【潔西家】基礎英文第七課 第四部分 餐廳點菜

十點還沒吃晚餐,還在錄餐廳點菜,應該是今天腳痛痛壞了。膝蓋不舒服好幾天,都還好,今天上課,發現右邊膝蓋其實是腫的,因為穿了一件勉強可以擠進去的貼身牛仔褲,所以蠻明顯的,可能站著上課比較久,上到後來痛到不行,要坐下來寫黑板,今天回家都一拐一拐的。

本來想去看急診,但是又覺得好像有點小題大做,但是下午回家的時候真的很痛,還往下整個一條痛到腳底,往上痛到腰,背也痛,好像有點拉到筋。但是也沒有什麼印象做了什麼會受傷的事或跌倒,剛剛回家一邊看學生的比賽一邊熱敷,膝蓋有好一點,背更痛了。一打字手也痛起來,今天本來好的差不多的咳嗽也變厲害,都快暈倒了啊!

昨天半夜又跑起來偷寫,早上起來根本沒印象,謝謝大家的鼓勵跟支持,讓我有滿慢的動力繼續寫下去。因為其實寫東西跟錄影片潔西都很開心,看潔西每次都可以寫那麼多那麼長,被購併,昨天學生也說,可以請你分上下嗎?哈哈。而且很巧,學生的朋友居然也會看潔西的部落格,他說他有一次看到嚇一跳,哈哈。先前也有學生去上潔西的課後來才發現,ㄟ,原來這個潔西就是那個潔西。不過潔西是菜市場名,所以也偶爾會有人來認錯老師。

雖然是睡覺的時候寫的,不過是認真的,有關每個月的第二第四週讓同學問問題的事。怎麼認人呢?潔西確定的話會在前一天發文,當天應該會發文穿什麼顏色的衣服,坐在哪裡,路過的也可以過來打招呼,沒人來就開實況隨便聊。潔西隨便自己碎碎唸唸個一兩個小時都不是問題的啊,哈哈。

好餓又好懶,很想說不要吃直接減肥了,但是太危險,晚上可能起來開瓦斯煮東西,膝蓋有個小瘀血,合理懷疑是不是半夜在哪裡耍廢跌倒了,真的是很傷腦進,繼續努力中,這句話怎麼講到好,恩,沒有說服力了。膝蓋又痛了,想晚點翻歌,好久沒翻,但是手也痛了,休息一下好了,明天再來,每天一點點,不要太勉強。細水長流。繼續濫用成語,終於想起來影片後面想說什麼了,早上看到法官否定掉川普要求法官收回暫時停止他的入境禁令時超開心的,當一個國家總統因為這樣說聯邦法官是 so-called judge 所謂的法官,中文這樣翻其實比較難到味,劍橋字典的解釋 used to show that you think a word that is used to describe someone or somethig is not suitable or not correct 用來表示不覺得一個被用來描述某樣事物的字是不合適或不正確的。還說是 ridiculous 荒謬的。

難怪很多人說他是 dictator 獨裁者,他把好像是司法部長之類的司法部門主管 fired 開除,因為她認為川普的禁令是違反憲法的。今天也看到新聞說教宗 Pope 很擔心民粹主義 populism,法西斯主義 fascism 的抬頭,當年希特勒也是人民選出來,藉著法西斯主義,民粹主義,就一步一步走向毀滅。很多人都說他敢做當是他敢當嗎?擔當的起嗎?他把自己都凌駕於法令之上了,我說的就是對的,跟我意見相反的就是我的敵人,就是仇人,就上推特去反駁,說梅莉史翠普 over-rated 過譽。

下命令要蓋牆,很得意的放話命令,還說要墨西哥出錢,人家墨西哥總統也不是好欺負的啊,人家也公開放話絕對不會出錢。說要加墨西哥進口稅 20%,用稅收來蓋牆,那墨西哥不會漲價嗎?最後還不是美國人出錢?跟澳洲總理講電話講得不開心,有人說澳洲總理被掛電話,但是總理自己好像是說縮短通話時間。

他一開始做了很多競選的時候的承諾,支持者都說他有在做事做得好看得見,但是他說要給大家看稅單的承諾,一當選就說絕對不會給大家看,然後公司應該轉信託公司管理,類似這樣的法律明文規定,但他就是把名下企業轉給兒子,那等於還是他的公司,完全沒有規避利益,很多人也指出被禁的國家跟他有生意往來的都沒被禁到。這麼剛好。

說那些被拘留的人很有可能是恐怖份子,問題是連五歲的小孩都被拘留,還大言不慚的說那樣的小孩也有威脅性,發言人也超誇張,另外一個究竟是什麼職稱來的也是,看到這兩個人的言論都無言。

說而且他的禁令給了 ISIS 更好的藉口,自己說不是禁伊斯蘭教,但在訪談中,自己說假如是基督教的話會放寬,種族歧視 racism 真的很明顯,白人至上。上任一週,上任總統歐巴馬就出言批評。胃痛了,我一個笨蛋,又寫了一堆。吃飯去!晚安:)

 

H At a restaurant 在餐廳裡    interesting   

wine list 酒單

white wine 白酒 red wine 紅肉 sparkling wine 氣泡酒 champagne 香檳

house wine 招牌酒

alcohol 酒精類飲料

I don’t drink. 我不喝酒

set menu 套餐  three-course  三道菜  four-course  四道菜

a la carte 單點

day  tea, sea

French fries 薯條   fish & chips 炸魚跟薯條(英式)

potato chips 洋芋片 couch potato 沙發馬鈴薯

pasta 義大利麵

volunteer 志工

tips 小費

Menu 菜單

 

Starters 開胃菜 appetizers 

Soup of the day 當日例湯

Mixed salad 綜合沙拉

Shrimp cocktail 蝦雞尾酒盅

 

Main Course 主菜 entrée

Steak and fries 牛排與薯條

Roast chicken with vegetables 烤雞配蔬菜

Spaghetti 義大利肉醬麵

Fresh lasagna 新鮮的千層麵

 

Desserts 甜點

Homemade vanilla ice cream with hot chocolate sauce 手工做的香草冰淇淋加上熱的巧克力醬

Apple pie with ice cream 蘋果派加冰淇淋

Fresh fruit salad 新鮮水果沙拉

Tiramisù 提拉米蘇

cheesecake 起士蛋糕

brownies 布朗尼

Good night! 睡前。  booking 訂位  book a table/a room

 

A: server 服務生  B, C: customer 顧客

A: Good evening! Do you have a reservation?

A: 晚安!你們有預約嗎?

B: Yes, a table for two. My name’s Jessie Lin.

B: 有,兩個人的桌子。我的名字是林潔西。

A: Smoking or non-smoking?

A: 吸菸區還是非吸煙區?

B: Non-smoking, please.

B: 請給我非吸煙區。

A: Come this way, please.

A: 這邊請。

A: Are you ready to order?

A: 你準備好要點餐了嗎?

B: What’s the soup of the day?

B: 今日例湯是什麼?

A: It’s corn soup.

A: 是玉米濃湯。

B: OK. I’ll have the corn soup and the spaghetti, please.

B: 好。請給我玉米濃湯跟義大利肉醬麵。

C: The mixed salad and the steak for me, please.

C: 請給我綜合沙拉跟牛排。

A: How would you like your steak, rare, medium, or well-done?

A: 你的牛排要三分,五分,還是全熟?

C: Medium, please.

C: 請給我五分熟。

A: Anything else?

A: 還要其他的嗎?

B: Can I have a glass of red wine?

B: 可以給我一杯紅葡萄酒嗎?

C: I’ll have mineral water, please.

C: 請給我礦泉水。

A: Still or sparkling?

A: 沒有氣泡還是有氣泡的?

C: Sparkling, please.

C: 請給我有氣泡的。

A: Thank you.

A: 謝謝。

B: Thank you.

B: 謝謝。

 

dressing  沙拉醬

What kind of dressing would you like?

Thousand Island 千島醬

Caesar dressing 凱薩醬

tap water 自來水

【潔西家】基礎英文第七課 第三部分 自然發音 R-blends, L-blends,反身代名詞

拖好久的第三部分終於出來了。然後講了三十分鐘都沒咳嗽,不過呢,到後面突然失聲,跟潔西說時間到了吧,所以就把最後一部分點餐再放到明天吧。然後才說沒咳嗽,一開完就咳嗽,真是厲害,絕對不能鐵齒呢!

然後英文跟日文太久沒練習會忘,日文超難的啊,說還蠻容易,但是要寫幾句話就要想好久。下面的句子都不一定完全正確,而且我很懶惰是一部分,另外一部分我覺對能力很差,看過去覺得對或順眼就可以了。反正又不是考試或交報告,不要計較太多。大家也可以自己練習寫,越寫就會越發現自己的不足或自己要加強的地方。大家可以直接忽略沒關係。

像潔西日文的句型都忘得差不多了,是該把句型拿出來複習一下了,然後挑戰自己繼續寫。今天幫小寶寫日文信寫到多了幾根白頭髮了吧,超累的一天明明沒做什麼事。啊!後天要上課,明天再來開幾次台?有點擔心星期天講不出話來,太久沒說了,喉糖跟溫開水一定要備好。大家又放假了,耶!還是像苦命的潔西星期天要上課呢?不會苦命啦,開玩笑的,又可以看到可愛的同學,開心得很呢,一個過年都在家做邊緣人,圖書館借的書過年前到期,這兩天實在應該去還,但是很懶又很累,也沒運動,生病不能運動,也懶得上健身房洗澡,在家洗就好了,明天還是出門一下,啊,有瑜伽課,希望可以把自己踢出去啊!加油中!

It’s really difficult to translate. Seriously, it’s not as easy as most people think. My niece is going to a fan party this coming Sunday. Her favorite voice actor is coming to the Animation Exhibition and I helped her to get one of the popular tickets  which sold out in two minutes, so she can see her idol in person and get his signature. This week she asked me to write a fan letter in Japanese to her idol. he asked me to write a fan letter in Japanese. How about in English, I asked. No, she insisted the letter has to be in Japanese.

She finished writing it yesterday. Before I started to translated, I checked some Japanese websites about how to write a fan letter. Then I pick some useful phrases. After that I started to write it in Japanese. I found it was a bit different from what my niece wanted to express. I was tired, so I just put it away.

I wasn’t sure if my Japanese was good enough to write a fan letter in Japanese, so I told my niece that I would also write an English version and put it in the card, just in case I didn’t say it well in Japanese. This afternoon, I spent no more than five minutes to finish the letter in English. It wasn’t really not that difficult.

However, tonight when I started to write the Japanese version again, I spent like two hours or so. In the end, I just tried to express my niece’s words instead of what I intended to change to make it more … correct? For translation it’s more important to translate what the writer want to say  instead of what the translator think would be better. This is a strange sentence, but I’m too lazy to correct it.

Anyway, just like that, I decided to translate whatever my niece wants to say instead of what I thought would be the right thing to say. While I was translating, I realized how bad my Japanese was. A lot of words I know how to say, but I cannot write them down and I don’t even know a good Japanese dictionary with a lot of examples.

Just like most people, I asked Google Translation’s help, but I would check the usage see if it was really the word I was looking for and check the examples and copy the usage. I tried to use easy, simple sentence patterns with some very common words to finish the letter. Perhaps the grammar wasn’t all correct, but I am sure the voice actor will understand what my niece is trying to say to him.

Perhaps I should start to write something in Japanese as well. It’s just I’m very bad at typing Japanese. I really find the way I use to write the letter is useful. That’s what I do when I have to write in English and I just applied it in Japanese. I’ve learned the basic Japanese sentence patterns and it’s not difficult if I can apply some of them and write a simple sentence. Most of my sentences are simple sentence, very few compound or complex sentences. But I think that’s enough if I am just learning it for fun for travel. Actually, it’s more fun to watch Japanese animations or dramas when you know the language knowing what it’s trying to say than just watching the translation. Hmm, just like how I write this.

