【潔西家】給我是 to me 還是 for me 呢?

下面兩句的英文怎麼說呢?

我姊買一個包包給我。

我姊寄一張明信片給我。

答案用法跟影片在下面:

潔西姊姊去歐洲回來買了個包包給潔西,太幸福了。是潔西選的藍色的包包,這幾年拿的都是深藍色 dark blue 的包包,常常一身藍在身上,深藍色的羽絨衣 down coat ,深藍色跟淺藍色 light blue 的帆布樂福鞋 canvas loafers 各一雙 ,深藍色的洋裝 dress,淺藍色的毛怪證件夾零錢袋,查了一下英文在 e-bay 是 Tokyo Disney Resort LTD Monsters Inc Sully Face Plush Pass Case Sulley Coin Bag,pass case 是證件夾, coin bag 是零錢包,Sulley 就是超可愛的毛怪。有淺藍色的杯墊 coaster ,淺藍色的晴雨短傘 mini travel umbrella for sun and rain, 太多了,寫不完了,其實是偷懶,哈哈,代表幾樣就可以了。最愛色是藍色就對了。

每天都很累,星期一去看醫生在醫院待了五個小時,等超久,打針止痛結果只有十分鐘效用,都快暈倒,每天想做的事都做不完,不過每天也都儘量完成一些覺得是最緊急的事,剛剛看到 Line 群組大學同學有人翻出先前潔西做的通訊錄,潔西從前是那種充滿熱情的人,打電話,寫信問大家的近況,做成班刊,怎麼這麼閒?從前太多熱情了,現在只剩下一點了,你太有熱情,別人沒有熱情是不行的。前幾天整理書架的時候翻出大學班刊,順便問一下有沒有人會想出來走走,聚聚,潔西今年要辦高中同學會,想說大學同學會也可以一起辦一辦,不過只有一個人有回應,感覺大家沒什麼興趣,真是小傷心,不過也就是這樣啦,太熱情自己會受傷的。不過還是想要把班刊掃描傳到臉書給大家看,所以寫到這裡了,好多想說的就明天再說了。

老姐送的包

IMG_9884

 

canvas loafers 長這樣,就是輕便的帆布鞋

螢幕截圖 2020-01-14 23.46.23.png

 

pass case

IMG_9885

 

 

 

今天在臉書專頁發的文

剛剛突然想到一個字,叫做 sore loser 疼痛的輸掉的人就是不服輸,輸了還在哇哇叫不認輸的人,沒有影射,大家不要多想。另外一個字當情緒勒所 emotional blackmail。

主要是因為一睡醒就看到我家小寶分享文章說很多年輕人因為跟家裡政治立場不同起衝突,甚至被趕出門,我本來對文章存質疑,但是小寶說,他的朋友就真的被家人趕出去了。她覺得韓國瑜到底造成多少家庭破滅就因為有不同的政治理念?

怪政客是個有點奇怪的想法,為什麼家庭失和怪政客?

老實說很難想像正常家庭的家長會因為自己孩子投不同黨派就不要小孩子把他們趕出去?家長是不是過份偏激,是不是本身的家庭或父母子女間溝通本來就有問題?家家有本難念的經。

每個家庭當中的每個人都可以有自己支持的候選人,我們家老實說,應該是沒有人認同蔡英文吧?但是我家大寶投蔡英文也沒人阻止他不能投。選舉本來就是個人自由意志,可以不認同,但是應該給予相對的尊重。為什麼那麼多人堅決自己才是對的,一定要說服別人?每個人看的是不同的面向,為什麼一定要把自己想法強加在別人身上?你選的是你想要的未來,他選的是他想要的未來,民主社會少數服從多數,你不喜歡別人的選擇你可以動之以情,曉之以理,也就該止於如此。

有些夫妻每次選舉都吵架,因為支持不同黨,一路吵,吵到選完就好了。我不喜歡韓國瑜也不喜歡蔡英文,但是最不喜歡的是兩黨引起的社會對立跟很多在旁邊煽風點火的媒體,社交網站,選舉結束了,不管你投給誰,不管他有沒有當選,日子還是要過,韓粉又如何?英粉又如何?不要再去貼人標籤了,這些人都是你的家長你的朋友,假如理念不同就要反目成仇那就太可悲了。選舉是會把人沖昏頭,但不會抹煞人性,希望小寶朋友可以早日跟家人和好。

另外溝通的技巧要好好學習,你表達的意見後面有沒有能支持你言論的論點?如何有效說服人跟語言溝通技巧非常相關。當你跟無法溝通的人講理無用時該怎麼做才不會引起衝突。當你表達意見時,有不同意見該如何消化處裡。人生一輩子都會用到的。老闆不接受你的意見是如何溝通?小孩不聽話如何溝通?

