【潔西家】劍橋文法 中級 95 形容詞子句的縮減,分詞構句,分詞片語

因為大家都說每次文法都講很多懶得看,這次特別出了個簡短篇的跟詳細篇的,分別跟不同需要的人參考。要繼續做發音的影片了,所以晚點再來碎碎念。假如有問題歡迎提出,謝謝大家支持。啊,另外假如覺得有幫助的話歡迎利用下面小額贊助的頁面支持潔西,感恩!小額贊助

 

簡短說明形容詞子句縮減的分詞構句

 

 

詳細的說明形容詞子句縮減的分詞構句與練習題解答

 

Grammar in use Intermediate 劍橋活用英語文法 中級

95 ing 與 ed 片語

 

The person talking to Ken is my brother.

The person who is talking to Ken is my brother.

 

The car parked outside is my neighbor’s.

The car that is parked outside is my neighbor’s car.

 

形容詞子句縮減來的分詞構句

A 分詞構句的形成

分詞構句或分詞片語是由一個分詞加上一些字所組成,可以用來修飾名詞跟代名詞。分詞構句經常是由形容詞子句縮減而來,所以有時也叫做縮減子句(reduced clauses)。

 

縮減方式如下:

1 把形容詞子句中的關係代名詞去掉(只有關係代名詞為主詞時),

2 把動詞的助動詞去掉,主要動詞依主動或被動改為現在分詞或過去分詞,

3 保留原有的標點,

 

A 現在分詞,主動

1

The man who is sitting in front of John is Tom.

The man (who is sitting in front of John) is Tom.

The man sitting in front of John is Tom.

 

2

The girl who is playing basketball is my sister.

The girl (who is playing basketball) is my sister.

The girl playing basketball is my sister.

 

3

Many students who study at this university are from foreign countries.

Many students (who study at this university) are from foreign countries.

Many students studying at this university are from foreign countries.

 

4

Anyone who wants to join us is welcome.

Anyone (who wants to join us) is welcome.

Anyone wanting to join us is welcome.

5

English has an alphabet that consists of 26 letters.

English has an alphabet (that consists of 26 letters).

English has an alphabet consisting of 26 letters.

 

6

Everyone who will take the TOEIC next month must preregister.

Everyone (who will take the TOEIC next month) must preregister.

Everyone taking the TOEIC next month must preregister.

 

7

My parents, who did not have much money, never went on holiday.

My parents, (who did not have much money, never went on holiday.

My parents, not having much money, never went on holiday.

 

B 過去分詞,被動

1

I only drink juice that is made from fresh fruit that is grown organically.

I only drink juice (that is made from fresh fruit) (that is grown organically).

I only drink juice made from fresh fruit grown organically.

 

2

Be sure to follow the instructions that are given at the top of the page.

Be sure to follow the instructions (that are given at the top of the page).

Be sure to follow the instructions given at the top of the page.

 

3

The selfie that was taken by my brother is funny.

The selfie (that was taken by my brother) is funny.

The selfie taken by my brother is funny.

 

4

They live in a house that was built in 1890.

They live in a house (that was built in 1890).

They live in a house built in 1890.

 

形容詞跟形容詞片語也有相似的用法

1

Ann is the woman who is responsible for the error.

Ann is the woman (who is responsible for the error).

Ann is the woman responsible for the error.

 

2

There was one seat that was available on the flight.

There was one seat (that was available) on the flight.

There was one seat available on the flight.

 

2 分詞構句的位置與標點符號

分詞構句可用在限定子句或非限定子句。

限定子句中的分詞片語只可接在修飾名詞的後面,不加逗號。

A woman who hurried to catch a bus tripped and fell.

A woman hurrying to catch a bus tripped and fell.

 

非限定子句中的分詞片語,可以放在修飾名詞的後面,或放到修飾名詞的前面,一定要以逗號將分詞片語與整個句子隔開。

Teresa, who hurried to catch a bus, stumbled and fell.

Teresa, hurrying to catch a bus, stumbled and fell.

Hurrying to catch a bus, Teresa stumbled and fell.

 

注意事項:切記分詞片語在前面時,這個片語一定要是修飾後面句子的主詞。

Hoping for an A, my exam grade disappointed me.(X)

                      S            V

Hoping for an A, I was disappointed in my exam grade.(O)

 

Having run out of gas, Tom was late for school. (X)

Because the car ran out of gas, Tom was late for school. (O)

 

修飾整個句子的分詞片語應該用逗號將整個句子與分詞片語隔開。

The team won the championship, which shocked their opponents.

The team won the championship, shocking their opponents.

 

練習:

將下列句子改成分詞構句

1 The man who is talking to John is from Korea.

2 Our solar system is in a galaxy that is called the Milky Way.

3 The film that starts at 8 is a drama that is based on a true story.

4 The photographs which were published in the newspaper were extraordinary.

5 The people who are waiting for the bus in the rain are getting wet.

6 I come from a city that is located in the southern part of the country.

7 The children who attend that school receive a good education.

8 The scientists who are researching the causes of cancer are making progress.

9 The fence which surrounds our house is made of wood.

10  Ham which is made in the traditional way costs more, but tastes better.

11 We have an apartment which overlooks the park.

12 Luggage that is left unattended will be taken away by police.

13 Left-handed children who are forced to write with their right hands often developed psychological problems.

 

翻譯下面的句子

1 你認識那個在跟我爸爸說的話男人嗎?

2 那個正在照顧我媽媽的護士對她很好。

3 我住的公寓是在2005年蓋的。

4 有一台停在外面黑色的車裡有兩個警察坐在裡面。

5 在書裡被呈現的想法很好。

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答案

將下列句子改成分詞構句

1 The man who is talking to John is from Korea.

1 The man talking to John is from Korea.

 

2 Our solar system is in a galaxy that is called the Milky Way.

2 Our solar system is in a galaxy called the Milky Way.

 

3 The film that starts at 8 is a drama that is based on a true story.

3 The film starting at 8 is a drama based on a true story.

 

4 The photographs which were published in the newspaper were extraordinary.

4 The photographs published in the newspaper were extraordinary.

 

5 The people who are waiting for the bus in the rain are getting wet.

5 The people waiting for the bus in the rain are getting wet.

 

6 I come from a city that is located in the southern part of the country.

6 I come from a city located in the southern part of the country.

 

7 The children who attend that school receive a good education.

7 The children attending that school receive a good education.

 

8 The scientists who are researching the causes of cancer are making progress.

8 The scientists researching the causes of cancer are making progress.

 

9 The fence which surrounds our house is made of wood.

9 The fence surrounding our house is made of wood.

 

10  Ham which is made in the traditional way costs more, but tastes better.

10  Ham made in the traditional way costs more, but tastes better.

 

11 We have an apartment overlooking the park.

11 We have an apartment which overlooks the park.

 

12 Luggage that is left unattended will be taken away by police.

12 Luggage   left unattended will be taken away by police.

 

13 Left-handed children who are forced to write with their right hands often developed psychological problems.

13 Left-handed children forced to write with their right hands often developed psychological problems.

 

翻譯練習

1 你認識那個在跟我爸爸說的話男人嗎?

1 Do you know that man talking to my father?

 

2 那個正在照顧我媽媽的護士對她很好。

2 The nurse looking after my mother is very kind to her.

 

3 我住的公寓是在2005年蓋的。

3 I live in an apartment built in 2005.

 

4 有一台停在外面黑色的車裡有兩個警察坐在裡面。

4 There’s a back car parked outside with two policemen sitting in it.

 

5 在書裡被呈現 are presented 的想法很好。

5 The ideas presented in the book are good.

【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 70, 71 a, an, the 的用法

其實這一篇主要是在說定冠詞 the 的用法,一開始學英文的人可能回覺得 the 很討厭,究竟什麼時候要用 the ,什麼時候又不用 the 呢?這真的很難一一說明,有一整本書討論五十種不同用法,先前有參考寫了簡版的,不過這次寫講義的時候改了一下,把一些自己教學多年來覺得可能比較常會用到的規則整理了一下。 順便把常見前面不用加 the 被誤加的列出來,比方說國家,比方說街道。喔,國家什麼時候要加 the 什麼時候不用也有說到喔。

昨天半夜錄的影片,有點無趣,相較於 a, an 的那隻影片,錄那隻影片太亢奮了,也不知道我在興奮什麼。半夜錄的影片又太鎮定的,正經八百,莫名其妙。雙極人格的特質?希望沒有影響學習。昨天睡不著,寫了長篇文,關於語言,很多人都覺得只要去上課,英文馬上可以變好,不要小看語言好不好,不是每個會講英文的人都會教英文。實際上有機會去教中文就知道了,教英文跟教中文?我一定選教英文,中文才真的有夠難。

今天超冷的,昨天半夜冷醒,終於要把我忘記我有的毯子拿出來了!潔西正式宣佈冬天來臨!不過我還是穿著無袖的夏天洋裝加上一件長袖針織衫在家,還好我家目前沒有那麼冷,不用穿很多。十五度,體感十三度真的有冷。在加拿大的小寶笑說台灣冷?他們現在是零下一度,恩,他們贏了,但是台北還是很冷,哈哈。

居然十二點了,這種天最好就是吃火鍋,正中午打算悠哉悠哉吃火鍋的人是不是有點可恨啊?不會啦,可恨之人必有可憐之處,這可憐的人昨天上完課回到家可是晚上十一點多了呢。放飯去,午安!

 

不定冠詞 a 與 an 放在單數可數名詞前面,不可以放在複數或不可數名詞前面。

定冠詞 the 可以放在單數,複數可數名詞前面,也可以放在不可數名詞前面。

 

the 的用法

1 指特定的某一個

桌上有一盤橘子  Can I have a tangerine?

桌上有一個橘子,一個香蕉,一個蘋果  Can I have the tangerine?

 

2 講話的人彼此都知道的東西,事物

Could you close the window? It’s cold.

It’s dark in the room. Turn on the light.

Hurry up! The movie is starting.

 

3 第一次提到一個名詞的時候用 a 或 an,接下來因為彼此都知道了,就用 the

I bought a dress and a skirt. The dress was very expensive.

Joe lent me a book. The book is very interesting.

 

4 最高級的時候用 the

She’s the oldest daughter.

Paris is the most beautiful place in the world.

 

5 the 加形容詞表示該族群的人

Life nowadays is very difficult for the poor and the disabled.

There was a garden for the blind.

 

6 獨特的,唯一的存在

The moon goes around the earth.

The sun rises in the east.

 

7 方位前面

at the top, at the bottom, of the left, of the right, in the middle

In Taiwan, people drive on the right.

 

8 樂器

I can’t play the guitar.

Can you play the piano?

 

9 系統或服務

I heard it on the radio.

She likes to surf the Internet.

 

10 序數前

I live on the first floor.

We have a meeting on December the fifth.

 

11 當國家的名字當中有 union, kingdom, states, republic 時等複合字時

the United States, the United Kingdom, the Republic of China, the People’s Republic of China

Are you from the United States?

He lives in the United Kingdom.  He’s from England.

 

12 比較沒有規則的可以用慣用法來記,比方說 the same, the police, the countryside, the weather 等等

They went to the same school.

The weather wasn’t very good yesterday. 

 

13 前面不用 the 的字,語言 English, Japanese,三餐 breakfast, lunch, dinner,城市 New York, Tokyo,大部分的國家 France, Italy,電視 watch TV,this, last, next 加上 week, month, year, summer, January, Friday 等等 this Monday, last week

Do you speak Chinese?

We went to the movies last Sunday.

 

14 通常一個單數可數名詞不會單獨存在,通常需要 a 或 an 或 the 或 this, that 或 my, your 等等。

Do you have a dog? Would you like an apple? The book you want is on the table.

I don’t like this dress, but I like that one. Is this your pen or mine?   mine=my pen

 

15 英文一般要表達總體,總稱的時候,前面通常不會用 the 。

可數名詞通常用複數來表達

I don’t like carrots.  I like apple. (X)

Lemons are sour.

不可數名詞直接可以表達

 

I like coffee.

Money is important.

可以用 the 加可數單數名詞代表全部,比較不常用

The tiger is a very dangerous animal.  Tigers are very dangerous animals.

My favorite flower is the rose.  Roses are my favorite flowers.

 

翻譯練習

1 你早餐通常都吃什麼?

2 我給你票錢了嗎?

3 米在歐洲很貴。

4 我今天早上跟他講電話。

5 我們房子沒有花園

6 假如你喜歡海灘,陽光,衝浪,或許你可以考慮我們的假期套裝行程。

7 我跟我朋友要去英國旅行一個月。

8 我上個月去日本。人們很友善,空氣很清新,街道很乾淨。

9 我從圖書館借了一本書。它是我看過最糟糕的書。

10 Andrew 喜歡貓,但是他不喜歡狗。

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答案

1 你早餐通常都吃什麼?

1 What do you usually eat for breakfast?

 

2 我給你票錢了嗎?

