【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 32 情態助動詞 must 用法+時態日記 2020/04/15

潔西又做了時態日記,昨天是個悲慘的一天,一起床頭微微痛,然後就大發作,吃藥後不知道為什麼頭不痛但是轉成全身酸痛,完全沒力氣,累到一個莫名其妙,病一整天,感覺火車輾過一樣。明明前一天星期一做了五隻影片,覺得精力充沛,物極必反?Don’t bite off more than you can chew. 不要咬超過你可以咀嚼的?中文的翻譯其實是不要自不量力的意思。星期一可能太逞強了,所以星期二就自食其果了。總之呢就超級累,勉強錄了影片自己都覺得難得我講話這麼溫柔啊,其實是非常虛弱沒力氣說話啊!

今天還是沒有很舒服,希望不是感冒了,這不是個感冒的時間點啊,還好這幾天都沒課,星期一晚上正有精力的時候還在想說要去九份走走,上一次去到那邊是幾年前,選錯時間,暑假,車站滿滿的人,到處都是人,我到了瑞芳火車站下車後,看到那人潮,去公車站牌看到等公車的人,就放棄了,哪裡都沒去又坐火車回台北了。

今天要好好加油,把上課的東西準備一下,散散步,可以的話再做個瑜伽,但是不能太累,這幾天天氣不錯,希望明天可以去九份走走,有人要一起去的嗎?我只是隨便說說,大家都要上班吧?不用上班的歡迎報名一起去踏青!Hav a good day! 祝大家有個愉快的一天!

 

時態日記講解

 

I got up on the wrong side of the bed yesterday. Anything that could go wrong went wrong. First, I noticed that I had a slight migraine when I got up, so I made myself a big cup of brown sugar latte again. It didn’t work. I took a pill called Imigran, which costs $250 if you buy it in a drugstore. The medicine was really strong and I felt my whole body ached so much that I had to lie down for a nap. 我昨天有個糟透了的一天(英文用起床起錯邊來表示一天都很糟糕)。任何會出錯的事都出錯了。首先我注意到我起床時有一點偏頭痛,所以我又泡了一大杯黑糖拿鐵。沒用。我吃了一顆叫做英明格的藥,一顆要兩百五十元,假如你在藥局買的話。那個藥很強,我覺的我全身酸痛到我必須要躺下來小睡一下。

I usually feel better after I take the medicine, but it was not the case yesterday. I was still very weak and sick after I slept for three hours. I managed to get up but I couldn’t do much. Everything I did needed a lot of effort. I tried to prepare for my lessons, but I ended up watching Ponyo on Netflix. It is a Japanese animated fantasy film (which was) written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki and produced by Studio Ghibli. 我通吃過藥後會覺得比較好,但是昨天完全不是那回事。我還是很虛弱很並在我睡了三個小時後。我盡力從床上起來,但是我沒辦法做太多事。我做每件事都要非常努力。我試著準備上課的東西,但是我最後變成在網飛上看崖上的波妞。它是一部日本動畫奇幻電影,由宮崎駿所寫跟導演,由吉普力工作室製作。

I spent most of my time in bed yesterday. While I was lying in bed, I got a message from my student. She wanted to suspend classes due to her morning sickness, which I totally understand. However, three classes were canceled this week, and not having stable income worries me from time to time. I decided to go to bed early and called it a day. All I wanted to do was just drinking some water before bed, and I couldn’t believe that I dropped my mug and broke it. It never rains but it pours. Finally, I went to bed at 10 p.m. last night. 我花大部分的時間在床上。當我躺在床上的時候,我收到我學生的一則訊息。她想要停課因為她孕吐,我完全可以理解。然侯,這個星期有三堂課被取消,而沒有穩定的收入三不五時會讓我擔憂。我決定早睡,結束一天。我所想要的只是在上床前喝點水,我不敢相信我手滑摔破杯子。禍不單行(英文表達說從來不下雨,不然就下大雨)。終於,我十點上床睡覺。

Whenever I have a terrible day, I always tell myself the sentence from the movie Gone With the Wind: Tomorrow is another day. 每次我有個糟糕的一天時,我總是告訴我自己從飄這部電影裡面出來的句子:明天又是另外一天。

Is today a better day? I’m not sure. At least it isn’t as bad as yesterday, and I’ll have to work hard to make it a good day! Keep on working! 今天是個比較好的一天嗎?我不確ㄉㄛˋ最少,不像昨天那麼糟,我需要努力讓它變成好的一天。繼續加油!

 

情態助動詞解說

 

情態助動詞翻譯練習

 

1 must 可以用來表示我們認為某件事情是真的

Andrew isn’t answering the phone. He must be in the meeting.

The doorbell is ringing. It must be the mailman.  deliveryman

 

2 must not 可以用來表示我們認為事情一定不是如此

Sam has flunked every test so far this semester. He must not study very hard.

He looks pale. He must not feel well.

 

3 must 也可以用來表示我們認為某件事是必須的,可以用在現在跟未來

I must do my homework now.

He must work late tomorrow.

 

4 用來表示過去必須做某件事時,不用 must ,要用 had to

Sandra had to get up early yesterday.

He had to quit his job last month.

 

5 must not 用在禁止,否定的命令,must not 可以縮寫成 mustn’t

Students must not leave bicycles in front of the library.

Passengers must not speak to the driver.

 

翻譯練習答案

1 狗在叫。一定有人在門口。

2 她一定認為我瘋了。

3 我知道你在開玩笑。你一定不是認真的。

4 他們買了一間房子。他們一定是賺很多錢。

5 我聽說你兒子有個很好的工作。你一定很為他驕傲。

6 你一定不可以在畫廊拍照。那對畫不好。

7 在台灣,你必須要二十歲才能投票。

8 醫生跟我說我必須要減肥。

9 你的房間一團亂。你必須要整理它。

10 你一定不可以打擾你的父親在他工作時。

翻譯練習答案

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1 狗在叫。一定有人在門口。

1 The dog is barking.

   There must be someone at the door.

 

2 她一定認為我瘋了。

2 She must think I am crazy.

 

3 我知道你在開玩笑。你一定不是認真的。

3 I know you’re joking. You must not be serious.

 

4 他們買了一間大房子。他們一定是賺很多錢。

4 They bought a big house. They must make a lot of money.

 

5 我聽說你兒子有個很好的工作。你一定很為他驕傲。

5 I hear your son got a very good job. You must be very proud of him. 

 

6 你一定不可以在畫廊拍照。那對畫不好。

6 You must not take photos in the gallery. It’s bad for the paintings.

 

7 在台灣,你必須要二十歲才能投票。

7 In Taiwan, you must be 20 to vote.

 

8 醫生跟我說我必須要減肥。

8 The doctor told me I had to lose weight.

 

9 你的房間一團亂。你必須要整理它。

9 Your room is in a mess. You must tidy it.

 

10 你一定不可以打擾你的父親在他工作時。

10 You must not disturb your father while he’s working.

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