【潔西家】基礎英文文法課程 第二堂 翻譯練習解說

這是第二堂基礎文法課程翻譯練習的講解得直播影片。過去進行式的部分比較難一點,因為這邊只是講解翻譯,所以沒有花太多時間講解文法,不懂的可以去看過去進行式的影片。

今天累到極限了,先發文休息去,晚安!

先前講解的過去進行式的影片

 

直播翻譯練習影片

 

 

 

過去簡單式

主詞+be2+名詞/形容詞/ 介系詞片語

肯定句

I /He/She/It         was        a Chinese teacher five years ago.

You/We/They        were       busy. /tired/married/hungry/ full  yesterday.

                        at home. /at work/ in the office/ in the living room. 

 

否定句:助動詞加 not

I                          was      not         an English teacher.  Jessie

You/We/They         were     not           busy. /tired/married/hungry/ full

He/She/It              was      not           at home. /at work/ in the office/ in the living room. 

 

Yes/No 問句: be 動詞放到主詞前面

Was           I                                         an English teacher  Jessie ?

Were      you/he/they                             busy /tired/married/hungry/ full?

Was         he/she/it                                 at home /at work/ in the office/ in the living room?

 

WH 問句: WH 疑問詞+be 動詞+主詞+其他部分?

Who     was           I                                    ?

Where  were      you/he/they                           ?

Why     was         he/she/it                 late? 

 

第二堂 翻譯練習

1 當我是小孩的時候,我怕狗。

1 When I was a child/kid,  I was afraid of dogs.

 

2 今天天氣很好,但是昨天很冷。

2 It is a nice day today, but it was cold yesterday. 

 

3 小孩子們幾分鐘前在這裡。

3 The children were here a few minutes ago.

 

4 Mark 上星期沒有上班因為他生病了。

4 Mark was not at work last week because he was sick.

4 Mark did not work last week because he was sick.

 

5 你去度假的時候天氣好嗎?

5 Was the weather nice when you were on vacation?

 

6 你上星期五早上十一點在哪裡?

6 Where were you at 11:00 last Friday morning?

 

7 他今天早上為什麼遲到了?

7 Why was he late this morning?

 

過去簡單式 一般動詞

肯定句

主詞+動詞過去式 V2

I/We/You/They      worked from 9 to 5 yesterday.

He/She/It             ate Japanese food for dinner today.

 

否定句:助動詞+not , did+not= didn’t

主詞+didn’t +動詞原型V0

I/We/You/They    didn’t  get up early.

He/She/It           didn’t   work today.

 

Wh  + did + 主詞+動詞原型V0?

What      did         you     do today?

Where    did          he       go?

When      did         they   go on vacation?

 

8 James 進了房間,脫掉他的外套,坐下。

8 James came into the room, took off his jacket, and sat down.

 

9 電影很長。七點十五分開始,十點結束。

9 The movie was long. It started at 7:15 and finished at 10:00.

 

10 飛機準時出發,四小時後抵達墨西哥市(Mexico City)。

10 The plane departed on time and arrived in Mexico City four hours later.

departure/arrival

 

11 我總是早起,但是今天早上我九點半起床。

11 I always get up early, but today I got up at 9:30 this morning. 

 

12 意外怎麼發生的?

12 How did the accident happen?

What happened?

Who took my money?

Who ate my chocolate?

WH 疑問詞當主詞時,只要接動詞的過去式

 

13 A: 我們搭計程車回家。 B: 花了多少錢?

13 A: We took a taxi home.  B: How much did it cost?

13 A: We came home by taxi.

 

14 我們去看電影,但是電影不好看。我們不喜歡它。

14 We went to the movies, but the film wasn’t good. We didn’t like it.

 

15 A: 為什麼你昨天不在會議上? B: 我不知道這回事。

15 A: Why didn’t you at the meeting yesterday?

      B: I didn’t know about it.

 

16 她有一支筆,但是她沒有任何紙。(過去式)

16 She had a pen, but she didn’t have any paper. 

 

17 昨天天氣如何?

17 How was the weather yesterday?  It was rainy.

How was your weekend?

How was your vacation?

How was school?

How was work?

It was great/okay/terrible/boring.

 

過去進行式       9-10

肯定句

主詞               +be2(was/were)+現在分詞(V-ing)

I                          was                 streaming at this time last week.

You/We/They         were                  watching.

He/She/It              was                  listening to music.

 

否定句

主詞               +be2(was/were)+not + 現在分詞(V-ing)

I                          was                 not         streaming.

You/We/They         were                not         watching.

He/She/It              was                 not         listening to music.

 

Yes/No 問句

        主詞               +be2(was/were)+現在分詞(V-ing)

Was      I                                           streaming?

Were you/we/they                           watching?

Was he/she/it                               listening to music?

 

WH 問句

               主詞               +be1(am/is/are)+現在分詞(V-ing)

Why     was      I                                           streaming?

What    were  you/we/they                              watching?

Where   was       he/she/it                               listening to music?

I wear a skirt every day.

 

18 今天她穿著一件裙子,但是昨天她穿著褲子。

18 Today she is wearing a skirt, but she was wearing pants yesterday.

 

19 A: 他說什麼?  B: 我不知道。我沒在聽。

19 A: What did he say?  B: I don’t know. I wasn’t listening. 

 

20 你起床的時候在下雨嗎?

Was it raining when you got up?

It was raining.

I got up.

When I got up, it was raining.

I was sleeping

Someone called me

While I was sleeping, someone called me.

 

21 當電話響的時候你在做什麼?

21 What were you doing when the phone rang?

 

22 電話響後他做了什麼?

22 What did he do when the phone rang?

I was reading a book when the phone rang.

When the phone rang, I stopped reading the book. 

 

23 當我們吃晚餐的時候郵件抵達了。

23 While we were having dinner, the mail arrived.

 

24 昨天 Sue 走在路上的時候遇到了 James。

24 Yesterday Sue was walking down the street when she met James.

 

25 他要去車站趕火車,他拿著一個袋子。

25 He was going to the train station to catch a train, and he was carrying a bag.

S + used to + V0   表過去的習慣,現在已經沒有這麼做

 

26 我曾經打網球。我幾年前停止打了。

26 I used to play tennis. I stopped playing a few years ago.

 

27 我曾經看很多書,但是我最近不太看。

27 I used to read a lot of books, but don’t read much these days. 

 

28 當我是小孩子的時候,我從來都不吃肉,但是我現在吃它。

28 When I was a kid, I never used to meat, but I eat it now.

 

29 你來這裡之前住在哪裡?

29 Where did you use to live before you came here?

 

30 Liz 現在留短髮,但是頭髮曾經很長。

30 Liz has short hair now, but it used to be long.

I am an English teacher.

I used to be a Chinese teacher.

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