The millionaire Canadian couple who chartered a private plane to a remote community and jumped the coronavirus vaccine queue to receive doses intended for elderly Indigenous people have been fined C$2,300 but were not sentenced to jail after pleading guilty to breaking public health rules. — The Guardian
4 queue 名，隊伍，jump the queue 片，插隊，line 名，隊伍，stand in line 片，排隊，cut in line 片，插隊
5 intend 動，計畫，打算
6 Indigenous 形，原住民的
7 plead 動，乞求，認罪
Massive spider-webs stretching across trees and paddocks have formed near towns in Australia recently hit by floods.
Residents in Victoria’s Gippsland region say the gossamer-like veils appeared after days of heavy rain.
In one area, a spider-web covered more than a kilometre along a road. — BBC
在維多莉亞的 Gippsland 區域的居民說這些蜘蛛絲般的面罩在數日的大雨後出現。
1 massive 形，大量的
2 stretch 動，延伸
3 paddock 名，農田，農場地
4 flood 名，水災
5 gossamer 蜘蛛絲，游絲
6 veil 名，面紗，遮蓋物
It will be mandatory for care home workers in England to have coronavirus vaccinations, British health minister Matt Hancock said on Wednesday, adding the government was considering whether the policy should be extended to healthcare workers too. — Reuters
英國衛生部長 Matt Hancock 在星期三說在英格蘭看護中心的工作人員接種新冠肺炎疫苗將會是強制性的，並說政府正在考慮是否這個策略應該也擴大到醫療工作人員。
1 mandatory 形，強制的
2 care home 名，看護中心
3 extend 動，擴大
Kim’s health matters in Seoul, Washington, Tokyo and other world capitals because he hasn’t publicly anointed a successor who would control an advancing nuclear program targeting the United States and its allies — if he is incapacitated. — NPR
Uefa has confirmed that “several people” are being treated in the hospital for injuries caused by a protester who parachuted into the stadium before France’s victory over Germany in their Euro 2020 game in Munich. — The Guardian
All 19 workers at a fast food restaurant in Pakistan were detained after refusing to give a group of police officers free burgers last week. — BBC
1 detain 動，拘留
The U.S. is banning the importation of dogs from more than 100 countries for at least a year because of a sharp increase in the number of puppies imported into the country with fraudulent rabies vaccination certificates. — NPR
1 importation 名，進口
2 fraudulent 形，詐欺的，fraud 形，詐騙，scam 詐騙
3 rabies 名，狂犬病
4 certificate 名，證書
The Israeli government has banned the sale of fur in the fashion industry, becoming the first country to outlaw the controversial clothing material that opponents say leads to the slaughter of millions of animals each year. — NPR
現在的結果：I can’t walk – I’ve hurt my leg. 我不能走路 – 我腳受傷了。
現在的結果：Look – he hasn’t eaten his vegetables. 你看 – 他還沒吃他的青菜。
新消息：Have you heard? He’s arrived! 你聽說了嗎？他已經抵達了！
新消息：You’ve passed the exam! 你通過考試了！
現在完成改成現在簡單：He’s lost his keys. = He can’t find them. 他丟了他的鑰匙。＝他找不到他們。
現在完成改成現在簡單：Sally’s come back. = Sally is home. 莎莉回來了。＝莎莉在家了。
The plane has landed.
We’ve washed the dishes.
The dog has died.
I’ve found my wallet. – Oh, good. Where did you find it? 我找到我的錢包了。- 太好了。你在哪裡找到的？
Your parcel has arrived. The postman brought it at eight o’clock. 你的包裹到了。郵差在八點鐘送來。
Three climbers has died in the Alps. They fell just before reaching the summit on Mont Blanc. 三個登山者死在阿爾斯山。他們在就要抵達白朗峰的頂峰時摔落。
A light passenger plane crashed in Surrey. According to eyewitnesses, the aircraft hit a tree while coming to land. 一台輕型客機在薩里郡墜毀。根據目擊著的話，飛機在降落的時候撞上一棵樹。
Who wrote that? (NOT Who has written that?) 那是誰寫的？
Bill gave me this necklace. 比爾給我這條項鍊。
Did you put this here? 你把這個放在這裡嗎？
Whose idea was it to come here on holiday? 來這裡渡假是誰的主意？
現在完成式用來描述從過去開始一直持續到現在的狀況 (up to now)，特別是當我們要表達持續多長的時間的時候。常會與 since ， for 連用。 since 後面可以加主詞，動詞，形成子句，如 since she left school 。 since 後面也可以加一個時間點 (particular time)，如：since 1973, since two years ago, since university 等。 for 後面接的是一段時間 (a duration of time)，如for two hours, for a very long time, for ages 等。
He has lived in Taipei since he was born. 他一出生就到現在都住在台北。
She has run a small business since 2012. 她從2012年開始經營一家小公司。
Helen has played the piano for two years. 海倫開始彈琴到現在兩年了。
I’ve always wanted to go to Greece, but I’ve never had time. 我一直想要去希臘，但是我一直都沒有時間。
I’ve known Tom for 7 years. (NOT I know Tom for years.) 我認識湯姆好多年了。
How long have you been here for? (=’Since when …?’) 你來這裡多久了？(從什麼時候..?)
