚上玩了。

A: What did you think of it?

A: 你覺得如何?

B: I really liked it. The game was exciting. How did you like it?

B: 我非常喜歡。那個遊戲超刺激的。你覺得如何?

A: I thought it was nothing special.

A: 我覺得沒什麼特別的。

 

terrific 非常棒的, fantastic 極好的, exciting 刺激的, wonderful 令人驚嘆的, awesome 令人驚嘆的,了不起的, amazing 驚人的

 

just okay 還好而已, just so-so 馬馬虎虎, boring 無聊的,

nothing special 沒什麼特別的, terrible 糟糕的, awful 極壞的

 

Have you watched Game of Thrones yet?

你看過權力遊戲嗎?

 

被動語態講解與練習題的影片

剛好被問到有沒有被動的影片,沒有,下午剛好同學請假,有多的時間,其實還想睡的,不過還是做個影片,晚上再睡好了,星期六日的課還可以拖一下,之後再備。不過不知為何覺得講得有點口齒不清,因為原先有做好的講義,照著講義講,其實被動沒有很難,只是需要原本就對時態很清楚,時態沒記清楚的話,換成被動就更難懂了,可是時態非常清楚的話,改被動只要把動詞改成 be 動詞再加上過去分詞這樣代換而已,真的沒有很難。多多練習其實就會駕輕就熟了。

然後這部落格真的沒轍,格式怎麼樣都會跑掉,所以看影片會比較清楚。看完之後可以自己做一下潔西下面另外造的,影片沒有的。就是把魯夫塑造成貪吃鬼,恩,他本來就是,被一塊肉就可以釣走,哈哈。總之這個句子是主動:魯夫吃我的巧克力。被動:我的巧克力被魯夫吃了。用這個句子造出主動跟被動的現在簡單,現在進行,現在完成,過去簡單,過去進行,過去完成,未來簡單,未來完成式的句子。也可以找幾個類似的句子,把每個時態都練習過,多換幾個動詞,多練習,應該就會很熟悉了,其實時態真的就是加法加一加,把必要的元素都加進去就對了喔!

好累,前面是直撥的,直播到一半網路怪怪的,後面練習題就用影片錄。有問題可以再提出來。對了,一般而言被動只有這八個時態會用,另外四個時態很少在用被動,多半用主動的方式。

 

 

現在簡單式:魯夫每天吃我的巧克力。我的巧克力每天都被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy eats my chocolate every day.

My chocolate is eaten by Luffy every day.

 

現在進行式:魯夫正在吃我的巧克力。我的巧克力正都被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy is eating my chocolate.

My chocolate is being eaten by Luffy.

 

現在完成式:魯夫吃了我的巧克力。我的巧克力都被魯夫吃掉了。

Luffy has eaten my chocolate.

My chocolate has been eaten by Luffy.

 

 

過去簡單式:魯夫昨天吃我的巧克力。我的巧克力昨天都被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy ate my chocolate yesterday.

My chocolate was eaten by Luffy yesterday.

 

過去進行式:魯夫當時吃我的巧克力。我的巧克力那時候都被魯夫吃掉了。

Luffy was eating my chocolate at that time.

My chocolate was being eaten by Luffy at that time.

 

過去完成式:我到家時魯夫那時候已經吃掉我的巧克力。我到家時我的巧克力那時候已經都被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy had eaten my chocolate when I arrived home.

My chocolate had been eaten by Luffy when I arrived home.

 

未來簡單式:魯夫將會吃掉我的巧克力。我的巧克力將會都被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy will eat my chocolate. Luffy is going to eat my chocolate.

My chocolate will be eaten by Luffy. My chocolate is going to be eaten by Luffy.

 

未來完成式:魯夫到時候會已經吃掉我的巧克力。我的巧克力到時會會都已經被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy will have eaten my chocolate.

My chocolate will have been eaten by Luffy.

 

 

 

 

S + V + O 

fO + be + V3 + by + fS

 

A 主動與被動The Active and the Passive

英文的句子焦點多放在主詞上

1 主動句型:強調的是人,老鼠

Millions of people read the magazine. (The focus is on the people.)

S                   V       O

The mouse ate the cheese.   mice

S       V.       O

2 被動句型:強調的是雜誌,起士

The magazine is read by millions of people. (The focus is on the

magazine.)

O         be   V3 by.     S

They cheese was eaten by the mouse.

