【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 10 過去簡單式 be 動詞 was, were

太好了,下個星期要去日本,在寫講義下去我快瘋掉了。寫不完耶。因為小班的文法班有開,我剛好在錄新的影片,所以呢就從頭寫時態的文法,但是他課本分的好細,細到我都想罵人了。其實我真的生不出來就用我自己的文法講義也不是不行。沒算到出國一星期,所以就不能寫講義,所以這幾天死命寫,寫完這星期了,下星期的還遙遙無期。我可能要帶電腦出門寫,不太想耶,但好像又不能不這麼做。好煩,等等繼續寫,明天上完課要整理行李還要寫,哇,壓力好大。昨天去上課好像出去度假超開心的,剛剛錄影片也是,算是調劑。不行了,等下可能先去睡了,看明天能不能早起,感覺難度很高。看了一下今天只寫了兩篇,真的會暈倒。胃都痛起來了,我看我還是用就講義好了,逼死自己會很慘的啊!大家晚安,週末愉快!

 

 

過去簡單式的 be 動詞用詞用法跟現在簡單式的 be 動詞用法類似,只是過去簡單式所表達的是在過去的狀態,時間,地點,年紀,名詞等用法。句型跟現在簡單式 be 動詞的差別只有在於 be 動詞的不同。

過去簡單式的 be 動詞是 was 跟 were。主詞 I, he, she, it 或任何可以用這幾個字代替的名詞都是用 was 。而主詞是 you, we, they 或任何可以用這些次代替的名詞則是用 were。肯定句的時候 was, were 不跟主詞縮寫。否定句的時候 was + not = wasn’t, were + not = weren’t

ㄧ 過去簡單式 be 動詞的用法

1 加名詞:  He was a teacher, but now he is a salesman.

2 加形容詞: I was very angry yesterday.    I was married. (配偶走了,離婚了)  I’m married.

3 時間或地點:  It was 11.30 p.m. when he called.  He was at school this morning.

4 表達年紀:She was eighteen when she got married.

5 表示什麼地方有什麼東西:there was / there were

There was a One Piece exhibition at the Huashan 1914 Creative Park.

There were a lot of people there.

 

二 過去簡單式 be 動詞 was, were 常見的句型

1 肯定句:主詞+be 2 動詞(was, were)+名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

主詞

過去式 be 動詞:was, were

名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

I

was

sick last week.

You

were

born in Taipei.

He

was

at work.

She

was

quiet.

It

was

sunny.

We

were

nervous.

You

were

heavy.

They

were

busy.

 

2 否定句:主詞+be 2 動詞(was, were)+ not + 名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

主詞

過去式 be 動詞:was, were

not

名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

I

was

not

sick last week.

You

were

not

born in Taipei.

He

was

not

at work.

She

was

not

quiet.

It

was

not

sunny.

We

were

not

nervous.

You

were

not

heavy.

They

were

not

busy.

 

3 Yes/No 問句:be 2 動詞(was, were) + 主詞 + 名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語?

過去式 be 動詞:was, were

主詞

名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

Was

I

sick last week?

Were

you

born in Taipei?

Was

he

at work?

Was

she

quiet?

Was

it

sunny?

Were

we

nervous?

Were

you

heavy?

Were

they

busy?

 

4 WH 問句: WH 疑問詞+ be 2 動詞(was, were) + 主詞 + 名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語?

WH 疑問詞

過去式 be 動詞:was, were

主詞

其他部分?

When

was

I

born?

Where

were

you

last night?

Why

was

your father

angry?

Why

was

your mother

nervous?

How

was

the weather

yesterday?

Where

were

we

last New Year’s Eve?

How old

were

you

when you could drive?

Where

were

you

this morning?

 

三 翻譯練習題

1 我在法國出生的。

2 昨天天氣好嗎?

3 你的假期過得如何?

4 你昨天晚上在哪裡?

5 他們結婚的時候幾歲?

6 她昨天考試前很緊張。

7 你上星期生病嗎?

8 昨天的派對有點無聊。

9 你去年除夕夜在哪裡?

10 你小時候最喜歡的卡通是什麼?

 

四 回答問題

1 Where were you at this time yesterday?

2 Were you alone? If not, who were you with?

3 What was the weather like yesterday?

4 Were you happy yesterday?

5 When were you born?

6 Where were you born?

7 Were you naughty when you were a kid?

8 How old were you when you could walk?

9 How old were you when you got your first pay?

10 What was your favorite food when you were a kid?

11 Were you at work yesterday?

12 Where were you last night?

13 Were you at home yesterday afternoon?

14 Where were you on your last birthday?

15 Where were you last New Year’s Eve?

 

答案

三 翻譯練習題

1 我在法國出生的。

1 I was born in France.

 

2 昨天天氣好嗎?

2 Was the weather good yesterday?

 

3 你的假期過得如何?

3 How was your vacation?          How was your weekend?

 

4 你昨天晚上在哪裡?

4 Where were you last night?

 

5 他們結婚的時候幾歲?

5 How old were they when they got married?   

How old were you when you had an operation?

 

6 她昨天考試前很緊張。

6 She was nervous before the exam yesterday.

 

7 你上星期生病嗎?

7 Were you sick last week?

 

8 昨天晚上的派對有點無聊。

8 The party was a bit boring yesterday.

 

9 你去年除夕夜在哪裡?

9 Where were you last New Year’s Eve?

 

10 你小時候最喜歡的卡通是什麼?

10 What was your favorite cartoon when you were a kid?

 四 回答問題

1 Where were you at this time yesterday? I was at Starbucks teaching English.

2 Were you alone? If not, who were you with? No, I wasn’t. I was with my student.

3 What was the weather like yesterday?  It was warm and cloudy.

4 Were you happy yesterday? Yes, I was happy because I had a good class.

5 When were you born?  I was born in 1971.

6 Where were you born?  I was born in Taipei.

7 Were you naughty when you were a kid?  Yes, I was.

8 How old were you when you could walk? I could walk when I was 14 months old.

9 How old were you when you got your first pay? I got my first pay when I was 22.

10 What was your favorite food when you were a kid?  It was chocolate.

11 Were you at work yesterday?  Yes, I was.

12 Where were you last night?  I was at my sister’s apartment.

13 Were you at home yesterday afternoon?  Yes, I was.

14 Where were you on your last birthday?  I was at home.

15 Where were you last New Year’s Eve?  I was at my students’ hot pot party.

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