【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 中級 Unit 6 過去進行式

過去進行式先很多人會用錯地方,稍微注意一下該什麼時候用,不要忘記be動詞,不要忘記用現在分詞,多做一些練習就會比較知道該什麼時候用喔。

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【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 中級 Unit 6  過去進行式

潔西製作的上課用講義,請勿重製與分享,謝謝合作!

過去進行式 Past Continuous/Past Progressive

一、使用時機

1 過去進行式用來表達一個活動在某個過去的時間點正在進行當中

Where were you doing at 11:00 last night? 

I was sleeping. I went to bed at 10:00. 

2 用 while 連接兩個過去進行式的句子可以用來表示兩個動作在過去的相同時間同時進行

While my father was watching TV, my mother was cooking. 

3 過去進行式強調動作的持續的期間,而非完成。過去簡單式強調動作的完成

I was reading a novel last night. 

I read a novel last night. 

4 過去進行式跟過去簡單式連用時可以用來表示一個正在進行的動作被另外一個動作打斷

a 過去進行式是先發生的,比較長的背景的動作或狀況

b 過去簡單式是比較短的動作,打斷過去進行式或發生在過去進行式的當中

c when 用來帶領過去簡單式,或用 while 來帶領過去進行式

At 7:00 this morning I was having a wonderful dream, but then the alarm clock went off. 

I saw Mike while I was walking to the bus station yesterday. He was walking his dog. 

I was crossing the street when the driver honked his horn.

He was speeding when the light turned red.

While he was speeding, the light turned red.

5 假如要表示一件事情發生,另外一件事接著發生,兩件事都用過去簡單式,假如是用 when 連接兩個過去簡單式的句子時,when 帶領的句子是先發生的動作。

When the light changed, I crossed the street. 

When the light changed, I was crossing the street. 

The light changed while I was crossing the street. 

6 非行為動詞不用在過去進行式

I tried the cake and see how it tasted. 

I didn’t know what it was. 

二、句型

1 肯定句:主詞+was/were+現在分詞

I was working./He was working./They were working.

2 否定句:主詞+was/were+not+現在分詞

I was not working./He was not working./They were not working.

3 Yes/No 問句:Was/Were+主詞+現在分詞?

Was he working?/Were they working?

4 WH 問句:WH 疑問詞+was/were+主詞+現在分詞?

What was he doing?/What were you doing?

三、翻譯練習題

1 我看向窗戶外面看到我們正在飛在山的上方。

2 她一邊講電話一邊開車。

3 當我在等公車的時候我看到一場車禍。

4 我們正在開下山坡當一個奇怪的物體出現在天空時。

5 當我們看到太空船時,我們停下車來。

6 我正在看電視上的紀錄片當突然我們失去我們的所有電力時。但是它大概十分鐘後又回來了。

7 我弟弟正在洗澡當停電時。

8 當我在公園散步時,突然開始下雨了。

9 昨天晚上我打給你時你正在做什麼?

10 他沒有在注意老師在說的話。他在看他的手機。

.

.

.

.

.

四、翻譯練習題答案

1 我看向窗戶外面看到我們正飛在山的上方。(飛機上)

1 I looked out the window and saw that we were flying over the mountains.

.

2 她一邊講電話一邊開車。

2 She was driving while she was talking on the phone. 

3 當我在等公車的時候我看到一場車禍。

3 While I was waiting for the bus, I saw a car accident. 

3 I saw a car accident while I was waiting for a bus. 

3 I was waiting for the bus when I saw a car accident. 

.

4 我們正在開(車)下山坡當一個奇怪的物體出現在天空時。

4 We were driving down the hill when a strange object appeared in the sky.

5 當我們看到太空船時,我們停下車來。

5 When we saw the spaceship, we stopped the car.

.

6 我正在看電視上的紀錄片當突然我們失去所有電力時。但是它大概十分鐘後又回來了。

6 I was watching a documentary on TV when suddenly we lost all the power. But it came on again after about ten minutes. 

.

7 我弟弟正在洗澡當燈光熄滅時(停電時)。

7 My brother was taking a shower when the lights went out. 

.

8 當我在公園散步時,突然開始下雨了。

8 While I was taking a walk in the park, it suddenly began to rain. 

.

9 昨天晚上我打給你時你正在做什麼?

9 What were you doing when I called you last night? 

.

10 他沒有在注意老師在說的話。他在看他的手機。

10 He wasn’t paying attention to what the teacher was saying. He was checking his phone. 

四、翻譯練習題 答案

1 我看向窗戶外面看到我們正在飛在山的上方。

1 I looked out of the window and saw that we were flying over the mountains. 

2 她一邊講電話一邊開車。

2 She was talking on the phone while she was driving. 

3 當我在等公車的時候我看到一場車禍。

3 I saw an accident while I was waiting for the bus. 

4 我們正在開下山坡當一個奇怪的物體出現在天空時。

4 We were driving down the hill when a strange object appeared in the sky.

5 當我們看到太空船時,我們停下車來。

5 When we saw the spaceship, we stopped the car.

6 我正在看電視上的紀錄片當突然我們失去我們的所有電力時。但是它大概十分鐘後又回來了。

6 I was watching a documentary on TV when suddenly we lost all the power. But it came on again after about ten minutes.

7 我弟弟正在洗澡當停電時。

7 My brother was taking a shower when the lights went out. 

8 當我在公園散步時,突然開始下雨了。

8 While I was taking a walk in the park, it suddenly began to rain. 

9 昨天晚上我打給你時你正在做什麼?

9 What were you doing when I called you last night? 

10 他沒有在注意老師在說的話。他在看他的手機。

10 He wasn’t paying attention to what the teacher was saying. He was checking his phone. 

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