先前看過一個 Ted 演講說你跟人家吵架吵輸時應該感激對方,因為對方讓你學到新東西,讓你知道你原本的觀點是不正確的。講得很好,但是事情發生了真正能如此想的人有多少?

選舉結束了,對立該結束了,醒醒吧,被沖昏頭的人!每個展現自己的想法也該尊重他人而不是貶低別人或是情緒化造成衝突。人與人之間的真實的情感交情親情友情是不會因為政治立場不同就消失的!

大家不要當 sore loser 也不要當 cocky winner 自大的贏家,這潔西自己想的。sore loser 是有像慣用法的用著的喔。 年輕人熱愛政治是好事,但是跟家長溝通也很重要,民主自由很重要,親情應該是更重要的吧。突然想到日文的把頭冷下來的用法,頭を冷やす,家長跟年輕人都應該冷靜下來一起面對更重要的未來吧!

 

真正給我是 to me 還是 for me 的正文開始:

我姊買一個包包給我。My sister bought a bag for me.

我姊寄一張明信片給我。My sister sent a postcard to me.

為什麼?為什麼?為什麼一個用 for,一個用 to ?

沒有為什麼啊,固定搭配的用法就是這樣。這種動詞叫做授與動詞,有兩個受詞,一個是人,叫做間接受詞,一個是物,叫做直接受詞。人在前面的時候不用加介系詞,人在後面的時候要接介系詞。

My sister bought me a bag. = My sister bought a bag for me.

My sister sent me a postcard. = My sister sent a postcard to me.

 

這麼可惡,中文都是給,那怎麼知道什麼時候用 for 什麼時候用 to ?

這其實有固定的搭配法,不用去死背,常見的單字用法整個句子一起記住,常用就會用對了。

 

固定用 to 的字有 send, give, write, bring, pass, read, lend, sell, tell, teach, post, show, throw, hand 等。

He gave a present to me. 他給我一個禮物。

I wrote an e-mail to my boss. 我寫一封郵件給我老闆。

Did you bring the book to me? 你有帶那本書給我嗎?

Could you pass the salt to me? 你可以遞鹽給我嗎?

I used to read bedtime stories to my nephew and niece. 我曾經讀床邊故事給我外甥跟外甥女聽。

Can you lend your pen to me? 你可以借你的筆給我嗎?

They didn’t sell the painting to me because it was not for sale. 他們沒賣我那幅畫因為它是非賣品。

 

固定用 for 的字有 buy, cook, make, do, draw, get, build, pick, fetch, save, pick, cut, find, keep, leave, order 等。

His mother cooks dinner for him every day. 他媽媽每天做菜給他吃。

Can you make a cup of coffee for me? 你可以幫我泡一杯咖啡嗎?

Could you do a favor for me? 你可以幫我忙嗎?

He drew a picture for me. 他畫了一幅畫給我。

I’ve got a gift for you. 我有一個禮物給你。

We want to build a better future for our children. 我們想要為孩子們創建美好的未來。

Can you fetch the plate for me? 你可以拿那個盤子給我嗎?

 

潔西舉了比較常用的例子,單字參考來源是 Oxford Practice Grammar Advanced

教大家最簡單不用記究竟是 to 還是 for 的方式,把間接動詞,也就是人放到前面就通通不用記了喔,哈哈哈。

Can you hand me the book? 你可以遞給我那本書嗎?

