14 【潔西家】從頭學文法之十四:there is / there are

連假第二天大家睡到幾點呢?正如我預測,我十點就被吵醒。訊息聲。明明手機關靜音了,連震動都關了。結果是 iPad 的聲音沒關,還沒研究出來怎麼關,關了還是響,跟手機不太ㄧ樣。不過是好消息,有老欉文旦可以吃,耶!超喜歡吃的。剛剛吃了半顆,前幾天有買一顆。第一顆吃的實在不怎麼樣,今天吃的還不錯,老欉文旦的就非常不一樣,汁多味美。開心。現在房間全部都是柚子味,哈哈。

今天還是很混,看了也是很喜歡的日本男星安田顯的電影「媽媽過世時,我想吃掉她的骨灰」,哭得好好看喔。潔西是變態嗎?專門喜歡看演員哭?沒有啦,哭起來好看也不容易。安田顯一點都不帥,也忘記什麼時候開始喜歡他,下町火箭?好像之後又好像更早。有個大概沒人知道的絕叫,很帥。重版出來,謊言的戰爭,演技派的。看了一些他的戲,越看越喜歡沒看過像這次這樣演愛哭的男人。跟母親之間的故事,有點感人。媽媽得了癌症,最後跟媽媽的相處,還有回憶小時候自己生病的時候。

知道自己人生有限的時候會怎麼做?該怎麼想?要如何應對?好難喔。我連現在的生活要怎麼過都不知道啊?過一天算一天,有點心虛中。明天要跟日本朋友碰面,人好好,還問我有沒有什麼需要幫我從日本帶來的。上個月才去,所以不用。今天才在想說上次帶來的蝦餅好好吃,但是我總不可能臉皮那麼厚請人家帶來。人真的是很多時候不好說自己心中真正想的。這樣算虛偽嗎?人其實很多時候不能不虛偽啊。

又混了一天,我真的跟小孩一樣,貪玩又貪吃,真糟糕。什麼時候才要開始好好認真呢?有點難呢。混亂的腦袋有點笨。今天講得 there is / there are 蠻常聽到說錯的。其實沒有很難,可以記一下。最近都偷懶沒有寫中文,因為影片都有解釋。但是應該也有沒時間看影片的人。例句我都儘量找簡單的。覺得需要中文的人可以留言。有時間的時候再補 🙂

晚安,連假最後一天了,放鬆也好,出遊也好,開心地過一天!

 

例句裡面的絨毛娃娃 stuffed animal 。在雪梨買的熊熊。 I Love You This Much 我愛你這麼多。看那用力張開的雙手想要儘可能的表達有多愛你很暖心。Me to You 的網站上有個很可愛的小故事,關於這隻熊的。或許有空再來翻譯。從前潔西在雪梨的時候用視訊說這個故事給大小寶聽過呢,是個有點悲傷又有點溫馨的故事

IMG_8957

 

影片

 

我有一支筆。 I have a pen.

桌上有一支筆。The table has a pen. (X) There is a pen on the table.

 

have: 擁有,關係,疾病,個性

They have a big house.

The couples have two children.

Tom has a bad cold.

Lisa has a good personality.

 

there is / there are: 用來表示某樣東西存在或不存在某個地方

There is a speaker on the table.

There is some milk in the fridge.

There are two watches in the drawer.

There are some books on the floor.

 

肯定句

可數名詞單數

There is a printer on the table.

There is an iPhone in the bag.

 

可數名詞複數

There are four mugs on the table.

There are some stuff animals on the bed.

 

不可數名詞:

There is some milk in the fridge.

There is some fruit on the table.

 

 

否定句

可數名詞單數

There is not a printer on the table.   There’s not a printer on the table.

There is not an iPhone in the bag.     There isn’t an iPhone in the bag.

 

可數名詞複數

There are not four mugs on the table.    There aren’t four mugs on the table.

There are not some stuff animals on the bed. (X)  There aren’t any stuff animals on the bed.

 

Would you like some coffee?

some +        any  – , ?

 

不可數名詞:

There is not some milk in the fridge. (X)    There isn’t any milk in the fridge.

There is not some fruit on the table. (X)    There isn’t any fruit on the table.

 

 

Yes/No 問句

可數名詞單數

Is there  a printer on the table?

Is there an iPhone in the bag?

 

可數名詞複數

Are there four mugs on the table?

Are there some stuff animals on the bed?(X)   Are there any stuff animals on the bed?

 

不可數名詞:

Is there some milk in the fridge. (X) Is there any milk in the fridge?

Is there some fruit on the table. (X) Is there any fruit on the table?

 

 

WH 問句

可數

How many computers are there on the desk?

There is a desktop computer on the desk.

There are two notebook computers on the desk.

There are a few/a lot of/some computers on the desk.

 

可數名詞單數

How many printers are there on the table?

There is a printer on the table.

How many iPhones are there in the bag?

There is an iPhone in the bag.

 

可數名詞複數

How many mugs are there on the table?

There are four mugs on the table.

How many stuff animals on the bed?

There are some stuff animals on the bed.

 

不可數

How much milk is there in the fridge?

There is a little/some/a lot of milk in the fridge.

 

不可數名詞:

How much milk is there in the fridge?

There is some milk in the fridge.

How much fruit is there on the table.

There is some fruit on the table.

 

下面是 there is / there are 的句型的不同變化,初學者看不懂沒關係

There will be heavy rain tomorrow.

There was a cockroach in the bathroom.

There have some Japanese students in my class. (X)

There are some Japanese students in my class.

There is a Spanish boy in our class.

There have been some typhoons this year.

There must be somebody at home.

 

 

練習題

注意單數跟複數,還有不要忘了 a 跟 s。

1 這條街上有三間補習班。

2 冰箱沒有任何的奶油。

3 這棟建築物有二十層樓。

4 這附近有便利商店嗎?

5 書桌上有一個馬克杯。

6 你的皮夾裡面有多少錢?

7 她的衣櫃裡沒有任何的洋裝。

8 他沒有多少朋友。

9 你家有幾個人?

10 冰箱有牛奶嗎?

 

 

 

答案

對答案的時候也要注意單數跟複數,a 跟 s 是不是有加到。

1 這條街上有三間補習班。There are three cram schools on this street.

2 冰箱沒有任何的奶油。There isn’t any butter in the fridge.

3 這棟建築物有二十層樓。There are twenty floors in this building.

4 這附近有便利商店嗎? Is there a convenience store nearby? / Are there any convenience stores nearby?

5 書桌上有一個馬克杯。There’s a mug on the desk.

6 你的皮夾裡面有多少錢?How much money is there in your wallet?

7 她的衣櫃裡沒有任何的洋裝。There isn’t a dress in her closet. / There aren’t any dresses in her closet.

8 他沒有多少朋友。 He doesn’t have many friends. / He has few friends.

9 你家有幾個人? How many people are there in your family?

10 冰箱有牛奶嗎? Is there any milk in the fridge?

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