2 Did I give you the money for the ticket?

 

3 米在歐洲很貴。

3 Rice is very expensive in Europe.

 

4 我今天早上跟他講電話。

4 I talked to him on the phone.

 

5 我們房子沒有花園

5 Our house doesn’t have a garden.

 

6 假如你喜歡海灘,陽光,衝浪,或許你可以考慮我們的假期套裝行程。

6 If you like the beach, the sun, and the surf, you might consider our vacation package.

 

7 我跟我朋友要去英國旅行一個月。

7 My friend and I are taking a trip to the U.K. for a month.

 

8 我上個月去日本。人們很友善,空氣很清新,街道很乾淨。

8 I went to Japan last month. The people were friendly, the air was fresh, and the streets were clean.

 

9 我從圖書館借了一本書。它是我看過最糟糕的書。

9 I borrowed a book from the library. It was the worst book I have ever read.

 

10 Andrew 喜歡貓,但是他不喜歡狗。

10 Andrew likes cats, but he doesn’t like dogs.

【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 66 不定冠詞 a, an 用法

真不敢相信我花了十幾個小時以上來寫 a, an, the 的講義,更不敢相信我剛剛錄了27分的影片。那個我來附上舊的簡單版的連結好了,這個是比較詳細的用法,所以碎碎念了很多,連男生把妹的招術都說出來了,哈哈,大家可以運動的時候聽,做菜的時候聽。錄得太開心的,不知不覺快半個小時。或許改天再錄個短版也不一定。

今天休假。八點起床算很早呢。摸了一整天就做好講義而已。喔,下午出去轉換一下心情,走到我家附近的環球百貨。其實只是想走路散步而已,晃到 UNIQLO 的時候不小心試穿了幾件衣服,拿了兩件洋裝,對,我超愛買洋裝的,要去結帳,結果,怎麼回事啦,明明是星期二下午三點,結帳排隊的有十多個人,很誇張,有時候假日都沒有這麼多人。排隊是件很困難的事,叫我等那麼多人,只好捨愛,還有因為要趕回去倒垃圾。結果回到家的時候,平常三點半到有時還快四點才到的垃圾車居然在三點二十五分跟我在巷口擦身而過,太過分了,還好,似乎是潔西老爸幫潔西到了垃圾,感恩。衣服沒買當作省下來吧。嗚嗚。

今天還出去一次,早上量體重前想說,要是沒超過多少就去買麻糬吃,上星期吃了三次,超肥的,結果超重。想說,好吧,下午吃蘋果好了,但是吃了蘋果,傍晚的時後,還是忍不住去買了紅豆餅來吃,還是很肥啊。吃了一個還有一個,我現在正虎視眈眈地看著,應該等等就入我的小肚了。最近連續看日劇裡面看到「小腹」,指的是我有點肚子餓了,日本最新流行語嗎?外國人講了,日本人就說哇,你日語好厲害。有什麼台灣用語外國人講了台灣人聽了會說,哇,你中文好好喔?

喔,去買肥滋滋的紅豆餅的時候為了要衝過馬路,小跑步起來,所以呢過了馬路之後覺得,恩,是該要多跑步一下呢,就跑著跑著跑回家,進我家巷子,快到家前有人叫著潔西,你錢掉了,一個可愛的高中小女生追上來,真是感動啊,居然跟進巷子裡面,我自己想想都好笑。因為我小跑步,外套口袋裡面有零錢自己沒注意到,跑得很開心,小女生可能是在飲料店等飲料,因為我沒有跟別人錯身而過,一路追進巷子,辛苦她了,感恩啊。今天才在看一篇 random acts of kindness 非故意的善行,spontaneous 自發性的,隨性的。

早起好累喔,大家每天都那麼早起床,辛苦了。居然十一點了,太不可思議了,想睡了是理所當然了。大家晚安!

簡短篇:

【潔西家】從頭學文法之十一:冠詞 a 與 an

 

 

 

 

 

她是大學老師。She is a college teacher.   They are college teachers. 

可以借我筆嗎? Can I borrow a/your pen?

我沒有車子。I don’t have a car.

 

ㄧ 不定冠詞 a 與 an 的用法

1 非特定的單數名詞前

Do you have a car?

She has a daughter.

 

2 用來說明一個人或一件事

She’s a wonderful person. 

Their new car is a BMW.

 

3 在談論一個人的工作時

Susan is a reporter.

Brad Pitt is an actor.

I’m a teacher. I’m an English teacher. I’m a Japanese teacher. 

 

4 第一次講到某個人或某件事

There is a book on the table. The book is very interesting. 

I need to buy a new pen. 

 

5 當我們談論的時候並非指的是某個特定的東西時

When I arrived, Tom was reading a book. 

I forgot my pencil box. Can I borrow a pen?

 

6 什麼時候用 a ? 什麼時候用 an ?

當名詞的字首發音是子音時,名詞前加 a

a waiter, a ticket, a bank, a pear, a dog

當名詞的字首發音是母音時,名詞前加 an

an engineer, an umbrella, an egg, an organization, an airport, an ice cream cone

 

注意

母音字母有五個 a, e, i, o, u。一般可以看字首的字母來決定加 a 或 an,但是實際上是按發音,非拼字,特別注意少數字首不發音的子音與母音字母發子音的字

字首 h 發音:a hat, a house

字首 h 不發音,接下來的發音是母音的時候:an hour, an honest man

字首 u 發母音:an umbrella, an uncle

字首 u 發子音:a university, a uniform      you/ju/

 

7 當名詞第一個字母為英文字母時,需注意英文字母的發音,比方說 M,M 不是母音字母,但是單獨念的時候發音 M [ɛm] 的首音是母音,前面就必須要加 an ,所以是 an MRT station,而 C 是子音,單獨念的時候 C [si] 的首音是子音,所以是 a CD. 其他如:a VIP, an ID card, an MP3 player, an SOS

 

The English Alphabet 英文字母

Aa [e]  Bb [bi]  Cc [si]  Dd [di]  Ee [i]  Ff [ɛf]  Gg [dʒi]  Hh [etʃ]  Ii [aɪ]  

Jj [dʒe]  Kk [ke]  Ll [ɛl]  Mm [ɛm] Nn [ɛn] Oo [o]  Pp [pi]  Qq [kju]  Rr [ɑr] 

Ss [ɛs]  Tt [ti]  Uu [ju] Vv [vi]  Ww [ˋdʌblju]  Xx [ɛks]  Yy [waɪ]  Zz [zi]

 

什麼時候用 one 

1 用來跟 another, other, others 對比

   One girl wanted to go out, but the others wanted to stay at home.

 

2 用來表達 one day

   One day I’ll take you to meet my family.

 

3 跟 hundred 百,thousand 千用在想要聽起來是很精確的時候

   ‘How many are there? About a hundred?’ ‘Exactly one hundred and three.’

 

4 用在慣用語 only one, just one 

   We’ve got plenty of sausages, but only one egg. 

how English works   Oxford

 

翻譯練習:

1 我媽媽必須穿制服上班。

2 他遲到了一個小時。

3 它是個困難的考試。

4 小勞勃道尼(Robert Downey Jr) 是個美國演員。

5 我的皮包裡面有張信用卡。

6 我昨天去醫院照 X 光片。

7 我昨天晚上在電視上看了一部老電影。

8 你要吃香蕉嗎?

9 Dean 沒有工作。

10 這附近有捷運站嗎?

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答案

1 我媽媽必須穿制服上班。

1 My mother has to wear a uniform to work.  

 

2 他遲到了一個小時。

2 He was late for an hour. 

 

3 它是個困難的考試。

3 It is a difficult exam. 

 

4 小勞勃道尼(Robert Downey Jr.) 是個美國演員。

4 Robert Downey Jr. is an American actor. 

 

5 我的皮包裡面有張信用卡。

5 There is a credit card in my wallet. 

   Where is my credit card? Your credit card is in your wallet. 

   The credit card is in the wallet. 

 

6 我昨天去醫院照 X 光片。

6 I went to the hospital for an X-Ray. 

 

7 我昨天晚上在電視上看了一部老電影。

7 I watched an old movie on TV last night. 

 

8 你要吃香蕉嗎?

8 Would you like a banana?

 

9 Dean 沒有工作。

9 Dean doesn’t have a job.

 

10 這附近有捷運站嗎?

10 Is there an MRT station nearby?     subway station

同等比較/同級比較

形容詞跟副詞的同等比較,例子都是形容詞的,可以參考做一下,這不難,不及比較可能要想一下。五天假期飛快的過去了,大家不願意面對的事實即將來臨。準備開始做收心操了,潔西剛逛PTT,大家連假在比宅,我沒朋友也沒錢都宅在家裡面,潔西想說這好像在說我喔,然後想到,不對,今天下午跟朋友出去喝下午茶,昨天還去看一級玩家,恩,不夠宅,哈哈。

怎麼辦,懶得寫中文的翻譯。天啊,八點了,下午茶吃太飽都不會餓,不過還是要來去吃個東西,不然晚一點一定餓到睡不著。

基本上潔西就是把句型寫出來,下面有例子,然後後面有練習題。這還算簡單好用的文法。我不像你那麼懶 I’m not as lazy as you. 我沒看過像你看過那麼多的電影 I haven’t seen as many movies as you have. 其他的可以看或聽影片。

 

 

1 形容詞同等比較

N1 + be + as + adj + as + N2

James is as tall as Peter. They are the same height.

This watch is as expensive as that watch.

 

2 副詞同等比較

N1 + V + as + adv + as + N2 + 助動詞

I work as hard as you do.

John plays as well as Tony does.

 

3 形容詞不及比較

N1 + be + not + as + adj + as + N2

James is not as tall as Peter.

This dress is not as pretty as that one.

 

4 副詞不及比較

N1 + 助動詞 + not + V + as + adv + as N2 + 助動詞

He doesn’t run as fast as I do.

Taylor doesn’t sing as beautifully as Adele does.

 

5 N1 + be + less + adj + than + N2 (僅限於多音節)

This book is less expensive than that book.

= This book isn’t as expensive as that book.

 

6 N1 + V + less + adv + than + N2

Taylor sings less beautifully than Adele does.

= Taylor doesn’t sing as beautifully as Adele does.

 

練習題ㄧ:用 as…as 完成下列句子。

1 Mary is ________________ her brother. (tall)

2 A lemon isn’t ________________ an orange. (sweet)

3 This book is ________________ that one. (new)

4 A donkey isn’t ________________ a horse. (big)

5 A pencil isn’t ________________ a pen. (expensive)

 

練習二:用 as…as 造出與下列各提同義的句子。

例:

Bob is younger than Mary. (old) — Bob isn’t as old as Mary.

This book is less expensive than that one. (expensive) — This book isn’t as expensive as that one.

1 I am shorter than my sister. (tall)

2 This exercise is more difficult than the last one. (easy)

3 My new shoes are less comfortable than my old ones. (comfortable)

4 My little finger is shorter than my index finger. (long)

5 A radio is less expensive than a TV set. (expensive)

6 This book is worse than that book. (good)

 

練習三

  1. Do you think crime in Taiwan is as bad as the crime in America?
  2. Do you think men are as honest as woman?
  3. Are you as smart as your brother or sister?
  4. Is the quality of life in Taiwan as good as that in Japan?
  5. Is riding a scooter as safe as driving a car?
  6. Is your free time as important to you as your job?

 

 

答案

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練習題ㄧ:用 as…as 完成下列句子。

1 Mary is ___as tall as_____________ her brother. (tall)

2 A lemon isn’t __as sweet as______________ an orange. (sweet)

3 This book is ____as new as ____________ that one. (new)

4 A donkey isn’t __as big as______________ a horse. (big)

5 A pencil isn’t __as expensive______________ a pen. (expensive)

 

練習二:用 as…as 造出與下列各題同義的句子。

例:

Bob is younger than Mary. (old) — Bob isn’t as old as Mary.

This book is less expensive than that one. (expensive) — This book isn’t as expensive as that one.

1 I am shorter than my sister. (tall)

I am not as tall as my sister.

2 This exercise is more difficult than the last one. (easy)

This exercise is not as easy as the last one.

3 My new shoes are less comfortable than my old ones. (comfortable)

My new shoes aren’t as comfortable as my old ones.

4 My little finger is shorter than my index finger. (long)

My little finger isn’t as long as my index finger.

5 A radio is less expensive than a TV set. (expensive)

A radio isn’t as expensive as a TV set.

6 This book is worse than that book. (good)

This book isn’t as good as that book.

 

練習三

  1. Do you think crime in Taiwan is as bad as the crime in America?

I think crime in Taiwan isn’t as bad as the crime in America.

  1. Do you think men are as honest as woman?

Men aren’t as honest as women. Men are as honest as women.

  1. Are you as smart as your brother or sister?

I am as smart as my brother and sister.

  1. Is the quality of life in Taiwan as good as that in Japan?

The quality of life in Taiwan isn’t as good as that in Japan.

  1. Is riding a scooter as safe as driving a car?

Riding a scooter isn’t as safe as driving a car.

  1. Is your free time as important to you as your job?

My free time is as important to me as my job.

