【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 90 同等比較 not as … as 講解講義

大家有沒有被地震嚇到呢?台北搖得好厲害,潔西在一樓,桌子整張都在搖,嚇死了,門也搖得超厲害的,不過沒有像上次坐捷運時一樣,所有人的地震警報都響起來,這次在星巴克,很安靜,沒有聽到有任何人的警報在響,真奇怪。還好目前為止似乎都沒有災情傳出。是需要不時釋放一下壓力,跟人一樣,累積太久爆發可能會很嚴重就不太好了。

潔西剛剛從捷運站走路回家,走到沒有人的地方,還小跑步了一下,哈哈,人太多的地方不能嚇人,人少的地方就小跑,平常沒在跑的人,喘到一個加上戴口罩,覺得都快要不能呼吸了啊!不過走路回家的感覺真好,好久沒有從板橋捷運站走回來了。因為最近天氣都不太好,不太能走呢。

有沒有人跟潔西一樣天氣冷了,下雨了,運動就偷懶了呢?一定有吧!潔西今天早上起來的時候超沮喪的,不知道為什麼,真的覺得人生一點意義都沒有。前幾天突然部落格的人數掉了一千多,完全都沒有原因,每天都變成少了一千多,有點慘,然後發現自己的部落格很亂。剛好昨天有人問到一個網頁裡面的文章不知道為什麼連結全部都壞掉了,昨天晚上睡前弄了兩個多小時又發現,我的部落格真的是,其他東西很多,怎麼沒有好好整理,亂七八糟,人家要找東西也找不到吧。很多可以做的事,很多文章想重寫。可惡,為什麼我不能好好打起精神來好好做我想要做的事。生氣。

今天一直在整理部落格,坐到全身痠痛,進度有,但是覺得做得有點絕望,因為整理了,標籤分好了,也不見得有人看,十年了耶,潔西寫部落格,真的有人看十年了嗎?最久的看了多久啊,好好奇喔,有沒有人要報一下年份的?潔西的廢文看了多久了?當作茶餘飯後隨便翻一下看一下。潔西自己也很佩服自己喔,一寫可以寫十年,每天還有這麼多廢話可以說,哈哈哈,真的不是每個人都可以寫得出來的啦。

肚子超級餓,昨天後來偷偷吃了宵夜,今天要不要光明正大的吃呢?但是幾天早上體重有略減,但是餓下去可能睡不著,地雷馬又出來了 dilemma ,也就是兩難的意思.

Jessie faces the dilemma of gaining weight or not being able to sleep. 潔西面對的兩難是變胖還是不能睡。 

吃點東西洗澡去吧!早上量體重有變瘦了,今天就讓他肥一下好了。晚安晚安!

形容詞與副詞:程度相同的 adjectives and adverbs: equatives

A 形容詞

a 用 as + 形容詞原型 + as 來表示比較人,事物,地方等在某方面是相同。

as…as : N1 + be + as + adj + as + N2 表兩個名詞是相同程度的

1 Tom is as tall as Peter. 湯姆比彼得高。

2 I’m as busy as a bee. 我跟蜜蜂一樣忙。

3 Jane is as pretty as Susan. 珍比蘇珊美。

.

b 用 not as + 形容詞原型 + as 來表示比較人,事物,地方等在某方面是不同的。

not as…as: N1 + be + not + as + adj + as + N2 表兩個名詞不同,前者的程度不如後者

4 Dogs are not as cute as cats. 狗沒有貓那麼可愛。

5 He is not as strong as me. / He is not as strong as I am. 他沒有我這麼強壯。

6 My eyes are not as big as my mother’s eyes. 我得眼睛沒有像我媽那麼大。

.

B 副詞

a 用 as + 副詞 + as 來表示比較行為的程度是相同的

as…as: N1 + V + as + adv + as N2. 表示兩者行為程度相同

7 He runs as fast as her. / He runs as fast as she does. 他跑得跟她一樣快。

8 She drives as well as her husband. 她開車開得跟她老公一樣好。

9 I ate as much as him. / I ate as much as he did. 我吃得跟他一樣多。

b 用 not as + adv + as 來表示比較行為的程度是不相同的

.

not as…as: N1 + V + not as + adv + as N2. 表示兩者行為程度不同,前者不如後者

10 I didn’t get up as early as him. / I didn’t get up as early as he did. 我起得跟他一樣早。

11 Taylor doesn’t sing as beautifully as Adele does. 泰勒沒有唱得愛戴兒那麼好。

12 She doesn’t cook as well as her mother does. 她做菜沒有做得她媽媽好。

.