Some students asked me if I had to translate Chinese to English then write it down or speak it out. No, I don’t have to, most of the time. I guess because I’m used to thinking in English and know the sentence patterns well. Sometimes I just found myself thinking in English with no reason. Practice makes perfect. Of course my English isn’t perfect, and I make mistakes from tie to time. However, it’s not difficult for me to write in English to express what I want to say.

私は日本語が下手ですけどちょっと少し練習したい。昨日私は薬を飲んてまた寝られません。アップル会社電話をかけてとかホームページに質問を書いたとかですけど全然覚えません。多分寝ている時そんなことをしました。今日はアップルから電話をかけて、私は電話を取ってあとすぐ切ました。とても失礼いですね

Oh my goodness! It took me forever to write the short paragraph above. I tried to type it but in the end, I use voice to write down those words and made some adjustment. What I tried to say was: Although my Japanese is pretty bad, I would like to practice a little bit. Yesterday after I took medicine, I  was still not able to sleep. I probably call Apple or leave a message at their page to ask about something which I totally forgot. I probably did that while I was sleeping. Today I got call from Apple, I picked up the phone and then hang up. It’s so embarrassing.

 

 

 

 

第三部分

E Phonics 自然發音  常用五百字

R-blends

br / br / bring 帶,broken 破碎的,brain 大腦,break 打破 ay  tea, pea

cr / kr / credit 信用,cry 哭泣,crash 當機,crowded 擁擠的  down

dr / dr / drive 開車,dry 乾的,draw 畫畫,drop 掉落  law low

fr / fr / from 從…,friend 朋友,fruit 水果,fresh 新鮮的  fry  frog

gr / gr / great 很棒的,group 團體,green 綠色的,grab 捉  support group

pr / pr / practice 練習,press 壓,prize 獎項,proof 證據   push 推 pull 拉

tr / tr / try 嘗試,true 真的,treat 請客,trouble 麻煩    white trash 白人垃圾

 

F 不定代名詞 one, some, any

1 one, ones

one 可以當形容詞,也可以當代名詞,代替前面說過的單數名詞,相當於第三人稱單數,後面是現在簡單式時,動詞必須加s。

One person I find very difficult is Peter.

彼得是個我覺得很難相處的人。

I’m making a sandwich. Would you like one?

我在做三明治。你要來一個嗎?

My car is the white one outside.

我的車子是外面白色的那一台。

illiterate 文盲  computer illiterate 電腦文盲/非常不擅長電腦

 

ones 當代表前面說過的複數名詞時可以用 ones。

A: Look at these earrings. They’re nice.

A: 看看那副耳環。他們很漂亮。

B: Which ones?

B: 哪副?

A: The red ones.

A: 紅色的那副。

B: But I like the yellow ones better.

B: 但是我比較喜歡黃色的那副。

 

2 some 一些, any 任何

some 跟 any 可以放在複數名詞與不可數名詞前當形容詞,也可以當代替可數名詞與不可數名詞。

a some 多用在肯定句中

I have some money.

我有一些錢。 I have 500 dollars.  some book (X) any book (X)

There are some birds in the tree.

樹上有一些鳥。

b some 可以用在請求 (request) 與提供 (offer) 別人東西時的問句 (希望對方回答 yes 時)

Could I have some water, please?

可以請你給我一些水嗎?

Would you like some water?

你要一些水嗎?

Could you lend me some money?

你可不可以借我一些錢?

c any 多用在否定與疑問句中

I don’t have any money.

我沒有任何錢。

Do you have any money?

你有任何錢嗎?

 

A: What do you want for lunch, Mary?

A: 瑪麗,你午餐要吃什麼?

B: Let’s make  some / any pasta.

B: 我們來做些義大利麵吧!

A: Good idea. We have some / any pasta.

A: 好主意。我們有些麵條。

B: Let’s see. We have some / any carrots. We don’t have some/any tomatoes.

B: 讓我們看看。我們有些胡蘿蔔。我們沒有任何番茄。

A: OK, I can get some / any at the store. What else?

A: 好,我可以去商店買一些。還要其他的嗎?

B: Do we have some / any cheese?

B: 我們有任何的起士嗎?

A: No, we don’t have some / any. I can get some/any.

B: 沒有。我們沒有任何起士。我可以去買一些。

1 some  2 some  3 some  4 any  5 some  6 any   7 any  8 some

 

G Personal Pronouns人稱代名詞        

       

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反身代名詞當主格可以用來強調自己

I myself prefer golf to tennis.

我自己比起網球比較喜歡高爾夫球。

He did the laundry himself.

他自己洗衣服。

 

在同一子句中,如果主詞跟受詞都是同一個人或同一群人,就會使用反身代名詞。

I hurt myself when I fell down.

我跌倒的時候傷到自己。

He’s angry with himself.

他對他自己生氣。

Help yourself to some more coffee.  Make yourself home. 不要客氣,自己來。

幫你自己來些咖啡吧。

Enjoy yourself.

玩得開心。

I don’t live myself. I share an apartment with three friends.

我不是自己住。我跟三個朋友一起住在公寓裡。

I live myself. I live on my own. I live alone.

 

填入反身代名詞

1 May’s children are too young to look after _______________.

1 瑪莉的孩子們太小了而不能照顧他們自己。

2 An elephant hurt ______________ when it tired to get out of the zoo yesterday.

2 一隻大象傷了自己當它昨天試著要逃出動物園的時候。

3 I couldn’t borrow my mother’s car last night because she was using it _________.

3 我昨天晚上沒有能夠借我媽的車子因為她自己要用車。

4 I don’t need any help. I can take care of ______________.

4 我不需要任何幫忙。我可以照顧我自己。

5 Mr. Lee fell down and hurt _____________ when he was running for a bus.

5 李先生摔下來傷了他自己當他跑著追公車的時候。

6 Would you all like to help _____________ to sandwiches and cakes?

6 你們大家要自己來些三明治跟蛋糕嗎?

7 Sue and I didn’t really enjoy _____________ at the club last night.

7 蘇跟我昨天晚上在夜店並沒有很享受我們自己。

1 themselves   2 itself  3 herself  4 myself  5 himself  6 yourselves  7 ourselves

【潔西家】英語基礎教室 第七課 第二部分 食物類別,三餐

感冒還沒好的潔西聲音有點難聽,請大家多包涵。不過想說或許有上星期沒來上課的同學想要複習,所以還是趕快放上來,上星期天又濕又冷,潔西自己都說要是我是學生我也會選擇在家睡覺,出席率超低的,不過還好,食物這個單元單字比較多,沒有上什麼新的文法。不過食物單字真的是很實用,學起來都是自己的,出國旅遊也容易用到跟看到,這邊是基礎的,所以都還蠻簡單的,恩,不能說簡單,老師覺得簡單的學生不一定這麼認為,尤其是基礎的學生,大家覺得實用的話就好好記一記吧。先這樣,趕去上課囉!

 

 

C Food 食物

1 Dairy 乳製品   keep a diary 寫日記

butter 奶油,milk 牛奶,cheese 乳酪,cream 奶油

low fat 低脂, whole milk 一般牛奶, skim milk 脫脂, yogurt drink 優酪乳

 

2 Grains 穀物

pasta 義大利麵,noodles 麵條,rice 米飯,cereal 早餐穀物

 

3 Meat and Protein 肉與蛋白質

fish 魚,chicken 雞肉,beef 牛肉,pork 豬肉,eggs 蛋,beans 豆類

lamb 羊肉 mutton 羊肉  mutton hot pot 羊肉爐 spicy hot pot 麻辣鍋

ginger duck hot pot 薑母鴨

 

4 Vegetables 蔬菜

tomatoes 番茄,potatoes 馬鈴薯,carrots 紅蘿蔔,onions 洋蔥

a head of broccoli 青花菜,cauliflower 白花椰菜,garlic 大蒜, a clove 一瓣

water spinach 空心菜 yams/sweet potatoes 地瓜, greens 綠色蔬菜

cabbage 高麗菜

 

5 Fruit 水果

bananas 香蕉,apples 蘋果,oranges 柳橙,watermelon 西瓜

mandarins 橘子

 

What’s your favorite meal? 你最喜歡哪一餐?

breakfast 早餐,lunch 午餐,dinner 晚餐,late night snack/midnight snack 宵夜

brunch 早午餐

All day brunch 全天候

a bun 一個小圓麵包, a croissant 一個牛角麵包, a slice of bread 一片麵包。

toast 烤過的吐司

 

I love breakfast. I usually eat some bread, but I don’t have any milk with it. I often drink soy milk. I also eat a banana.

我超愛早餐。我通常吃麵包,但是我不喝任何牛奶配麵包。我通常喝豆漿。我也吃一根香蕉。

 

My least favorite meal is lunch. I don’t have much tome, so I just have a sandwich or bread  in ten minutes then I take a nap.

我最不喜歡午餐。我沒有太多的時間,所以我只吃一個三明治或麵包在十分鐘之類解決,然後我睡午覺。

bad eating habit 不好的飲食習慣

 

My favorite meal of the day is dinner. My mom cooks delicious food for us. A typical dinner for me is rice, meat and some vegetables, and soup. I enjoy having dinner with my family.

我一天當中最喜歡的一餐是晚餐。我媽媽為我們做美味的餐點。我的典型的晚餐是米飯,肉,還有一些蔬菜跟湯。我喜歡跟家人一起吃晚餐。

 

D Favorite Meals

1 What’s your favorite meal?  你最喜歡哪一餐?

My favorite meal is dinner.  我最喜歡晚餐。

Because she goes to night school. 因為她上夜校。

 

2 What do you eat for breakfast? 你早餐吃什麼?

I often eat a sandwich and drink a cup of coffee. 我通常吃三明治跟喝一杯咖啡。

What did you eat for breakfast this morning? 你今天早餐吃什麼?

I ate a hamburger and drank milk tea. 我吃漢堡跟喝奶茶。

 

3 What do you eat for lunch?  你午餐吃什麼?

Sometimes I order a bento / boxed meal / mealbox, and sometimes I have some noodles.

我有時候訂便當,有時候我吃麵。

 

4 Where do you eat dinner? 你晚餐吃什麼?

I usually eat dinner at home. I often buy takeout food.  我通常在家吃。我都吃外食。

 

5 What kind of food do you like? 你喜歡什麼樣的料理?

I like Japanese food.  我喜歡日本料理。

American food 美國菜, Italian food 義大利菜, Taiwanese food 台灣菜, Vietnamese food 越南菜, Thai food 泰國菜

 

6 How often do you cook? 你多常做菜?

I never cook. 我從來都不做菜。

I cook twice a week.  我一星期做菜兩次。

 

7 How many cups of coffee do you drink every day? 你每天喝多少杯咖啡?

I drink two or three cups of coffee every day. 我每天喝兩杯或三杯咖啡。

I don’t drink coffee. I drink water.  我不喝咖啡。我喝水。

bubble tea 珍珠奶茶 / green tea 綠茶 / black tea 紅茶

【潔西家】英語基礎教室 第七課 第一部分 披薩對話,速食店與便利商店

上課第七課的第一部份,剩下的慢慢放,感冒聲音沙啞,有聽不清楚的地方請見諒,真的很不清楚再重錄:)

omelette 歐姆蛋,cake 蛋糕, hiccups 打嗝

fast food, favorite meals, one, some, any, myself, phonics, at a restaurant

A I eat pizza every day. 我每天吃披薩。  everyday activity 每天的活動

 

A: What is that?

A: 那是什麼?

 

B: Pizza. My father is a pizza chef.

B: 披薩。我爸爸是個披薩的廚師。 church 教堂

 

A: Really? So how often do you eat pizza?

A: 真的嗎?那你多常吃披薩?

 

B: I eat pizza every day. It’s my favorite food!