 

分詞構句,形容詞子句縮減成分詞形容詞片語,副詞子句縮減成副詞片語

一不小心就說了一個多小時,潔西覺得一講就講不完啊,真的會有人有時間花一個多小時聽嗎?不過真的可以一邊打掃房間一邊洗碗做家事的時候或運動的時候一邊聽,潔西聽 Ted Talks 大概都這樣,典型 multi-tasking 多工型,日文叫做 ながら, 就是同時一起做好幾件事的人。

 

潔西就一個離題王,而且給很多例子,不過真的例子多做就有概念了,因為潔西自己說到後面都覺得,都快背起來了,一直說重複的東西,真的有聽過一次真的會印象還蠻深的,潔西自己覺得。不過呢一下子講太難的東西,感覺可能從中間看的人也不知道要從何看起。下次挑簡單一點的好了,然後可以開放點時間給大家問問題。今天忘記了,因為講好久了,不知不覺就一個多小時。

 

然後開台有個大好處就是,YouTube會自己主動轉檔,超快的,潔西平常上傳到都快瘋掉的久,開完台沒多久就轉好了。缺點是,恩,所有都會錄進去,然後很不好意思的是,潔西最後面明明停止了,結果摸了很久突然發現,啊!!!!!怎麼會什麼時候又自己打開了,還是剛剛沒關好,然後就看到潔西一直在捉該去洗的頭的圖,恩,後面請大家自己省略不要看。潔西再來上網查查看能不能修改,看怎麼樣把後面修掉,這應該很多學生都會,他們實況主,啊,但是他們都有專人幫忙重事後製,他們只要坐著數鈔票就好了(誤),等等被打,還想要找人家出來吃飯,到時候沒人要理潔西就糗大了。今天這捉頭圖已經夠糗了,然後自己看的時候發現一個更好笑的是,因為設定的關係,所以鏡頭是聰明的還是笨蛋的呢?他會自己主動調整距離,一下子拉近,一下子縮遠,還蠻好玩的,唉,是蠻好笑的。懶得聽的人可以看文字,這次有加一點比較簡單的例句進去,希望有點幫助。

 

 

詞性是很多人的弱點,中文都是興趣,英文動詞,名詞,形容詞還分現在分詞跟過去分詞的 ed 形容詞跟 ing 形容詞,每個用法都不一樣,要特別注意一下啊!

English has always interested me. (Verb)

I’ve always had an interest in English. (Noun)

English is interesting. (present participle/adjective)

I’m interested in English. (past participle/adjective)

I lost interest halfway through the book and I never finished it.

Unfortunately, I lost interest half way through the film.

He never seems to show any interest in his children.

 

 

 

Participial Phrases  分詞片語                        

. 分詞的定義與種類

分詞(participle是由動詞詞轉變而來的形容詞。

 

現在分詞(present participle)可以是由主動動詞(active verb)而來,有ing的結尾。

 

The news surprised everyone.

She told me a surprising thing.

 

過去分詞(past participle)可以是由被動動詞(passive verb)而來,常有ed結尾,也就是動詞的第三態。

His wallet was stolen.

It’s illegal to buy stolen goods.

 

 

下面有一點要很注意的在影片裡面重複很多次就是,主詞一定要一樣才可以縮減,不要忘記了喔。

. 分詞片語的形成

分詞片語是由一個分詞加上一些字所組成,可以用來修飾名詞跟代名詞。分詞片語經常是由形容詞子句縮減而來,所以有時也叫做縮減子句(reduced clauses)。

縮減方式如下:

 

  1. 把形容詞子句中的關係代名詞去掉(只有關係代名詞為主詞時),
  2. 把動詞的助動詞去掉,主要動詞改為分詞,
  3. 保留原有的標點,
  4. 否定句則將not放到分詞前即可。

 

The man (who is sitting in front of John) is Tom.

The man (sitting in front of John) is Tom.

 

The girl (who is playing basketball) is my sister.

The girl playing basketball is my sister.

 

The taxi driver, (who did not realize what happened), continued on.

The taxi driver, not realizing what happened, continued on.

 

 

Anyone (who wants to join us) is welcome.

Anyone wanting to join us is welcome.

 

The selfie (that was taken by my brother) is funny.

The selfie taken by my brother is funny.

 

A pedestrian (who had been hit by a speeding taxi) was lying in the street.

A pedestrian hit by a speeding taxi was lying in the street.

 

 

An ambulance (that was summoned by a bystander) came quickly.

An ambulance summoned by a bystander came quickly.

 

 

你認識那個跟珍說話的男生嗎?

Do you know that man?

The man is talking to Jane.

Do you know the man who is talking to Jane?

Do you know the man talking to Jane?

 

我住的公寓是在2005年蓋的。

I live in an apartment.

It was built in 2005.

I live in an apartment that was built in 2005.

I live in an apartment built in 2005.

 

 

. 分詞片語的位置與標點符號

分詞片語可用在限定子句或分限定子句。

 

限定子句中的分詞片語只可接在修飾名詞的後面,不加逗號。

A woman (hurrying to catch a bus) tripped and fell.

 

非限定子句中的分詞片語,可以放在修飾名詞的後面,或放到修飾名詞的前面,一定要以逗號將分詞片語與整個句子隔開。

Teresa, (hurrying to catch a bus), stumbled and fell.

Hurrying to catch a bus, Teresa stumbled and fell.

 

 

注意事項:切記分詞片語在前面時,這個片語一定要是修飾後面句子的主詞。

Hoping for an A, my exam grade disappointed me.(X)

S            V

Hoping for an A, I was disappointed in my exam grade.(O)

 

Having run out of gas, Tom was late for school. (X)

Because the car ran out of gas, Tom was late for school. (O)

 

 

 

修飾整個句子的分詞片語應該用逗號將整個句子與分詞片語隔開。

The team won the championship, shocking their opponents.

The team won the championship, which shocked their opponents.

 

 

. 現在分詞片語

現在分詞片語可能是由現在式,過去式,或未來式所形成。

現在簡單式

Many students (who study at this university) are from foreign countries.

Many students studying at this university are from foreign countries.

 

現在進行式

Students (who are taking calculus must) buy a graphing calculator.

Students taking calculus must buy a graphing calculator.

 

過去簡單式

The team members, (who looked happy after their victory), were cheered by the fans.

The team members, looking happy after their victory, were cheered by the fans.

 

過去進行式

The crowd, (which was cheering wildly as the game ended), would not leave the stadium.

Cheering wildly as the game ended, the crowd would not leave the stadium.

 

未來式

Everyone (who will take the TOEFL next month) must preregister.

Everyone taking the TOEFL next month must preregister.

 

 

. 過去分詞片語

過去分詞片語可能由現在式或過去式的被動動詞形成。

現在簡單式

Lab reports (that are not handed in by Friday) will not be accepted.

Lab reports not handed in by Friday will not be accepted.

 

I get up at 7.00.

 

過去簡單式

The proposed law, (which was opposed by the majority of the people), did not pass.

The proposed law, opposed by the majority of the people, did not pass.

 

minority

 

 

 

. 副詞子句的縮減

有些副詞子句也可以用相同的方式縮減成分詞片語。分詞片語在前面時,用逗號將之與獨立子句分開,分詞片語在後面時,則不須逗號。

 

When you enter a theater, you should turn off your cell phone.

You should turn off your cell phone when you enter a theater.

When entering a theater, you should turn off your cell phone.

You should turn off your cell phone when entering a theater.

 

While I was taking the MRT, I ran into my ex-boyfriend.

While taking the MRT, I ran into my ex-boyfriend.

Taking the MRT, I ran into my ex-boyfriend.

 

 

縮減方式如下:

  1. 確定主要子句跟副詞子句的主詞是相同的,
  2. 省略副詞子句的主詞,假如必要的話,把分詞片語移到最前面(因為有時候改成分詞片語語義會引起誤會,所以要放到最前面),
  3. 將副詞子句改為適當的分詞片語,
  4. 根據下列規則,保留或刪去某些副詞子句的從屬代名詞。
  5. 保留before跟時間子句的since
  6. 保留after, while, when,假如這些從屬代名詞放在主要子句後面。當這些從屬代名詞放在主要子句前時,可保留也可省略。
  7. 省略表示理由的because, since, as與表示時間的as。

 

 

. 副詞子句的縮減

Before a student chooses a college, he or she should consider several factors.

Before choosing a college, a student should consider several factors.

A student should consider several factors before choosing a college.

 

 

After he had passed the TOEFL exam, he became a freshman in college.

After passing the TOEFL exam, he became a freshman in college.

 

 

Because Carlos came from a very conservative family, he was shocked at the U.S. system of coed dormitories.

Coming from a very conservative family, Carlos was shocked at the U.S. system of coed dormitories.

 

mixed, guest house, youth hostel, male, female, mixed

 

As he gradually got used to the way of life in the United States, he became less homesick.

Gradually getting used to the way of life in the United States, he became less homesick.

 

 

 

七. 翻譯練習:請用分詞構句寫出下列句子

 

1 我在超市買東西的時候,遇到一個老朋友。

While I was shopping in the supermarket, I ran into an old friend.

 

2 在出門上班前,我吃了早餐。

Before I left for work, I had breakfast.

Before I left for work, I had had breakfast.

Before leaving for work, I had breakfast.

 

3 自從來這家公司上班後,她學了很多。

Since she worked for this company, she has learned a lot.

Since working for this company, she has learned a lot.

 

4 缺乏必需的資格(qualification),他沒有拿到那份工作。

He lacked the necessary qualification, he didn’t get the job.

Lacking the necessary qualification, he didn’t get the job.

 

 

負擔不起車子,我買了一臺摩托車。

Because I am not able to afford a car, I bought a scooter.

Because not being able to afford a car, I bought a scooter.

Because being unable to afford a car, I bought a scooter.

Being unable to afford a car, I bought a scooter.

 

paper driver

 

 

  1. 七. 翻譯練習:請用分詞構句寫出下列句子
  2. While shopping in the supermarket, I ran into an old friend.
  3. Before leaving for work, I ate breakfast.
  4. Since working for this company, she has learned a lot.
  5. Lacking the necessary qualification, he didn’t get the job.
  6. Being unable to afford a car, I bought a scooter.

ed 形容詞,ing 形容詞,現在分詞與過去分詞當形容詞的用法的區別

潔西今天玩了一下開放的直撥,不過時間有點晚也沒有先預約,因為有點臨時起意。星期六晚上應該可以來直播一下大家弄不太清楚地現在分詞,雖然有點想約同學去吃飯,但是沒人要理潔西,哈哈,沒有啦,是潔西又吃藥去亂他們了,對不起各位同學,他們其實不難找啦,諳哥很阿莎力的,上次找他出來吃飯看電影,二話不說就說好,椅子也是很帥氣的直接跑來中和找潔西吃飯,大家人很好,只是潔西最近壞掉了,像今天又頭痛,又忘記帶藥出門,回到家就痛成笨蛋了,吃了藥睡覺,醒來躺在地上躺好久,不想起來。最近每天都拖地,因為把懶骨頭放著,直接躺在地上看影集比椅子舒服,還想把椅子拿出去,可惜沒有升高的桌子可以站著打字,潔西在新北圖書館總館都喜歡去那種高桌子,就可以站著打字,覺得很不錯。剛剛原本想說躺在地上開直播,但是用 MacBook Air 不是很熟悉,說不定等等就躺在地上繼續開了,開實況其實沒差,就一樣是潔西自己一直說啊,哈哈。不過有問題的人可以提出來也可以聊聊天就是了。

 

好吧,否定掉繼續開實況的決定,因為突然發現一點半了啊!還是早點睡,作息很不OK,不過因為就是一直頭痛,頭痛吃了藥就會睡著,剛剛睡到九點多,現在也不睏,不過還是去睡好了,明天再繼續。今天第一次公開開,有建議的再麻煩大家提出,謝謝:)

 

 

潔西家英語教室  Jessie

我很無聊  bored, boring    I’m boring. You are interesting.    I am bored.

我工作很累  tired, tiring   I’m tired.  My job is tiring.

 

形容詞   分詞形容詞Participle Adjectives        

現在分詞 (Present Participle, V-ing) 現在分詞是動詞原型加上ing (V-ing),如:breaking,用在進行式,也可以當形容詞用。如:breaking news  即時(的)新聞

1 當現在分詞是描述感受時,表達的是修飾的名詞給人的感受。修飾對象可能為人或物。可翻譯為修飾的名詞令人感到…

The actor is always amusing.

Your Name is touching. I’m touched.

amusing 修飾的是 actor。那個演員總是讓人感到很有趣。

The annoying sound is coming from our neighbor.

annoying 修飾的是 sound。煩人的聲音是從隔壁傳來的。

 

2 當現在分詞是描是動作時,表達的是修飾名詞本身主動的動作,或可能的用途。可翻譯為做某動作的名詞,或是可以用來…的名詞

The laughing audience enjoyed the movie.

laughing 修飾的是audience。大笑的觀眾很喜歡那部電影。

This is a cooking utensil.

cooking 修飾的是utensil。這是一個做菜的用具。

 

3 現在分詞可能是由形容詞子句縮減來的形容詞。

I don’t like the man (who is )wearing a pink shirt.

I don’t like the man wearing a pink shirt.

 

過去分詞(Past Participle, V3) break, broke, broken

exchange gifts, mugs                                                                         

過去分詞是動詞第三變化(V3),如:broken,用在完成式與被動語態,也可當形容詞用。如:a broken cup 一個破掉的杯子。

1 當過去分詞是描述感受時,表達的是修飾名詞本身的感受,通常修飾的對象會是人。可翻譯為修飾名詞感到…

Sue was shocked by the news.   I’m worried.