How long are you here for? (=’Until when …?’) 你要在這裡待多久？(直到什麼時候..?)
1.He (be) unemployed. (ever since he left school)
2.I (have) trouble sleeping. (all this week)
3.I (have) trouble sleeping. (all last week)
4.(you live) in this town? (How long)
5.I (not learn) much. (in that job)
6.He was ill before Christmas, but he (be) fine. (since then)
現在完成式多會用在從過去某個時間到現在重複的活動。重複行為的時間不重要。這種表現方式常會跟著同時出現頻率副詞如：often, sometimes, occasionally, several times, twice, three times 等等。
I’ve sometimes thought of moving to Australia. 我有時候會想要搬到澳洲去住。
Benjamin’s been to Africa several times this year. 班傑明今年去過好幾次非洲。
I’ve written six letters since lunch time. 從午餐時間到現在我已經寫了六封信了。
He’s climbed a lot of mountains, but he’s never been up to Mont Blanc. 他爬過很多座山，但是他從來都沒上去過白朗峰。
1.How many cups of coffee (you drink) today?
2.Since my brother lost his job, he (write) two books.
3.I’m not cooking today – I (cook) all the meals yesterday. In fact, I (cook) most of the meals this week.
4.He (run) away from school three times when he was fourteen.
現在完成式跟過去簡單式都可以用來表達過去完成的行為。決定用那個時態常常會是看用什麼樣的時間表達語。當時間表達語是已經過去的時間 (finished time)，比方說 last night, yesterday, last month, three years ago, then, when 等，會用過去簡單式，不會用現在完成式。而當所表達的時間用語是過去的任何時間到目前為止 (any time up to now) 比方說 ever, never, before, recently, lately, often, already, yet, just 等時間用詞，則用現在完成式。
I saw Kate yesterday. (NOT I’ve seen Kate yesterday.) 我昨天看到凱特。
Have you seen Rob recently. 你最近有看到羅柏嗎？
She studied Chinese when she was at university. 她在大學的時候學中文。
He’s never studied any foreign languages. 他從來沒有學過任何外語。
1.‘Who is she?’ ‘I (‘ve never seen / never saw) her before.
2.I (‘ve done / did) a lot of stupid things in my life.
3.When (have you got / did you get ) married?
4.I’m sorry I (haven’t finished / didn’t finish) yet.
5.He (has caught / caught) the plane at eight this morning.
6.She (has left / left) school last year.
Have you seen ‘Hamlet’? (= Have you ever seen ‘Hamlet?) 你有沒有看過哈姆雷特？ (=你這輩子到現在有沒有看過哈姆雷特？)
Did you see ‘Hamlet’? (It was on TV last night) 你有看哈姆雷特嗎？(昨天晚上電視有演。)
My grandfather did a lot for me. (… when he was alive) 我的祖父為我做了很多。(…在他還活著的時候)
How many times have you been in love? 你談過幾次戀愛？
現在完成式用在最好的，最差的，第一次，第二次如 this/it/that is the first/second/third/only/best/worst 等句子。
That’s the fifth cake you’ve eaten this morning. 那是你今天早上吃的第五塊蛋糕。
This is the fifth time you’ve asked me the same question. 這是你第五次問我同樣的問題。
It’s one of the most interesting books I’ve ever read. 這是我看過最有趣的一本書。
This is the best movie I’ve ever seen. 這是我看過最棒的電影。
My sister has learned French. (She can speak French now.) 我姊姊學了法文。(她現在會說法文。)
Shakespeare probably learned Italian. (NOT Shakespeare has probably learned Italian.)