B: 我每天吃披薩。它是我最喜歡吃的食物。

 

A: I don’t eat pizza very often, but it looks interesting. What’s on it?

A: 我不常吃披薩,但他看起來很有趣。他上面有什麼?

 

B: Cheese, tomatoes, black beans, and fish.

B: 起士,番茄,黑豆,跟魚。

 

A: Black beans and fish on pizza. Yuck!

A: 黑豆跟魚在披薩上面。好惡心!

 

B: Have some. It’s really good.

B: 吃點。很好吃喔。

 

A: No, thanks. I’m not very hungry.

A: 不了。謝啦。我不餓。

 

I don’t go shopping very often . 我不常逛街。pepperoni 義式香腸

Yummy 好吃的。good, delicious

bad, terrible, disgusting 噁心的

I’m full. 我吃飽了。

B fast food restaurant and convenience store 速食店跟便利超商  convenient

 

1 How often do you go to McDonalds? 你多常去麥當勞?

I go to McDonalds once or twice a month. 我一個月去一次或兩次。 three times a month

 

2 What’s your favorite fast food restaurant? 你最喜歡的速食餐廳是哪一家?

My favorite fast food restaurant is MOS Burger. 我最喜歡的速食餐廳是摩斯漢堡。

Burger King 漢堡王,頂呱呱 T.K.K. Fried Chicken,breakfast store/restaurant/shop

deli 熟食店,cafe 小餐館,

 

3 What’s your favorite fast food? 你最喜歡的速食是什麼?

I like French fries a lot.  我很喜歡薯條。

hamburger 漢堡,fried chicken 炸雞,chicken nugget 雞塊,corn soup 玉米濃湯

milkshake 奶昔。

 

4 How often do you buy food at a convenience store? 你多常在便利商店買東西?

I buy breakfast at 7-Eleven almost every day. 我幾乎每天都在小七買早餐。

 

5 What do you usually buy at a convenience store? 你經常在便利商店買什麼東西?   I often buy drinks and snacks. 我常買飲料跟點心。

a salad and an egg 沙拉跟蛋,yogurt drink 優酪乳

【潔西家】基礎英文第六課 第二部分顏色,服裝複習,代名詞,自然發音,購物

今天晚上跟小寶做菜,採買的時候潔西一直想買零食,小寶說,你的零食是鳳梨,好吧,兩個要減肥的人自己煮,買了小黃瓜,香菇,花椰菜,高麗菜,然後豬肉片,恩,要做什麼呢?最好是有人買菜回來才想說要做什麼的XD

 

潔西把花椰菜跟高麗菜一起炒,但是太多了,高麗菜只炒洗了半顆的一半,四分之一科。花椰菜是一整顆,好好吃喔,這老王XD 肉片本來打算煮薑汁燒肉,後來因為沒有米酒,找了家裡,問小寶說可以加威士忌嗎?恩,太浪費了,啊,有做蛋糕的蘭姆酒,拿來用。不小心加太多,後來醬油又太多,所以變成蘭姆酒燒肉,不錯吃。第一次做昆布柴魚湯,味道沒有很中,加了香菇跟蛋花,香菇蛋花湯,然後昨天沒有很成功的馬鈴薯,加些油,煎的酥酥的,超好吃的啊!

 

但是剛剛直播打剩下的第六課講完之後,狂餓,用腦真的會餓,又加熱了一點吃不完的湯,肉,跟菜。吃太飽了,啊!減肥又失敗。再接再厲!

 

好累喔,今天一早上課,昨天吃了要上床明明睡覺了,想說早上在起來洗澡,結果早上起來看到浴巾跟擦頭髮的快乾毛巾,所以昨天有洗澡?摸摸頭髮,恩,沒錯有洗過,但是有吹嗎?不知道,早上頭髮翹翹的,不知道還做了什麼是,很緊張,看了一下,還好,似乎沒有吵學生。

 

昨天跟小寶去西門,好累,最近每天都好累好累。做不完的事。狀態不好的時候不想做任何事,狀態好的時候一堆是做不完,永遠是這樣啊,等著電腦送上門,想睡了。啊,昨天跟小寶做 7 minutes workout 七分鐘運動,超累的。等等應該要再來做,可是才剛吃飽要久一點。部落格一直要整理一直沒有,可惡,不要再混了啊。家裡好亂,快過年了,先整理家裡,一邊整理,一邊整理部落格,一邊整理心裡,努力加油中!

 

Every cloud has a silver lining. 每朵雲都鑲銀邊。就是在每件事都中找到美好的一面。positive thinking 正面思考。

正在看 Mr. Robot 駭客軍團,裡面的人物跟電腦對話,問電腦說「Do you love me?]

你愛我嗎? 電腦說她沒有那樣的能力。唉!未來大家單身機率是不是又更高呢?不需要去跟別人相處,在網路上,對著不知是真是假的人說著不知是真是假的話?

這部戲真的大推,剛剛看到對話也超讚。要劇透了,想看的人不要再看下去了

 

Man: You’ve been here close to four hours, and you never thought to walk out the door.

男生:你在這裡待了快四個小時了,但你卻不曾想要走出那扇門。

Woman: The door was locked.

女生:門是鎖著的。

Man: I’v always found doors fascination inventions. They hold the entry to unlimited imagination. Before you open any door, a world filled with possibilities sits right behind it. And it isn’t until you open it, they are realized. Such potential they bring to our minds. And yet a lock stopped you from all of that. How … lazy.

我一直覺得門是不可思議的發明。他們是通往無止盡的想像的入口。在你打開任何們之前,一個充滿可能性的世界在門後等著你。而要到你把門打開,這些可能性才會實現。他們帶給我們的心智這麼多的潛力。然而一把鎖就讓你對那一切為之退步。多麼 … 懶惰。

 

人,是這樣子的,自己擋住自己的路。你有沒有試著去轉動門鎖打門出去?還是就看著門說,門鎖住了,連試都不試啊。

 

好累,又亂寫一堆 = = 晚安:)

 

colors, clothing, 

A Colors

1 black 黑色   2 white 白色   3 red 紅色   4 blue 藍色     5 green 綠色

6 brown 咖啡色  7 yellow 黃色  8 gray 灰色  9 orange 橘色   10 purple 紫色

11 pink 粉紅色  12 gold 金色  13 silver銀色

14 dark blue 深藍色 15. light blue 淺藍色  16 indigo   peach 皮膚色

deep blue, pale blue  You look pale. 你的臉色很差

1

What’s your favorite color?

你最歡的顏色是什麼?

My favorite color is blue.

我最喜歡的顏色是藍色。

My favorite colors are blue and red.

我最喜歡的顏色是藍色跟紅色。

I like blue.

我喜歡藍色。

2

What’s your least favorite color?

你最不喜歡的顏色是什麼?

My least favorite color is brown.

我最不喜歡的顏色是咖啡色。

I don’t like brown.

我不喜歡咖啡色。

3

What colors clothes do you usually wear?

你經常穿什麼顏色的衣服?

I usually wear black and white.

我經常穿黑色跟白色。

4

What colors do you sometimes wear?

你有時候穿什麼顏色的衣服?

I sometimes wear green and yellow.

我有時候穿綠色跟黃色。

5

What colors do you never wear?

你從來都不穿什麼顏色衣服?

I never wear brown and pink.

我從來都不穿咖啡色跟粉紅色。

traffic jam 塞車  秒殺 sold out very quickly   sil ver, kill

What’s your favorite fruit?

你最喜歡的水果是什麼?

My favorite fruit is apples. (?) — I like apples. (O)

What’s your favorite animal?  I like dogs.

你最喜歡的動物是什麼? 我喜歡狗。

Who’s your favorite singer?  I like Twenty One pilots

你最喜歡的歌手是誰?

pee 上小號  poo 上大號

w, hw,

B. Clothes 衣服

A: What are you going to wear to the party?

A: 你去派對打算穿什麼?

B: I’m not sure. I might wear jeans.

B: 我不確定。我可能穿牛仔褲。

A: Really? Ann and Liz are wearing dresses.

A: 真的嗎?安跟莉茲要穿洋裝。

B: Oh. Well, maybe I’ll wear a black skirt. So, what are you going to wear?

B: 喔。恩,那我可能穿一條黑色的裙子。那你打算穿什麼?

A: Oh, probably nice pants and a tie.

A: 喔,可能是西裝褲跟領帶。

B: But you don’t have any ties, do you?

B: 但是你沒有領帶啊,不是嗎?

A: Oh, that’s right. Maybe I can borrow one.

A: 喔,沒關係。或許我可以借一條。

Clothing Vocabulary 衣物單字

1 a coat 外套/大衣  2 a jacket 夾克/外套  3 a down jacket 羽絨外套  4 a sweater 毛衣

5 a knit 針織上衣  6 a blouse 女上衣  7 a shirt 襯衫  8 a T-shirt T恤  9 a vest 背心

10 a sweater vest 毛衣背心  11 a tank top 小可愛

12 a suit  西裝/套裝  a jacket + pants  男用  a jacket + a skirt  女用

13 a skirt 裙子  14 pants/trousers 長褲  15 jeans 牛仔褲  16 shorts 短褲

17 slacks/swear pants 運動褲  sweat shirt 運動服  hoodie 帽T  18 a dress 洋裝

19 pajamas 睡衣

20 underwear 內衣bras 女用上衣  panties 女生內褲, briefs 男三角內褲, boxers 四角內褲

21 a uniform  制服  22 shoes 鞋子  23 boots 靴子  24 high heels 高跟鞋

25 sneakers 運動鞋  26 socks 襪子  27 stockings 長襪  28 gloves 手套  29 belt 皮帶

30 handkerchief 手帕  31 scarf 絲巾  32 necklace 項鍊  33 bracelet 手鍊

34 a tie 領帶  35 a swimsuit 泳裝  36 a hat 帽子  37 a cap 棒球帽

Something you can’t live without   cloud

calf length pants 七分褲

ankle length pants 九分褲

Patterns 花紋

bomber jacket 下面鬆緊帶的夾克

blazer 輕便的夾克非正式西裝那種

culottes 褲裙

checked/checkered 格子的圖案

solid 素色的

paisley 螺旋花紋的

striped 條紋的

pinstriped 細條紋的

plaid 方格花紋的

polka dotted 點點的

C 人稱代名詞

主格代名詞 受格代名詞 所有格形容詞 所有格代名詞
第一人稱單數 我 I me my mine
第一人稱複數 我們 we us our ours
第二人稱單數 你 you you your yours
第二人稱複數 你們 you you your yours
第三人稱單數 他 he him his his
第三人稱單數 她 she her her hers
第三人稱單數 它 it it its its
第三人稱單數 他們 they them their theirs

主格

代名詞顧名思義是用來代替前面說過的名詞。英文的代名詞有許多種。人稱代名詞可用來代表前面說過的人、事、物。

1

主格代名詞 subject pronouns 用來代替前面說過的主詞。

主詞一般放在句首,後面加動詞。主詞後面不可以加名詞。

I love you. You love me. He loves her. She loves him. They love us. We love them.  I like it. It likes me.

I, me, you, you, he, him, she, her, we, us, they, them, it, it

2

受格代名詞 object pronouns 用來代替已經說過的受詞。

受詞一般放在動詞的後面。英文常見的句型 S + V + O ,所以記住動詞前面加主詞,動詞後面加受詞。

3

所有格形容詞 possessive adjectives 放在名詞前面,用來表達該名詞是屬於誰的。所以所有格形容詞後面一定會加名詞。

This is my phone. This phone is mine (my phone).

