【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 28, 29 用 will 表未來

不小心按錯文章就送出去了,嗚嗚,假如是寄到信箱的人就不會有影片檔了,不好意思。

謝謝大家幫我分享,大大感激,有增加瀏覽率了喔,好開心,能持續多久就不知道了啊,哈哈。總是個開始。終於弄完了很開心,但是其實還有更多要做的,一邊改的時候一邊發現。看自己這麼雜亂無章的部落格,自己都搖頭,不過至少很多內容是我自己喜歡的,我這個自大狂,慢慢會把覺得有用的做成影片分享。

劍橋活用英語語法的時態部分說完了,接下來潔西會看看從什麼地方開始,也會把配合劍橋的單元的講義的文字稿慢慢按單元放上去。接下來要想講得的西還蠻多的,有特別想要求的可以提出喔,不然我就自顧自的講下去了。

真的變冷了耶,潔西今天第一次感受到,覺得是把冬天的被子拿下來的時候了,想了好幾天都沒做。然後居然覺得腳冷,把只有冬天穿得厚厚的十指襪拿出來穿,瞬間溫暖,羽絨背心馬上脫掉了。冬天三寶:帽子,圍巾,襪子,再加上口罩,不用穿太多就不會冷了。現在穿著 T恤,夏天不穿的,太熱了,幾乎都穿洋裝或者更涼的短袖,原來我的T恤是冬天穿的,自己現在才發現。

台灣的冬天變得太不冷了啦,也是很多人一樣穿短袖,喔,還有短褲,記得有一次冬天,我家大寶,小寶,還有我都穿短褲,我姐說,你們不冷嗎?我們三個一起說不冷!準備倒垃圾,然後上課去!啊,今天在四號公園附近,早點走過去散散步,喝個 E61 嗎?去了再說,附近有買好吃的蘿蔔餅,不過幾年沒去了,從前常帶大小寶去玩。今天早點出門去探險。

日安!

未來

1 I’m going to the movies with my friend tomorrow night.  現在進行式 計畫,有朋人,有未來時間

2 The movie starts at 7.30 p.m.  現在簡單式  時刻表

3 We are going to have dinner before the movie.  be going to 表達未來的計劃

4 I’m not sure what time the movie will finish. 表達未來的 will

will 用來表達我們所知道,我們所認為的未來,它是一個中立的字。

 

1 用來預測未來:

He will be late. / He’s going to be late.

They won’t win the game. / They aren’t going to win the game.

 

2 用來表示說話當下立即的決定:

I won’t have the fish. I’ll have the chicken.

I’ll give you a ride.

 

3 用來許下承諾: I promise.

I’ll always love you.

I won’t tell anyone.  I will not tell anyone. will+not=won’t

 

4 用來提供人家幫助:

I’ll open the door for you.

I’ll help you.

 

5 用來邀請:

Will you come to lunch?  Yes, thank you. I’d love to.  I would love to. = I want to.

Will you go for a coffee with me?

 

6 不會用來表達先前已經做好的決定或計劃:

I will study in the U.S. next year. (X)

I’m going to study in the U.S. next year. (O)

 

7 在正式寫作比較常用 will。

 

8 用 be going to 表示計劃,所以是確定會發生的,但是用 will 加其他副詞比方說 probably, maybe 或是助動詞 might, may 的話比較不確定,程度如下:

I’m going to see a movie tomorrow.                          100 % sure

I’m working tonight.

I’ll probably visit my parents this weekend.

I might go jogging later.

Maybe I’ll take a few days off next week.

I may stay home tomorrow. I’m awfully tired.

If it’s a nice day, I might play basketball.                  less sure

 

9 will 的句型主詞是 I 或 we 的時候,可以用 shall 來代替,意思不變,比較正式一點。shall 也可以用來做建議。

Shall we go?

I shall never forget you.

10 will的句型:主詞+will+動詞原型

 

a 肯定句:主詞 S+will+動詞原型 Vo 

主詞 S

will

動詞原型 Vo

其他部分

I

will

be

late.

You

will

like

the movie.

He

will

win.

She

will

love

the gift.

It

will

be

difficult.

We

will

help

you.

You

will

be

OK.

They

will

regret.