I’m surprised.

shocked 修飾的是Sue。Sue 對那個消息感到震驚。

The confused student couldn’t answer the question.

confused 修飾的是student. 感到困惑的學生無法回答問題。

 

2 當過去分詞是描述動作時,表達的是修飾名詞所接受的動作的影響,所被加諸的動作,有被動的意味。可翻譯為被(有)…的修飾名詞。

The cooked noodles needed some more salt.

cooked 修飾的是麵。(被)煮好的麵還需要多一些鹽。

Rob fixed the broken window.  worked, worked

broken 修飾的是window。Rob修好破掉的(被打破的)窗戶。

 

3 過去分詞可能是由形容詞子句縮減來的形容詞。

The woman (who was) hit by a car was sent to the hospital.

The woman hit by a car was sent to the hospital.

 

 同學常常弄不清楚分詞形容詞的主要原因之一是因為這種形容詞的中文的意思都很接近,或幾乎一樣。

Math is boring.    數學很無聊。

I’m bored.        我很無聊。

 

注意事項:

首先要注意的是形容詞修飾的對象。形容只能用來修飾名詞,所以修飾名詞時不外是放在名詞前或放在連綴動詞後這兩種句型。一般常見的連綴動詞是如be, become, seem, sound等動詞。放連綴動詞後的形容詞用來修飾主詞。其他時候形容詞多放在名詞前面。所以先找出形容詞修飾的對象後,再找出兩者間的關係,就可以比較容易的決定該用現在分詞還是過去分詞來修飾。

Tom is surprised by the shocking news.

湯姆對那個驚人的消息感到驚訝。

surprised 修飾的是 Tom,是 Tom 感受到驚訝,所以用surprised。

shocking 修飾的是 news,是 令人感到震驚的消息,所以用 shocking

 

描述感覺的分詞形容詞比較不容易錯,通常過去分詞V3,用來修飾人: 現在分詞用來修飾物,但要注意現在分詞也可以修飾人,只是不那麼常用。

如: David is bored.   David感到無聊。

David is a boring boy.  David令人感到無聊。

 

描述動作的分詞形容詞比較需要仔細想一想。

The equator is the dividing line between the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

赤道是南北半球間的一條劃分線。

Dividing 修飾的是 line,線是主動將南北半球劃分開來,而不是被劃分。

Experienced travelers pack lightly.

有經驗的旅行者打包輕便行李。

Experienced修飾的是旅行者,有被經驗加諸在身上的意思。

 

慣用法。另外有些狀態被動的過去分詞是慣用法,很難說出個道理,這時候就要單獨記。大部份這些例外都是一些慣用法,常用就記住了,不太須要死被。 多讀多聽多運用多練習是不二法門。

The door is locked. 門鎖上了。

He is married.

I’m interested in English.   I’m finished.  I’m Finnish.

Rose is satisfied with her job.  Rose很滿意她的工作。

They are finished with their work.  他們完成了工作。

The potatoes are not done. They need another five minutes.  馬鈴薯還沒好。還要再五分鐘。

The office is very crowded. 辦公室非常的擁擠。

I’m sorry. You’re not qualified for the job.

很抱歉,你不符合這份工做的要求。

 

 

練習題

  1. Alice saw an interesting/interested movie with a boring/bored guy. She was fascinating/fascinated by the movie but disappointing/disappointed with the guy.
  2. I’m not surprising/surprised at this. Alice’s mood is always very surprising/surprised.
  3. If a door revolves(旋轉),it’s a revolving/revolved door.
  4. If you dry fruit, it becomes drying/dried fruit.
  5. If the weather freezes things, it is called freezing/frozen weather. It’s freezing.  I’m starving.
  6. If you freezes vegetables, they are called freezing/frozen vegetables.
  7. If water is boiling, we call it boiling/boiled water.
  8. If a person is missing, we call him or her a missing/missed person.
  9. That’s hard work! I’m exhausting/exhausted. I need to rest for a while.
  10. Taiwan is locating/located in Southeast Asia.

east, west, south, north, Northeast Airlines,

southeast, northeast, southwest, northwest

 

答案

1. interesting, boring, fascinated, disappointed  2. surprised, surprising

  1. revolving 4. dried 5. freezing  6. frozen  7. boiling  8. missing
  2. exhausted 10. located

已讀未回,比較級,最高級簡單用法整理

 

關於已讀未回,潔西想說的是…

 

先說已讀未回,昨天寫一半的文法的比較級跟最高級放後面。這篇很想說很久了,(然後卡一下,這篇寫了一兩個星期了,還沒發就被追殺了XD 發完快去回,請再等等)

 

很多人都很在意已讀未回,潔西是自己也是已讀未回慣犯,所以把藉口寫一寫大家參考一下。然後被潔西已讀未回的請多敲幾次。然後看潔西明明有時間發廢文但沒時間回你的訊息的人不要太在意,潔西多半是忘了或者還在醞釀要怎麼回,這藉口還可以嗎XD

 

1 第一種有點不太一樣,是在線上怎麼敲都不回,那很簡單,潔西的話其實通常是在掛網,人不在電腦前。不然就是在忙,有空的時候自然就會回了啊,真的有時候沒事沒事,有事同時好幾人在線上敲問事情的時候,一不小心就錯頻了。恩,最後就是很明顯不想理你,就不要煩他了啦

 

2 已讀了,但是人在外面或在忙,潔西常這樣,因為潔西用手機打字很慢,所以都會想說等晚一點有空或回家的時候再回,但是常常會回去一忙就忘了…所以有重要的事就麻煩多敲幾次

 

3 覺得須要很認真的思考,有空的時候再來好好的詳細的回,但是呢,常常留言一多就被蓋過去,一忙就忘了

 

4 不是問題的留言,覺得只是對方想說點話,表達意見,分享看法。也沒有什麼可以回應的或不知道該怎麼回應的。潔西後來發現很多人,尤其是男生,假如要他們回的話,必須把想說的話寫成很明確的問句他們才會回,假如都是問句了還每次都已讀不回,恩,那就算了,這個人大概就不值得你花時間一而三再而三地一直留言。

 

5 心情不好的時候,就不會回。先前在已婚的前男友的FB留生日快樂的留言。他回潔西問潔西 How are you? 那時狀況很差啊,就一整個不想打馬呼眼就沒回,但是老實說,外國人很多的 How are you? 就跟 Hello! 台灣的「甲飽沒」有時也沒有真的期待你的回答啦,不過潔西心情不好不想理人不想說話的時候就會刻意忘記回,所以也來能體諒別人狀況不好不回。恩,但就這點一定要唸個某某學生前陣子都給潔西已讀不回,然後居然還敢去鬧潔西狀態,這可惡的傢伙啊!還好前幾天有回,不然又要被潔西唸一輩子了啊,哈哈

 

6 不知道該怎麼回答的就不會回。有的人就會問或說一些怪怪很無言你不知道怎麼回的話,那就只有當作沒看到,自然而然已讀未回囉。潔西三不五時想到就會常去留怪怪留言的人,所以很習慣沒被回…

 

7 大家都不相信,但是 FB 跟 Line 真的都會吃留言吃訊息啦!真的就是沒收到,係金ㄟ。很少,但是還是會有。最近才被給看對方的訊息,就有圖,有潔西的照片,但潔西就真的沒收到啊!還發生過好幾次。

 

8 潔西在睡夢中收發的訊息自己都不知道,所以…,話說昨天又發了一堆,早上起來發給誰過都不記得…

 

反正已讀未回就未回啊,有事就多敲幾次,不然就直接打電話,不爽回就不要回,忘記回就忘記回,世界很大,人很多,天災人禍不斷,那天一早手機一早開就是法國的悲劇,唉,不要計較太多啦,想做的事想說的話想達到的目標好好去追求,很多是真的不用太在意一些對自己沒有幫助的事啦。然後潔西真的大部分都是忘記回,請多敲幾次,像 Line 也很常會忘記看,常常隔一兩天才會看到過期訊息…

 

真的真的還是不回就算了,別跟自己過意不去。潔西自己也好不到哪去,說的比做的容易 easier said than done 說了不下一百遍了吧?今天被醫生問到最近如何,恩,回答就是一言難盡啊。就一個很忙,然後心情比較跳吧,出去吃吃喝喝的時候當然心情不錯,上課上不好又一整個掉下來。好像最近也抱怨頗多,然後剛剛突然想到,一個人究竟能夠多真確地看待自己,自己是什麼樣的人?做著什麼樣的事?真的客觀的不帶偏見的去評斷自己做的事情是正確的還是不正確的。

 

突然好想哭喔,這想哭的天氣,醫生問說天氣有沒有關?潔西覺得有耶,今天就一直很想哭啊,這種天氣,昨天終於整理了一下信用卡簽單,雖然開始上課有薪水領了,不過信用卡隨便刷就超過好多,就仗著開始工作可以花錢的那種心情亂花錢?然後收到健身房帳單,好久好久沒去,藉口好多,一直偷懶。 腦袋有點空空啊最近,覺得備課有點吃力。有種說不出的累。

 

啊,今天早上六點半就起來,昨天又亂敲學生,學生好好,耶,有人陪吃飯了。結果摸到十點多好想睡就要出門看醫生了,所以現在還是覺得笨笨的。剛剛在捷運上做下星期要代課的多益的題目居然看錯,還寫錯答案。昨天睡前突然一陣恐慌,有點印象,睡前還在做呼吸的練習。隨時眼淚會掉下來的感覺真的是很妙,還好等等要去跟可愛的小朋友玩,心情應該會比較好。

 

還是累累的,呆呆的,早點睡應該會好一點?剛剛回來還剛好來得及倒垃圾。覺得最近忙到很久都沒倒垃圾了,本來是一四六倒垃圾,但是最近好像都不是潔西倒的,不然就是拖很久啊。房間不知怎麼地上又堆了十多個文件夾,衣服也還沒洗, 啊!!!早點洗洗睡去。晚安。

 

下面是拖了超久的廢文,沒有啦,是整理的比較級跟最高級。沒有很難但是說錯寫錯的人很多

 

I like shopping online because it’s more cheaper. (X)

我喜歡在網路上購物因為比較便宜。

 

Finding Dory is best movie I ever seen. (X)

多莉在哪裡是我看過最好看的電影。

 

上面兩種句子都不少人說,第一個比較級的話就是要記住最基本的規則是一個音節加 er ,兩個音節以上加 more ,有了 more 就不會有 er ,有 er 當然也就不會有 more 。所以要說  I like shopping online because it’s cheaper. 才對。或者可以說 I like shopping online because it’s more convenient. 我喜歡在網路上購物是因為比較方便。另外有比較對象時需要 than ,Taipei is more convenient than Tainan. 台北比台南方便,這時候 than 不要忘記。另外昨天說過的,台北的空氣品質比台南糟,中文這樣說,但是英文不可以說 Taipei’s air quality is worse than Tainan. (X) 台北的空氣品直要跟台南的空氣品質比,不是跟台南比,這也是比較容易犯的錯誤。Taipei’s air quality is worse than Tainan’s air quality. 

 

然後最高級大家會忘記的是 the ,前面通常都要有 the 加上 est 或 the 加上 most,後面要有限定的範圍,假如是用經驗的話,完成式的 have/has 不要忘記了。 Finding Dory is the best movie I’ve ever seen. (O) 這樣才對啊!

下面是 Touchstone 裡面的文章,能不能找出比較級有哪些呢?順便把規則看出來。

 

A Comparatives 比較級: 

How do you keep in touch with people?

你怎麼樣跟別人保持聯絡?

 

A: I usually use e-mail. It’s quicker and easier than anything else. But I get a lot of spam. There’s nothing worse than spam when you’re really busy.

A: 我通常用電子郵件。它比其他方法都快又容易。但是我收到一堆垃圾郵件。沒有什麼比你在忙的時候收到垃圾郵件更糟了。

 

B: I like to write letters. I know regular mail is slower than e-mail, but letters are more personal. And I never send those e-cards. I just think it’s nicer to get a real card.

B: 我喜歡寫信。我覺得一般郵件比電子郵件曼,但是信件比較私人。我也從來不寄電子卡片。我覺得收到真的卡片比較好。

 

C: I send text messages to my friends all day. It’s more fun than calling. And you can send photos, too. Too bad I can’t do it in class.

C: 我整天傳簡訊給我朋友。它比打電話好玩。你也可以寄照片。我不能在課堂上這樣做真是太不幸了。(沒那麼誇張,潔西翻的有點誇張。有點真是不好玩那種意思吧)

 

D: Well, at work we use video conferencing. It’s less expensive than a business trip. And more convenient. And you don’t get jet lag, either!

D: 恩,我們在上班時用視訊會議。它比商務旅行還便宜。而且更方便。而且你也不會有時差的問題!

 

E: I use a webcam to keep  in touch with my parents. They think it’s better than the phone because they can see me. I guess it’s more interesting.

