【潔西家】常常用錯的結婚,娶,嫁的英文說法

週末翻譯練習,結婚的用法學生真的常常弄錯,今天上課又講到,就整理了一下。可以做一下翻譯練習,不是很清楚的人可以看影片或下面解釋,看完應該就不會弄錯了吧?希望如此,笑。

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翻譯練習

a 他結婚了。

b 她嫁給一個醫生。

c 他娶了個網紅。

d 莉莉跟彼得去年結婚了。

e 我們這個週末要結婚。

f 湯姆明年要娶蘇珊。

g 他們結婚十年了。

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潔西觀察到學生最常用錯的單字之一就是「結婚」這個看起來很簡單,但是卻又很難用錯的單字。比方說要表達我結婚了,說出來的是 I was married. 通常不知道為什麼都是男生說的,潔西都會說老婆會生氣喔。用過去式會是結過婚,現在不是結婚的狀態喔。請說 I am married. 

我明年要結婚的結婚的動詞其實不太用 marry 這個動詞,日常生活更常用的會是 get married 這個片語。娶誰嫁誰都是一樣的單字沒有差別。

A be married to someone 表示狀態,介系詞用 to。多是現在簡單式

Tom is married to Jane. 

B get married to someone 可以表達過去或未來的動作,介系詞也是用 to。不用 with 。

Tom got married to Jane.

Tom is getting married to Jane.

C marry 這個動詞加上人時不需要介系詞 

Tom married Jane.

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表達結婚了的狀態通常用 married

A married (adj)形容詞  having a wife or husband 已婚的

1 Are you married or single?  I am married. 

1 你是結婚了還是單身?我結婚了。

2 He is married with two children.

2 他結婚了有兩個小孩。

3 Bob is married to my sister. 

3 巴布娶了我的姊姊。

4 They have been married for twenty years. 

4 他們結婚二十年了。

5 She is having an affair with a married man. 

5 她跟一個結了婚的男人有婚外情。

6 How do you like married life?

6 你的婚姻生活過得如何

7 Please state whether you are single, cohabiting, married, separated, divorced, or widowed. 

7 請陳述你是單身的,同居,結婚了,分居中,離婚了,還是鰥寡的(配偶死亡)。marital status 婚姻狀態

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結婚動詞通常用 get married

B get married (phrase) 片語 to begin a legal relationship with someone as their husband or wife, have a wedding 開始一段法律的關係跟某人成為他們的老公或老婆,舉辦婚禮,結婚

8 When did you get married?

8 你什麼時候結婚的?

9 Peter and Lisa are getting married next month.

9 彼得跟麗莎下個月要結婚。

10 Lucy is getting married to Sam this weekend.

10 露西這個週末要嫁給山姆。

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C marry (v)動詞 (I or T) 及物或不及物 to become the legally accepted husband or wife of someone in an official or religious ceremony 變成合法接受的一個人的丈夫或老婆在一個官方的或宗教的儀式,娶,嫁,結婚

不及物動詞:

11 I don’t have any plans to marry now. 

11 我現在沒有計劃要結婚。

12 Their parents did not want them to marry. 

12 他們的雙親不希望他們結婚。

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及物動詞:

13 Tom married Susan three years ago.

13 湯姆三年前娶了蘇珊。

14 He is going to ask his girlfriend to marry him on Valentine’s Day.

14 他將要在情人節那天要他的女朋友嫁給他。

15 Will you marry me?

15 你願意嫁給我嗎?

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翻譯練習答案

a 他結婚了。

a He is married.

b 她嫁給一個醫生。

b She is married to a doctor. 

c 他娶了個網紅。

c He is married to an influencer. 

d 莉莉跟彼得去年結婚了。

d Lily and Peter got married last year.

d Lily got married to Peter last year.

d Lily married Peter last year.

e 我們這個週末要結婚。

e We’re getting married this weekend.

f 湯姆明年要娶蘇珊。

f Tom is getting married to Susan next year.  

f Tom is marrying Susan next year.

g 他們結婚十年了。

g They have been married for ten years.

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