【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 13 過去進行式

久沒錄影片會變得很不流利,重說了好幾次還是差強人意,大家就多忍耐了。今天的過去進行式其實頗好用的,但是有點難解釋跟理解,但是多練習題目的話應該就會比較容易理解,只是要用出來還是會比較難一點。

小碎碎念一下。最近都一直狂吃,就是有這種時候,就潔西來說,吃東西的話有三種狀況,一種是正常,一種是狂吃,一種是幾乎不吃。正常出現頻率跟曇花一現一樣,多半時候會是現在的狂吃,處於焦慮的狀態,壓力有點大,頭髮掉快一年了,假如不是頭髮像我這麼多的人,每天滿地頭髮,應該只剩稀疏幾根毛了。另外一個是憂鬱的時候就幾乎不用吃飯,都不會餓,一個星期可以瘦個三到五公斤。唉。

寫這些講義其實壓力就很大,不過呢,潔西正式當家教快兩年了。原本多半都在補習班上課,偶爾教幾個家教學生是副業,開完刀體力真的很差,原本想回補習班,但是呢一直拖,拖到後面變成全職家教。其實還是很想站在講台前上課,是不一樣的感受呢,今天教小班因為同學請假,所以只有兩位學生,但是呢還是覺得很開心,拿白板筆寫黑板還是不一樣的感受啊!

回來,又離題,剛剛想說的淡季即將來臨。可以好好休息一下。假如我自己不要一直愛寫的話,哈哈哈。最近有什麼新鮮事呢?啊,我的日本旅行都沒說到就整個拋到腦後去了啊,嗚嗚。每天每天好多事情發生得好快。不知不覺一星期又過了。

今天是星期天,明天又是新的一個星期的開始,哇!嚇死我了啦。談談新聞好了。最近美國在 impeach 彈劾川普,但是很難讓他下台啦。然後有聽到講到明年選舉,美國是十一月三日的樣子,讓我來看看我有沒有記錯,沒錯,我很糟,我知道台灣總統大選是一月,幾號我不知道,那為什麼我知道美國總統大選的日期?因為我每天聽新聞,新聞說了不知道幾次了。有講個一個片語,我覺得用在我身上跟好。因為明年大選 I will sit out the election. 這裡的 sit out 坐在外面就是不參與的意思。兩個候選人我都搖頭,究竟最後會不會改變主意呢?還有時間,誰知道。

但是我聽到連民主黨 Democratic Party 跟共和黨 Republican Party 兩黨一個是藍色一個是紅色我都知道,為什麼我要知道啦?其實很簡單啊,川普老戴個 MAGA Make America Great Again 的帽子是紅色的,所以民主黨是藍色的。有沒有人有推什麼好聽的播客啊。潔西網路沒有吃到飽,所以沒有在外面看 YouTube 或聽 Ted Talks ,後者好久沒聽了。先前覺得聽來聽去好想都差不多,最近應該來聽聽有沒有好玩的新東西,一定有啦。

其實每天各式各樣的地方有著各種各類好玩的東西,今天看到臉書好友跑馬拉松居然有龍蝦補給站,這也太誇張了吧?馬拉松可以去慢慢走嗎?好多好玩的贈品喔,但是我不太能跑,所以這輩子也沒跑過馬拉松,有那種比較輕鬆的話,是不是可以去走走看呢?

八點了,好快喔,想來我寫文也是有動點腦,最近寫到最後都是餓了,要來去炒個飯,煮個麻油雞,耶!想到麻油雞就開心,想到體重就,啊,無言!週日收心愉快!

 

 

I am speaking Chinese now. I’m not typing. You’re watching a video now.

I watched a Japanese drama from 6 p.m. to 7 p.m.

I was watching a Japanese drama at this time yesterday.     I was sleeping. 

 

一 過去進行式使用時機

1 過去進行式用來描述過去某時正在進行中的事情。所描述的活動或情況已經開始,而在當時仍未結束

I saw you last night. You were waiting for a bus.

They were watching TV when I got home.

 

2  也可以用來表達過去兩件事情同時正在進行

He was talking on his cell phone while he was driving his car.

He was driving his car while he was talking on his cell phone.

She was singing while she was dancing.

 

3   過去進行式強調動作發生的期間,過去簡單式強調動作的完成

She was watching a movie last night.