E: 我跟我家人用視訊來保持聯絡。他們覺得這比電話好因為他們可以看見我。我覺得這比較有趣。

 

 

B 形容詞與副詞比較級與最高級變化規則,沒有很難,記一下

1 一個音節的形容詞或副詞在字尾加er形成比較級,加est形成最高級。

cheap-cheaper-cheapest, slow-slower-slowest, fast-faster-fastest

 

2 一個音節的形容詞或副詞字尾為e時,只要加r形成比較級,加st形成最高級

nice-nicer-nicest, safe-safer-safest, close-closer-closest, late-later-latest

 

3 一個音節的形容詞或副詞(多為三或四個字母)字尾結構是子音加母音加子音時,則要重複字尾加er來形成比較級,加est形成最高級

big-bigger- biggest, hot-hotter-hottest, slim-slimmer-slimmest

 

4 兩個音節的形容詞或副詞字尾為y時,則去y加ier形成比較級,加iest形成最高級。

pretty-prettier-prettiest, friendly-friendlier-friendliest,

funny-funnier-funniest

 

5 兩個或兩個音節以上的形容詞或副詞則在前面加more形成比較級,加most形成最高級。字尾是ly的副詞通常在前面加more或most。

convenient-more convenient-most convenient,

handsome-more handsome-most handsome

 

6 有少數特殊變化需牢記。

good-better-best, bad-worse-worst, far-farther/further-farthest/furthest (兩者都可表物理上的距離,但是只有further可以表更進一步),

 

 

C 形容詞與副詞比較級句型 Adjectives and Adverbs Comparatives

1 形容詞比較級:

N1 + be + adj-er/more adj + than + N2

這個句型常用來比較人,事物,地點等的不同點,差異性。也可能用形容詞的其它句型。後面有比較對象的時候需要 than ,沒有的話不用。

The new menu is bigger than the old menu.

新菜單比舊菜單有更多的菜。

 

The new waiters are more experienced than the old waiters.

新的服務生比舊的服務生有更多的經驗。

 

2  副詞比較級:

N1 + V + adv-er/more adv + than N2

這個句型常用來描述動作的不同,差異。也可能用副詞的其它句型。

 

The Bulls played better than the Lakers.

公牛隊打得比湖人隊好。

 

Jordan played more skillfully than O’Neal.

喬丹打得比歐尼爾技術更好。

 

3 less是more的相反,所以只有 more adj / more adv 的句型的相反才可以用 less adj / less adv 。假如是 adj-er / adv-er 的句型的相反則要用 not as…as的句型。

 

A taxi is more expensive than a bus.

計程車比公車貴。

 

A bus is less expensive than a taxi.

公車沒有計程車貴。

 

A bus is cheaper than a taxi.

公車比計程車便宜。

 

A taxi isn’t as cheap as a bus.

計程車不像公車那麼便宜。

 

A taxi is less chap than a bus. (X)

 

I feel better today, less tired.

我今天覺得比較好了,比較不累了。

 

 

D Superlatives  最高級,這裡是一段對話,可以注意一下哪利用到最高級

Marc: I’m the best guitarist in France! My concerts are always sold out, and my album are always at the top of the charts.

馬克:我是法國最棒的吉他手!我的演唱會的票總是賣光,我的專輯總是在排行榜的頂端。

Carmen: Are you very rich?

卡門:你很有錢嗎?

Marc: Yes, I’m the richest rock star in France.

馬克:是啊,我是法國最有錢的搖滾歌手。

Manuel: So, why are you learning English with us?

馬紐:那你為什麼要跟我們一起學英文?

Marc: I can’t go to an English school in Paris. Everybody knows me. I’m the most popular superstar in Paris.

馬克:我不能在巴黎上英文學校。每個人都認識我。我是巴黎最受歡迎的超級巨星。

Carmen: I wish I could live in Paris.

卡門:我真希望我能住在巴黎。

Marc: I don’t always live there. I also have house in Rome, London, Tokyo, and New York.

馬克:我不是一直都住在哪裡。我在羅馬,倫敦,東京跟紐約都有房子。

Carmen: Which do you like best?

卡門:你最喜歡哪個地方?

Marc: Oh, Paris! It’s the most exciting city in the world. It has the best nightclubs, the best concerts, the most exciting new fashions …

馬克:喔,巴黎!它是世界上最刺激的城市。它有最棒的夜店,最棒的演唱會,有令人興奮的新流行

Manuel: I went there once. It rained all the time! And I listened to one of your albums last week. It was awful.

馬紐:我去過一次。一直都在下雨。而且我上星期聽了你的一張唱片。糟透了。

 

 

形容詞與副詞最高級 Adjectives and Adverbs Superlatives

1 S + be + the + adj-est/most adj + in ___/of ______ (in/of表示範圍)

這個句型常用來表示特定的人,事物,地點相當突出,而跟其他的人,事物,地點的不同。

 

You are the best parents in the world.

你們是世界上最棒的爸媽。

 

It’s the most expensive hotel in Oxford.

這是牛津最貴的飯店。

 

August is the hottest month of the year.

八月是一年最熱的月份。

 

2   S + be + the adj-est/most adj + n + S + V

S + be + the adj-est/most adj + n + S + have/has + (ever) + V3.

最高級常常搭配形容詞子句使用,尤其是表示經驗地完成式的句子。

 

That was the most delicious meal that I have ever eaten.

那是我吃過最美味的餐點。

 

You have the loveliest smile I have ever seen.

你有我見過最可愛的笑容。

 

Mandy is the nicest person you could meet.

曼蒂是你能遇見最好的人。

 

3   S + be + one of the adj-est/most adj + Ns + in ____/of_____/ever

這個句型特別注意的是因為要說是某些當中的一個,所以後面的名詞會是複數,要記得加 s 。

 

He is one of the best students in this class.

他是這個班上最棒的學生之一。

 

Madonna is one of the most famous pop singers ever.

瑪丹娜是最有名的流行歌手之一。

 

4   S + V + the adv-est/most adv + of __ 用來表示特定的動作比其他的動作突出

Bryant worked the hardest.

布萊恩特工作最努力。

 

He scored the most frequently of anyone in the team.

他在這隊伍中比任何人都更常拿分。

 

  1. 名詞: the most + noun

She has the most friends in her class.

她在她的班上有最多的朋友。

 

練習Write the comparative sentences. 完成句子

1 Ana is / thin / my sister.

2 I’m / busy / this week / last week.

3 I did / bad / on the final exam / the midterm.

4 my new job is / boring / my old one.

5 Our team played / well / theirs

6 Hong Kong is / expensive / Bangkok.

 

練習二:用最高級來完成句子

Complete the sentences with a superlative.

  • What’s ___________________________ neighborhood in Taipei? (interesting)
  • What’s ___________________________ building in the world? (tall)
  • What’s ___________________________ city in Taiwan? (large)
  • What’s ___________________________ problem in Taipei? (bad)
  • Where’s ___________________________ stadium in Taipei? (big)
  • Where’s ___________________________ place you’ve ever visited? (beautiful)
  • What’s ___________________________ thing you’ve ever done? (embarrassing)
  • What’s ___________________________ job in the world? (difficult)
  • What’s ___________________________ thing you’ve ever done? (crazy)
  • What’s ___________________________ memory you’ve had? (good)
  • Who’s ___________________________ person in your family? (young)
  • Who’s ___________________________ singer in Taiwan? (popular)
  • Who’s ___________________________ person you know? (happy)
  • Who’s ___________________________ cartoon character? (funny)
  • Who’s ___________________________ person in Taiwan? (famous)

 

 

 

 

答案到了不要偷看!

 

練習Write the comparative sentences. 完成句子

1 Ana is / thin / my sister.

1 Ana is thinner than my sister.

安娜比我姊姊瘦。

 

2 I’m / busy / this week / last week.

2 I’m busier this week than last week.

我這星期比上星期忙。

 

3 I did / bad / on the final exam / the midterm.

3 I did worse on the final exam than the midterm.

我期末考考得比期中考差。

 

4 my new job is / boring / my old one.

My new job is more boring than my old one.

我的新工作比我的就工作無趣。

 

5 Our team played / well / theirs

Our team played better than theirs.

我們的隊伍打得比他們的好。

 

6 Hong Kong is / expensive / Bangkok.

6 Hong Kong is more expensive than Bangkok.

香港比曼谷貴。

 

練習二:用最高級來完成句子,答案可以自己順便想一下。

1 What’s the most interesting neighborhood in Taipei?

1 台北哪個地方最有趣?

 

2 What’s the tallest building in the world?

2 世界上最高的建築物是什麼?

 

3 What’s the largest city in Taiwan?

3 台灣最大的城市在哪裡?

 

4 What’s the worst problem in Taipei?

4 台北最大的問題在哪裡?

 

5 Where’s the biggest stadium in Taipei?

5 台北最大的體育館在哪裡?

 

6 Where’s the most beautiful place you’ve ever visited?

6 你去過最美的地方是哪裡?

 

7 What’s the most embarrassing thing you’ve ever done?

7 你做過最糗的事是什麼?

 

8 What’s the most difficult job in the world?

8 世界上最困難的工作是什麼?

 

9 What’s the craziest thing you’ve ever done?

9 你做過最瘋狂的事是什麼?

 

10 What’s the best memory you’ve had?

10 你擁有最棒的回憶是什麼?

 

11 Who’s the youngest person in your family?

11 你家年紀最小的人是誰?

 

12 Who’s the most popular singer in Taiwan?

12 台灣最有名的歌手是誰?

 

13 Who’s the happiest person you know?

13 你認識的人當中誰是最快樂的人?

 

14 Who’s the funniest cartoon character?

14 誰是最好笑的卡通角色?

 

15 Who’s the most famous person in Taiwan?

15 台灣最有名的人是誰?

同等比較

Jessie is as busy as a bee. 潔西跟蜜蜂一樣忙。 最近幾乎都放棄部落格了 = = 有時候都只在 FB 發文。下次要常回來走走,說好的要整理整理到哪裡去了啦?忙啊忙。
 
哈哈哈。藉口藉口。整理了比較級最高級還有同等比較的講義,一直要發放超久了,因為真的一直瞎忙。剛剛還突然發現,哇,不知道幾個月以來,第一次一整個星期每天都出門。
 
因為已經宅超久了,前幾個星期突然就發現,ㄟ,三天沒出家門一步了耶,沒事不出門的潔西,從上星期颱風假隔天後就開始同學會,上課,看醫生,掃墓,上課,朋友聚會,去幫小寶出同人展的錢,上課。好累啊!
 
最近每天都累到不行。今天回來吃了點東西,三四點就昏睡過去到六點才起來。今天課上不好,不太開心。也不是沒準備好,但是忘記帶東西,又太貪心想上太多來不及上完。學生大致上安定下來了,大部分是可愛熟悉的面孔,其實還蠻好帶的,但是上玩就一整個怪怪的,不像平常上完很開心。就沒辦法,像學生今天輸了第一場比賽一樣,好好調整,下一場重新再來,贏了,呵呵,讓潔西心情有好一點。
 
而且超久沒運動,整個人覺得都快廢掉了,又胖了一圈,因為先前運動手麻,藉機偷懶,不去實在不行,覺得整個人很不健康,在各方面。越忙越要運動跟注意飲食還有睡眠。
 
時間真的過得飛快,潔西一個月前半夜四點半跟學生在線上聊天,因為當時他剛到 LA 去唸 summer school,居然今天跟潔西說回來台灣了,蝦米?一個月了。就這樣一個月過去了,一點感覺都沒了。
 
啊!突然想到獅子座的潔西的生日症候群吧,年紀越來越大的時候隨著生日到來的壓力?通常會心情很差。雖然不過也就是過了這一天,多了一歲。不過今年超巧的,找學生吃飯找很久,然後問他們究竟何時有空,學生說了三天放假的日子,其中有兩天有人都不行,好吧,那就剩下的那天,剛好那天就是潔西生日,剛好陪潔西吃飯,耶!(希望不要再流產,上次說到最後沒吃成…,這次再沒吃成,潔西要哭了啦,這樣威脅不知道有沒有用XD)
 
還是很忙很多事要做,不過覺得還是早點睡好了,現在覺得昏昏的,也想不出所以然來。下面是最近新整理的,可以參考一下。
 
突然想到先前有人問動詞跟名詞的比較級,恩,英文沒有這種東西,中文有嗎?因為要比較兩個名詞的時候,是比較用來修飾的形容詞,比方說台北的交通跟高雄的交通,沒法比,要有形容詞來比較,比哪一個好或哪一個差。動詞也是一樣,要用修飾的副詞來比較。誰跑得比較快,誰說話比較慢等等。潔西應該沒說錯吧?
 
大家不要太相信網路上的東西,很多時候其實只要問一下 Google 大師就可以查證了,有時候是潔西已經不知道該怎麼說了,很多人在網路上查到人家寫的文章就奉為聖旨,恩,沒那麼誇張啦,就百分百照單全收,其實很多時候有可能都只是某個人單一的想法。
 
像昨天潔西碎碎念那個快跟潔西吵起來的醫生,當然潔西不會把他的名字寫出來,但是相信很多人一定覺得他是很好的醫生,哼,潔西看他對別的病患都很好啊,哈哈。潔西自己也是很機車的病人啦,沒吵起來還好,這種東西很多時候就真的是台語說的「先生緣」,潔西講實在點就是遇到那種能治潔西的醫生,說的話夠說服力,手段夠高,人夠好,哈哈,當醫生哪有這麼辛苦的啦?跟當老師一樣,有時候就是個緣份囉,有人喜歡有人不喜歡。你做一樣的事,有人愛得要死,有人覺得你好爛。這星期三代課完也是覺得胸口被打一拳一樣,上課上得不開心也蠻煩惱的。好像有點上太難,繼續反省繼續調整,要代兩個月耶,還有人上課刷一整堂手機,以為他第二堂不回來,還是出現了,結果潔西買了晚餐要去吃,看到那位同學,完全沒胃口了。恩,每天代課的話應該可以容易地順利減肥吧?哈哈。
 
這星期都有很認真備課,也有認真上課,但是,唉,繼續努力,加油中。下面都有解釋跟例題,多練習一下其實沒有那麼難喔。今天太累了,想不出好玩的例子來舉例,亂舉一通了。
 
然後太晚了,隨便亂寫一通就兩點半了,只有放到相同程度,比較級跟最高級改天再放,晚安:)
 
 
A: 形容詞 adj 與副詞 adv:程度相同的
1. as + adj + as 來表示比較人,事物,地方等在某方面是相同。
as…as : N1 + be + as + adj + as + N2 表示N1跟N2是相同的
Jessie is as old as my mother.
潔西跟我媽年紀一樣大。
 
是啊,潔西的年紀可以當很多學生的媽了啊。除夕在學生宿舍玩桌遊的時候發現有個學生跟潔西一樣生肖,潔西大他兩輪,正常的啊!
 
