【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 12 過去簡單式 一般動詞 否定句與疑問句

一開始有複習了一下時態,時態比較大的問題是一個一個說大家都懂,可是混在一起就頭痛,不知道要用哪一個了。現在簡單,現在進行,過去簡單都要弄清楚,因為下一個時態就是過去進行式了喔。

今天寫了三課講義,星期五前還要寫三課,明天要出去吃飯不能寫,啊,有點趕。剛剛轉頭過去看今天寫幾課的時候,意外找到剛剛找很久找不到的鑰匙。昨天回來還在,剛剛出去買東西回來才發現找不到,按電鈴,回到房間後找好久,想說等等錄完要大掃除找鑰匙了。結果居然看到它在我的書上放在床上。為什麼呢?剛剛為什麼沒看到,跟潔西玩躲貓貓就是了。別吧!

等影片上傳的時候做了一些站姿的瑜伽,結果手麻。手麻是很可怕的,對潔西來說,因為可能是神經壓迫的顯現。假如是神經壓迫到,那潔西就不應該做,年底去看個醫生問問看,想來還是游泳走路最安全。買了游泳票一直都沒去游,因為突然就忙了起來了。

晚一點再來分享去玩的照片。先繼續寫講義去了!Happy Tuesday!

 

 

現在簡單式 be 動詞   S + be1 + noun/adjective/preposition phrase

I am a teacher.  You are a student.  He is at home. He isn’t at home. Is he at home? Where is he?

 

現在進行式   S + be1 + V-ing

I am typing. You are watching a video. He is sleeping.

 

現在簡單式 一般動詞    S + V1

I work at home.  He works at home.  Do you work at home?  Where does he work?

 

過去簡單式 be 動詞    S + be2 + noun/adjective/preposition phrase

I was at home last night. They were at work this morning.  Where were they?

過去簡單句 一般動詞的肯定句句型

1 肯定句

主詞 S +動詞過去式 V2

  I           worked last weekend.

He          went home late last night.

 

2 否定句

主詞 S + didn’t  + 動詞原型 Vo

主詞  S

didn’t

動詞原型 Vo

其他部分

I

didn’t

lie.

You

didn’t

come home

last night.

He

didn’t

make

a right decision.

She

didn’t

go

to the party.

It

didn’t

have

enough room.

We

didn’t

know

what to do.

You

didn’t

tell

me.

They

didn’t

want

to go home.

 

3 Yes/No 問句

Did + 主詞 S + 動詞原型 Vo?

Did

主詞 S

動詞原型 Vo

其他部分

Did

I

make

a mistake?

Did

you

find

your key?

Did

he

get

a haircut?

Did

she

go to the beach

yesterday?

Did

it

happen

to you?

Did

we

lock

the door?

Did

you

enjoy

yoursleves?

Did

they

leave

early?

 

4 WH 問句

WH 疑問詞 + did + 主詞 S + 動詞原型 Vo?

WH 疑問詞

did

主詞 S

動詞原型 Vo

其他部分?

Why

did

you

do

that?

Where

did

he

go

on his vacation?

When

did

she

leave?

What

did

they

buy?

Who

did

you

talk

to?

How

did

you

get

here?

What

happened

to you?

Who

hit

you?

 

翻譯練習

1 我昨天沒有為了考試唸書。

2 你在歐洲旅行時搭火車嗎?(當你在歐洲旅行時,你有搭火車嗎?)

3 你昨天晚上幾點抵達機場?

4 我沒考過駕照。

5 我今年一月去法國,但是我沒有買任何東西。

6 你學生的時候有打籃球嗎?

7 你如何度過你上次的假期?(你上次的假期怎麼過的?)

8 你為什麼不接我的電話?

9 你跟你朋友上個週末聚在一起嗎?

10 誰拿了我的筆?

 

.

.

.

.

.

 

答案

翻譯練習

1 我昨天沒有為了考試唸書。

1 I didn’t study for the exam yesterday.

 

2 你在歐洲旅行時搭火車嗎?(當你在歐洲旅行時,你有搭火車嗎?)

2 Did you take the train when you traveled in Europe?

 

3 你昨天晚上幾點抵達機場?

3 What time did you arrive at the airport last night?

 

4 我沒考過駕照。

4 I didn’t pass the driver’s test.

 

5 我今年一月去法國,但是我沒有買任何東西。

5 I went to France this January, but I didn’t buy anything.

 

6 你學生的時候有打籃球嗎?

6 Did you play basketball when you were a student?

 

7 你如何度過你上次的假期?

7 How did you spend your last vacation?

 

8 你為什麼不接我的電話?

8 Why didn’t you answer my phone?

 

9 你跟你朋友上個週末聚在一起嗎?

9 Did you and your friend get together last weekend?

 

10 誰拿了我的筆?

10 Who took my pen?

 

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