This is Jessie’s phone. This is her phone. This is hers. (her phone)

That is Tom’s car. That is his car. That is his. (his car.)

my, mine, your, yours, his, his, her, hers, it, its, our, ours, their, theirs

4

所有格代名詞 possessive pronouns 用來代替前面所說過的名詞,並表達這個名詞是屬於某人的。所有格代名詞本身已是名詞,所以後面一定不可以再接名詞。

中文的 I 跟 me 都是「我」,my 跟 mine 都一樣是「我的」,所以容易弄混淆。記得動詞前面用主格,動詞後面用受格。所有格形容詞後面一定要加名詞,而所有格代名詞後面一定不可以加名詞,這樣就比較不會錯了。

1

Hello. My name is Jessie Lin. What’s ________?

哈囉。我的名字是林潔西。你的是什麼呢?

What’s your name?  What’s yours?

2

This is Mary and ____ husband on _______ wedding day.

這是瑪莉跟她的老公在他們的婚禮那天。

This is Mary and her husband on their wedding day.

3

I took these photos. Do you like _______?

我拍了一些照片。你喜歡他們嗎?

I took these photos. Do you like them?

4

Look! The pandas are eating _____ food.

你看!熊貓們在吃他們的食物。

Look! The pandas are eating their food.

5

Are these Linda’s keys? No, they’re not _______.

這些是琳達的鎖匙嗎?不是,他們不是她的。

Are these Linda’s keys? No, they’re not hers (her keys).

6

Have you met Mr. and Mrs. Wang?  _________ are our new neighbors.

你見過王先生跟王太太嗎?他們是我們的新鄰居。

Have you met Mr. and Mrs. Wang? They are our neighbors.

7

Chris is a very good teacher. All the students love ______.

克里斯是個很棒的老師。所有的學生都喜愛他。

Chris is a very good teacher. All the students love him.

8

France is famous for _____ wine.

法國以它的酒聞名。

France is famous for its wine.

9

We’re having a party in _____ house.

我們要在我家開派對。

We’re having a party in our house. Would you like to come over?

We started to study English last March.

我們去年三月開始學英文。

10

Tom is an old friend of ________.

湯姆是一個我的老朋友。

Tom is an old friend of mine. (my friend)

E Phonics 自然發音  常用五百字

a 短母音  short vowels

1 a / æ /ask 問  2 e / ɛ /ever曾經 3 i / ɪ /it它  4 o / a /mom媽 5 u / ʌ /up 往上

b 長母音 long Vowels

1 a-e / e /  name 名字   ai  / e / wait 等待   ay / e /   day 日子

2 e-e / i /  eve 前夕      ee / i / feel  感覺   ea / i /   eat 吃       ey / i / key 鑰匙

3 i-e / aɪ / like 喜歡      ie / aɪ /  pie 派        igh /aɪ/  right

4 o-e / o / home 家      oa / o / toast 吐司  ow / o / slow 慢

5 u-e /ju/ cute 可愛的   u-e /u/  rude 沒禮貌的

ue  /ju/ cue 提示      ue / u /  blue 藍色

ew /ju/ few 一些      ew/ u / flew 飛(V2)

c 子音 consonants

1 sh / ʃ /  show 展示  2 ch /tʃ/  much 許多 3 th / θ / think 想 4 th / ð / this 這

5 wh /hw/ what 什麼  6 su / ʒ / usually 總是  7 si / ʒ /  television 電視

8 ph / f /  phone 電話  9 gh / f / laugh 大笑  10 ng /ŋ/   morning 早晨

d  c, g, y 特殊發音

1 c + e / s / nice 很好的  c + i / s / city 城市  c + y / s / bicycle 腳踏車

2 g + e / dʒ / gel 膠  g + i / dʒ /  gin 琴酒  g + y / dʒ / gym 健身房

3 y /j/ yes 是  y / aɪ / fly 飛    y / i /  pretty 漂亮的

e 其他母音

1 oo / ʊ / good 好的      2 oo / u / food 食物

3 ou / aʊ / house 房子   ow / aʊ / how 如何

4 oi / ɔɪ / point 點         oy / ɔɪ / boy 男孩

5 au / ɔ / pause 暫停  aw / ɔ /  law 法律   al / ɔ / call 打電話

f 其他母音 

6 ir / ɝ / girl 女孩, first 第一, thirty 三十, thirsty 口渴的

7 er / ɚ / water 水, summer 夏天, either 其中之一, another 另外一個

8 or / ɚ / doctor 醫生, actor 演員, tailor 裁縫,visitor 訪客

9 a / ə / ago 之前, gonna 將要, husband 丈夫, away 遠離

e / ə / happen 發生, percent 百分比, problem 問題, student 學生

i / ə /  beautiful 美麗的, definitely 當然,毫無疑問

o / ə / today 今天, together 一起, person 人, reason 理由

u / ə / enough 足夠的, supposed 應該

10  or / ɔr / for 給, 因為, sort 類型, anymore (不)再, important 重要的

11  ar  / ar / car 汽車, part 一部分, start 開始, hard 困難的

C Conversation Practice 對話練習

A: What is she wearing?

A: 她穿什麼衣服?

B: She is wearing a yellow T-shirt, white shorts, and blue sneakers.

B: 她穿著一件黃色T恤,白色短褲,跟藍色球鞋。

A: The person is wearing a blue and white shirt, blue jeans, black shoes, and

red glasses. Who is the person?

A: 那個人穿著一件藍白的襯衫,藍色牛仔褲,黑色鞋子,戴紅色眼鏡。那個人是誰?B: It’s Tom.

B: 是湯姆。

Possessive Pronouns 所有格代名詞

A: Is this your silver necklace?

A: 這是你的銀色項鍊嗎?

B: Yes, it’s mine.

B: 是,是我的。

B: No, it’s not mine. It’s Jenny’s.

B: 不是,不是我的。是珍妮的。

 

A: Are these your black sneakers?

A: 這些是你的黑色球鞋嗎?

B: Yes, they’re mine.

B: 是,他們是我的。

B: No, they’re not mine. They’re Linda’s.

B: 不是,他們不是我的。他們是琳達的。

A: Is this Tom’s gold bracelet?

A: 這是湯姆的金手鐲嗎?

B: Yes, it’s his.

B: 是,這是他的。

A: No, it’s not his. It’s mine. / It’s Bill’s.

A: 不是,這不是他的。這是我的。/ 這是比爾的。

A: Are these Mellisa’s pink jeans?

A: 這些是瑪麗莎的粉紅色牛仔褲嗎?

B: Yes, they’re hers.

B: 對,是她的。

B: No, they’re not hers. They’re mine. / They’re Mike’s.

B: 不是,不是她的。那是我的。/ 那是麥可的。

F Shopping  逛街購物  A  clerk 店員  B  customer  顧客   sir 先生

A: Good morning, ma’am. May I help you with anything, or are you just looking?

A: 早安,女士。我可以幫你任何忙嗎,還是你只是看看?

B: Yes, I’m looking for a necktie.

B: 是的,我想買一條領帶。

A: OK. Is it a gift? present

A: 好的。是送人的嗎?

B: Yes, it’s a birthday gift for my husband.  wedding gift,  wedding annivesary

B: 對,是送我老公的生日禮物。

A: OK. How much do you want to spend?

A: 沒問題。你的預算是多少?

B: Well, let’s see … about $2,000, I guess.

B: 恩,我看看,我想約兩千元左右。

A: Here are some nice neckties. This blue one is our best selling tie.   best seller

A: 這些領帶都不錯。這條藍色是我們賣得最好的領帶。

B: Oh, this one looks nice. How much is it?

B: 喔,這條看來不錯。多少錢?

A: It’s $2,800.

A: 兩千八百元。

B: Is it possible to get a discount?

B: 可不可以給我折扣呢?

A: I’m sorry. We have a policy of no discounts.

A: 不好意思。我們規定沒有折扣。

B: Hmm. Let me think…OK. I guess I’ll take it.

B: 恩,讓我想想。好。我要這一條。

Do you have a discount? 你們有折扣嗎?

Could you give me a discount? 你可以給我折扣嗎?

How about $2,500? 兩千五百元如何?

【潔西家】基礎英文第六課 第一部分 顏色,服裝,花紋

總算有一次在上課前能先把講義放上來,明天可能會下雨又冷了,哈哈。這是星期天要上課的內容包含了顏色,服裝跟花紋。還有一個簡短的對話,比較長的買東西的對話等明天潔西修改後再放上來。潔西用 Zara 美國的網頁來介紹衣服,裡面的衣服好漂亮喔,為什麼潔西在台灣沒看到,有些有看到啦,教學相長,也學了幾個不錯的字,昨天潔西因為胖到穿不去,去買了三件的褲裙叫做 culottes ,中文是褲裙嗎?就現在很多長版的寬口褲,潔西剛剛看了 UNIQLO 叫他們寬褲,潔西念不大出來,看來就不像英文的字,沒錯,問了牛津字典,是法文來的。

剛剛跟小寶走在路上,發傳單的小姐對著我們說「先生」,我們倆對視而笑,恩,先生究竟是短頭髮像小男生的小寶還是潔西呢?

早上三點半就自動起床,不知道是不是要搶耳機太緊張了,撐到八點搶到了,耶!不過沒錯,潔西敗了一台 MacBook ,送價值 9999 的大紅,俗艷的紅色還不錯看,而且重點是,是潔西一直想買的無線耳機,天上掉下來的禮物,怎麼能不衝一波。

買的時候不難買,還有時間又多買了一個也是特價的 USB 接頭,350 真的運氣不錯,有多留下來晃一下,不過後來晚一點不到半小時耳機就送完了,有人抗議網站進不去,網頁有問題,這個呢,潔西學生說的網速決定一定。有人說用手機商店的 app 比較好買,潔西網路速度快,所以沒什麼問題,只是他沒準時開賣,8.01,然後潔西購物車不知為何變成兩台電腦,用不了,退了一台,還有時間,填表格的時候還卡了一下,是自己寫的很慢,有人就在這裡卡死了,是網頁卡死,雖然有放到購物車但沒買到。其實網頁大量的人一起去買東西當然是會有影響,進不去的人只能說運氣不好了。

然後潔西不知道緊張什麼,因為一直打錯,所以腳一直抖,自己都覺得很好像,抖什麼啦,買不到也不會怎麼樣,但是就一直抖啊。

潔西的 MacBook Air 用了五年多快六年 2011 ,該退休了。現前的小白 MacBook 是在去澳洲唸書回台灣那時買的 2008 ,用三年多。應該回不去了,不過 MacBook 鍵盤好小,感覺有點難打啊,跟潔西非常浪費買了機械式鍵盤幾乎都沒在用一樣,明天開始用,上面都是灰塵了。

今天因為要跟小寶去買衣服吃飯,所以有點趕,後面講比較快,下次會再複習一次。好累喔,明明每天都沒做什麼是,卻累到爆,本來還想把第六課講完,看來應該不行,睡覺去,明天見:)

A. Colors 顏色

1. black 黑色   2. white 白色   3. red 紅色   4. blue 藍色     5. green 綠色

6. brown 咖啡色  7. yellow 黃色  8. gray 灰色  9. orange 橘色   10. purple 紫色

11. pink 粉紅色  12. gold 金色  13. silver銀色

14. dark blue 深藍色 15. light blue 淺藍色    indigo  peach 皮膚色

 

1

What’s your favorite color?

你最歡的顏色是什麼?

 

My favorite color is blue.

我最喜歡的顏色是藍色。

 

My favorite colors are blue and red.

我最喜歡的顏色是藍色跟紅色。

 

I like blue.

我喜歡藍色。

 

2

What’s your least favorite color?

你最不喜歡的顏色是什麼?

 

My least favorite color is brown.

我最不喜歡的顏色是咖啡色。

 

I don’t like brown.

我不喜歡咖啡色。

 

3

What colors clothes do you usually wear?

你經常穿什麼顏色的衣服?

 

I usually wear black and white.

我經常穿黑色跟白色。

 

4

What colors do you sometimes wear?

你有時候穿什麼顏色的衣服?

 

I sometimes wear green and yellow.