O         be. V3.   by.   S

 

非必要時,英語多用主動句型來表達,主動句型用的比被動多得多

 

B 被動語態使用的時機

1 當做該行為動作的人未知或不重要時,使用被動語態。

The magazine was founded in 2008. (I don’t know who founded it.)

 

2 當從上下文中可以清楚地得知做該行為動作的人或事物。

The magazine was sold at newsstands. (We can assume that the newsstand owners and employees sell it. We don’t need to mention them.)

 

3 當想要避免提到做該行為動作的人時。

Some mistakes were made in that article. (I know who made the mistakes, but I don’t want to blame the person who made them.)

 

4 被動語態比較常用在書寫,口語也可以用,相對來說比較少。

Payment can be made at any post office.

Cars left here will be towed away.

 

5 被動語態也常用在新聞報導

A number of political prisoners have been released.

Talks will be held in London next week.

 

C 主動改被動

主動的句型:主詞+動詞+受詞   S + V + O

被動的句型:原受詞+時態(be+V3)+by+原主詞. fO + be + V3 + by +fS

 

改被動時,

1 把受詞跟主詞的位置互換,原受詞變成新的句子的主詞

2 動詞依時態不同,把主要動詞的部分改成be加上過去分詞V3

3 再加上by與上原主詞,變成新的受詞。

4 注意主詞跟受詞交換後,需依新的主詞對動詞作適當的變化。

Farmers grow corn.

Corn is grown by famers.

David helped me.

V.       O

I was helped by David.

fO be V3 by     fS

David helped them.

They were helped by David.

 

D 被動時態使用by+做該行為動作的人或事物的時機

使用被動語態時常常會省略掉做行為動作的人事物,因為英文句子強調的是主詞,可以直接用主動時態,但是在某些狀況下用被動會把該人事物提出

1 當你要表達這是某人的創作

The article was written by Jessie Lin.

“Romeo and Juliet” was written by William Shakespeare.

“Both Sides Now” was sung and written by Joni Mitchell.

 

2 當做該動作的人事物是令人感到訝異的

Our windows are washed by a robot.

The cake was eaten by a mouse!

 

3 當你要介紹做動作的人事物的必要新資訊時

John Delgado is a famous sports writer. He has just been hired by National Sports to write a monthly column. (The name of John’s employer is necessary new information.

 

E 及物動詞與非及物動詞.   S + V.   Time flies.   S + V + O.   I love dogs.

英文的動詞可以分為及物動詞與非及物動詞,只有及物動詞的句型才可以改被動。不及物因為沒有受詞,所以不可以改被動。

1 及物動詞:動詞後面一定要接受詞,必須有接受這個動作的對象的受詞。

Andy bought those flowers.

Those flowers were bought by Andy.

Betty sold those clothes.

Those clothes were sold by Betty.

 

2 非及物動詞:在動詞後面不可以接受詞。動詞只可以單獨存在。

Cathy smiles all the time.

Something happened.

He laughed at me.

 

F 被動的句型

被動的要素是be + V3。被動一定會有be動詞跟動詞的第三態,過去分詞。依時態不同會有所改變。

1 肯定句:時態不變,把主要動詞按時態帶入be+V3

It is written in nineteen languages.

It has just been printed.

 

2 否定句:時態不變,找出改完被動後句子中的助動詞,後面加not。

These computers aren’t produced anymore.

Scotch whiskey isn’t made in England.

 

3 疑問句:時態不變,找出改完被動後句子中的助動詞,放到主詞前面。

When is breakfast served in this hotel?

Where was the car repaired?

 

 

G 主動與被動句型比較

主動 S + V + O

被動 S + be + V3 + by + O

1 現在簡單式

The mouse eats the cheese.

V1

   The cheese is eaten by the mouse.

be1 +V3

  

2 現在進行式

   The mouse is eating the cheese.

S       be. V-ing

   The cheese is being eaten by the mouse.

be1+V3

 

3 現在完成式

The mouse has eaten the cheese.

S     has + V3

The cheese has been eaten by the mouse.

be + V3

 

4 過去簡單式

The mouse ate the cheese.

V2

The cheese was eaten by the mouse.

be2 + V3

 

5 過去進行式

The mouse was eating the cheese.

S       be2 + V-ing

The cheese was being eaten by the mouse.

be  + V3

 

6 過去完成式

The mouse had eaten the cheese.

