【潔西家】超實用慣用語 idioms

潔西做影片每五個慣用語一支影片,目前做了二十隻,有一百個慣用語,後面還會繼續做下去,參考一本書 Scholastic Dictionary of Idioms,裡面有介紹慣用語的來源,潔西有特別選的多是蠻常見的,影片中從第十一個開始都有解釋來源,聽會更容易記住喔。

比方說 kick the bucket 踢桶子,指的是死掉,潔西本來就知道,但是原來這是從前吊死囚犯的時候會讓囚犯站在桶子上,把桶子踢掉,他們就被吊死了,也太恐怖。不過也很容易就把這個慣用語記住了吧?希望大家都能學到一些有用的東西 🙂

實用慣用語一 Idioms 

1 all thumbs 全都是拇指:笨手笨腳 

1 Jessie broke the cup again! She’s all thumbs.

1 潔西又打破杯子了。她真的是笨手笨腳。

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2 play it by ear 用耳朵玩:見機行事

2 A: Where are we going this weekend?

2 A: 我們這個週末要去哪裡?

2 B: I don’t know. Let’s play it by ear. 

2 B: 我不知道。我們看著辦吧。

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3 get off someone’s back 從一個人的背下來:不要再批評某人,不要再煩某個人

3 Get off my back. I’m doing my best. 

3 不要再停了批評我了。我已經盡我全力了。

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4 get in someone’s hair 進入某人的頭髮:煩人

4 Her boyfriend has been getting in her hair a lot recently. 

4 她的男朋友最近很煩人。

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5 stick out one’s neck 伸出一個人的脖子:冒險

5 Lisa stuck her neck out and told the teacher what we thought of the class.

5 麗莎冒險跟老師說我們對於課程的想法。

實用慣用語二 Idioms 

6 shake a leg 搖一隻腿,快一點

6 Come on, shake a leg or we won’t arrive on time.

6 快點快點,不然我們就沒辦法準時抵達了。

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7 not have a leg to stand on 沒有一隻腿可以站在上面,沒有證據,無法證明

7 He claims that his wife cheated on him, but without evidence, he doesn’t have a leg to stand on.

7 他宣稱他的老婆外遇,但是沒有證據,他沒有辦法證明。

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8 pull someone’s leg 拉某人的腳,愚弄某人,跟某人說假的事情來開玩笑

8 Don’t believe her. She’s just pulling your leg. 

8 不要相信她。她只是在跟你開玩笑。

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9 Cat got your tongue? 貓拿了你的舌頭?(用在生氣的質問)為什麼不說話?

9 What’s the matter? Cat got your tongue?

9 怎麼了?為什麼不說話?

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10 straight from the horse’s mouth 直接從馬的嘴巴出來,根據可靠的消息

10 I got the information straight from the horse’s mouth.

10 我是直接從可靠的來源得到訊息的。

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實用慣用語 三 Idioms 

11 all ears 都是耳朵,洗耳恭聽

11 A: I have something important to tell you. 我有重要的事情要跟你說。

11 B: I’m all ears. 我正洗耳恭聽。

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12 the apple of someone’s eye 某人眼睛的蘋果,心肝寶貝

12 You’re the apple of my eye. 你是我的心肝寶貝。

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13 back to square one 回到方格一,從頭開始

13 If this doesn’t work, we’re back to square one. 假如這樣做不行的話,我們就要從頭開始了。

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14 backseat driver 後座駕駛者,愛指使別人做事的人,給人家不想要的忠告的人

14 I can cook some simple meals, but my sister always tries to be a backseat driver. 我會做一些簡單的料理,但是我姊姊總是要告訴我應該怎麼做。

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15 baker’s dozen 麵包師傅的一打,十三

15 I baked a baker’s dozen of cookies. 我烤了十三片餅乾。

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實用慣用語四 Idioms 

16 be barking up the wrong tree 吠錯樹,找錯原因,用錯方法

16 I am not the person who spread those rumors about you. You are barking up the wrong tree. 我不是那個傳播那些關於你謠言的人。你找錯人了啦。

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17 beat around the bush 繞著草叢打,不正面回答問題