My boyfriend is as handsome as Jon Snow.
我的男朋友跟約翰史諾一樣帥。
 
Jon Snow 是美劇權力遊戲 Game of Thrones 裡面男主角之一的名字,最近出了 Winter is coming 的 T恤,好想買,連穿的男主角一起買下來,下面一堆人留言啊,哈哈。
 
認真講,很簡單,就是 as 跟 as 中間放形容詞的原型,所以前面的跟蜜蜂一樣忙 as busy as a bee 。下面還有幾個練習。
as + adv + as 來表示比較行為的程度是相同的
as…as: N1 + V + as + adv + as N2. 表示N1的行為跟N2是相同的
He drank as fast as she did. (They drank equally fast.)
他喝得跟她一樣快。(他們喝得一樣快)
 
台灣人真的很愛灌酒耶,潔西先前有寫到同學,潔西沒乾杯就把酒吐出來,實在夠誇張。今天聽一個學生也很誇張,昨天喝了酒不能騎摩托車回家,所以就騎 YouBike 回家,很危險地啦。喝到兩點多今天還是有起來上課,不錯不錯。
 
Ken studies as hard as Cathy does.
肯恩念書跟凱西一樣勤奮。
這就是在 as 跟 as 之間放修飾的副詞的原型就對了啦。
 
2. not as + adj + as 來表示比較人,事物,地方等在某方面是不同的。
not as…as: N1 + be + not + as + adj + as + N2 表示N1跟N2是不同的。
N2並不像N1那樣的
 
Jessie is not as old as my mother.
潔西不像我媽年紀那樣大。
 
恩,這誰年紀大呢?這樣子是潔西比較年輕喔。假如相反過來 Jessie is not as young as my mother. 潔西不像我媽那麼年輕。那就是潔西年紀比較大喔,不要弄錯了喔。這邊有時候有點容易混淆。
 
not as + adv + as 來表示比較行為的程度是不相同的
not as…as: N1 + V + not as + adv + as N2.
He doesn’t drive as skillfully as she does.
他開車沒有像她開地那樣好。
 
相信這很多人會抗議,這裡是女生開車開得比較好。不過現實生活中,很多時候很多男生會覺得他們開車開地比女生好,看到路上橫衝直撞的是女駕駛就會說不意外之類的。不過潔西周遭的女生開車都開超好的。潔西姐,傑西同學,那天跟朋友去吃飯,有個位置卡在邊邊又有點被護欄卡到,所以沒人停,潔西覺得看起來是不可能的任務,潔西朋友輕輕鬆鬆就停起去了,嚇死寶寶。好啦,不鬧了。寶寶不流行了,現在流行,假的!唉呀!我眼睛業障重啊!
 
最後提醒,兩個比較的東西要一致,中文可以說英格蘭的天氣跟蘇格蘭一樣糟,所以有人就會寫出下面錯誤的句子
England’s weather is as bad as Scotland. (X)
 
英格蘭的天氣不可以跟蘇格蘭比,要跟蘇格蘭的天氣比,所以要寫
 
England’s weather is as bas as Scotland’s weather.
 
比較的東西要對等喔,然後用原型就對了:)
 
 
練習一:比喻 把下列動物填入空格中
1 snail 蝸牛 2 fox 狐狸 3 peacock 孔雀 4 mouse 老鼠 5 mule 騾子 6 pig 豬
7 eel 鰻魚 8 bee 蜜蜂 9 owl 貓頭鷹 10 lion 獅子 11 dog 狗 12 ox 公牛
13 skunk 臭鼬 14 bat 蝙蝠 15 whale 鯨魚
 
a as big as a __________
b as blind as a __________
c as brave as a __________
d as busy as a __________
e as drunk as a __________
f as fat as a __________
g as proud as a __________
h as quiet as a __________
i as sick as a __________
j as slippery as an __________
k as slow as a __________
l as sly as a __________
m as strong as an _________
n as stubborn as a __________
o as wise as an________
 
 
練習二 這口語對話可以自己想一下答案
1. Do you think crime in Taiwan is as bad as the crime in America?
2. Do you think men are as honest as woman?
3. Are you as smart as your brother or sister?
4. Is the quality of life in Taiwan as good as that in Japan?
5. Is riding a scooter as safe as driving a car?
6. Is your free time as important to you as your job?
 
 
 
練習一 答案
1 snail 蝸牛 2 fox 狐狸 3 peacock 孔雀 4 mouse 老鼠 5 mule 騾子 6 pig 豬
7 eel 鰻魚 8 bee 蜜蜂 9 owl 貓頭鷹 10 lion 獅子 11 dog 狗 12 ox 公牛
13 skunk 臭鼬 14 bat 蝙蝠 15 whale 鯨魚
 
a as big as a whale 像鯨魚一樣大
b as blind as a bat 像蝙蝠一樣瞎
c as brave as a lion 像獅子一樣勇敢
d as busy as a bee 像蜜蜂一樣忙
e as drunk as a skunk 像臭鼬一樣醉 (這裡應該是押韻,沒有為什麼吧?)
f as fat as a pig 像豬一樣肥
g as proud as a peacock 像孔雀一樣驕傲
h as quiet as a mouse 像老鼠一樣安靜
i as sick as a dog 病的跟狗一樣 (這潔西也不知為何這樣用)
j as slippery as an eel 像鰻魚一樣滑溜
k as slow as a snail 像鍋牛一樣慢 (所以 snail mail 指的就是 letter 一般郵差送的信)
l as sly as a fox 像狐狸一樣狡猾
m as strong as an ox 像公牛一樣強壯
n as stubborn as a mule 像騾子一樣固執
o as wise as an owl 像貓頭鷹一樣聰明

舊的不去新的不來之象印一公升微電腦快煮電氣壺 CK-EAF10-RA 潔西不負責推薦心得文 + a, an, the 冠詞練習題目與答案

潔西昨天又摔斷一根湯匙,碎碎平安,除舊佈新,舊的不去,新的不來,總是要安慰自己正面思考囉。家裡用了幾年的飛利浦的電熱水壺罷工後,前天因為老爸用水壺煮一不留意又燒壞水壺,潔西只好趕快衝去買支新的水壺回來。

 

原本在網路上看了一下PTT有人推薦日象,沒聽過的牌子,似乎是台灣自己製造的,還是不太安心,最後找到大同的電茶壺似乎還不錯,價格也合理,1,890,知道忠孝復興站有一家經銷商,先前去買過電風扇跟烤箱,就衝去囉。在捷運站下了車後,突然想說,去象印看看好了,潔西就是想到什麼就做什麼的那種人,就先去復興 SOGO ,這次沒走錯了,上次要去復興 SOGO 卻不小心走到忠孝 SOGO,所以買完回家昨天坐捷運又坐錯邊,做到市府站的時候,ㄟ,難怪下班時間捷運人沒有想像的多啊!

 

潔西去在復興 SOGO 的象印買過保溫杯,覺得他家東西實在還不錯,常常也有促銷,而且國泰世華卡點數還可以抵現金,也可以順便比較一下其他家的看看。

 

去了第一家就看象印還錯,然後又看了隔壁的虎牌,還有其他家附近的都晃了一下。象印價比其他牌子來說略高一點,也有比象印更貴的,不過潔西最後還是決定買這一隻電熱水壺,恩,人家叫電氣壺,用了兩天非常滿意,來寫個不負責推薦心得文。

 

喔,對了電熱水壺,或象印  Zojirushi 這款叫做快煮電氣壺,英文都可以用 electric  kettle 電子的茶壺。有沒有跟潔西一樣想到英文的慣用語  the pot calling the kettle balck 五十步笑百步,pot 跟 kettle 都是水壺,燒了都會黑,哈哈哈,你比我黑,這就是五十步小百步囉。又小保溫瓶盒子上英文是寫 Stainless Steel Vacuum Bottle 不鏽鋼真空瓶, 也寫了 Stainless Mug 不鏽鋼馬克杯,一般來說保溫瓶很多用 Thermos 這個字,就是膳魔師這個牌子,因為很有名,所以就變成代稱這樣。

 

 

不負責推薦原因如下,又註明潔西沒拿他們公司好處啦,純粹覺得好用分享,不喜歡的人不要打潔西,建議自己賣場多看幾隻多比較適合自己的,價位高不一定好,價位低不一定差,潔西選擇象印是因為他們家本來就做熱水瓶保溫瓶,對這牌子比較有信心啦。

 

 

img_0413

 

 

  1. 原因第一,它的蓋子可以整個拿起來,要清理,要加水都很方便,大部分的電熱水壺都不能拿起來,象印也有另外一個可愛造型 3,290 的,潔西喜歡那個造型,可惜蓋子不能拿起來。另外同樣是虎牌有個很類似的款,長得幾乎一模一樣價格比較便宜一些,3,290還是2,999忘了,它的蓋子也可以拿起來,還有隔熱功能,但是實際操作的時候覺得蓋子沒有那麼好拿,有點卡卡,沒有象印的順。另外潔西拿下來再放下去的時候下面的底盤會搖晃,光這點就完全不考慮了,銷售人員說本來設計底座就是這樣,是沒錯啊,但是潔西家裡電熱水壺用很多年了,也看了別家的,都不會晃耶。不知道那個是不是剛好有點問題,展示太久?裝熱水的底盤會搖晃很危險,真的。

 

  1. 價格有點貴定價 $5,800 ,不過有做特價 3,590。實際上看網路價格有 3,890,網路上看到最便宜也有的是 3,290,回家來才查的,當場覺得合理就買了。因為想說電熱水壺可是每天都要用的啊,多個一兩千元,買品質好一點的不容易壞比較重要,然後更讚的是這隻剛好有搭配送一隻小的保溫瓶。潔西的保溫瓶全部都被潔西摔到會漏水了,剛好要找一隻小的不漏水的,超開心的,保溫瓶一隻售價原價就要九百多了,所以3,590再送一隻小保溫瓶真是物超所值啊!而且潔西用國泰世華的點數還扣了 480,實際上支付的是 $3,110,一整個覺得開心啊!

 

  1. 這隻電水壺的裡面是不鏽鋼有點像熱水瓶那樣廣口容易清洗,所以也符合PTT上說內部的沒有焊接點,焊接點這問題點在哪潔西不懂,不過先前的飛利浦那台就有,而且象印這台上蓋也是不鏽鋼,舊的不是,有不少之蓋子都不是不鏽鋼。另外也沒有顯水位,PTT上說有標水位的部分多是塑膠做的,所以不OK。至於還有提到茶壺的壺口也要是不鏽鋼,這一隻就的壺口沒有做不鏽鋼,有點可惜,還有的人要求壺口要有蓋子的防塵設計,只有看到一兩隻有,幾乎都沒有。

 

  1. 雙層防燙跟保溫這部分的話,潔西有問專櫃小姐,小姐說不會太熱,但是也沒有保溫功能。潔西有看到很多很漂亮的顏色的電熱水壺,但是其實都是不鏽鋼,很燙,先前那支飛利浦也是不鏽鋼外殼,被燙傷過,家裡有小孩的話真的不太適合。不過象印這隻實際上雖然沒有完全防燙,但是應該是材質的關係,即便剛煮好,也不會太燙。而保溫這點因為他是像熱水瓶那樣密閉的,潔西煮了三四個小時的水,剛剛喝,還是溫熱的,也還不錯,冬天很適合。

 

  1. 分離式底座,360度旋轉,這新的好像幾乎都有,象印這隻也有。然後開關不會誤按,他的開關在下面,要有點用力才按的下去,還蠻難不小心按到,不過有的真的會按到,設計的位置。然後煮出來的水也不會有塑膠味,因為是不鏽鋼啊,潔西用 Brita 濾水壺濾過,煮出來的水很好喝,沒有什麼味道。

 

  1. 這隻的特點是一杯水 140ml 只要65秒就可以煮好,0公升的水約五分鐘,很快。煮好了時候會有峰鳴聲,原本還想說為什麼,後來發現它煮水好安靜,沒叫很難知道煮好了XD

 

  1. 還有一點很不錯的是它可以控制出水量大小,他的壓桿壓小力一點,出水量就比較少,用來沖咖啡之類的很方面。

 

  1. 另外還有一些安全設施,為電腦沸騰控制感應,自動斷電,防止空燒,出口水自動鎖定,傾倒時不容易漏水,外觀不燙手前面說過了,然後上蓋還有鎖定安全線,沒蓋好的話會看到橘子色的線,沒蓋好很危險,因為蒸氣或熱水可能會流出來。