這樣就不用記是 hand 是搭配 to ,所以要說 Can you hand the book to me? 了

 

 

講解的影片

【潔西家】從頭學文法六:八大詞性之六介系詞

潔西的人生變成黑白了,嗚嗚。這星期把好多人從身邊咳跑,坐捷運我開始咳到上氣不接下氣,兩邊坐的人分別站起來走到前面去,並不是要下車。先前坐公車也是,不只我隔壁,連坐我前面的人都跑掉。早上去看醫生,醫生說潔西的支氣管非常的敏感,冰一定不能吃,甜的不要吃。咖啡能不能喝,潔西問,醫生說不要加牛奶喝一點沒關係,潔西又問那茶呢,沒有糖的就可以。然後出了診間又想到問藥師說一聲說不拿吃甜的,那水果,像芒果呢?藥師說不要太多的話應該沒關係。

 

才怪,潔西馬上買了三顆芒果回家,吃了一顆,太可惡了,根本就不甜,然後潔西咳到要死不活。吃了藥,然後接下來午餐吃了便當,下午又吃了燕麥片,幾乎都沒咳嗽,果然是吃的東西很重要喔。潔西先前都偷喝冰的,難怪咳不好。坐公車跟捷運因為都會突然有冷風吹出來,即使有戴口罩還是咳得很厲害。然後一天到晚忘記戴絲巾,所以上課的時候有時做到風口,也會咳的很厲害。支氣管敏感,就是過敏吧?鼻子過敏上次醫生是這麼說,跟支氣管敏感一樣嗎?等等來去問 Google 大師。所以是說我一整個夏天不都能吃冰的,也不能喝冰的,也太悲慘了吧。

 

今天早上五點半就起床,因為昨天很早睡,有累到。今天沒課,在家一整天跟上星期一樣備不完的課,嗚嗚。不要在嗚了啦!我真的覺得我某些課的備課時間比上課時間長的多,超累。超多是想做又做不完。想去逛逛百貨公司走走,因為外面太熱了。剛剛有遇到一個健身房的業務,或許會去那家做運動也說不定。

 

好想睡又好餓,難怪我剛剛錄影片的時候一直口齒不清。從早到現在除了吃飯外沒什麼休息耶。真的是個笨蛋,會累不是沒原因。但是好多東西喔。算了,先弄好明天的,其他的先放著。欠圖書館書一直沒還,超級過意不去。明天,明天ㄧ定還。本來想今天去,外面好熱,要順便去逛百貨公司的動力都被醫生打消了,去了什麼都不能買啊。再說家裡零食也一堆。

 

晚餐能吃什麼呢?好問號又好餓。有買泡麵,但是在吃下去我就要永垂不朽了,啊!

 

stuck 中文叫什麼呢?就是困住的時候就要起來動一動,剛剛想說整理一下床鋪先來睡一下,然後,啊,找到剛剛找了好幾分鐘找不到的剪好要給學生用的小卡,明明我講義是從床上放到右邊的桌上(沒錯我備課的時候通常是床上擺滿的書跟講義,亂七八糟),但是小卡卻詭異的在右邊找到。超餓,去夜市晃晃覓食去。啊,就這樣不知不覺週末到了,好恐怖。不是昨天才星期一。忙的時候好沒有時間感喔。躺一下,吃飯去。Have a good weekend!

 

 

 

preposition (prep.) 介系詞

A preposition is a word that relates a noun or pronoun to another word, usually in regard to position, direction, space, cause, or time. A preposition always has an object, which is usually a noun or pronoun; the combination of preposition and object is called prepositional phrase.

介系詞是一個用來表達名詞或代名詞跟其他字的關係,通常是用來表達關於位置,方向,空間,原因,或時間。介系詞後面一定要接一個受詞,通常是名詞或代名詞。兩者結合成介系詞片語。後面是動詞的話要改成動名詞。

I hang my towel behind the door. 我把我的浴巾掛在門後。

The teacher walked towards to the student who was sleeping. 那個老師走向正在睡覺的學生。

I’ve got something in my eye. 我眼睛裡面有東西。

I couldn’t talk for coughing. 我一直咳不停。

I started teaching in 1999. 我從 19991年開始教書。

 

at 有十八種以上的用法

at home 在家, at the entrance 在入口, at midnight 午夜十二點, at 9:00 在九點, at lunch 在午餐時, at university 在大學, at the age of 60 在六十歲的時候

 

表達時間不同的用法

in the afternoon 在下午, on Friday afternoon 在星期五下午, at night 在晚上, on Friday night 在星期五晚上