我有時候穿綠色跟黃色。

 

5

What colors do you never wear?

你從來都不穿什麼顏色衣服?

 

I never wear brown and pink.

我從來都不穿咖啡色跟粉紅色。

 

traffic jam 塞車  秒殺 sold out very quickly   sil ver, kill

 

What’s your favorite fruit?

你最喜歡的水果是什麼?

 

My favorite fruit is apples. (?) — I like apples. (O)

 

What’s your favorite animal?  I like dogs.

你最喜歡的動物是什麼? 我喜歡狗。

 

Who’s your favorite singer?  I like Twenty One pilots

你最喜歡的歌手是誰?

 

pee 上小號  poo 上大號

w, hw,

 

B. Clothes 衣服

A: What are you going to wear to the party?

A: 你去派對打算穿什麼?

 

B: I’m not sure. I might wear jeans.

B: 我不確定。我可能穿牛仔褲。

 

A: Really? Ann and Liz are wearing dresses.

A: 真的嗎?安跟莉茲要穿洋裝。

 

B: Oh. Well, maybe I’ll wear a black skirt. So, what are you going to wear?

B: 喔。恩,那我可能穿一條黑色的裙子。那你打算穿什麼?

 

A: Oh, probably nice pants and a tie.

A: 喔,可能是西裝褲跟領帶。

 

B: But you don’t have any ties, do you?

B: 但是你沒有領帶啊,不是嗎?

 

A: Oh, that’s right. Maybe I can borrow one.

A: 喔,沒關係。或許我可以借一條。

 

Clothing Vocabulary 衣物單字

1 a coat 外套/大衣  2 a jacket 夾克/外套  3 a down jacket 羽絨外套  4 a sweater 毛衣 

5 a knit 針織上衣  6 a blouse 女上衣  7 a shirt 襯衫  8 a T-shirt T恤  9 a vest 背心 

10 a sweater vest 毛衣背心  11 a tank top 小可愛  12 a suit  西裝/套裝 

13 a skirt 裙子  14 pants/trousers 長褲  15 jeans 牛仔褲  16 shorts 短褲

17 slacks/swear pants 運動褲  18 a dress 洋裝  19 pajamas 睡衣  20 underwear 內衣

21 a uniform  制服  22 shoes 鞋子  23 boots 靴子  24 high heels 高跟鞋

25 sneakers 運動鞋  26 socks 襪子  27 stockings 長襪  28 gloves 手套  29 belt 皮帶

30 handkerchief 手帕  31 scarf 絲巾  32 necklace 項鍊  33 bracelet 手鍊 

34 a tie 領帶  35 a swimsuit 泳裝  36 a hat 帽子  37 a cap 棒球帽

 

bomber jacket 下面鬆緊帶的夾克

blazer 輕便的夾克非正式西裝那種

culottes 褲裙

 

Patterns 花紋

1 checked/checkered 格子的圖案

2 solid 素色的

3 paisley 螺旋花紋的

4 striped 條紋的

5 pinstriped 細條紋的

6 plaid 方格花紋的

7 polka dotted 點點的

【潔西家】基礎第五課,第一部分 打掃,過去進行式,自然發音 oo, ou, ow, oi, oy, au, aw, al,在禮品店 + Merry Christmas! 聖誕節快樂!

連續幾天聖誕轟炸一直偷懶的潔西趕在聖誕節跑掉前派大寶跟小寶出來應景,祝大家佳節愉快!

本來想開直播講解的基礎第五課只翻了中文改寫完,其實沒翻完,但頭一直痛起來,先睡比較實在,頭痛到都快吐了,厚,聖誕節霸凌潔西啦!爛用霸凌,大家不要學。先放講義,頭不痛再來做影片,睡覺去,晚安:)

 

家事,過去進行式,自然發音,禮品店

My life is a mess. 我的生活一團亂。

My room is messy. My room is a mess. 我的房間很亂。

Let’s go. 我們走吧!

I’m full. 我飽了。

Could you pass the salt, please? 你可以遞鹽給我嗎?

Would you/Will you/Can you turn off the light, please? 可以幫我關燈嗎?

A Let’s clean it up! 我們來打掃吧!

A: This place is a mess. Let’s clean it up.

A: 這地方一團亂。我們來打掃吧!

B: Sure. What do you want me to do?

B: 好啊。你要我做什麼?

A: Well, you can vacuum the floor and do the dishes.

A: 恩,你可以吸地跟洗碗。

B: OK. No problem.

B: 好。沒問題。

A: And the garbage is full. Could you take it out?

A: 垃圾也滿了。你可以拿去倒嗎?

B: Yeah, I guess.

B: 好啊,我覺得。

A: And your bedroom is a mess, too. Your clothes are all over the floor. Could you pick

    them up and put them in the washing machine, please?

A: 你的房間也一團亂。你的衣服滿地。你可以把他們撿起來放到洗衣機嗎?

B: Wow. That’s a bit too much. What are you going to do then?

B: 哇!有點太多了吧。那你要做什麼。

A: Well, I’m going to do the laundry and mop the floor.

A: 恩,我會洗衣服跟拖地。

B. housework 家事 and chores 家務事

housework: the work of keeping a house clean and tidy

chore: a job or piece of work that is often boring or unpleasant but needs to be done regularly

bedroom 臥室,living room 客廳  dining room 飯廳  kitchen 廚房,spring cleaning 春季大掃除

spring clearance 春季大拍賣

do yoga 做瑜伽,do aerobics 做有氧運動,come out of the closet 出櫃

LGBT: lesbians, gay, bisexual, transgender 女同志,男同志,雙性戀,跨性別者

1 clean up 打掃  2 clean the bathroom 打掃浴室    3 clean out the closet 打掃衣櫃

4 sweep the floor 掃地  5 vacuum the floor 吸地    6 mop the floor 拖地   

7 wipe the windows 擦窗戶  8 wipe the table off 擦桌子

9 put the dishes away  把盤子收走   10 do the dishes 洗盤子 

11 dry the dishes 擦乾盤子  12 do the laundry 洗衣服  13 fold the laundry 摺衣服

14 hang up your clothes 把你的衣服掛起來 15 do gardening 整理花圃   

16 go/do grocery shopping 買菜(日常用品) 17 cook 做飯  18 make dinner 煮晚餐

19 dust the furniture 擦拭家具的灰塵    20 take out the garbage 倒垃圾

21 pay my electricity bill 繳我的電費帳單  22 pay my water bill 繳我的水費帳單

23 feed the dog 餵狗    24 walk the dog 遛狗    

Don’t wipe your nose on your sleeve!

1 What chores do you usually do? 

1 你通常都做什麼家務?

I wash the dishes, do the laundry, and clean the bathroom

我洗盤子,洗衣服,打掃浴室。

2 Which chores don’t you like to do?

2 你喜歡做哪些家務事?

I hate to take out the garbage.

我討厭倒垃圾。

3 How often do you do chores?

3 你多常做家務事?

I wash the dishes and do the laundry every day, and I clean the bathroom once a week.

我每天洗盤子跟洗衣服,我一個星期掃浴室一次。

4 Who does most of the chores in your family?

4 你家大部分的家務事都是誰在做?

My mother does most of the chores because she is a housewife.

我媽媽做大部分的家務事因為她是家庭主婦。

5 How old should children start to do chores?

5 小孩子幾歲應該開始做家事?

I think children should start do chores when they are 10 years old.

我覺得小孩子應該十歲的時候開始做家事。

6 Do you think women should do more housework than men? Why? Why not?

6 你覺得女人應該比男人做更多的家事嗎?為什麼?為什麼不用?

Yes, I think so. Because women are good at doing housework.

是的,我這麼認為。因為女生很會做家事。

No, I don’t think so.  Because it’s not fair.  stereotype 刻板印象,老派的觀念

ladyboy 人妖   PC politically correct 政治正確   guilty 罪惡感  taboo 禁忌

costume party  妝扮派對/化裝舞會 

C 過去進行式

May

I was cooking noodles when suddenly everything went dark. Luckily, I had some candles. No one else was at home. I was a bit scared, but I finished cooking my meal. I had a not so romantic candlelight dinner.

我在煮麵的時候突然間一切都暗下來了。幸運地是,我有蠟燭。沒有其他人在家。我有點怕,但是我還是煮完我的晚餐。我吃了一頓不太浪漫的燭光晚餐。

fortunately 幸運地 unfortunately 不幸地

Sam

While my girlfriend and I were watching a movie at home, the lights went out. It was really hot and boring, so we left home and took a walk in the moonlight. It was kind of romantic. 

山姆

當我的女朋友跟我在家看電影的時候,燈熄了。真的很熱又無聊,所以我們離開家裡,在月光下散步。還有點浪漫。

I’m a bit hungry. 我有點餓。

I was sleeping at this time yesterday. 昨天的這個時候我正在睡覺。

past —————x———————now ————————— future

I was cooking noodles.   My girlfriend and I were watching a movie.

Everything went dark.  The lights went out.

I was cooking noodles when everything went dark.

While I was cooking noodles, everything went dark.

My girlfriend and I were watching a movie when the lights went out.

While my girlfriend and I were watching movie, the lights went out.

While I was sleeping, he called.  當我在睡覺的時候,他打電話來。

When he got home, his family was having dinner.  當他到家的時候,他的家人在吃晚餐。

1 過去進行式的使用時機

a

過去進行式用在表達過去某個時間持續進行的動作。強調動作過程,而非動作的完成。

I was eating lunch at 12.30.

十二點半的時候在吃午餐。

I was eating lunch while he was reading.

我在吃午餐的時候他在看書。

b

過去進行式用來描述過去某時正在進行中的事情。所描述的活動或情況已經開始,而在

當時仍未結束。

I saw you last night. You were waiting for a bus.

我昨天晚上有看到你。你正在等公車。

c

當描述過去發生的事時,假如要描述一個持續進行的動作被另一個短暫的動作打斷時,用過去進行式來表達持續進行的動作,用過去簡單式來表達短暫打斷的動作。

When I got home, my parents were having dinner.

我到家時,爸媽正在吃飯

We were walking in the park when it started to rain.

我們在公園散步到一半時,雨開始下起來了

    

但是,要描述某事件在另一事件之後發生,則兩者都需使用過去簡單式。

When I got home, my parents and I had dinner.

當我到家後,我跟爸媽一起吃飯。

We stood under a tree when it started to rain.

當雨開始下了起來後,我們站到樹下去。

  

2 常與過去進行式連用的副詞at that time, at five o’clock yesterday, at seven o’clock, last night, in 2001 還有其他表達過去時間的副詞。

3 過去進行式的句型

I/he/she/it: was , wasn’t   we/you/they: were, weren’t

a

過去進行式肯定句  S + was/were + V-ing

I was eating brunch at 3:00.

我在三點的時候吃早午餐。 

He was reading a book last night.

他昨天晚上在看一本書。

marketing 行銷

old fashioned 觀念老舊  renovated 創新的

b

過去進行式否定句  S + wasn’t/weren’t + V-ing

I wasn’t looking.

我沒有在看。 

He wasn’t listening.

他沒有在聽。

They weren’t studying.

他們沒有在唸書。

I work in a bank. / I don’t work in a bank.

He works in a bank. / He doesn’t work in a bank.

I worked in a bank.  / I didn’t work in a bank.

He worked in a bank. / He didn’t work in a bank.

do, does, did 後加原型

c

過去進行式 Yes/No問句  Was/Were + S + V-ing?

Were you sleeping when I called?

我打電話給你的時候你在睡覺嗎?

Was he cooking? 

他在做菜嗎?

d

過去進行式WH 問句  WH Questions Words + was/were + S + V-ing?

What were you doing at this time yesterday?

你昨天的這個時候在做什麼?

Where were you going when I saw you last night?

我昨天看到你的時候你要去哪裡?

D Exercise 練習題

a Complete with a verb in the past continuous.