17 Stop beating around the bush. Who was the woman you were talking to last night? 不要再逃避了。你昨天晚上跟她說話的那個女生是誰?

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18 the black sheep of the family 家中的黑羊,最不成功,不討人喜歡的家庭成員

18 Susan’s the black sheep of the family. She’s always causing trouble. 蘇珊是家中最不討喜的人。她總是引起麻煩。

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19 blessing in disguise 偽裝的祝福,原本看起來是不好的事,其實是好的

Being laid off was a blessing in disguise – within a month I got a much better job. 被資遣是以為是不好的其實很不錯,不到一個月我就找到更好的工作了。

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20 the blind leading the blind 瞎子帶領著瞎子,不懂的人帶領不懂的人

I’ll try to help, but it’s the blind leading the blind because I’ve never done this before either. 我會試著幫忙,但是這就是不懂的人帶領不懂的人,我也從來都沒有做過這件事。

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實用慣用語五 Idioms

21 bring home the bacon 帶培根回家,養家糊口

21 I can’t sit around all day – someone’s got to bring home the bacon. 我不能整天坐著,必須要有人養家糊口。

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22 bug someone 蟲蟲某人,煩某人,打擾某人

22 Stop bugging me and leave me alone! 不要再煩我,讓我一個人獨處。

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23 bull in a china shop 在瓷器店的公牛,笨手笨腳的人,魯莽闖禍的人

23 He is like a bull in a china shop, a complete misfit in a museum. 他笨手笨腳的,完全不適合在博物館。

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24 burn the candle at both ends 蠟燭兩頭燒,身心過勞,精疲力盡

24 Don’t work too hard. You’re burning the candle at both ends. 不要工作太累。你正在過度消耗自己。

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25 burn the midnight oil 燃燒午夜的油,熬夜唸書或工作

25 I have a big test tomorrow, so I plan to burn the midnight oil tonight. 我明天有大考,所以我打算今天晚上熬夜。

實用慣用語六 Idioms

26 burn your bridges behind you 把你身後的橋燒了,做了無法改變的決定

26 If you drop out of school now, you’ll be burning your bridges behind you. 假如你現在休學,你就沒有回頭路了。

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27 bury the hatchet 埋斧頭,和好,不再吵架,結束戰爭

27 Stop fighting, and bury the hatchet. 不要再吵了,和好吧。

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28 bury your head in the sand 把頭埋在沙裡,忽略假裝沒有看到的危險,逃避現實

28 You’ve got to face facts here – you can’t just bury your head in the sand.  你必須要面對現實,你不可以逃避現實。

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29 butter someone up 奶油某個人,說好聽的話來要人家幫忙,諂媚

29 Maybe if you butter up the teacher, he’ll raise your final grade. 或許假如你諂媚一下老師,他會幫你的期末成績加分。

30 butterflies in the stomach 在胃裡的蝴蝶,緊張

30 I can’t talk in public without getting butterflies in my stomach. 我在大家面前說法沒有辦法不緊張。

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實用慣用語七 Idioms

31 call it a day 叫它一天,結束一天的工作,到此為止

31 You’ve been working all day. Why don’t you call it a day? 你一整天都在工作。不如就工作到這裡吧?

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32 call the shots 叫射擊,給命令,做決定,作主

32 Who’s calling the shots here? 這裡誰作主?

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33 calm before the storm 暴風雨前的寧靜,危機前的平和

33 The meeting may be peaceful now, but this is only the calm before the storm. 這個會議現在可能很平和,但是這只是暴風雨前的寧靜。

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34 can’t see the forest for the trees 見樹不見林,只能看到小細節,看不到總體的狀況

My teacher catches all my grammar mistakes, but he misses my brilliant writing. He can’t see the forest for the trees. 我的老師指出我所有的文法錯誤,但是他錯過我精湛的寫作。他只見樹不見林。