 

表地點的不同用法

at 98 Main Street 在緬因街九十八號, on Zongxian East Road 在忠孝東路, in Taipei 在台北, in Canada 在加拿大

 

look at 看著, look for 尋找, look forward to 期待, look down on 看不起, look up to 尊敬, look out 小心

I look forward to seeing you. 我期待見到你。 

 

名詞,動詞,形容詞後面接介系詞

I don’t have time for your nonsense. 我沒時間給你的胡搞瞎搞。

They arrived at the airport at 5 p.m. 他們在下午五點抵達機場。

She’s afraid of dogs. 她怕狗。

下班前的英文怎麼說 + by 跟 before 表示在某時間前用法的不同

天啊!太久沒錄影片,至少重錄了十次以上,講話都打結了。其實是要錄方位介系詞的,但是因為整理的時候看到 before 跟 by 的用法的不同,另外想到先前學生問的下班前,結果整理了一下午,真的很佩服自己那麼會摸。

下班前應該還有其它用法,歡迎分享,潔西跟學生說的時候,學生一臉不相信潔西說的。英文好像沒有一個單字用來表示上班跟下班的用法。上班潔西會用 start work 比方說 I start work at nine o’clock.  朝九晚五就可以說 I start at 9 and finish at six. 恩,說 I work from 9 to 5. 就可以啦啊。

好了,看比賽去。ㄧ定沒問題的!

影片:

 

下班的英文怎麼說呢? finish work 或 get off work 都可以。

我五點半下班。 I finish work at 5:30. / I get off work at 5:30.

 

還有 be off from work

I will be off from work at 5.30, and we can meet at the restaurant at 6:00.

我五點半下班,我們可以約六點在餐廳見面。

 

那下班前的英文呢?可愛的學生直接說 before finish work (X) 不對啦!

 

要記得 before 是介系詞,後面要加名詞。但是要加動詞的話,記得要用連接詞的 before, 後面要有主詞,動詞,形成一個副詞子句

Can you give me the report before you finish work?

你可以在下班前給我報告嗎?

Can you give me the report before you leave the office?

你可以在離開辦公室前給我報告嗎?

 

因為每家公司的下班時間不同,假如跟不同公司的話,或許說個時間比較方便。

Can you give me the report before six o’clock?

你可以在六點前給我報告嗎?

 

另外還有兩個在網路上看到的用法,潔西沒在上班的,所以歡迎工作人士提供其它用法

Can you give me the report by EOD?

Can you give me the report by COB?

可以在今天前給我報告嗎?

 

EOD = end of day 一天的結束

EOB = end of business 營業結束

COB = close of business 營業結束

 

維基上面寫 EOB,COB,營業結束在美國通常是下午五點,在英國是下午五點半,而 EOD 一天的結束通常是晚上十一點五十九分。真好玩,每天學習新知識

 

不過剛剛查的時候有看到有網站說用 EOD 或 EOB 還不如直接說幾點鐘要才不容易造成誤會。

This is needed by 6 tonight.

這在今天晚上六點前要。

 

by 跟 before 表示在 … 之前的不同

另外台灣人要說在什麼時間前多半用 before, 但是還有一個字 by 也可以用來表示在 … 之前,不過意思有點不同,很容易弄錯。剛好看到有例子講得很清楚,分享一下。簡單來說用來表達在某時間之前時, by 包含了所說的那個時間,before 則是不包含,要在那之前

 

by

You use by to say that something will happen at or before a certain time

by 是用來表達某件事情在某時間點,或某時間點之前發生

 

I’ll get there by 10:00.

我會在十點前到。(十點以前,十點是可以的)

 

You must give it back by next Tuesday.

你必須在下星期二前拿回來。(下星期二前,星期二是可以的)

 

 

before

We usually use before very generally for something happening earlier than a certain time.

before 通常用來表示某件事發生在某個特定時間前

 

 

Turn off the light before you leave.

在你離開前關燈。

This form must be returned before September 9.

這表格必須在九月九日前交還。(九月八日可以,但九月九號不行)

 

We will finish before Friday.

我們會在星期五前完成。(可能在星期三,四完成,不包括星期五)

We will finish by Friday.