用動詞完成進行式。

1 He met his wife when he _______________ in Australia. (work)

2 They _______________ for us when we arrived. (wait)

3 _______________ she _______________ a jacket when she went out? (wear)

4 What _______________ you _______________ at 10.00 pm last night? (do)

5 I _______________ when you gave the instruction. (not listen)

6 I _______________ when you called me. (drive)

7 It _______________ when I woke up this morning. (not rain)

1 He met his wife when he was working in Australia.

2 They were waiting for us when we arrived.

3 Was she wearing a jacket when she went out?

4 What were you doing at 10.00 pm last night?

5 I wasn’t listening when you gave the instruction.

b Put the verbs into the simple past or past continuous.

用過去簡單式或過去進行式來完成句子

She arrived when we were having dinner. (arrive, have)

1 I _______________ my arm when I _______________ soccer. (break, play)

2 ____________ you ______ fast when the police _______________ you? (drive, stop)

3 It _______________ when we _______________ the theater. (snow, leave)

4 I _______________ the game because I _______________ . (not watch, work)

5 When you _______________ me, I _______________ to my boss. (call, talk)

1 I broke my arm when I was playing soccer.

2 Were you driving fast when the police stopped?

3 It was snowing when we left the theater.

4 I didn’t watch the game because I was working.

5 When you called me, I was talking to my boss.

 

 

 

 

 

 

【潔西家】基礎英文 第四課 現在進行式 講電話 拼字規則 公園設施 兒童遊戲 咖啡廳點餐

沒去看醫生的潔西早上起來發感慨文,但是沒多久就設只有自己看見,星期一一大早讓大家看這麼藍的實在不太好,所以還是放部落格好了,不過喵到的朋友來不及看完,還是安慰了一下潔西,哈哈,有感動到。冬天冬天,才開始呢,沒關係,繼續多說廢話就可以抒發心情啊!要看講義的直接往樓下走,過了一堆英文的部分就到了,哈哈。

昨天一大早,十點半的課,十點二十九分,只有一個學生,潔西跟學生討論會不會上一對一,因為天氣太好了,大家都出去玩,天氣差反而大家來上課,可是也太詭異了,因為這個班的學生是潔西超欽佩的,大家都是星期天一早就來,很少缺課,最近一兩個月每次都是十五人上下,上星期還爆班十九人。

結果,十點半同學同時出現,原來是樓下門被鎖住了,可憐的孩子們在外面等很久。上課不是不開心但是沒有平時的成就感,跟朋友喝咖啡也很開心,但是喝完很空虛,跟昨天出門一樣,吃飯聊天很開心,但是回家的路上跟回到家都有強烈的落寞感,冬天吧?

樓上昨天晚上超吵,今天一早又吵,也不過就是平時的吵,潔西已經受不了心中罵著非常不文雅的話,冬天不是潔西的天啊。好的時候知足常樂,什麼道理都懂都很清楚,真的已經看太多相關書極與文章了,真的是千篇一律差不多,很久沒看到新意了,借了達賴喇嘛的語錄來看,恩,沒有不敬之意,但是其實這世界上不用去分宗教,真的說的都差不多,太多東西真的就是老調重彈,真理只有一個? 潔西差不多可以寫出類似的東西了,看過聽過也知道,沒很難,但是能做到早就做到了。

也在想辦法中,但真的不是一般人想像的那麼容易那種,那你就知道為什麼不去做,人生太多這種事了,指別人前先想想自己,即便自己什麼都做得到也不要拿自己的標準跟別人比,每個人都是不同的,不要再把事情說得那麼容易。不是養小孩要繳房貸就有煩惱,單身就沒煩惱,有錢人有有錢人的煩惱,窮人有窮人的煩惱。

真的是沒有那麼難,心情好的時候一切都不成問題,世界很美好,藍天白雲好時光鳥兒還在樹梢唱歌呢!

恩,一早廢話太多了,喝個咖啡早點出門去看醫生,不要再吵大家了,哈哈哈,寫自己看抒發情緒的,應該也沒什麼人會點進來好好看,寫越長越多越沒人看是技巧XD

真害,樓上好吵,一直想罵三字經問候他們家祖先好幾代,耳機拿下來的時候,涵養越來越不好了啊!

so annoyed with myself being so depressed

depressed?

but you look great!

people only see what they want to see what they want to believe

somehow the mask is put on automatically when i see a familiar face

a fake smile? no one wants to see a crying face so i have to make my best effort to put up a smile

tired, so tired of everything, tired of explaining again and again to people who will never understand

not sure what i should do

sometimes i’m totally fine. the world isn’t perfect. i don’t have much but still i have family, friends. i have a place to live, i have a job, i have students who love me. i should be content?

emotions are totally out of control. tears just fall down for no reason. the empty feeling after getting together with friends i have no explanation.

nothing tastes good. nothing really makes me happy. day after day, just try to survive another day.

however, all the dark clouds disappear when i have a good day which unfortunately rarely happens. most of these days i get up on the wrong side of the bed and everything goes wrong.

every winter no exception the overwhelming sadness attacks me out of no where. blame on the weather?

nothing matters anymore. nothing bothers me actually. just don’t have the energy to pull myself together.

just like all those things i broke, even if i put every piece of myself together, it’s not the same, it’s still broken.

there are so many things i want to do but i just can’t do it. who would understand this nonsense?

am i too hard on myself or am i not trying hard enough? i’m not sure. if i push myself too hard, i know i wouldn’t like the result.

i guess the saddest thing is that i have no one to talk to about these feelings. everyone has their own problems and there’s really nothing they can do. besides, most of the time most people don’t understand. they judge, instead.

you are weak. you’re too greedy. you’re single, you have a job, and you have a place to stay. a lot of people have to worry about their children, their mortgage . some people don’t even have a place to live, not to say a job.

yeah, yeah, yeah. end of conversation. then they start to tell you how their lives are so much worse than yours.

just let out some feelings so i don’t go crazy. it’s winter. i was thinking that i should comfort my psychologist today when i go see him. poor guy. i bet he has to see much more patients and listens to endless complaints like mine. tough job. guess that’s why his clothes are always so colorful.

too bad i don’t have anything nice to wear to cheer myself up. in no mood for shopping, winter is definitely not my season. can i say that?

enough complaints. time to do what? not sure. make a cup of coffee? perhaps go to the bakery get some cake first? would love to have my own homemade cheese cake but too lazy. should bake some cake and cookies. having some delicious food is something at least i can do for myself. suddenly realize what “comfort food" means. ha ha.

i’m ok. could be better. have to find way to make it better. if i’m not happy then i’ll have to do something to change it. but what? don’t feel like doing anything.

i think i have been too blunt recently. i say what’s really in my mind, which annoys people and i feel bad after saying those things. but what does it make me if i can’t say what’s really in my mind. so difficult to live to be yourself to be honest with yourself.

enough is enough. coffee time

 

第一部分影片

 

 

第二部分影片

 

 

 

A I can’t talk right now. 我現在沒辦法說話

A: Hello?

A: 哈囉?

B: Hi, Amanda. It’s Justin. Is this a good time to talk?

B: 嗨!阿曼達。我是賈斯丁。現在方便說話嗎?

A: Oh, sorry. I can’t talk right now. I’m cooking dinner. Can I call you back?

A: 喔,不好意思。我現在沒辦法說話。我正在做晚餐。我可以打回去給你嗎?

B: OK, sure. Talk to you later.

B: 沒問題,當然囉。待會聊。

A: Thanks. bye.

A: 謝謝。再見。

It’s Jessie. This is Jessie (speaking).

Knock! Knock! 敲門。 Who’s it? 誰? It’s me. 是我。This is Jessie. (I’m Jessie (x))

multi-tasking 多工,I’m doing homework.  我在寫作業。

ttyl  = talk to you later

 

a Asking if someone can talk now

1 Is this a good time to talk? 現在方便說話嗎?

2 Can you talk right now? 你現在可以說話嗎?

3 Do you have a minute? 你有空嗎?Wait a minute! 等一下! Wait a moment! 等一下。

Do you have time? 你有空嗎?= Are you free? 你有空嗎?

Do you have the time? 你知道現在幾點嗎?  It’s 8:28.

 

b Explaining that you can’t talk now

1 I can’t talk right now. 我現在沒辦法說話

2 I’m busy right now. 我現在在忙。

3 This isn’t a good time. 這現在不方便。

 

B What are they saying?

用下面提示單字,改寫成現在進行式

1 I / not / feel / well.   I’m not feeling well.

2 they / watch / TV ?  Are they watching TV?

3 I / write / an email.   I’m writing an email.

4 you / not / listen to / me.    You aren’t listening to me.

5 go / we / out ?  Are we going out?

6 you / in my seat / sit   You are sitting in my seat.

7 what / wear / you ?  What are you wearing?

8 the / shine / sun ?    Is the sun shining?

9 sit / where / you ?  Where are you sitting?

10 they / play / tennis ?  Are they playing tennis?

 

past ——————— now ————————future

C 現在進行式Present Continuous     

一 使用時機

1  現在進行式是用來描述正在進行的事情。

My brother is woking now. 我哥哥正在工作。

I’m standing. 我正站著。

 

2  現在進行式也用來描述短時間內持續進行的事情。這些事情卻不一定在說話之際

正在進行。

You’re spending a lot of money these days. 你最近花很多錢。

My friend is staying in my apartment this month. 我朋友這個月住我家。

I live in Taipei. 我住台北。

 

3  現在進行式也可以用來表達未來的計畫。一般句子都會加上未來時間。

I’m having a party this Saturday.

 

4  現在進行式可以用來表示不好的習慣,這種用法多會跟 always 連用。

I’m always breaking things. It’s really annoying.

 

C 現在進行式Present Continuous

二 句型為主詞+現在式Be動詞+動詞-ing(S + am/is/are + V-ing)

肯定句         S                    +      am/is/are    +     V-ing

I                                      am                  cooking. 我正在做菜

My mother/he/she/it                   is                   working. 我媽正在上班  Tom and Mary/you/we/they                       are                 dancing. 湯姆與瑪麗正在跳舞

 

否定句        S       +   am/is/are    +      not    +    V-ing

I                    am                    not          cooking.

My mother             is   (isn’t)          not          working.

Tom and Mary         are  (aren’t)       not          dancing.

 

疑問句  Am/Is/Are    +      S          +     V-ing

Am                        I                 dreaming?     Yes, you are. No, you aren’t

Is                          he                taking a shower? Yes, he is. No, he’s not.

Are                    they             sleeping?   Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.

 

疑問句 WH  +   am/is/are    +     S          +     V-ing

What         are             you               doing?  你在幹麼?

Where        is                he               going?  他正要去哪裡?

Who            is              she              talking to? 她在跟誰說話?

 

三 常用副詞如:now 現在, at the moment 現在, right away 現在, right now 現在, these days 最近, this weekend 這個週末…等等。

 

四 現在進行式拼字規則

1 大多數的動詞在過去式時只要在字尾加ing。

work-working, help-helping, call-calling, wash-washing

 

2 動詞字尾為e時,e 不發音,必須去掉e加ing。

live-living, hope-hoping, dance-dancing, smile-smiling

 

3 動詞字尾為ie時,必須去掉ie加ying。

lie-lying, die-dying, tie-tying

 

4 一個音節的動詞最後三個字母為子音加母音加子音時,需重複字尾再加ing。

shop-shopping, sit-sitting, run-running, swim-swimming

子音+短母音+子音

 

五 現在進行式拼字練習

1 carry _________   2 tap  ___________   3 ride __________

4 win  _________     5 get __________      6 lie  __________

7 try  _________     8 fly  __________      9 write _________

10 see __________

 

1 carrying   2 tapping  3 riding  4 winning  5 getting  6 lying  7 trying  8 flying

9 writing  10 seeing     Seeing is believing. 眼見為憑

 

D What are they doing? 