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35 cast pearls before swine 把珍珠丟在豬前,對牛彈琴,把有價值的東西給不識貨的人

35 Serving gourmet food to Tom is like casting pearls before swine. He likes fast food. 讓湯姆吃美食是對牛彈琴。他喜歡速食。

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實用慣用語八 Idioms

36 catch someone red-handed 捉到一個人紅手,逮個正著,捉到正在做壞事的人

36 Tim was caught red-handed using drugs. 提姆在吸毒時被逮個正著。

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37 get cold feet 冷腳,害怕,失去自信

37 The plan failed after sponsors got cold feet. 那個計劃失敗了,在資助者失去自信後。

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38 cold turkey 冷火雞,突然停止某個壞習慣或毒品

38 Last week she went cold turkey on a two-pack-a-day smoking habit. 上星期她突然戒掉每天抽兩包菸的習慣。

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39 as cool as a cucumber 冷的跟小黃瓜一樣,很鎮定

39 She walked in as cool as a cucumber, as if nothing had happened. 她很冷靜地走進來,彷彿什麼事都沒發生。

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40 cost an arm and a leg 花一隻手臂跟一隻腳的錢,非常昂貴

40 I’d love to buy a Tesla, but they cost an arm and a leg. 我想要買一台特斯拉的車子,但是他們非常地昂貴。

實用慣用語九 Idioms

41 crocodile tears 鱷魚眼淚,假眼淚,假的哀傷,貓哭老鼠假慈悲

41 His crocodile tears fool nobody. 他的假哀傷騙不了任何人。

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42 cry over spilled milk 為打翻的牛奶哭泣,對於發生的事感到傷心,後悔也來不及了

42 It’s no use crying over spilled milk – he’s spent all the money, and there’s nothing you can do about it. 傷心後會都來不及了,他把所有的錢都用光了,沒有什麼是你可以做的。

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43 cry wolf 哭狼,給有關危險的假警訊,假裝需要幫助

43 If you cry wolf too often, people will stop believing you.

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44 cutting edge 切面,最前端,最先進

44 The scientific and engineering skills which we have developed are at the cutting edge of nuclear technology. 這些我們研發的科學的跟工程學的技術是最先進的核能科技。

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45 dark-horse candidate 黑馬候選人,大家不太知之,出乎意外贏的候選人,跌破眼鏡獲勝的候選人

45 Everyone was surprised when James won the election because he was a dark-horse candidate. 當詹姆士贏的選舉的時候大家都很訝異,因為他是個讓大家跌破眼鏡的候選人。

實用慣用語十 Idioms

46 do or die 做或死,不成功便成仁,冒險成功或完全失敗

46 He was determined to win the gold medal, do or die! 他下定決心要贏得金牌,不成功便成仁!

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47 dog-eat-dog world 狗咬狗的世界,激烈競爭的,損人利己的,無情的世界

47 The music industry is a dog-eat-dog world; one day you’re on top and the next, everyone forgot you! 音樂界是個無情的世界; 一下子你是大大成功,接下來每個人都忘了你。

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48 dog’s life 狗的生活,悲慘,不快樂的生活

48 He’s been living a dog’s life since his wife left him. 自從他老婆離開他後他就過著悲慘的生活。

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49 down-to-earth 下到地球,實際的,腳踏實地的

49 She is a very down-to-earth person, not at all attracted by the glamour world. 她是個務實的人,一點都不會被花花世界所吸引。

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50 dressed to the nines 穿到九,打扮入時

50 May went out dressed to the nines. 梅精心打扮地出門。

實用慣用語十一 Idioms

51 easy come, easy go 來得容易,去得容易,尤其紙錢,來得快去得也快

51 I won a lot of money at the casino last night but lost it on my way out. Oh well, easy come, easy go. 我昨天晚上在賭場贏了一大筆錢,但是我在出來的時候丟了。恩,來得快也去得快吧。