She watched a movie last night.

4   用過去簡單式跟過去進行式連接句子時,根據不同的語意要使用不同的時態

a   要表達過去的一件事發生在另外一件事情後時, 兩個句子都要用過去簡單式

     When I got home, my family had dinner.

     當我到家後,我家人吃晚餐。(我先到家,家人再吃晚餐)

     When I finished work, I went home.  / I went home when I finished work.

 

b   要表達過去一個持續進行的動作,被一個突然出現的,短暫的動作打斷時,表達

    過去持續進行的要用過去進行式,短暫打斷的動作用過去簡單式。

    When I got home, my family was having dinner.

    當我到家時,我家人正在吃晚餐。(家人吃晚餐是持續進行的,我到家是打斷的)

    When the visitor came, the manager was having a meeting.

    

二 過去進行式的副詞

過去進行式用來表達一個行為正在進行或在過去的一段時間內,所以很多過去的時間都可以用來表達,也常常會跟其他子句並用。

at that time, at five o’clock yesterday, at seven o’clock last night, in 2001…

 

三 過去進行式句型

1 肯定句:主詞(S)+過去式be動詞( be2)+現在分詞(V-ing)

was/were

V-ing

其他部分

I

was

dreaming.

You

were

sleeping.

He

was

writing

his report.

She

was

listening

to music.

It

was

snowing.

We

were

staying

at a hotel.

You

were

working.

They

were

playing

table tennis

 

三 過去進行式句型

2 否定句:主詞(S)+過去式be動詞( be2)+not 現在分詞(V-ing)

was/were

not

V-ing

其他部分

I

was

not

dreaming.

You

were

not

sleeping.

He

was

not

writing

his report.

She

was

not

listening

to music.

It

was

not

snowing.

We

were

not

staying

at a hotel.

You

were

not

working.

They

were

not

playing

table tennis

 

3 Yes/No 問句:過去式 be 動詞(be2)+主詞(S)+現在分詞(V-ing)?

Was/Were

S

V-ing

其他部分

Was

I

dreaming?

Were

you

sleeping?

Was

he

writing

his report?

Was

she

listening

to music?

Was

it

snowing?

Were

we

staying

at a hotel?

Were

you

working?

Were

they

playing

table tennis?

 

4 WH 問句:WH 疑問詞+過去式 be 動詞(be2)+主詞+現在分詞(V-ing)?

WH

was/were

S

V-ing

其他部分

What

were

you

doing?

Where

was

he

going?

Why

were

they

leaving?

Who

were

you

going

with?

What

were

you

worrying

about?

Who

was

playing

the piano?

What

was

going

on?

 

練習ㄧ  翻譯練習

1 昨天晚上他一邊寫作業,一邊聽音樂。

2 史丹利洗澡的時候門鈴響了。

3 你在睡覺的時候你的朋友打電話來。

4 意外發生的時候,他開車開得很快。

5 當雨開始下的時候我們在散步。

6 她一邊開車一邊講電話。

7 我在看電影的時候我的手機響了。

8 停電的時候你在做什麼?

9 我昨天看到你的時候你要去哪裡?

10 我在做菜的時候門鈴響了。

 

 

 

答案

練習一 翻譯

1 昨天晚上他一邊寫作業,一邊聽音樂。

1 He was doing his homework while he was listening to music.

 

2 史丹利洗澡的時候門鈴響了。

2 Stanley was taking a shower when the doorbell rang.

 

3 你在睡覺的時候你的朋友打電話來。

3 While you were sleeping, your friend called.

3 You were sleeping when your friend called.

 

4 意外發生的時候,他開車開得很快。

4 When the accident happened, he was driving very fast.

 

5 當雨開始下的時候我們在散步。

5 When it started to rain, we were taking a walk.

5 It started raining while we were taking a walk.

 

6 她一邊開車一邊講電話。

6 She was driving while she was talking on the phone.

 

7 我在看電影的時候我的手機響了。

7 I was watching/seeing a movie when my phone rang.

 

8 停電的時候你在做什麼?

8 What were you doing when the lights went out?

 

9 我昨天看到你的時候你要去哪裡?

9 Where were you going when I saw you last night?

 

10 我在做菜的時候門鈴響了。

10 I was cooking when the doorbell rang.

 

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