【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 14 過去簡單式與過去進行式 差別

我昨天回家的時候突然下大雨,我沒帶傘,全身都濕了。過去簡單式跟過去進行式就是像這樣描述過去,講得出來句子嗎?I was going home when it started to rain heavily. I didn’t bring an umbrella, so I was all wet.

潔西又用直播的方式來錄影片了,因為等一下要出門去上課了,再轉檔要花很久的時間。覺得這也是不錯,錄完就直接上傳了,只是還在找錄影片的開頭在哪裡,不然大家每次都以為我要錄餐廳。其實也有一些直播的想法,不過呢就亂七八糟忙一些有的沒的,再來應該比較有空了。現在一邊看南方四賤客,實在很白目,惡搞文字也很兇,亂七八糟的文字,這是給大人看的卡通吧?而且還蠻政治的呢。當然有些梗可能不懂,但是沒關係啦。吃了午餐,現在3:22居然又餓了,只好拿午餐剩下的白飯跟昨天煮的麻油雞吃麻油雞稀飯,晚上有空再寫別的。吃飯跟上課去。

 

 

過去簡單式句型

肯定句: S + V2              They walked home yesterday.   They usually take a bus home. 

否定句: S + didn’t + Vo   They didn’t walk home.

疑問句:Did + V + Vo       Did they walk home?   

 

過在進行式句型

肯定句: S + was/were + V-ing             They were walking home when I saw them.

否定句: S + was/were + not + V-ing     There weren’t walking home.

疑問句: Was/Were + S + V-ing?           Were they walking home?

 

1 過去簡單式用在表達過去發生的事件或動作,已經結束。強調動作的完成。

   She lived in America from 2005 to 2008.       She lives in America.

 

2 用過去進行式表達在過去的某個時間點是持續進行。強調動作的過程。

   She was living in America in 2006.

 

3 當一個子句是過去簡單式,另外ㄧ個子句是過去進行式時,合併在一起的時候,這時候

   過去進行表達比較長的,持續在進行的動作,過去簡單表達的是突然出現,比較短的,

   打斷過去正在進行的過去進行式的動作。

   When I got home, my father was cooking dinner.

   While I was taking a walk, it started to rain.

     I took a walk when it started to rain.

 

4 當兩個子句都是過去簡單式時,則是表示一件事情在另外一件事情後發生,when 接的

   子句的動作先發生。

   When I got home, my family had dinner.

   When it started to rain, I took a walk in the rain.

 

5  當兩個句子都是過去進行式的時,表示兩個行動都在過去的同時間進行。

    While he was walking, he was using his cell phone.

    She was doing her homework while she was watching a Japanese drama.  multitasking

 

6 while 後面多接進行式,when 後面多接簡單式,一個句子只能有 when 或 while ,選其

  中一個,意思沒有太大的差別,沒有加的那個是要強調的主要子句。when 可以加進行式

  但是 while 不能用在簡單式。

   I met my wife when/while we were working for the same company.

   When I met her, we were working for the same company.

 

練習一 完成下列句子

1 I was talking on the phone when …

2 While I was going home one day …

3 I was watching a movie when …

4 While I was cooking dinner …

5 I was reading a book

6 I cut myself while …

7 While I was doing yoga …

8 I was surfing on the Internet …

 

練習二 把下面的句子的動詞按照題意填入過去進行式或過去簡單式。

1 I (hear)  ______________ a strange noise, and the dog (begin) ______________ to bark.

2 He (watch) ________________  TV when his girlfriend (come) _________________ home.

3 When she (hurt) ______________ her feet, she (go) _______________ to see the doctor.

4 Everyone (talk) _______________ , and suddenly the lights (go) ________________ out.

5 I (have) ________________ a shower when I (get) _________________ home.

6 It (snow) ________________ when I (leave) _____________ home this morning.

7 Which hotel (you/stay) _____________________ in when you _____________(lose) your

   passport?

8 When the door (open) _______________, the crowd (rush)___________ in.

9 I (read) ___________________ a book when I (find) ___________________ $1,000.

10 I (make) _____________________ dinner, when my friend (call) _________________ . I

    totally (forget) _________________ about the food on the stove, and I

    (burn) _________________ everything!

 

練習三 翻譯

1 當我開車上班時,我看到一場車禍。

2 當鬧鐘響了,我醒來。

3 雨開始下的時候你在做什麼?

4 我試著解釋我的問題給她,但是她不肯聽。

5 當我抵達的時候,他們正在吃飯。

6 我在搭捷運的時候看到一個奇怪的人。

7 今天早上我搭公車上班的時候一邊聽音樂。

8 他在講電話的時候他的手機死了。(沒電池了)

9 我在電腦上打報告時電腦當機。

10 我下公車的時候被機車撞了。

 

 

 

參考答案

練習一 完成下列句子

1 I was talking on the phone when the doorbell rang.

2 While I was going home one day, I saw Lady Gaga.

3 I was watching a movie when my phone rang.

4 While I was cooking dinner, I cut my hand.

5 I was reading a book when I saw a receipt inside it.

6 I cut myself when I broke a glass.

7 While I was doing yoga, I pulled a muscle.

8 I was surfing on the Internet when I saw a beautiful picture.

 

練習二 把下面的句子的動詞按照題意填入過去進行式或過去簡單式。

1 heard, began                     

2 was watching, came

3 hurt, went                         

4 was talking, went

5 had, got                            

6 was snowing, left

7 were you staying, lost          

8 opened, rushed

9 was reading, found

10 was making, called, forgot, burnt/burned

 

練習三 翻譯

1 當我開車上班時,我看到一場車禍。

1 While I was driving to work, I saw a car accident.

 

2 當鬧鐘響了,我醒來。

2 When the alarm clock rang, I woke up.

 

3 雨開始下的時候你在做什麼?

3 What were you doing when the rain started?

 

4 我試著解釋我的問題給她,但是她不肯聽。

4 I was trying to explain my problem to her, but she wasn’t listening.

 

5 當我抵達的時候,他們正在吃飯。

5 When I arrived, they were having dinner.

 

6 我在搭捷運的時候看到一個奇怪的人。

6 I was taking the MRT when I saw a strange person.

 

7 今天早上我搭公車上班的時候一邊聽音樂。

7 I was taking a bus to work while I was listening to music.

 

8 他在講電話的時候他的手機死了。

8 He was talking on the phone when the phone died.

8 He was talking on the phone when the phone ran out of battery.

 

9 我在電腦上打報告時電腦當機。

9 I was writing a report on my computer when it crashed.

 

10 我下公車的時候被機車撞了。

10 I was hit by the scooter while I was getting off the bus.

 

get on 上車,get off 下車     get in 上車,get out 下車

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