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52 every cloud has a silver lining 每朵雲都有一個銀邊,每件不好的事都會有好的地方

52 Susan missed the school bus, but every cloud has a silver lining. She also missed the math test. 蘇珊錯過了校車,但是每件不好的事都會有好的地方。她也錯過了數學考試。

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53 every Tom, Dick, and Harry 每一個湯姆,迪克,跟哈利,每個可能的人,特別是平凡人

53 I wanted this to be a small private party, but Ray invited every Tom, Dick, and Harry. 我要開的是個小人私人派對,但是雷邀請了所有人了。

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54 an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth 一隻眼換一隻眼,一顆牙換一顆牙,以牙還牙,以眼還眼,按照犯下的罪去復仇

54 Doug took Kate’s bicycle after she took his skateboard. That’s what I call an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth. 道格拿了凱特的腳踏車在她拿了他的滑板後。那就是我說的以牙還牙以眼還眼。

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55 face the music 面對音樂,面對行為的後果

55 I was caught cheating and now I have to face the music. 我被捉到作弊,現在我要面對後果。

實用慣用語十二 Idioms

56 fair-weather friend 好天氣朋友,只有在沒事的時候才是好朋友,遇到事情就拋棄你,不能共患難的朋友,酒肉朋友

56 You can’t count on Peter to help you when you’re in trouble. He’s just a fair-weather friend. 你沒有辦法倚靠彼得來幫你當你有麻煩的時候。他只是個酒肉朋友。

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57 fat cat 肥貓,有錢人,特別是老闆

57 The report criticized boardroom fat cats who award themselves huge pay increases. 報告批評董事會為肥貓給他們自己大量的薪水增加。

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58 a fifth/third wheel 第五個/三個輪胎,不需要的額外的人

58 If you go with them, you’ll be a fifth wheel. 假如你跟他們去,你會是個電燈泡/不需要額外的人。

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59 food for thought 思想的食物,有趣的想法,值得思考的

59 The teacher’s advice certainly gave me food for thought. 老師的忠告確實給我值得思考的想法。

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60 for the birds 給鳥的,沒有價值的,愚蠢的

60 The movie was for the birds. I’m sorry I wasted my money on it. 那部電影真是愚蠢。我真的後悔我浪費錢在那上面。

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實用慣用語十三 Idioms

61 get away with murder 逃離謀殺,做壞事不被懲罰

61 He’s so charming that he really does get away with murder. 他真的太有魅力了,他做錯事也會被原諒。

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62 get off the hook 離開鉤子,免於責任,懲罰,擺脫麻煩

62 I really did not want to attend that meeting. Thankfully another urgent matter came up and I got off the hook. 我真的很不想去參加那個會議。感謝另外一個緊急的事件突然發生,我就不用去了。

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63 get out of my face 離開我的臉,不在站在我面前,不要跟我吵

63 You’d better get out of my face right now or you’ll be sorry! 你最好離我遠一點不然你會後悔。

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64 get something off your chest 把某樣東西從胸口拿出來,說出心中的不滿或擔心

64 Something is bothering me, and I want to get it off my chest. Please don’t smoke here. 有事困擾著我,我想要說出來。請不要在這裡抽煙。

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65 get the sack 拿袋子,被開除

65 I had a great job, but the boss gave me the sack. 我有個好工作,但是老闆開除我了。

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實用慣用語十四 Idioms

66 get under your skin 在你的皮膚下面,令人煩惱,不開心

66 It really gets under my skin when my parents clean my room. 當我爸媽打掃我的房間的時候真的很讓我不開心。

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67 get up on the wrong side of the bed 起床起錯邊,起床就心情不好,易怒

67 Watch out! Father got up on the wrong side of the bed. 小心!爸爸一起床就心情不好。

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68 get your feet wet 讓你的腳濕掉,做新的嘗試,第一次做某事

