【潔西家】所有格關係代名詞 whose

2020/09/22

今天的照片是在墨爾本十二門徒石 The Twelve Apostles 附近拍的,其實是男用洗手間的外觀,仔細看一下可以看到 GENTS ,指的是男用洗手間,女用則是 LADIES。似乎是原住民風格的圖。啊,我們還有去一個博物館看原住民吹一種很長的樂器,忘記名稱了,來找找。找到了,叫做 didgeridoo ,發出一種很特別的聲音,去法國的馬賽的時候也有看到有人在演奏同樣的樂器,那麼長怎麼帶上飛機啊?

突然想到在澳洲有看到各式各樣的街頭藝人,演奏樂器之外,表演的也不少,也會跟觀眾互動,蠻好玩的。跟團去的話就比較少會看到街頭藝人的表演,自己去到處亂晃的時候就會在某些地方看到,也有看過玩火的,真的蠻酷的。台北的話大概就是西門跟信義區會看到有街頭藝人表演。street performance 街頭表演。街頭藝人應該就可以用 street performancer 。先前看到大寶的 IG ,他去台南的樣子,似乎是為了藝術節之類,也有不少類似的表演,真的很不錯。

對了白晝之夜 Nuit Blanche 快到了,這是個從法國巴黎開始,在每年十月的第一個星期六晚上六點到星期天早上六點,舉辦各種文化活動,台北也辦了幾年,今年是在南港,有人要跟潔西老人一起去看看的嗎?還沒去過呢,覺得應該很好玩呢!

今天一早起來就做講義跟影片,不知道在認真什麼,哈哈。餓死了,都快一點了,要去炒年糕吃了,好久沒做菜了,這不太會失敗的,吃飯去!Have a good day!

講解練習翻譯影片

A 當我們把兩個句子連結時,可以用所有格關係代名詞 whose 來取代 his, her, its, their 等所有格,這是比較正式的用法。

I saw a girl. Her beauty took my breath away. 

I saw a girl. The girl’s beauty took my breath away. 

I saw a girl whose beauty took my breath away.

He went to a meeting. He didn’t understand its purpose. 

He went to a meeting. He didn’t understand the meeting’s purpose. 

He went to a meeting whose purpose he didn’t understand. 

A good parent is one whose children are happy.

A good doctor is one whose patients get better. 

A good teacher is one whose students learn things. 

A good cook is one whose food tastes nice.

B 當先行詞,也就是形容詞子句修飾的是受詞或主詞補語,位置在句尾時,形容詞子句就接在字尾。

1 I apologized to the man. I spilled his tea.

1 __________________________________________

2 I met a woman. Her husband is a doctor.

2 __________________________________________ 

3 That’s the man. I borrowed his cell phone. 

3 __________________________________________

4 They are the people. We visited their house yesterday.

4 __________________________________________

C 當先行詞的位置是在主格的位置時,形容詞子句就會接在主詞的後面,插入句子的中間,形容詞子句後面會加動詞,再加其他部分。

1 The teacher is patient. I am taking his course.

1 __________________________________________

2 The woman called the police. Her wallet was stolen. 

2 __________________________________________

3 The students raised their hands. Their names were called. 

3 __________________________________________

4 The people were nice. We bought their house. 

4 __________________________________________

D 翻譯練習

1 那個車子被偷的女人打電話報警。

2 我上他的課的教授很嚴格。

3 這就是那對他們家房子很漂亮的夫妻。

4 我有個他的爸爸是警察的朋友。

答案 

B 當先行詞,也就是形容詞子句修飾的是受詞或主詞補語,位置在句尾時,形容詞子句就接在字尾。

1 I apologized to the man. I spilled his tea.

1 I apologized to the man whose tea I spilled. 

2 I met a woman. Her husband is a doctor.

2 I met a woman whose husband is a doctor.  

3 That’s the man. I borrowed his cell phone. 

3 That’s the man whose cell phone I borrowed. 

4 They are the people. We visited their house yesterday.

4 They are the people whose house we visited yesterday. 

C 當先行詞的位置是在主格的位置時,形容詞子句就會接在主詞的後面,插入句子的中間,形容詞子句後面會加動詞,再加其他部分。

1 The teacher is patient. I am taking his course.

1 The teacher whose course I am taking is patient. 

2 The woman called the police. Her wallet was stolen. 

2 The woman whose wallet was stolen called the police. 

3 The students raised their hands. Their names were called. 

3 The students whose names were called raised their hands. 

4 The people were nice. We bought their house. 

4 The people whose house we bought were nice. 

D 翻譯練習

1 那個車子被偷的女人打電話報警。

1 The woman whose car was stolen called the police. 

1 The woman called the police. Her car was stolen.

2 我上他的課的教授很嚴格。

2 The professor whose course I am taking is strict. 

3 The professor is strict. I am taking his course. 

3 這就是那對他們家房子很漂亮的夫妻。

3 This is the couple. Their house is beautiful. 

3 This is the couple whose house is beautiful. 

4 我有個他的爸爸是警察的朋友。

4 I have a friend. His father is a police officer.

4 I have a friend whose father is a police officer. 

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