I will=I’ll, You will=You’ll, He will=He’ll, She will=She’ll, It will=It’ll, We will=We’ll, They will=They’ll        

 

b 否定句:主詞 S +will+not+動詞原型 Vo

主詞 S

will

not

動詞原型 Vo

其他部分

I

will

not

be

late.

You

will

not

like

the movie.

He

will

not

win.

She

will

not

love

the gift.

It

will

not

be

difficult.

We

will

not

help

you.

You

will

not

be

OK.

They

will

not

regret.

will not=won’t

 

c Yes/No 問句:Will+主詞 S +動詞原型 Vo?

Will

主詞 S

動詞原型 Vo

其他部分

Will

I

be

late?

Will

you

like

the movie?

Will

he

win?

Will

she

love

the gift?

Will

it

be

difficult?

Will

we

help

you?

Will

you

be

OK?

Will

they

regret?

 

d WH問句:WH疑問詞+will+主詞 S +動詞原型 Vo?

WH 疑問詞

will

主詞 S

動詞原型 Vo

其他部分

When

will

you

finish?

When

will

he

graduate?

Where

will

she

go?

What

will

we

do?

How long

will

it

last?

Who

will

you

see

tonight?

Who (主詞)

will

take

care of the dog?

What (主詞)

will

happen?

How many people

will

be

at the party?

  

練習一  回答下列問題

1 Where do you think you’ll go on your next vacation?

2 What do you think you’ll do on your next birthday?

3 When do you think you’ll retire?

4 Do you think you’ll buy a house next year?

5 Do you think you’ll be a billionaire someday?

6 Do you think you’ll be famous someday?

7 Do you think you’ll quit your job soon?

8 Do you think you’ll be a YouTuber someday?

9 Do you think you’ll live in another country someday?

10 What are your goals for the next five years?

 

練習二  翻譯練習

1 明天會很冷。

2 全家人都會在婚禮上嗎?

3 他要離開幾個月。

4 她不會原諒你的。

5 我想我今晚不會做任何工作。我太累了。

6 我覺得台灣會贏那場比賽。

7 你覺得你會找到更好的工作嗎?

8 我永遠不會忘記我們相遇的那一天。

9 你可以載我一程嗎?

10 我老婆會生氣的。

.

.

.

.

.

答案

I think (that) I will go to bed early tonight.

I think I won’t go to bed early tonight. (X)

I don’t think I will go to bed early tonight. (O)

 

練習一  回答下列問題

1 Where do you think you’ll go on your next vacation?  I think I’ll probably go to Canada.

2 What do you think you’ll do on your next birthday? I will do nothing.

3 When do you think you’ll retire? I think I’ll retire when I am 70 (years old).

4 Do you think you’ll buy a house next year? No, I don’t think so.

5 Do you think you’ll be a billionaire someday? Maybe. I don’t know.   millionaire 

6 Do you think you’ll be famous someday? Yes, I think I’ll be famous someday.

7 Do you think you’ll quit your job soon? No, I don’t think I’ll quit my job soon.

8 Do you think you’ll be a YouTuber someday? Yes, I am already a YouTuber.

9 Do you think you’ll live in another country someday? Yes, I think I will live in Australia someday.

10 What are your goals for the next five years? First, I’ll lose weight. Then, I’ll make a million dollars every year. After that, I’ll buy an apartment.

 

練習二  翻譯練習

1 明天會很冷。

1 It will be cold tomorrow.

 

2 全家人都會在婚禮上嗎?

2 Will the whole family be at the wedding?

 

3 他要離開幾個月。

3 He’ll leave for a few months.

 

4 她不會原諒你的。

4 She won’t forgive you.

 

5 我想我今晚不會做任何工作。我太累了。

5 I don’t think I’ll do any work tonight. I’m too tired.

 

6 我覺得台灣會贏那場比賽。

6 I think Taiwan will win the game.

 

7 你覺得你會找到更好的工作嗎?

7 Do you think you will find a better job?

 

8 我永遠不會忘記我們相遇的那一天。

8 I will never forget the day we met.

 

9 你可以載我一程嗎?

9 Will you give me a ride?   

 

10 我老婆會生氣的。

10 My wife will be angry.

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