S       had. V3

The cheese had been eaten by the mouse.

be.+ V3

 

7 未來式

The mouse will eat the cheese.

S     will V1

The cheese will be eaten by the mouse.

be + V3

The mouse is going to eat the cheese.

S     be going to V1

The cheese is going to be eaten by the mouse.

be+ V3

 

8 未來完成

The mouse will have eaten the cheese.

S     will have. V3

The cheese will have been eaten by the mouse.

be. + V3

9 情態助動詞

Decisions shouldn’t be made too quickly.

be V3

It can’t be done.

Reports have to be filed.

 

練習題,下面有題目,答案,最下面是題目加答案,可以先自己做做看

 

被動語態練習題

You are telling a friend some news. Use the notes and complete the second sentences. Sometimes you need to use the active and sometimes the passive.

根據前後文跟提示的字完成句子,可能是主動或被動。

 題目:解答在後面

  1. (Past Simple: Claude Jennings / win / the quiz competition)

Did you hear about the quiz competition? It ___________________.

  1. (Past Simple: Mrs. Miles / do / a parachute jump / last week)

You know Mrs. Miles? She _______________________________.

  1. (Present Perfect: a bull / attack / David)

Have you heard about David? He’s__________________________.

  1. (Present Continuous: build / the house)

Trevor and Laura have bought a house. It’s still ________________.

  1. (Present Simple: Andrew / like / Jessica)

Did I tell you about Andrew? He ___________________________.

  1. (Present Perfect: throw away / your stamp collection)

Bad news about your stamp collection. It’s ___________________.

  1. (Present Perfect: Martins / kidnap / my neighbors)

Did I mention my neighbors? They’ve _______________________.

  1. (Past Simple: five people / see / the ghost)

Did you hear about the ghost? It ___________________________.

  1. (Past Simple: Claire / go / to Florida / last month)

You remember Claire? She _______________________________.

  1. (Present Perfect: send / our luggage / to Australia)

Bad news about our luggage. It’s __________________________.

 

 

解答

1. It was won by Claude Jennings.

2. She did a parachute jump last week.

3. He’s been attacked by a bull.

4. It’s still being built.

5. He likes Jessica.

6. It’s been thrown away.

7. They’ve been kidnaped by Martins.

8. It was seen by five people.

9. She went to Florida last month.

10. It’s been sent to Australia.

 

題目與解答一起看,影片中的

1. (Past Simple: Claude Jennings / win / the quiz competition)

Did you hear about the quiz competition? It ___________________.

It was won by Clade Jennings.

2. (Past Simple: Mrs. Miles / do / a parachute jump / last week)

You know Mrs. Miles? She _______________________________.

She did a parachute jump last week.

3. (Present Perfect: a bull / attack / David)

Have you heard about David? He’s__________________________.

He’s been attacked by a bull.

4. (Present Continuous: build / the house)

Trevor and Laura have bought a house. It’s still ________________.

It’s still being built.

5. (Present Simple: Andrew / like / Jessica)

Did I tell you about Andrew? He ___________________________.

He likes Jessica.

6. (Present Perfect: throw away / your stamp collection)

Bad news about your stamp collection. It’s ___________________.

It’s been thrown away.

7. (Present Perfect: Martins / kidnap / my neighbors)

Did I mention my neighbors? They’ve _______________________.

They’ve been kidnapped by Martins.

8. (Past Simple: five people / see / the ghost)

Did you hear about the ghost? It ___________________________.

It was seen by five people.

9. (Past Simple: Claire / go / to Florida / last month)

You remember Claire? She _______________________________.

She went to Florida last month.

10. (Present Perfect: send / our luggage / to Australia)

Bad news about our luggage. It’s __________________________.

It’s been sent to Australia.

KK 音標發音位置的音標表

昨天看到有人搜尋的關鍵字是音標表,想說他點進來一定很失望,因為潔西不知為何一直沒做,都用別人的比較快,自己整理的沒有嘴型發音位置的音標表。昨天翻了一堆書,十幾本,沒有每一本都有圖,參考了其中幾本,最後還找出多年前要考研究所時念的筆記,最後參考了 Language Files 那本跟自己的筆記整理出來的,有些書會有不一樣的版本,實在很難定論,所以潔西參考算是語言學蠻有名的 Language Files 整理出來的。有錄影片,唸的音有跑掉的話請見諒。可以參考愛荷華大學的發音網站,潔西下次再來錄那篇。把嘴型練習好,發音就會比較標準喔,加油!