Vocabulary

1 have dinner 吃晚餐  2 talk on the phone 講電話  3 take a bath 泡澡

4 comb one’s hair 梳頭髮  5 shave 刮鬍子  6 have breakfast  吃早餐

7 read a newspaper 看報紙  8 play the guitar 彈吉他  9 sleep 睡覺

10 listen to music 聽音樂  11 play video games 打電動  12 dance 跳舞

13 listen to the radio 聽收音機 14 iron 燙衣服 15 go to bed 上床

16 play cards 玩牌  17 make bed 整理床鋪  18 make up 化妝 19 sing 唱歌

20 wash the dishes 洗盤子

 

1 having dinner   2 talking on the phone  3 taking a bath

4 combing one’s hair  5 shaving  6 having breakfast

7 reading a newspaper   8 playing the guitar   9 sleeping

10 listening to music   11 playing video games   12 dancing

13 listening to the radio   14 ironing  15 going to bed

16 playing cards   17 making bed  18 making up   19 singing

20 washing the dishes

123  yes/no question

456  wh question

having dinner

Are they having dinner?  Yes, they are having dinner.

Are they drinking wine?   No, they are having dinner.

What are they doing?     They are having dinner.

Where are they having dinner?   They are having dinner in a restaurant.

Who is the man having dinner with?  He’s having dinner with his mistress.

What is he doing?            He is shaving.

What is she doing?          She is making bed.

What are they doing?      They are dancing.

What am I doing?            You are washing the dishes.

 

E Park Facilities & Children’s Games 公園遊樂設施與小孩們的遊戲

1 climb monkey bars /jungle gym  爬鐵城堡 / 攀爬架  2 slide (v) (n)  溜滑梯

3 play in the sandbox  在沙池玩  4 swing (n) (v) 盪鞦韆

5 play on a seesaw/ teeter-totter  蹺蹺板 6 chin-up bar 單槓, do a chin-up 吊單槓

7 walk on a balance beam  走平衡木  8 water fountain 飲水機   9 bench  長凳

10 streetlamp 路燈  11 play hopscotch 玩跳格子  12 jump rope 跳繩

13 play tag 跳捉人遊戲  14 play hide-and-seek 玩躲貓貓

do a sit-up 做仰臥起坐  do a push-up 做伏地挺身

 

1 What was your favorite park facility when you were a kid?

當你小時候你最喜歡的公園設施是什麼?

I loved the slide. I used to climb and slide again and again.

我喜歡溜滑梯。我從前會一直爬上去在溜下來。

energetic 精力充沛的

 

2 Which facilities or games did you often play when you were a kid?

哪些設施或遊戲你小的時候常玩?

I often played tag and hide-and-seek with my classmates.

我經常跟我的同學玩捉人跟躲貓貓。

fa ci li ties

 

3 When you go to the park, do you still play any facilities?

當你到公園的時候,你還會玩任何設施嗎?

Yes, I do. I love to play on the swing.

會。我喜歡盪鞦韆。

No, I think I’m too old. People will laugh at me if I play.

不會。我覺得我太老了。大家會笑我,假如我玩的話。

 

4 I like(d) to …

 

5 I don’t like to …

I didn’t like to …

 

I can’t …  I couldn’t …

 

F Funny little habits

S + be + always + V-ing 可以用來表示常做的但是不好的習慣

I always get up early. 我總是早起。現在簡單式,表習慣。

I’m always oversleeping. 我總是睡過頭。賴床 sleep in, sleep late

1 Are you always checking phone messages? 你是不是一直在看手機?

2 Are you always eating candy or chewing gum? 你是不是總是吃糖果或嚼口香糖?

3 Are you always falling asleep in class? 你是不是總是在上課睡著?

4 Are you always forgetting things?  你是不是總是忘東忘西?

5 Are you always singing or whistling?  你是不是總是在唱歌或吹口哨?

6 Are you always telling jokes? 你是不是一天到晚在說笑話?

7 Are you always losing things? 你是不是總是在掉東西?

8 Are you always daydreaming? 你是不是總是在做白日夢?

9 Are you always breaking things? 你是不是總是在打破東西?

10 Are you always looking in the mirrors? 你是不是總是在照鏡子?

11

12

space out 放空,all thumbs, clumsy 手不巧

 

A: So, are you always checking phone messages?

B: Well, I’m always checking phone messages, but at least I don’t do it in class.

 

G Phonics:

c + e, i, y

g + e, i,

y

y

 

c + e /  / nice once since certain
c + i /  / city decide
c + y /  / bicycle cycle recycle
g + e /   / gel gentleman gadget generation
g + i /   / gin gist ginger giant
g + y /   / gym gypsy
y  /   / my by buy type
y /   / any pretty really exactly

 

H Phonics

sh, ch, th, wh, su, si, ph, gu, ng

sh /   / she show gosh should
ch /   / much child children change
th /   / think month thought thousand
th /   / these their without rather
wh /   / what which while whether
su /   / usually pleasure leisure
si /   / television Asia
ph /   / phone elephant phonics graph
gh /   / laugh cough enough tough
ng /   / morning young wrong  

something

 

I In a coffee shop   在咖啡廳  cafe   Menu  菜單   blackboard 黑板 chalk 粉筆

espresso  義式濃縮咖啡

americano 美式咖啡

cappuccino  卡布奇諾

latte 拿鐵

mocha 摩卡

macchiato 瑪琪雅朵

filtered coffee / brewed coffee 濾泡咖啡

brownies 布朗尼

chocolate chip cookies 巧克力脆片餅乾

 

She is very difficult. 她很機車(不容易相處)    

Dory suffers from short-term memory loss. 多莉有短期的記憶喪失的問題 

bully 霸凌

standard 標準

cough syrup 咳嗽糖漿  maple syrup 楓糖漿

caramel 焦糖,vanilla 香草

What would you like? = What do you want?

small, medium/regular, large, extra large

for here or to go  這邊用還是帶走

Anything else?  No, thanks. / Thanks. I’m good. 要其他的嗎?不用謝謝。/謝謝。我不用。

 

A: Can I help you? / May I help you?   How are you doing? 你好嗎?

A: 我能為你服務嗎?

B: An Americano for me, please. How about you? What would you like, Leo?

B: 請給我一杯美式咖啡。你呢?里奧,你想要什麼?

C: Can I have a latte, please?

C: 可以給我一杯拿鐵嗎?

A: Regular or large?

A: 中杯還是大杯?

B: Regular, please.

B: 請給我中杯。

A: To have here or take away?

A: 這邊用還是帶走?

B: To have here.

B: 這邊用。

A: Anything else?

A: 還要其他的嗎?

B: No, thanks.

B: 不用了,謝謝。

C: A chocolate cookie for me , please.

C: 請給我一片巧克力豆餅乾。

A: OK.

A: 好的。

B: How much is that?

B: 多少錢?

A: Together or separate?

A: 一起算還是分開?

B: Together.

B: 一起。

A: $12.49, please.

A: 十二元四十九分。

B: Sorry, how much?

B: 不好意思,多少錢?

A: $12.49. Thank you.

A: 十二元四十九分,謝謝。

 

split the bill 分開帳單

go dutch 各出各的

twelve dollars forty-nine cents

Can you say that again? Can you repeat that? 能不能再說一次? Pardon?

What? 蝦米

【潔西家】基礎英文 第三課 洲,國家,城市,過去簡單式不規則變化,現在簡單式 be 動詞練習,飯店住房

基礎英文第三課,錄好了,耶!有點長,明天再來分段,今天講的是過去簡單是不規則動詞,現在簡單式 be 動詞,洲,國家,城市,飯店 check-in 。發音的部分改天再說。晚安:)


星期天收心愉快,看直播囉!這蝦米中文啊,哈哈,基礎英文教室第三課,潔西本來想睡了,不過明天要去看牙醫,看完應該可能很難錄基礎課程,所以先錄一下好了,今天一早教室咚咚咚,居然來了十九個人,嚇死潔西,同學也太好學,星期天早上不是應該在家睡覺嗎?

廢話不多說,明天要早起到榮總看醫生拿止痛藥,止頭痛得超貴英明格,然後又要趕回來看牙醫,一點都不令人開心的可怕的行程,不想了,開直播可以順便錄,等等就不用等上傳的時間。想打招呼的可以來說嗨,有問題的也可以問,不過是要針對直播上的問題,應該沒有時間給問其他問題不好意思,另外發現 Mac 的地圖有衛星,好漂亮,一開始先講國家好了,網址應該就會是後來假如沒看到的人要看的話,好像就會是同一個,突然有點想睡,能講到哪算哪,歡迎收看!
過去式一般動詞複習,不規則動詞,現在簡單式一般動詞,飯店住房。
現在簡單式,事實,習慣
S+ V1: I get up at 7 every day.
S+ V2: I got up at 7 this morning.

A Simple Past 過去簡單式
1 What time did you get up this morning? 你今天早上幾點起床?
I got up at 9.30. 我九點半起床。
5.45, 10.10, 12.05 oh 12.00 pm = noon 12.00 a.m. = midnight
2 What did you eat for breakfast this morning? 你早上吃什麼當早餐?
I ate a Chinese omelet and drank soy milk. 我吃了蛋餅跟喝豆漿。
3 How did you get here? 你如何來的?
I got here by scooter. 我騎摩托車來的。
I drove. 我開車。 I took the MRT. 我搭捷運。
4 How long did it take? 要花久時間?
It took half an hour. 要花半個小時。 It took 30 minutes. 花三十分鐘。I spent 30 minutes.
5 What time did you go to bed yesterday? 你昨天幾點上床睡覺?
I went to bed at 2 a.m. 我兩點睡覺。
I went to bed at 2.00 in the morning.
6 What did you do yesterday? 你昨天做了什麼事?
I did yoga, read a novel, and saw a movie. 我做瑜伽,看小說,看電影。
7 What did you buy yesterday? 你昨天買了什麼?
I bought a bottle of mineral water. 我買了一瓶礦泉水。

naked chef 自然的廚師, soybean 黃豆,rice and peanut milk 米漿

不規則變化 irregular verbs 規則變化動詞regular verbs : +ed

get-got, eat-ate, drink-drank, take-took, go-went, do-did, read-read, see-saw, buy-bought

B Continents, Countries, and Cities 洲,國家,城市
1 North America 北美洲 2 South America 南美洲 3 Europe 歐洲 4 Africa 非洲 5 Asia 亞洲
6 Australia 澳洲 7 Antarctica 南極洲
Where are you from? I’m from Taiwan.
Are you Chinese? Yes, I’m Chinese. No, I’m Taiwanese.
country 國家 Taiwan Canada America
nationality 國籍 Taiwanese Canadian American

the United States of America = the U.S.A = the U.S. = America 美利堅眾和國
French food Gondola
Great Britain = Scotland 蘇格蘭 Scottish, England 英格蘭 English, Wales 威爾斯 Welsh
the U.K. = Great Britain + North Ireland 北愛爾蘭
,British, American English 美式英文, British English 英式英文
Turkey 土耳其, suicide bomber 自殺炸彈客,rape 強暴
so? so what? Rome 羅馬 historical sites 古蹟
8 Canada 加拿大 9 the United States 美國 10 Mexico 墨西哥 11 Brazil 巴西 12 Germany 德國
13 Great Britain 大不列顛 the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 英國
14 France 法國 15 Spain 西班牙 16 Italy 義大利 17 Kenya 肯亞 18 Russia 俄羅斯
19 China 中國 20 India 印度 21 South Korea 南韓 22 Japan 日本 23 Thailand 泰國
24 Singapore 新加坡 25 Indonesia 印尼 26 Malaysia 馬來西亞 27 the Philippines 菲律賓
28 New Zealand 紐西蘭 29 Australia 澳洲
30 Beijing 北京 31 New Delhi 新德里 32 Seoul 首爾 33 Tokyo 東京 34 London 倫敦
35 Paris 巴黎 36 Milan 米蘭 37 New York 紐約 38 Chicago 芝加哥 39 Bali 峇里島
40 Bangkok 曼谷
A: Have you ever been abroad? 現在完成式 Have you ever been to Japan?
你有出國過嗎? abroad
B: Yes, I have. I have been to Japan and South Korea.
有。我有。我去過日本跟南韓。
A: Where in Japan did you go?
你去日本的哪裡?
B: I went to Tokyo.
我去了東京。