 

  1. 然後潔西難得好好看了說明書,恩,那個不要從水龍頭直接加水,潔西家那個飛利浦可能就是這樣壞的,這一隻也很大,很難拿去水龍頭下加水,不過潔西家什麼沒有,亂七八糟的烘焙用品買的時候當然有買到一公升的大量杯,將將好啊。

 

  1. 倒熱水的時候不能太傾斜,尤其剛煮好的時候,否則容易被熱水的蒸汽燙到。

 

最後看到他建議每天把剩餘的熱水倒掉,恩,潔西從來沒做過這件事,不過說明書上寫說會付著水垢,恩,沒錯,前一隻就有水垢,然後在PTT上有人說冷水怎麼辦?潔西上次同學來家裡被問為什麼那麼麻煩。潔西家有兩隻 Brita 的水壺,一隻小隻藍色的是用來濾水龍頭的生水,濾完後放進去電熱水壺煮,煮沸後的熱水涼一點後放到一隻可以放一百度的熱水的玻璃水瓶,買的時候要注意,不是所有的玻璃水瓶都可以裝一百度的熱水,有些不耐熱的水瓶會破掉的喔。然後等水涼了之後,在放進去另外一隻大隻的 Brita 的水壺。有病啊?幹吧要濾兩次?恩,因為所以蜜蜂螞蟻要解釋太麻煩了,潔西的香菇肉燥差不多可以了,吃晚餐去了。

 

喔,對了,現場看跟網路上看說實在還是有點差別,另外看到一隻奇美的價格最便宜一千多,網路價看到 1,388,他的容量大 1.7L,白色也很清爽,很輕,而且PTT那個開出條件的潔西覺得他幾乎都符合耶。只是很大隻,拿起來會很重,經驗談,而且很薄,看起來完全不會保溫,另外上蓋不能拆,所以潔西就沒考慮了。

 

總之,答案在下面,把題目順面放上去,寫到手快斷掉,真的有強迫症,好餓好餓,一邊說好餓又一邊多寫了兩三個小時,厚!吃飯去。另外問潔西問題的人最近特別多,累積很多,因為很多所以又不能只回一個,有人還問很多問題,所以一直拖,昨天真的是快死掉,今天是寫到手快斷掉,這兩天會找時間回的,先這樣囉。

 
 
A. 填入 a 或 an
1. ___ file 2. ____ city 3. ____ ID card 4. ____ apartment
5. ___ sandwich 6. ___ university 7. ____ MRT station
8. ___ letter 9. ___ e-mail 10. ___ hour and ____ half
 
A. 填入 a 或 an 答案
1. a 2. a 3. an 4. an 5. a 6. a 7. an 8. a 9. an 10. an, a
 
 
B. 改錯練習,每一題都有錯誤,也有不只一個錯誤
 
1. Do you have cat? 你有養貓嗎?
 
2. I found cell phone. I gave cell phone to my brother. 我撿到手機。我把手機給我弟弟。
 
3. There is the foreign teacher in our school. 我們學校有外國老師。
 
4. Earth travels around Sun. 地球繞著太陽轉。
 
5. It’s worst movie I’ve ever seen. 這是我看過最糟糕的電影。
 
6. Kids love to go to Taipei Zoo. 小孩子喜歡去台北動物園。
 
7. Grand Hyatt Taipei Hotel is on the SongShou Road. 台北凱悅飯店在松壽路上。
 
8. Carpenters were a American vocal and instrumental duo. 卡本特兄妹是美國歌唱與樂器演奏的雙人組。
 
9. Sahara is third largest desert in the world. 沙哈拉沙漠是全世界第三大的沙漠。
 
10. Have you ever climbed the Yushan (Jade Mountain)? 你爬過玉山嗎?
 
11. He is from the Scotland. 他來自蘇格蘭。
 
12. Empire State Building is on the Fifth Avenue. 帝國大廈位在第五大道上。
 
13. Raising a children is not easy. 養小孩不容易。
 
14. She usually eat a bread for breakfast. 她通常早餐吃麵包。
 
15. How often do you drink the coffee? 你多常喝咖啡?
 
16. There’s a great movie on TV at the midnight. 午夜十二點的時候電視上有部很棒的電影。
 
17. Where do you go to the school? 你唸哪所學校?
 
 
 
B. 練習題:改正下面句子的錯誤 答案
1. Do you have cat? 你有養寵物嗎?
Do you have a pet?
 
養寵物用 have a pet 就可以了。非特定的所以用 a 。
 
2. I found cell phone. I gave cell phone to my brother. 我撿到手機。我把手機給我弟弟。
I found a cell phone. I gave the cell phone to my brother.
 
第一次講到用 a ,第二次就要用 the 了喔。潔西撿過好幾支手機,在澳洲圖書館,還有台北捷運站裡面,不過都是給圖書館人員或捷運站員,沒有拿回家啦。
 
3. There is the foreign teacher in our school. 我們學校有外國老師。
There is a foreign teacher in our school.
 
假如學校只有一個的話就用 a 。一些就可以說 There are some foreign teachers in our school. 記得複數加 s 。剛好昨天看到說補習班聘請外國人只可以教語言不可以教技藝?所以高雄藍帶學校高餐藍帶廚藝卓越中心就不能教廚藝,哈哈哈,台灣法令真好笑。還要等一個自由經濟示範區特別條例通過才可能解決。根據台灣的法令補習班外籍老師不可以幼兒園幼稚園授課。很多人會說我家小孩在幼稚園有外籍老師教啊!法條沒改的話,應該通通是非法的,有人來查的時候外國老師就要躲起來,但是教育部也沒很認真在查啊,多少補習班雙語幼稚園,政府在想什麼?不知道,家長在想什麼?那就更不知道了。超會亂扯的潔西XD
 
4. Earth travels around Sun. 地球繞著太陽轉。
The Earth travels around the Sun.
 
太陽地球都是獨一無二的,所以要加 the 。
 
5. It’s worst movie I’ve ever seen. 這是我看過最糟糕的電影。
It’s the worst movie I’ve ever seen.
 
最高級要用 the 。 This is the best book I’ve ever read. 我看過最棒的書。
 
6. Kids love to go to Taipei Zoo. 小孩子喜歡去台北動物園。
Kids love to go to the Taipei Zoo.
動物園需要 the ,什麼地方要 the ,什麼地方不用,這潔西也很頭痛啊!看到一個記一個吧!
 
7. Grand Hyatt Taipei Hotel is on the SongShou Road. 台北凱悅飯店在松壽路上。
The Grand Hyatt Taipei Hotel is on SongShou Road.
 
飯店是要加 the 的喔,但是街道就不用了,有沒有被壞心的潔西騙了XD
 
8. Carpenters were a American vocal and instrumental duo. 卡本特兄妹是美國歌唱與樂器演奏的雙人組。
The Carpenters were an American vocal and instrument duo.
 
姓氏複數前面要加 the ,表家人。American 是母音開頭,所以要用 an 。
 
9. Sahara is third largest desert in the world. 沙哈拉沙漠是全世界第三大的沙漠。
The Sahara is the third largest desert in the world.
 
沙漠要加 the ,另外第幾也要加 the 。
 
10. Have you ever climbed the Yushan (Jade Mountain)? 你爬過玉山嗎?
Have you ever climbed Yushan?
 
一座山不用加 the , 中央山脈那種很多座山合起來的才要用 the Central Mountain Range
 
11. He is from the Scotland. 他來自蘇格蘭。
He is from Scotland.
 
Scotland 不用加 the ,UK 才要加 the 。
 
12. Empire State Building is on the Fifth Avenue. 帝國大廈位在第五大道上。
The Empire State Building is on Fifth Avenue.
 
建築物要加 the ,街道就不用了啦。最常聽見錯誤之一。
 
13. Raising a children is not easy. 養小孩不容易。
Raising a child is not easy. / Raising children is not easy.
 
兩個用法應該都可以,後者應該比較常見。小孩子的單數是 child, 複數是 children,所以記得 children 後面不可以加 s 喔。
 
14. She usually eat a bread for breakfast. 她通常早餐吃麵包。
She usually eat bread for breakfast.
 
麵包 bread 這個字不可數。toast 吐司也不可數,a sandwich 就可以,因為三明治可數,a bun 一個小圓麵包,a croissant 一個可頌麵包就都可數,英文就是這樣,個性不乾脆,有點麻煩喔。看到一個記一個就好了啦。 bread 是一定要記不可數。一片的話用 a piece of bread 。
 
15. How often do you drink the coffee? 你多常喝咖啡?
How often do you drink coffee?
 
沒有限定就不用加 the 。
 
16. There’s a great movie on TV at the midnight. 午夜十二點的時候電視上有一部很棒的電影。
There’s a great movie on TV at midnight.
 
午夜十二點不用加 the ,跟 at night, at noon 一樣。半夜肚子餓吃的宵夜就可以叫做 midnight snack 可數,剛剛看到歐普拉的網站,第一個就是 Granola Bars 麥片霸,潔西先前做的那個,突然找不到,找超久,想說放到哪去了,前一天半夜才在吃,後來問問問,啊,老弟吃掉了,哈哈,等等再來做。
 
17. Where do you go to the school? 你唸哪所學校?
Where do you go to school?
學校就是那一間,所以不用 the ,那問哪裡畢業的呢?其實很簡單,改過去式就好了 Where did you go to school? 好餓喔,隨便寫寫又晚上了。
 

a, an, the 冠詞小整理 + 英國的英文怎麼說

England, Britain, the UK 有什麼不同? America, the United States of America,到底什麼時候要加 the ?  a, an, the 有什麼差別?什麼時候用? 有點半長不短的一篇,四千多字,有練習題在後面,不清楚的人可以看看。

 

那天小寶的同學跟小寶一起來潔西家打電動,但是呢也一起做美術作業,好難喔,做紙模型的一零一大樓,接著很認真的拿出英文參考書,潔西看了一下,國中程度其實就把文法都學得差不多了啊,形容詞子句都出來了。然後他很認真的同學問潔西 a, an, the 這些冠詞的用法,潔西簡單說了一下,好難說得很清楚,因為用法,尤其是 the ,超多的啊,可以寫一本書了,潔西真的有看過一整本參考書就是在寫冠詞用法,下面十幾個例子都是從那本書出來的。另外剛好也有人問,所以把先前冠詞整理的文章資源回收利用一下,再加點新的東西,例題通通改過了,改好久,改到天荒地老肚子餓了啊XD

 

一般最常見的錯誤就是忘記加 a, an 這兩個冠詞。中文說我是老師就可以了,英文不可以說 I’m teacher. (X) 一定要說 I’m a teacher. 另外先前說過救救菜英文 English Vinglish這部片裡面的印度媽媽,老師問她是哪裡人?Where are you from? 她說 I’m from the India. (X) ,老師糾正她說不用 the ,應該是 I’m from India. 我從印度來,也就是我是印度人的意思。但是印度媽媽覺得很奇怪,那為什麼美國人說 I’m from the United States. 要加 the ,不都是國家嗎?為什麼 United States 美國要加 the , India 印度就不用加 the 呢?

 

老師沒回答啊,電影不夠時間演這些吧,哈哈。其實很多學生也都會說 She’s from the France. (X) 她是法國人用 She’s from France. 另外 I live in the Taipei. (X)  國家跟城市還有街道這些專有名詞基本上都不需要加 the 這個限定冠詞。但是大家很愛多加上去,可能跟印度媽媽有相同的誤解吧。

 

那為什麼美國要加 the 呢?因為 the United States of America 美利堅眾和國,也就是美國這樣的國家由好幾個州,好幾個領土之類所共同組合成的時候就會加 the ,這些國家不多,不用加 the 的比較多記常見的,看到一個記一個就可以了。另外如 the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 英國(大不列顛與北愛爾蘭聯合王國),還有 the Republic of the Philippines 或只用 the Philippines 菲律賓,the United Arab Emirates 阿拉伯聯合大公國這幾個比較常見。最後當然不能忘記 the Republic of China 中華民國。這些都要別忘了要用 the 。

 

但是但是,He’s from the United States of America. 這邊要 the ,可是只說 He’s from America. 就不用 the 了,為什麼?因為那些聯合的州的這些字不見了啊。 美國說法很多 the United States of America, the USA, the US, America 都可以用。但是除了 America 外其他都要加 the 喔,但是其實南美洲人不太高興美國人用 America 表示美國,開玩笑,我們南美洲也是美洲啊,哈哈,潔西忘記在哪裡看過這樣的說法,也有點理,不是嗎?