影片的有解釋發音的位置,忘記開鏡頭,下次有機會再重錄:)

 

分享潔西亂亂的筆記:母音

17195282_10155128493348628_1305179951_o

 

分享潔西亂亂的筆記:子音

17142196_10155128493288628_1083325054_o

 

 

母音發音位置圖

17193788_10155128207448628_959936901_o

 

子音發音位置圖

17199942_10155128207568628_19955101_o

 

潔西自己畫的嘴型圖

17142187_10155128207353628_213898842_o

 

 

潔西整理的音標表,但是圖貼過來就變下面那樣了,所以只好用很不好的技術照相如上圖囉。

潔西整理母音發音位置表

(舌尖)
/ i / / u / 下巴持平
/ ɪ / / ʊ /
/ e / / ɝ / / o /
/ ɛ / / ɚ /
/ ə / / ɔ /
/ ʌ /
/ æ / / ɑ /
   (舌根) 下巴往下

前母音:/ i /, / ɪ /, / e /, / ɛ /, / æ /

中母音:/ ɝ /, / ɚ /, / ə /, / ʌ /

後母音:/ u /, / ʊ /, / o /, / ɔ /, / ɑ /

雙母音:/ aɪ /, / aʊ /, / ɔɪ /

 

潔西整理子音發音位置表

上唇

下唇

上齒

下唇

舌尖

上下齒

舌尖

上齒齦

舌前

硬顎

舌後

軟顎

喉門
塞音 無聲 /p/ /t/ /k/
塞音 有聲 /b/ /d/ /g/
擦音 無聲 /f/ /θ/ /s/ /ʃ/ /h/
擦音 有聲 /v/ /ð/ /z/ /ʒ/
塞擦音 無聲 /tʃ/
塞擦音 有聲 /dʒ/
鼻音 有聲 /m/ /n/ /ŋ/
邊音 有聲 /l/
捲舌音 有聲 /r/
半母音 有聲 /w/ /j/

 

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):

/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/

有聲子音(voiced consonants):

/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

廢文之潔西討厭的人事物

想做的事太多了,不知道從何做起,總算把明天的講義整理出來了,偷懶一下,晚一點想錄音標表,整理好久,一個簡單的表格不知為何寫了好幾個小時。好煩喔,不煩不煩,寫寫不開心的事情,寫完就忘掉,天底下有這麼好的事情嗎?想太多了。

潔西不喜歡的人事物排行第一的目前應該是台北的公車。因為只要出門就必須要坐公車,但是呢遇到的公車司機很誇張的真的超多,星期天下完課遇到一個司機,一直罵老人,真的很想要記下他的車牌檢舉他,太過分了。約莫四五十歲,有一天他也會老啊,為什麼不能將心比心。老人家不小心按錯站,就被他罵,按錯站不會講喔,碎碎念半天。下面有人問他說有沒有到某個地方,很兇地說,沒有啦,這是往某某方向走的,有站牌在那邊是不會看喔?很超過吧。下車收票,老人家上車不小心刷了卡也被他罵。開車橫衝直撞,猛踩煞車,真的很令人生氣。台北公車超過百分之八十,潔西坐到的,都很愛狂踩煞車,開超快的,在緊急煞車,潔西跌倒撞到過不少次,有一次才好笑,晚上上完課後搭公車,一上車還沒站好,司機就一個急轉彎緊,整個人都快飛出去,摔了出去被人扶起來,扶潔西起來的正是剛上完課的同學,真巧。

最近天氣太糟了,不然有時候下了課還有體力,就走路回家,走個四十分鐘,剛好做運動。說到運動,超久沒做運動了,上次做瑜伽,做到最後咳的很不好意思,總不能戴著口罩做瑜伽吧?不過幸好,這次吃的藥還蠻有效的,咳嗽一整個好很多了,為什麼沒早看到這個醫生啊?害我咳了兩三個月。不過這個抗生素也不能常吃啦,有效好了就不用吃了啦。