C not as much as … / not as many as …

a not as much as 後面加不可數名詞,或者是修飾動詞

13 I don’t drink as much water as you do. 我喝水沒有喝得你那麼多。

14 We don’t eat out as much as they do. 我們沒有他們那麼常外食。

.

b not as many as 後面加可數名詞

15 He doesn’t have as many friends as his wife does. 他沒有他老婆那麼多朋友。

16 I haven’t been to as many countries as him. / I haven’t been to as many countries as he has. 我沒有去過像他那麼多國家。

.

D 當語意清楚的時候,不需要比較的雙方都提到,可以省略後面比較的對象。

17 Tom and Nick are both tall, but Tom isn’t as tall (as Nick). 湯姆跟尼克都很高,但是湯姆不像尼克那麼高。

18 Tom and Nick both run fast, but Tom doesn’t run as fast (as Nick). 湯姆跟尼克跑得都很快,但是湯姆跑得沒有尼克快。

19 Playing mahjong is really interesting. Playing basketball isn’t as interesting (as playing mahjong). 打麻將真的很有趣。打籃球沒(打麻將)那麼有趣。

.

E 同級比較要用 as … as 或,not as … as,第二個名詞前面用的是 as 。但是比較級的話比較的對象第二個名詞前面要用的是 than

20 She is not as crazy as you. You are crazier than she is. / You are crazier than her. 她沒像你那麼瘋狂。你比她還瘋狂。

21 I don’t play as well as him. He plays better than I do. / He plays better than me. 我打得沒他好。他打得比我好。

.

F as … as 後面接受格代名詞或者是用主詞代名詞加上助動詞。

22 Her sister is as beautiful as her. / Her sister is as beautiful as she is. 她的姊姊跟她一樣美。

23 You didn’t win as easily as me. / You didn’t win as easily as I did. 你不像我贏得那麼容易。

.

G the same as 表示是一模一樣的

24 Her daughter’s age is the same as mine. 她的女兒的年紀跟我的一樣。

25 He was wearing the same T-shirt as me. / He was wearing the same T-shirt as I was. 他穿跟我一樣的T恤。

26 You look as the same as your father. 你看起來跟你爸爸一樣。

.

H 比較的時候要注意比較的兩個名詞是可以比較的。

27 The weather in Taipei isn’t as good as the weather in Tainan. 台北的天氣不像台南那麼好。

The weather in Taipei isn’t as good as Tainan. (X)

28 Taking the MRT is faster than taking the bus. 搭捷運比搭公車快。

Taking the MRT is faster than bus. (X)

.

翻譯練習

1 他病得跟狗一樣。

2 我不像他彈鋼琴彈得那麼好。

3 凳子不像單人沙發那麼舒服。

4 檸檬不像蘋果那麼甜。

5 台北的犯罪不像巴黎的犯罪那麼糟。

6 他沒有像我吃那麼多餅乾。

7 看書不像看 YouTube 影片那麼有趣。

8 她(當時)穿著跟我一樣的洋裝。

9 台灣不像日本那麼大。台灣比日本小。

10 他沒有像我喝那麼多咖啡。

.

翻譯練習 答案

.

.

1 他病得跟狗一樣。

1 He is as sick as a dog. 

.

2 我不像他彈鋼琴彈得那麼好。

2 I don’t play the piano as well as him. 

2 I don’t play the piano as well as he does. 

.

3 凳子不像單人沙發那麼舒服。

3 The stool isn’t as comfortable as the armchair. 

.

4 檸檬不像蘋果那麼甜。

4 Lemons are not as sweet as apples. 

.

5 台北的犯罪不像巴黎的犯罪那麼糟。

5 The crime in Taipei isn’t as bad as the crime in Paris. 

.

6 他沒有像我吃那麼多餅乾。

6 He didn’t eat as many cookies as I did. 

6 He didn’t eat as many cookies as me. 

.

7 看書不像看 YouTube 影片那麼有趣。

7 Reading a book isn’t as interesting as watching a YouTube video. 

.

8 她(當時)穿著跟我一樣的洋裝。

8 She was wearing the same dress as me. 

8 She was wearing the same dress as I was. 

.

9 台灣不像日本那麼大。台灣比日本小。

9 Taiwan isn’t as big as Japan. Taiwan is smaller than Japan. 

.

10 他沒有像我喝那麼多咖啡。

10 He doesn’t drink as much coffee as I do. 

10 He doesn’t drink as much coffee as me.

10 He didn’t drink as much coffee as I did.

10 He didn’t drink as much coffee as me. 

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