I have been to Canada, France, Switzerland, Italy, Japan, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, China, and Indonesia.
A: Have you ever been abroad?
你有出國過嗎?
B: No, I haven’t.
不,我沒有。
A: Where would you like to go?
你想要去哪裡?
B: I would like to go to France.
我想要去法國。
would like = want

A: Where is Milan? 米蘭在哪裡?
B: Milan is in Italy. 米蘭在義大利。

A: Where is Italy? 義大利在哪裡?
B: It’s in Europe. 它在歐洲。
C 現在簡單式 be 動詞
S + V1 : I come from Taipei. 我是台北人。
S + be + …: I am from Taipei. 我是台北人 New Yorker

現在簡單式 Be 的句型: 主詞+Be+名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語
1 肯定句
主詞 + 現在式be動詞 + 名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語
S + am/is/are + noun/adjective/preposition
I am a housewife. 我是家庭主婦。
You/We/They are wrong. 你錯了。
He/She/It is at work. 他在上班。

2 否定句 : 英文句子改否定跟疑問時都需要助動詞,be 本身就是助動詞。所以否定句只要在 be 後面not。is 與 not可以縮寫成 isn’t,are 與 not可以縮寫成 aren’t。但是 am 跟 not 不可以縮寫。
S + am/is/are + not + noun/ adjective / preposition phrase
I am not a secretary. 我不是秘書。
You aren’t busy. 你不忙。
She isn’t in good shape. 她不健康。

3. Yes/No 問句 : 英文句子疑問時要把助動詞放到主詞前面,be本身就是個助動詞。所以yes/no問句只要把be放在主詞前面就可以造問句
Am/Is/Are + S + noun/ adjective / preposition phrase
Am I a bad person? 我是壞人嗎? Yes, you are. / No, you aren’t.
Are you worried? 你擔心嗎? Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.
Is she in a good mood? 她心情很好嗎? Yes, she is. / No, she isn’t.

4. WH問句: 英文的疑問詞大致有what, where, when, why, who, how。把WH疑問詞放最前面再放be、主詞與其他部分就可造WH問句。
WH am/is/are + S + ( noun/ adjective / preposition phrase)
Where am I ? 我在哪裡? You are in the hospital. 你在醫院。
What is your favorite color? 你最喜歡的顏色是什麼? My favorite color is blue. 藍色
When is the library open? 圖書館幾點開? It is open at 9 a.m.
Why are you so happy? 你為什麼這麼開心? It is my birthday today. 我今天生日
Who is he? 他是誰? He is my brother. 他是我哥哥。
How tall are you? 你多高? I’m 1 meter 65. 我一百六十五公分。
Who is in the bathroom? 誰在廁所?
What is behind the door? 門後面有什麼?

Be 動詞練習
1 Where ___________ your father?
2 ___________ you hungry?
3 ___________ your mother in shape?
4 ___________ classmates friendly?
5 ___________ your teacher strict?
6 What _________ in your bag?
7 ___________ dogs cute?
8 How tall _________ I?
9 ___________ the weather cold today?
10 How many people __________ there in your family?
11 我媽媽不擔心我。
12 我的同事們 (coworkers) 很容易相處 (easygoing)。
13 聖誕節(Christmas) 是幾月幾號?
14 你最喜歡的歌手是誰?
15 你的手機在哪裡?
1 Where is your father? 你的父親在哪裡?
2 Are you hungry? 你餓嗎? late night snack / midnight snack 宵夜
3 Is your mother in shape? 你媽媽健康嗎?
4 Are your classmates friendly? 你的同學友善嗎?
5 Is your teacher strict? 你的老師很嚴格嗎?
6 What is in your bag? 你的袋子有什麼?
7 Are dogs cute? 狗狗可愛嗎?
8 How tall am I? 我多高?
9 Is the weather cold today? 今天天氣冷嗎?
10 How many people are there in your family? 你家有多少人?
11 curfew 門禁 My mother isn’t worried about me. / My mother doesn’t worry about me.
12 My coworkers are easygoing.
13 When is Christmas?
14 Who is your favorite singer?
15 Where is your cell phone? smartphone
coconut juice

D 未來式用法,be going to 與will的區別:
1 我們可以用 be going to 或 will 來表示預測 prediction 或猜想 guess
It is going to rain tomorrow.
It will rain tomorrow.

2 也可用 be going to 或 will 來談論未來將做的事
用 be going to 來表示先前做的決定
What’s your plan for the weekend?
I’m going to see a movie this weekend.
用 will 來表示當下立刻做的決定
What’s your plan for the weekend?
I don’t know. Maybe I will see a movie.

3 用 be going to 來表達計劃,我們知道即將發生的事
I’m going to study abroad next year.

4 用 be going to 來表達現在的狀況會導致未來的行為或結果
Look at the clouds. It’s going to rain.

5 用 will 來表示承諾的事,意願,提供幫助
I’ll always love you.
I’ll help you.
I’ll call you later.

6 用 will 來表示你認為在未來會發生的事
Don’t touch the dog. It’ll bite you.

7 不是百分之百確定的時候常會用may, might,或用I guess, I think , maybe,
probably 跟will 連用。
I may/might go to a movie tonight.
I’ll probably work tonight.

I’m going to visit my friend tomorrow. 100 % sure
I’m working tonight.
I’ll probably go shopping this weekend.
I might go to a movie.
Maybe I’ll go swimming next Sunday.
I may stay home tomorrow. I’m awfully tired.
If it’s a nice day, I might play tennis. less sure
F At a hotel

1 the elevator (lift) 電梯,color (美式), colour (英式) center (美式), centre (英式) 中心
2 reception 櫃檯 3 a single room 單人房 4 a double room 雙人房
5 the (1st / ground ) floor 一樓
6 the bar 酒吧
happy hour 歡樂時光(酒有特價) buy one get one free 買一送一,three for two 買二送一
A: Good afternoon, sir. 午安,先生 ma’am 女士
B: Hi. I have a reservation. My name’s Jay Chou. 嗨,我有訂房。我的名字是周傑。
A: Could you spell your last name, please? 可以麻煩你拼你的姓嗎?
B: It’s C-H-O-U.
A: For three nights?住三晚嗎?
B: Yes, that’s right. 對,沒錯。
A: Can I have your passport, please. 我可以跟你要你的護照嗎?
B: Sure. Here you are. 沒問題,給你。
A: Can you sign here, please? Do you want a smoking or non-smoking room?
你可以在這裡簽名嗎? 你要吸菸房還是非吸煙房?
B: Smoking room, please. 請給我吸菸房。
A: Here’s your room card. It’s room 532, on the fifth floor.
這是你的房卡。是532房,在五樓。 1232 在十二樓 456 2509
B: Thank you. Where’s the elevator? 謝謝。電梯在哪裡?
A: It’s over there. Do you need help with your bag? 在那邊。你需要幫忙你拿袋子嗎?
B: No, it’s OK, thanks. 不用了。謝謝。
A: Enjoy your stay, Mr. Chou. 祝你住房愉快,周先生。
B: Thank you. 謝謝。

Can I leave my suitcase here? 我可以把我的行李箱留在這裡嗎?

tag 標籤

tips 小費

 

think, guess, suppose, assume 的用法與不同 附影片

上次錄失敗,這次第一次畫圖畫半天,開突然覺得不想開,結果第二次半夜才開,應該有成功。大概半小時後才開始說 think, guess, suppose, assume 的不同,然後前面因為沒有帶麥克風,所以一直有電風扇的風聲,前面幾分鐘換電腦之後有斷掉一下,之後聲音就比較清楚,前面是在說大家一直覺得出國就能學好英文這個誤解,大概說了一些自己留學遊學的經驗分享。

 

 

 

潔西家文法教室               Jessie

出國一定就能學好英文嗎?  It depends!   China Town   Maple Leaves

1 遊學,留學,打工度假

2 國家

3 費用

4 住宿 home stay , old people, senior citizen,

 

studying abroad 遊學,留學  working holiday

I studied in a language school for a month in Toronto. Then I went to Montreal and Quebec to travel for a month.

I studied in Sydney for one and a half years to get my master degree.

I want to get an Australian Working Holiday Visa to work and travel in Australia.

 

France, Germany, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland

British English

American English

Australian English

accent 口音  educated people

If you could do over, what would you?

discrimination    gym member

Japanese, Korean, Hong Kong people, Hong Konger

Europeans

hang out together

Yellow (x)   Asians 亞洲人

Black (x)   African American 非裔美國人

White (x)   Caucasian  高加索人  CSI  Crime Scene Investigation

Politically Correct   PC   政治正確

waiter, waitress, server 服務生

salesman, saleswoman, salesperson 銷售員  clerk

新住民,

越南新娘x,大陸妹x

having an affair 外遇

culture shock 文化衝擊  culture differences

英文好:

1 active, outgoing, talkative,  mingle, westerners, sexual harassment

2 join a club 社團,  activities 活動,   volunteer 志工, take a lesson 上課, salsa 騷莎

 

drug, rape, date rape,

 

staff only   apple

stuff

 

discrimination 歧視

 

Australia : PR   二等公民

working holiday

mingle,

party

wedding banquet 婚宴

year end banquet 尾牙

wei ya  尾牙

year end bonus 年終獎金

 

跨年晚會 countdown party

crossing year party (x)

 

 

think  認為,想法,信念

have a particular opinion or idea or believe something is true 主觀的

 

You look familiar. I think we’ve met before.      pick up line 把妹台詞

I think it’s important to learn English.             I was born in 2002.

What do you think of the movie “Your Name”?     love stories,

romantic comedies, 浪漫喜劇 animation 動畫

talent   good memories   新海誠:言葉之庭   ,Jimmy Kimmel   Halloween

Trick or Treat

 

guess (suppose: more formal)  猜想

to make a conclusion that something is true, have no prior knowledge

I think, but I’m not absolutely sure, implies some doubt or lack of conviction

give an answer to a particular question when you do not have all the facts and cannot be sure if you are correct

 

I’m not sure, but I guess he is about thirty years old.

I guess they will arrive soon.

I didn’t know all the answers, so I had to guess some of them.

She guessed that he had been drinking all night.     alcoholic 酒精中毒的人

 

midterm, final exam

 

night market, have some snacks, Taiwanese snacks,  fries, French fries

 

suppose is more formal and less frequent  推測

the speaker believes something to be true without actually knowing that it is true.

used to say you think something is true, although you are uncertain about it

used to show unwillingness to agree

 

twitch   donate :$4.99   streamer , stream   2=60

YouTuber

 

I supposed you’re right.

He didn’t answer his phone, so I suppose he is busy.

We all supposed her to be Japanese, but in fact she was Korean.

I suppose that all the tickets will be sold by now.

‘Can I go with you?’ ‘Oh, I suppose so.’

I don’t agree with it, but I suppose that it’s for the best.

 

assume (suppose: more formal)  推測,認為 (共識)    language exchange

to think that everyone knows what we are saying.

base on my knowledge and experience I think

take it for granted  理所當然

to accept something to be true without question or proof

to think that something is true although you don’t have definite proof

I expect that you know

 

Taiwanese parents assume their children will take care of them when they get old.

I didn’t see you car, so I assumed you’d gone out.

I assumed that you knew each other because you went to the same school.

I assumed she was a student.

I just assumed the man standing next to May was her boyfriend