我們會在星期五前完成。(可能在星期三,四完成,也可能在星期五)

 

 

下面對話中文很難解釋,請看括號裡的說明

 

Tom: Didn’t Sam say he would be here before seven? (=at some time earlier than seven)

湯姆:山姆不是說他會七點前到嗎?(在七點以前的某個時間)

Bill: I think he said he hoped to be here by seven. (= at or before, but not later than seven)

比爾:我想他是說他希望七點前能到這裡。(在七點或七點以前,但是不晚於七點)

Tom: I guess we should wait for him until seven-fifteen. (= during the period up to seven-fifteen.)

湯姆:我想我們應該等他等到七點十五分。(在到七點十五分之前的這段時間)

 

 

 

 

介系詞 in, at, on 的不同用法

潔西跑到遙遠的榮總拿藥,今天豔陽高照,曬到不行,回家後不知道哪根筋不對,曬壞了?抱了十本文法書,挑了六本整理出來下面這篇介系詞的用法,希望有看了比較清楚一點。

本來要錄影片講解,但是講到一半被訊息打斷,突然沒力氣錄了,哈哈。休息休息比較重要。

前面是一些大原則,可以稍微記一下,at 跟 in 主要是點跟在裡面的差別,最後一堆單字可以省略,潔西從六本書中找出比較常用的,本來要出練習題,但是太累了,改天有空再來加上練習題。

格式亂了看很不順眼,自己,PDF 在這裡:介系詞 in, at, on 的不同用法

 

方位介系詞 in, at, on 可以用來表達某個人或某件事在哪裡,但是中文都一樣,很容易混淆,先把幾個大原則記住,一些比較特別的用法再一個個記住。

in 的話是用在三度空間,比方說 in a box

at 的話常用在一個點,比方說 at the bus stop

on 的話是用在一條線上或一個平面,比方說 on the table

詳細一點解說

in 用在封閉的空間 in the classroom, in the building

用在限定的範圍 in a town, in a park, in a country, in a continent

洲 in Asia, In Europe, in North America

國家 in Taiwan, in Spain, in Korea, in Japan

州 in Texas, in California, in Florida

城市 in Taipei, in Tokyo, in New York

建築物 in the UN Building, in the bank, in an office

房間 in the classroom, in the bathroom, in the living room

交通工具(通常是小型的) in a car, in a taxi, in a small boat

 

at 用在一個點 at my desk, at the crossroads, at the traffic lights, at the front desk

地址 at 36 Thomas Street, at 133 ChungZhan Road, Section 3, Taipei, Taiwan

活動 at a party, at a meeting, at a conference, at a concert, at the wedding

日常生活去的地方 at home, at school, at university, at work, at church, at the post office

on 用在表面 on the wall, on the floor, on the ceiling

用在一條線 on the line, on the coast, on the equator

街道 on Fifth Avenue, on Main Street, on ChungShan Road, on the corner

樓層 on the first floor, on the fifth floor, on the twenty-second floor

交通工具(通常是大型的) on a bus, on a train, on the MRT, on a plane, on a bike, on a ship

建築物時 in 表達在建築物裡面

at 用在建築物時可以表示在裡面或在外面在做什麼

A: Let’s meet at Sogo Department Store.

A: 我們在 Sogo 百貨公司碰面吧。

B: OK. Should we meet in the department store or at the entrance?

B: 好。我們要在百貨公司裡面還是入口碰面。

最後 in 跟 at 在很多時候都可以通用,通常 in 用來表示或強調在建築物的裡面,at 就是表達在那個點,比方說 in the park 跟 at the park , in the park 強調我在公園裡面,at the park 把公園當成一個點,一個地方。

另外 at 某是在那個點做某件事,比方說 I’m at the cinema. = watching a film 我在電影院指的是我在看電影。 We were at a pub. = having a drink 我們在酒吧指的是我們在喝酒。

at school 強調地點。學校 at school 或 at college/university 指的是在學校,在大學,人在那個地方。但是 in school 或 in college/university 是指在那裡唸書,當時人不一定在那個地方。
They are at university. 他們現在大學(校區內)。
They are in university. 他們念大學。

 

 