突然好想哭,也不知道為什麼,其實知道啦,但是不太想寫。繼續寫人家壞話,潔西突然想問說為什麼會有人那麼沒有水準。水準怎麼樣定?什麼叫做有水準?什麼叫做沒水準?潔西覺得真的覺得標準或定義在每個人心中自有一把尺。潔西那天坐公車遇到一個男生對面的位置沒有人坐,就把雙腳連鞋放到對面的椅子上。真的很誇張,捷運有些媽媽也都讓小孩鞋子踩在椅子上,潔西自己覺得不妥,或許有些人覺得沒關係。一般人坐下來應該不會去擦椅子吧,小孩子的鞋在地上走是髒的,踩到椅子椅子也髒了,還沒有看過有媽媽在下車前擦椅子的。潔西太計較了嗎?大家不要打潔西,但是很多時候公共場合很多事情真的看了搖頭。

還有一個地方可以看公德心跟水準:廁所。潔西對於廁所非常的計較,到乾淨的廁所心情好,但是相反就覺得很討厭。為什麼衛生紙自己沒丟好丟到外面不撿起來?上廁所弄髒了為什麼不自己清?公共場合的洗手間為什麼不能都做自己家裡一樣愛惜維持乾淨?

噢,還有一點也很不喜歡,很多人背大包包往人家身上撞下去,也不會說聲道歉,當作完全沒有這一回事一樣,每次出門幾乎都要被撞個幾次,沒辦法,有時候真的可惡的忠孝復興站人實在太多了,跟自己過去生氣也沒用,就算了啊。找開心的事做,想開心的是,人生苦短。

很多人很多事都看不順眼,喔,想到了,還討厭一種人,自己為是瞧不起別人的人。自己要小心不要變成那種人。為什麼要自視甚高呢?有錢了不起嗎?有權有勢了不起嗎?有名聲了不起嗎?有意無意露出的優越感會給人家不好的感受。不過好的人真的還是非常多,去看醫生的時候真的感受特別深。醫生真的是很辛苦的職業,有的醫生真的就一副看不起人的樣子,但是有些又非常的親切貼心,遇到什麼樣的人呢?真的很看運氣。而且醫生看久了,有時候醫生也會有心情不好的時候,門診人數多,平常很好,卻變了個樣的。唉,人有百百種,加上每個人本來就有情緒起伏,在工作上完全不表現出來也太難了。

肚子餓了,每個人其實有每個人自己的價值觀,有時候也很難跟別人說,因為怎麼樣也說不清楚,大家只想去相信自己想相信的事實,比方說潔西說自己不羨慕有錢人,有名的人,應該沒什麼人相信。錢在我的人生當中一直都不是最重要的,恩,應該要再更重要的才行,因為年紀慢慢大了,一個人其實很恐怖。萬一生病了,也沒有人照顧,自己一個人又沒錢,連看護都請不起的話就真的太慘了。

潔西家的門鈴前幾天響了,晚上七點多,應該沒有掛號或包裹,去開門,原來是樓上鄰居,就是潔西常抱怨的那個鄰居。是個中風的老先生,話都說不清楚,請潔西幫他換一樓門口的燈泡,他已經把樓梯拿下來了,因為腳沒辦法站穩,所以請潔西幫忙爬上樓梯去換燈泡。潔西換完他很客氣的道謝。隔幾天倒垃圾遇到,又跟我道謝一次,解釋說他兒子去上課,所以沒有辦法換。潔西突然覺得,生病真的好可憐,中風真的好恐怖。再也不敢抱怨樓上吵了,就讓他吵吧,因為他復健需要用啞鈴之類的訓練的樣子,想請他慢慢放下,恐怕也是無理的要求吧。我們不知道人家做某些事的原因的時後,會生氣會不開心,但是知道原因之後就能夠諒解,也就不會生氣了。還是一樣的炒,可是心境不同,就不會生氣了,人,真是奇怪的動物。這叫同理心。

又寫超多轉超遠的,已經到了個不想去想老年生活也不得不開始好好想的年紀了。不是一下子就變老的,是慢慢變老,但是假如都假裝變老這個事實不存在,最後應該會很慘。老並不可怕,老了也不需要太多錢,最可怕是生病,潔西從小病到大。小學六年級就腎臟發炎住院,自己認識的人當中,自己大概是住院過最多次的,胃發炎出血住院好幾次,年輕的時候,然後大學畢業割盲腸,出車禍被救護車載到醫院住了兩個星期,頭痛也祝願,有一年的生日在醫院度過的,超優的護士學生還買蛋糕幫我過生日。遇到很多好人,很多很棒的學生。

太多事要做了,我超亂的部落格跟YouTube好想好好整理,但是不知從何而起啊。加油。先錄個發音影片吧。