We’ve studied enough to pass the exam. (The exam is still to come.) 我們為了通過考試唸了夠多的書了。（考試還沒考。）
We studied enough to pass the exam. (The exam is over.) 我們為了通過考試唸足夠的書。（考試已經結束。）
現在完成式：時間用詞是到目前為止 (some/any time up to now) 的意思，比方說像 ever, never, before, yet, recently, already 等這些，多半用現在完成式。
過去簡單式：時間用詞是已經結束的過去時間 (finished-time words)時，用的是過去簡單式，比方說像 yesterday, then, when, last week, three years ago, in 2000 等，不可以用現在完成式，要用現在簡單式。
Have you seen Lucy anywhere? 你有沒有看到露西？
I saw Lucy yesterday. (NOT I have seen Lucy yesterday.) 我昨天看到露西。
What have you done with the car keys? I can’t find them. 你對車子鑰匙做了什麼事？我找不到他們。
What did you do then? (NOT What have you done then?) 你當時做了什麼事？
My brother has had an accident. He’s in hospital. 我哥哥發生意外了。他人在醫院。
When did the accident happen? (NOT When has the accident happened?) 意外在什麼時候發生的？
Have you even seen ‘Romeo and Juliet’? (=Have you ever seen it? Or Have you seen the present production?) 你看過羅密歐與茱麗葉嗎？(= 你曾經有看過它嗎？或是你有看過現代的製作嗎？)
Did you see ‘Romeo and Juliet’? (It was on TV last night.) 你有看羅密歐與茱麗葉嗎？(昨天晚上電視有演。)
You’ve done a lot for me. (…up to now) 你為我做了很多。（…到目前為止）
My grandmother did a lot for me. (…when she was alive) 我奶奶為我做了很多。(在她生前)
Joe has passed his exam! He got 87%. 喬通過考試了！他拿了八十七分。
There has been a plane crash near Bristol. Witness said that there was an explosion as the aircraft was taking off. 在靠近布里斯托的地方有一起墜機事件。目擊者說在飛機起飛的時候爆炸了。
Plastic items from takeaway food and drink dominate the litter in the world’s oceans, according to the most comprehensive study to date.
Single-use bags, plastic bottles, food containers and food wrappers are the four most widespread items polluting the seas, making up almost half of the human-made waste, the researchers found. Just 10 plastic products, also including plastic lids and fishing gear, accounted for three-quarters of the litter, due to their widespread use and extremely slow degradation. — The Guardian
As many as 30,071 children in India were impacted by the coronavirus pandemic, including those who have been abandoned, orphaned or lost a parent, statistics by the country’s top child rights body show. — Independent
In the mouth of the whale: lobster diver swallowed by humpback lives to tell the tale
A commercial lobster diver who got caught in the mouth of a humpback whale off the coast of Cape Cod on Friday morning said he thought he was going to die. — The Guardian
1 lobster 名，龍蝦
2 diver 名，潛水員
3 swallow 動，吞，spit 動，吐
4 humpback whale 名，座頭鯨
5 commercial 形，商業的
Blimps of Joe Biden and Boris Johnson floated off the Cornish coast on Friday as hundreds of protesters targeted the G7 summit in southwest England to demand action on the climate, poverty and COVID-19. — Reuters
2 Artists Want G-7 Leaders To End E-Waste. So They Sculpted Them Out Of Trash
A sculpture created out of electronic waste in the likeness of Mount Rushmore and the G-7 leaders sits on a hill in Cornwall, England, near where the leaders of the world’s wealthiest nations will meet. — NPR
Emmanuel Macron was slapped in the face by a man during a walkabout in southern France.
The president’s security detail immediately pulled the man to the ground and moved Macron away from the crowd, though the president appeared unhurt and determined to continue meeting the public. — The Guardian
More than 800 suspected criminals have been arrested worldwide after being tricked into using an FBI-run encrypted messaging app, officials say.
The operation, jointly conceived by Australia and the FBI, saw devices with the ANOM app secretly distributed among criminals, allowing police to monitor their chats about drug smuggling, money laundering and even murder plots. — BBC
One of the world’s biggest web outages should act as a “wake-up call” that internet infrastructure has become dangerously over-centralised and lacks resilience, security experts have warned. — The Guardian