68 The hardest part of sky diving was getting my feet wet — after that I was addicted to it. 跳傘最難的部分是第一次嘗試 — 在那之後我就上癮了。

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69 give me five 給我五,擊掌打招呼,慶祝,恭喜

69 I hear you aced your final exams! Give me five! 我聽說你期末考考得很好!來擊掌一下吧!

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70 go bananas 去香蕉,瘋狂

70 Come quick! Your brother has gone bananas. 快來!你的弟弟瘋了。

實用慣用語十五 Idioms

71 go fly a kite 去放風箏,走開,不要煩我

71 When he asked for her help, she told him to go fly a kite. 當他要她幫忙時,她跟他說要他走開。

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72 Greek to me 對我而言是希臘文,太難理解

72 My friend was having an issue with his smartphone, so I tried explaining how he could fix it. However, I think my explanation was Greek to him. 我朋友智慧型手機有問題,所以我試著解釋給他要怎麼修理。然而,我覺得我的解釋他完全不能理解。

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73 green thumb 綠色拇指,有種植園藝的才華

73 My uncle has a green thumb. You should see his roses. 我叔叔對於園藝很有才華。你應該要看看他的玫瑰。

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74 handwriting on the wall 手寫的字跡在牆上,危險或麻煩的警訊

74 When the police questioned him, Phil saw the handwriting on the wall and confessed. 當警察詢問他時,菲爾察覺有麻煩了,就招認了。

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75 hang in there 掛在那裡,繼續加油,不要放棄

75 Work can get tough in the middle of a term but hang in there and it’ll be OK. 學業可能在期中的時候變難,但是撐住,後面就會沒事了。

實用慣用語十六 Idioms

76 have a screw loose 有一顆螺絲鬆了,指的是行為舉止怪異,或愚蠢,不正常

76 That substitute gym teacher must have had a screw loose. 那個代課的體育老師一定是瘋了。

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77 have your cake and eat it too 擁有你的蛋糕同時又吃掉它,指的是魚與熊掌不可兼得

77 You’re never going to save enough money to buy a house if you keep buying expensive appliances and cars. You can’t have your cake and eat it, too. 你永遠都沒有辦法存夠錢買房子假如你一直繼續買昂貴的家電跟車子。魚與熊掌不可兼得。

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78 head in the clouds 頭在雲中,指的是心不在焉,做白日夢

78 My report card said that I should pay more attention in class— that my head was usually in the clouds. 我的成績單說我應該上課更專心–我總是心不在焉。

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79 high horse 高馬,指的是表現得很自大,覺得自己比別人優秀,自以為是

79 I wish that new girl in drama class would get down off her high horse. 我真希望戲劇課那個新的女生不要那麼自以為是。

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80 hit the hay 碰到乾草,hit the sack 碰到布袋,指的是上床睡覺

80 It’s been a long day, and now it’s time to hit the hay. 這是很長的一天,現在是上床睡覺的時間到了。

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實用慣用語十七 Idioms

81 hit the jackpot 中頭獎,指的是非常幸運,很成功

81 Today I hit the jackpot: I got the highest grade on the spelling test. 今天我很幸運:我得到拼字測驗的最高分。

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82 hit the road 碰到馬路,指的是開始一趟旅程,離開,上路

82 Campers, it’s time to hit the road on our fifteen-mile hike. 露營的夥伴們,該上路開始我們的十五英里的登山了。

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83 If the shoe fits, wear it. 假如鞋子合適的話,就穿吧!指的是假如批評中肯就應該接受

83 Some students never clean up after art class. I’m not mentioning names, but if the shoe fits, wear it. 有些學生在美術課後從來都不清潔。我不說名字,假如是你的話,自己知道改進。

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84 Ignorance is bliss. 無知是福。指的是有時候不知道不好的消息會比較好。

84 The bad news can wait until tomorrow. Sometimes, ignorance is bliss.

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85 in a nutshell 在一個核果殼裡,指的是簡單的說