 

She’s from the UK. 但是 She’s from Great Britain. 她是英國人。這兩個又跟 She’s from England. 她是英格蘭人。不一樣。哪裡不同啊?很多人弄不清楚 England 跟 Britain 跟 the UK ,沒有很重要啦,常識而已,潔西上課都會解釋,因為很多人會搞混覺得不都一樣嗎?不一樣!英國人就很清楚。

 

先前潔西老師是蘇格蘭人,忘記上課講到什麼,有人說他是 English ,他會生氣的喔!I’m not English. I’m Scottish!我不是英格蘭人,我是蘇格蘭人。因為 Great Britain 包含了三個大區是一大連在一起的塊土地 England 英格蘭,也就是倫敦所在的地方,很多人會用 England 來表示英國,這跟歷史淵源等有關,潔西懶得看,網路上有一大篇,但是其實不是那麼正確,另外,前陣子想獨立在北方的 Scotland 蘇格蘭,另外還有左下方最小的區域 Wales 威爾斯。這三個合起來叫 Great Britain 。那 UK 呢? the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 英國(大不列顛與北愛爾蘭聯合王國) 就如名此所言,它包含了 England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland 這幾個地方。北愛爾蘭是隔著海峽在愛爾蘭的北方。來自威爾斯的人是 Welsh,來自 England, Scotland, Wales 的人都可以叫做 British ,但是但是,北愛爾蘭的人是 Irish ,你敢說他是 British 他可能會跟你拼命吧,最近沒聽到新聞,先前北愛爾蘭的革命軍一直想獨立啊!

 

整理一下好了

England 英格蘭  English 英格蘭人

Scotland 蘇格蘭  Scottish 蘇格蘭人

Wales 威爾斯 Welsh 威爾斯人

Northern Ireland 北愛爾蘭  Irish 愛爾蘭人

England + Scotland + Wales = Great Britain 大不列顛

England + Scotland + Wales + Northern Ireland = the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland = the UK 英國 (大不列顛與北愛爾蘭聯合王國)

 

其實這就有點像,恩,假如身為一個台灣人去國外,人家問你 Are you from China? 你是中國來的嗎? Are you Chinese? 你是中國人嗎? 你會怎麼回答?會回答 Yes, I’m from China. 是的,我中國來的。這樣的人應該是…,不予置評。會回答 Yes, I’m Chinese. 是的我是中國人。這情有可原,有些人的父母,尤其是父親是當年跟著國民黨撤退打戰的時候過來的,覺得自己是中國人,每個人想法不同,潔西覺得無可厚非,每個人都可以有自己的想法跟認同。但是潔西的回答就是 No, I’m from Taiwan. / No, I’m Taiwanese. 我就不是中國來的啊,我是台灣來的,我是台灣人啊!

 

當年在澳洲唸研究所的時候跟講師吵過架,因為是 Languages and Cultures in Contact 語言文化研究的課程,台灣人報告完後,他說 You Chinese…. 你們中國人…潔西聽到馬上跟講師抗議說台灣跟中國不同,文化也不同,他居然敷衍說 We don’t talk about politics in class. 當下不爽的程度應該噴火了。孰可忍孰不可忍!潔西當天就寫了長篇大論的信去抗議,分別寄到教授跟系主任那兒去。開玩笑,澳洲人大部分都是從英國來的,最開始還是他們要開發的時後沒人要到澳洲,還找了一堆英國的罪犯過來,沒記錯這段歷史的話,不過當然潔西沒提這點,只是說他們很多人都是英國血統,祖先是英國來的,假如有人說他們是 British 他們應該絕對無法認同吧?再說文化研究的課耶,中國文化跟台灣文化可以說是相同一樣的話,那這門課也不用上了。後來講師道歉,潔西轉班,那個講師忘記是哪裡人了,就是一邊念博士一邊當講師,非常新沒有經驗的講師,他也不是故意的,只是不會處理吧。潔西當初畢業的時候,有教授問潔西怎麼不留下來唸博士,沒錢啊,教授說可以一邊當講師一邊念,恩,有心動,但是真的沒錢,當初也歸心似箭。有幾個教授講師真的很棒,再過幾年能存到錢說不定就過去唸了,哈哈說說而已。最後應該沒說會說 I’m from the Republic of China. 但是記得用 I’m from Taiwan. 請不要加 the ,大部分國家都不用加 the,說了一堆這樣國家什麼時候用 the 有點概念了吧?希望如此囉,哈哈。下面是整理的講義,有錯誤再麻煩提醒,謝謝。一樣歡迎 Facebook 分享,請不要隨意轉貼轉載,感恩J

 

 

A, An, The 冠詞 Articles 整理

  1. 不定冠詞冠詞a/an

可數名詞只有一個為單數時,非限定時,依發音不同,名詞前面要加 a 或 an 。

    a :名詞的字首的發音是子音時,名詞前要加 a 。

She has a dog. / I don’t have a smart phone.

    an:名詞的字首的發音是母音時,名詞前要加 an 。

I eat an apple every day. / I need an egg.

 

母音字母有五個a,e,i,o,u。看字首的字母是母音還是非母音字母來決定前面加a或an 不一定準確。大多時候沒錯,不過因為是實際上是按發音來決定,一個單字的第一個音是母音時前面要加 an ,子音加 a ,所以要特別注意少數字首不發音的子音與母音字母發子音的字。另外英文字母 alphabet ,也就是A-Z的這些字母為首時,要特別注意,要看字母的發音,而非字母是否為母音字母,子母發音為母為首時需要加 an 。

 

字首h發音:a hat, a house

字首h不發音:an hour, an honest man

字首u發母音:an umbrella, an uncle

字首u發子音:a university, a uniform

英文字母子音: a CD, a USB flash drive

英文字母母音為首: an mp3 player, an iPhone

 

不清楚英文字母的發音的可以參考這裡:

The English Alphabet 英文字母

Aa [e]  Bb [bi]  Cc [si]  Dd [di]  Ee [i]  Ff [ɛf]  Gg [dʒi]  Hh [etʃ]  Ii [aɪ]  Jj [dʒe]

Kk [ke]  Ll [ɛl]  Mm [ɛm] Nn [ɛn] Oo [o]  Pp [pi]  Qq [kju]  Rr [ɑr]  Ss [ɛs]

Tt [ti]  Uu [ju] Vv [vi]  Ww [ˋdʌblju]  Xx [ɛks]  Yy [waɪ]  Zz [zi]

 

A. 練習題:填入 a 或 an

  1. ___ file
  2.  ____  city
  3.  ____  ID card
  4.  ____ apartment
  5. ___ sandwich
  6.  ___ university
  7.  ____ MRT station
  8. ___ letter
  9.  ___  e-mail
  10. ___ hour and ____ half

 

 

 

  1. 定冠詞the

定冠詞the常用來表示限定的,特定的人事物。後面可以加可數單數名詞,可數複數名詞或不可數名詞。

 

a. 用the表示特定的人事物。用 a, an 表一般,沒有特定。

He is a teacher.

He is the teacher I met last night.

 

b. 當我們提到一個名詞的第一次時常會用 a, an,再一次提到的時候因為彼此都知道了,所以是特定的,就會用the。

I’m reading a book. The book is very interesting.

 

c. 當一個名詞是獨一無二的時前面會加the

The moon goes round the earth, and the earth goes round the sun.

 

d. 當說話對象彼此都知道所提到的東西時

It’s too dark. Can you turn on the light?

 

e. 當提到一個系統 system 或服務 service 時前面用the

He’s talking on the phone.

Please turn off the radio.

 

注意:

單數可數名詞通常不會單獨存在,前面會加上a, an, the, 所有格形容詞如:my, your, Tom’s等。

He’s neighbor. (X)    She has son. (X)

He’s a neighbor. /He’s the neighbor. / He’s our neighbor.

 

 

 

  1. 更多的冠詞a, an, the用法小說明 參考The Article Book by Tom Cole

 

  1. a/an為不定冠詞,放在非特定的單數可數名詞前。

Do you have a pen?  你有筆嗎?任何一支,沒有特定的。

He is an old man.

 

  1. 當一個單數可數名詞第一次被提到的時候要用a/an,再次提到的時候前面要用the。

I saw a dog. The dog ran away.

 

  1. 在there is / there are 後面的名詞不可加the。單數可數名詞前加a / an。所有名詞無論是單數或複數,在there is / there are 後面皆為不特定。

There is a pen on the table.

There were planes in the sky.

 

  1. 當提及在世界上唯一存在的事物時,前面要加the

The sky is blue.  (The sun, the moon, the earth)

 

  1. 表達形容詞副詞的最高級superlative時,前面要加the。

Paris is the most beautiful place I’ve ever been.

He is the tallest student in my class.

 

  1. 在動物園zoo,花園garden,博物館museum,機構institute,公司company的名字前面要加the。

The Ford Motor Company was founded by Henry Ford.

 

  1. 在飯店hotel/motel,劇院theater,橋bridge和建築物building的名字前要加the,但是在廳堂,醫院的名字前不加the。

The Hilton Hotel is on Main Street.

I was born in National Taiwan University Hospital.

 

  1. 姓氏後面加名詞時,前面要加the。姓氏後面加 s ,前面加 the 用來代表一家人或夫妻。

The Everly Brothers were American rock and roll singers.

The Jacksons are coming to lunch on Saturday.

 

  1. 在河流river,海洋ocean/sea,沙漠desert前要加the。

The biggest ocean in the world is the Pacific.

 

  1. 在單獨的湖泊,山脈,島嶼,峽谷前不加冠詞a/an或the,但複數時要加the。

Only a few people have climbed Mt. Everest.

The Rocky Mountains are in the western United States.

 

  1. 在國家country,城市city,州state前不可加冠詞a/an或the,但是某些特定字組合成國家的名稱時,前面要加the。

The capital of Taiwan is Taipei.

There are fifty states in the United States.

其他如the Republic of China, the United Kingdom

 

  1. 在街道名稱street, avenue, road, boulevard前不可加the。

Fifth Avenue is a famous street in New York.

I live on Thomas Street.

 

  1. 複數名詞前不可加a/an。

I have friends in Canada.

 

  1. 不可數名詞前不可加a/an。

She drinks orange juice every day.

 

  1. 不可數名詞除非是特定,否則前面不可加the

Do you often drink milk?

Do you like the coffee I made? 因為是我泡的,特定的,所以要加 the

 

  1. 在早上,下午,傍晚前要加the,但是晚上,中午,午夜前不加the。

He always leaves home in the morning and goes home at night.

in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening

at noon, at night, at midnight

 

  1. 在一些go的片語或複合字,名詞前面不加the。通常是一些地方你固定去的,比方說家裡,學校,教堂,都會去同一間。

Do you go to church?

go to bed, go to class, go to school, go to college, go to jail, go home

 

 

B. 練習題改正下面句子的錯誤,下面有錯誤的句子,寫想翻譯的也可以先練習翻譯,提醒一下,中文可以不用有一,一個這樣的字,可是英文單數可數非特定的名詞就會需要 a, an, the,  my, his..等這些喔!

 

中翻英

  1. 你有養寵物嗎?

 

  1. 我撿到手機。我把手機給我弟弟。

 

  1. 我們學校有外國老師。

 

  1. 地球繞著太陽轉。

 

  1. 這是我看過最糟糕的電影。

 

  1. 小孩子喜歡去台北動物園。

 

  1. 台北凱悅飯店在松壽路上。

 

  1. 卡本特兄妹是美國歌唱與樂器演奏的雙人組。

 

  1. 沙哈拉沙漠是全世界第三大的沙漠。

 

  1. 你爬過玉山嗎?

 

  1. 他來自蘇格蘭。

 

  1. 帝國大廈位在第五大道上。

 

  1. 小孩不容易。

 

  1. 她通常早餐吃麵包。

 

  1. 你多常喝咖啡?

 

  1. 午夜十二點的時候電視上有部很棒的電影。

 

  1. 你唸哪所學校?

 

 

上面的中翻英,算是提示,不過每一題都有錯誤,也有不只一個錯誤的喔,要全對真的有難度,不過就試試吧!

 

  1. Do you have cat? 你有養貓嗎?

 

  1. I found cell phone. I gave cell phone to my brother. 我撿到手機。我把手機給我弟弟。

 

  1. There is the foreign teacher in our school. 我們學校有外國老師。

 

  1. Earth travels around Sun. 地球繞著太陽轉。

 

  1. It’s worst movie I’ve ever seen. 這是我看過最糟糕的電影。

 

  1. Kids love to go to Taipei Zoo. 小孩子喜歡去台北動物園。

 

  1. Grand Hyatt Taipei Hotel is on the SongShou Road. 台北凱悅飯店在松壽路上。

 

  1. Carpenters were a American vocal and instrumental duo. 卡本特兄妹是美國歌唱與樂器演奏的雙人組。

 

  1. Sahara is third largest desert in the world. 沙哈拉沙漠是全世界第三大的沙漠。

 

  1. Have you ever climbed the Yushan (Jade Mountain)? 你爬過玉山嗎?

 

  1. He is from the Scotland. 他來自蘇格蘭。

 

  1. Empire State Building is on the Fifth Avenue. 帝國大廈位在第五大道上。

 

  1. Raising a children is not easy. 養小孩不容易。

 

  1. She usually eat a bread for breakfast. 她通常早餐吃麵包。

 

  1. How often do you drink the coffee? 你多常喝咖啡?

 

  1. There’s a great movie on TV at the midnight. 午夜十二點的時候電視上有部很棒的電影。

 

  1. Where do you go to the school? 你唸哪所學校?

 

 

明天是週末,答案就等潔西吃飽後分開放在下一篇的象印快煮電氣壺吧!這樣才不會太容易偷看XD

 

要全部做對可能沒有那麼容易,因為很多時候是慣用法,所以潔西一直說與其被單字,不如被片語或句子,一起記就不會弄錯了。哇!週末了, Have a nice weekend!

 

歡迎 Facebook 分享,請不要隨意轉貼轉載,尊重一下整理的潔西花的時間跟心血,感恩:)

 

解答