【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 27 表未來 be going to

未來 be going to 的用法,很多人只要是未來就用 will,但是假如要講的是計畫的話就不會用 will 喔。不要弄錯了喔。

咳嗽咳得很厲害,醫生開的藥很有效,但是只有效到下一次吃藥的時間,怎麼那麼可怕呢?還剩下三頁要改,但是要改得很多,應該今天或明天吧。繼續努力去。影片隨後附上

 

 

1 當我們要表達我們決定好做的事,我們的計畫時,可以用現在進行式或 be going to 來表達未來,但是講別人的計畫時要用 be going to

I am going to buy a printer tonight. / I’m buying a printer tonight.

She is going to give you a gift.

 

2 當我們預測未來或是談論我們沒有控制權的時候我們可以用 will 或 be going to

It is going to rain tomorrow.

It will rain tomorrow.

Are they going to finish the building soon?

Will they finish the building soon?

 

3 當我們因為現在的狀況,去預測未來將會發生的動作時

Look at the cloud! It’s going to rain.

The bus is leaving. Oh, no! I’m going to be late.

 

4 當某事很明顯地將會發生,會用 be going to 來警告

Look out! We’re going to crash.

Be careful! You’re going to drop your coffee.

 

5 be going to 的句型        I  am going to = I’m gonna

a 肯定句:主詞 S +be1 going to+動詞原型 Vo

主詞 S

be1 going to

動詞原型 Vo

其他部分

I

am going to

throw

up.

You

are going to

be

in trouble.

He

is going to

kill

you.

She

is going to

cook

pasta tonight.

It

is going to

rain.

We

are going to

celebrate.

You

are going to

clean

the living room.

They

are going to

cheat

on the exam.

 

b 否定句:主詞 S + be1+ not +  going to+動詞原型 Vo

主詞 S

be1 not going to

動詞原型 Vo

其他部分

I

am not going to

throw

up.

You

are not going to

be

in trouble.

He

is not going to

kill

you.

She

is not going to

cook

pasta tonight.

It

is not going to

rain.

We

are not going to

celebrate.

You

are not going to

clean

the living room.

They

are not going to

cheat

on the exam.

 

c Yes/No問句:be1+主詞 S+going to+動詞原型 Vo?

be1

主詞 S

going to

動詞原型 Vo

其他部分

Am

I

going to

throw

up?

Are

you

going to

be

in trouble?

Is

he

going to

kill

you?

Is

she

going to

cook

pasta tonight?

Is

it

going to

rain?

Are

we

going to

celebrate?

Are

you

going to

clean

the living room?

Are

they

going to

cheat

on the exam?

 

d WH問句:WH疑問詞+be1+主詞 S+going to+動詞原型 Vo?

WH疑問詞

be1

主詞 S

going to

動詞原型 Vo

其他部分

What

am

I

going to

say?

Where

are

you

going to

stay?

Who

is

he

going to

ask

for help?

Why

is

she

going to

get

divorced?

What

is

the weather

going to

be

like?

How

are

we

going to

get

home?

Who (主詞)

is

going to

be

there?

What (主詞)

is

going to

happen?

 

練習一 回答問題

1 What are you going to do tomorrow?

2 Where are you going to go this weekend?

3 When are you going to retire?

4 What are you going to give your father for his birthday?

5 Who are you going to spend your New Year’s Eve with?

6 What’s the weather going to be like tomorrow?

7 How old are your parents going to be on their next birthday?

8 Are you going to buy anyone a gift this month?

9 Are you going to get together with your friends this month?

10 Are you going to do anything special for your next birthday?

 

練習二 翻譯

1 快點!我們要遲到了!

2 他們不打算搭計程車回家。他們打算走路。

3 你今天下班後要做什麼?

4 他明年要出國唸書。

5 Sam 跟我將會拍很多照片。

6 你今天晚上要看什麼電影?

7 她週末要去剪頭髮。

8 他們要在情人節結婚嗎?

9 我們要遊歐洲一個月。

10 我姊姊十二月要生小孩。

burp 打嗝

答案

練習一 回答問題

1 What are you going to do tomorrow? I’m going to work.

2 Where are you going to go this weekend? I’m going (to go) to Tamsui.

3 When are you going to retire? I’m going to retire when I am 70.

4 What are you going to give your father for his birthday? I’m going to give him money.

5 Who are you going to spend your New Year’s Eve with? I’m going to be at home by myself.

6 What’s the weather going to be like tomorrow? It’s going to be cloudy and cold.

7 How old are your parents going to be on their next birthday? My father is going to be 82. My mother passed away many years ago.

8 Are you going to buy anyone a gift this month? No, I’m not.

9 Are you going to get together with your friends this month? Yes, I’m going to have dinner with my friends.

10 Are you going to do anything special for your next birthday? No, I’m not going to do anything.

 

練習二 翻譯

1 快點!我們要遲到了!

1 Hurry up! We are going to be late!

 

2 他們不打算搭計程車回家。他們打算走路。

2 They are not going to take a taxi home. They are going to walk.

 

3 你今天下班後要做什麼?

3 What are you going to do after work today?

 

4 他明年要出國唸書。

4 He is going to study abroad next year.

 

5 Sam 跟我將會拍很多照片。

5 Sam and I are going to take a lot of pictures.

 

6 你今天晚上要看什麼電影?

6 What movies are you going to watch tonight?

 

7 她週末要去剪頭髮。

7 She is going to get a haircut this weekend.

 

8 他們要在情人節結婚嗎?

8 Are they going to get married on Valentine’s Day?

 

9 我們要遊歐洲一個月。

9 We are going to travel around Europe for a month.

 

10 我姊姊十二月要生小孩。

10 My sister is going to have a baby in December.

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