85 In a nutshell, tell me what the show was about. 簡單地跟我說那個秀是怎麼樣的。

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實用慣用語十八 Idioms

86 in hot water 在熱水裡,指的是惹上麻煩,陷入困境

86 Paul got in hot water with the coach when he missed three practices in a row. 保羅跟教練有麻煩了當他連續錯過三次的練習。

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87 in the driver’s seat 在駕駛座上,指的是控制中,在權威的位置中

87 Now that Mr. Bender is retired from the company, his son is in the driver’s seat. 現在班德先生從公司退休了,他的兒子現在掌權。

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88 in the same boat 在同一艘船上,指的是在相同的糟糕的狀況,有同樣的困難

88 Look, we’re all in the same boat, and we’ve got to work together. 聽好,我們都是在同樣的狀況下,我們必須一起努力。

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89 It takes two to tango. 跳探戈要兩個人,指的是要兩個人來完成一件任務,雙方都有責任,一個巴掌打不響

89 She may want to argue, but it takes two to tango and I won’t stoop to her level. 她或許想要吵架,但是我才不跟她吵,我不願意跟她一般見識。

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90 jack-of-all-trades 所有買賣的傑克,指的是一個人可以做好很多不同工作

90 Our handyman is a jack-of-all-trades. He can fix anything. 我們的雜活工會做很多事。他可以修理任何東西。

A Jack of all trades and master of none. 知道把很多事情做得很好,但是不精通。

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實用慣用語十九 Idioms

91 jump on the bandwagon 跳上樂隊馬車,指的是跟隨流行,順應潮流

91 The success of the product led many firms to try to jump on the wagon. 這個產品的成功導致很多公司都試著要跟著做。

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92 jump the gun 跳槍,指的是過早行動,不成熟或匆促的舉止

92 I couldn’t wait to give my mother her Mother’s Day gift, so I jumped the gun and gave it to her a week early. 我不想要等待給我母親她的母親節禮物,所以我提早一個星期給她禮物。

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93 keep something under your hat 把東西放在你的帽子下,指的是保持秘密

93 I’ll tell you who won the election, but you’ve got to keep the results under your hat. 我會跟你說誰贏得了選舉,但是你必須要把結果保持秘密。

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94 keep your fingers crossed 保持你的手指頭交叉,指的是祈求某人或某事的好運或成功

94 We need a home run to win. Keep your fingers crossed. 我們需要一支全壘打才能贏。祝我們好運。

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95 kick the bucket 踢桶子,死掉

95 All the fish in my aquarium kicked the bucket when we went on a vacation. 所有我的水族箱裡的魚都死掉了,當我們去度假的時候。

實用慣用語二十 Idioms

96 kill two birds in one stone 用一顆石頭殺兩隻鳥,一石二鳥,指的是做一個行為完成兩件事

96 Cycling to work kills two birds with one stone. It saves money and gives you some exercise. 騎車上班是一石二鳥。不旦省錢,又可以做運動。

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97 knock on wood 敲木頭,指的是一邊說一邊敲木頭用來避免壞運

97 So far, the new teacher doesn’t give too much homework. Knock on wood. 目前為止,新老是沒有給太多作業。敲木頭避免成真。

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98 lay your cards on the table 把你的牌放在桌上,指的是攤牌,說出你的目的跟計畫

98 I thought it was time I laid my cards on the table, so I told him that I had no intention of marrying him. 我覺得是攤牌的時間到了,所以我跟他說我沒有想要嫁給他。

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99 let sleeping dogs lie 讓睡覺的狗躺著,指的是不要無事生非,忘了過去的事

99 Don’t remind the director that you missed two rehearsals. Better to let sleeping dogs lie. 不要提醒導演你兩次預演沒來。他忘了就不要提醒他。

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100 let the cat out of the bag 讓貓咪跑出袋子裡,指的是說出秘密

100 Carol’s little brother let the cat out of the bag about her surprise party. 卡羅的弟弟說出了她的驚喜派對的秘密。

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