【潔西家】經常被用錯的標點符號:逗號 comma

要出門上課了,匆匆忙忙地錄了逗號的規則,改作文時幾乎每次都會改用錯逗號的句子,不能用逗號連接兩個句子啊!昨天錄了十遍以上吧,一直不成功,今天也是不太好,講太快了啦!一直搶拍,恩,自己聽一直笑,被自己打敗的潔西要去上課了!好冷。Have a good day. Stay warm and dry!

 

 

I had a bad cough, I went to the hospital. (X)

不可以用逗號連接兩個句子(獨立子句)

I had a bad cough. I went to the hospital.

 

從屬連接詞在最前面的時候,則需要逗號。

Because I had a bad cough, I went to the hospital.

主要子句在前面的時候,不需要逗號,因為從屬連接詞就把他們分開了。

I went to the hospital, because I had a bad cough. (X)

I went to the hospital because I had a bad cough.

 

I had a bad cough, so I went to the hospital.

I had a bad cough; I went to the hospital.

從屬連接詞 when, if, before, after, because

對等連接詞 fanboys:for, and, but, or, yet, so

 

逗號 comma , 

逗號在英文中有幾個不同的功能。主要是用來分開獨立子句,一長串的項目,對等形容詞,插入性的表達語,及非限制性的詞或子句。

1. 用逗號來分開對等連接詞 (and, but, for, or, nor, yet, so) 所連接的兩個獨立子句或片語。

Five people took the course, but only three of them passed the test.  failed

Tom cooked the meal, and his wife washed the dishes.

 

2. 用逗號來分開一長串的項目。  Oxford comma

I speak Chinese, English, and Japanese.  I speak Chinese, English and Japanese.

Lisa got up, took a shower, drank a cup of coffee, and left for work.

 

3. 用逗號來分開修飾同一個名詞的對等形容詞。

He washed his new, black, shiny pickup.

Her cat has long, silky, heavy fur.

 

4. 用逗號來把句首介紹性的字、片語或子句跟主要子句分開。

First, you need to fill out this form.

Because of the heavy rains, many of the roads were flooded.

When I arrived, she had already left.

 

5. 用兩個逗號來分開插入句子中的非限定性的片語或子句。 形容詞子句

Mary, who was my best friend, dropped the class.

 

6. 用逗號來分開接在主要子句後的非限定性片語或子句

My sister lives in Taipei, which is the capital of Taiwan.

 

7. 用逗號來分開同位格(appositive)。同位格是一個名詞或名詞片語,用來重述或解釋前面的名詞,給予有關前面名詞的額外資料。

The novel, a mystery about a secret island, was an instant bestseller.

Barrack Obama, the former president of the U.S., was in New York last week.

 

8. 用逗號來分開句子中直接稱呼的對象。

Excuse me, Beth, but aren’t you late for your tennis lesson?

Please take a seat, Mr. Lin.

 

9. 用逗號來取代省略的字或片語。

The First Bank is located in a shopping mall; the City Bank, in

the heart of town.     , = is located

 

10. 用逗號來使語意更清晰。

Ever since, we have taken the plane rather than the train.

Capitalization Rules 大寫規則+潔西家小幫手時間改成 8-10pm 開台回答問題

 

今天要說的是大寫規則,接下來會講到逗號,分號,冒號等等其他標點符號的用法。

然後因為明天小幫手沒有人報名,剛好潔西咳嗽變嚴重了,另外房間的燈壞了,常常只剩暗暗的小夜燈,這樣實在沒有辦法上視訊的課,所以明天下課要感快去買燈回來安裝。對這個很不拿手,老弟說買回來自己裝比較快,也是,但是很怕裝不好,希望可以順利買到,順利安裝。所以決定把明天的小幫手時間延到明天晚上的八點到十點,開直播,回答問題,沒有人問問題的話會整理加強英文的方式,整理分享先前大家推薦的網站。先睡覺去了,好累,不知道為什麼,肩膀超重的。晚安:)

有錄了影片上傳中,剛剛上傳錯了,暈倒…

 

Capitalization Rules 大寫規則

一個句子的第一個字要大寫。I 永遠大寫。其他規則如下

My name is Jessie.  I’m a teacher.

You and I are friends.

Tom and I are classmates.

You, Tom, and I are colleagues.

 

Proper names 專有名詞的第一個字要大寫

1 人名、頭銜、商標、地標等

Jessie Lin, President Barack Obama, Coca- Cola, Taipei 101

 

2 地理名稱。如國家、城市、路名、區域、山川、海洋、河流等

Taiwan, Taipei, Zhongshan Road, Xinyi District, Jade Mountain

 

3 特定國家的人、文化、種族、語言、宗教等

Taiwanese, Hakka, Asian, Mandarin, Buddhism

 

4 學校、政府部門與機構、公司的名稱

National Taiwan University, Government Information Office, Republic of China, Red Cross, First Bank

 

5 星期、月份、紀念日、假日

Monday, March, Father’s Day, Thanksgiving

 

6 特定活動或期間,歷史性文件

the Fourteenth Amendment, Middle Ages, Operation Desert Storm, the Great Depression

 

7 宗教性著作、假日、人物

the Bible, Koran, Easter, Christmas, God, Allah

 

8 在句子中有特別意義的字

We all know that Time waits for no man.

 

9 學校課程名稱

Chemistry 101

 

縮寫、首字縮寫要大寫

IBM, WTO, AIDS, NBA= National Basketball Association

 

報章雜誌、書籍、電影等標題的第一個字與其他重要的字都要大寫。冠詞(the, a, an), 連接詞(and, but, for, or yet), 介係詞(in, to, for, up, under)等除非在第一個字,否則不必大寫。

The Lord of the Rings, La La Land, Game of Thrones,

How to Get Away with Murder

 

Content word 內文字

Function word 機能字