下面很多例子參考用

 

in

rooms, buildings, towns, parks, countries, continents, my pocket, in her car, Germany, in the phone box, the base, cage, the kitchen, the garden, pool, New York, America, prison, hospital, the lesson, a book/newspaper, the photo/picture, the middle, in the back/front of a car, in a queue/line/row, the mountains, bed, garden, the closet, the north, the pool, the sky, the world, car, taxi, the middle, in an ocean, an office, in a department, in a magazine, in a letter, in the front row, in the sales department, in the corner

 

at

the bus stop, at my desk, at the crossroad, the station/airport, the end of the road, the top of the house, the back of the book, the door, the bottom, at the supermarket, at my sister’s, at a football

on

walls, floors, shelves, lines, paths, coasts, the equators, the grass, one the pavement, on the door, on a street, on your shirt, on this road, the Seine, the platform, farm, the page/map, the screen, the island/beach/coast, the right/left, the back of an envelope, on the balcony, on the grass, on a horse, on a motorcycle, on the ground, on the bulletin board, on page 8, on an island, on the left-hand side, on a map, on a menu, on a ranch, on a river, on the corner of

時間介係詞 Prepositions of Time

把時間介系詞簡單的講解一下錄下來,裡面只有12題,另外找了先前的講義,所以這裡變成20提,講解裡面只有十二題,不過以此類推就可以了,答案在最後面有 🙂

 

Prepositions 時間介係詞 Prepositions of Time

At

at  a time of the day  時間點(幾點幾分)

I usually get up at 8 o’clock.  /  She starts work at 8.30.

 

at night/noon/midday/midnight

Linda doesn’t like to work at night.

 

On

a day  星期一至星期日前

I do yoga on Tuesdays.

 

weekend 週末

Tom goes hiking on weekends

 

a date or holiday 特定日期

My birthday is on July 25th.

 

In

a part of the day

一天中的一部分

We often go for a walk in the afternoon.  /  Jessie usually works in the evenings.

 

a month 月份

Her birthday is in July.

 

a season 季節

They often take a trip to Paris in fall.

 

a year  年份

I was born in 1971.

 

a century 世紀

Instant coffee was invented in the twentieth century.

 

X

在this, that, last, every, tomorrow 等與一些特定時間表達語前面不加任何介係詞

I am busy this weekend. / She goes dancing every Friday night. /Tom is going to see a dentist later.

  1. Do you sometimes watch TV ____ the morning?
  2. Are you usually at home _____ 7 o’clock _____ the evening?
  3. Do you sometimes work ______ night?
  4. What do you usually do _____ weekends?
  5. Do you usually go shopping _____ Saturdays?
  6. Do you go hiking ____ summer?
  7. Do you have a holiday _____ December?
  8. What do you usually do ______ your birthday?
  9. Do you eat breakfast _____ Sunday morning?
  10. What did you do ______ last weekend?
  11. What do you usually do ____ the evening?
  12. What do you only do _____ Sundays?
  13. What time do you have breakfast ____ every day?
  14. How do you feel ____ Sunday evenings?
  15. How do you feel ______ every Monday morning?
  16. What do you do ___Saturday nights?
  17. What time do you get up ____ weekdays? How about weekend?
  18. Where do you usually go ____ New Year’s Eve?
  19. Do you have a coffee break ____ the afternoon?
  20. Do you stay up until midnight ____ weekdays?

 

講解稿

Prepositions 時間介係詞 Prepositions of Time

At

at  a time of the day  時間點(幾點幾分)

I usually get up at 8 o’clock.  /  She starts work at 8.30.

I got up at 4.30 this morning. I got up at 4.30 in the morning.   I got up at 4.30 a.m.

It’s 4.09 p.m.  It’s 4.09 in the afternoon.

at night/noon/midday/midnight

Linda doesn’t like to work at night.

at noon= at 12 p.m. = at midday

at midnight = at 12 a.m.     3 a.m.

 

in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, at night

 

On

a day  星期一至星期日前

I do yoga on Tuesdays.

I play basketball on Monday and Friday.

 

weekend 週末

Tom goes hiking on weekends

on weekdays  = from Monday to Friday

 

a date or holiday 特定日期

My birthday is on July 25th.

We are going to have a big party on Thanksgiving. / Halloween / Moon festival

I exercise on Monday morning.   on Saturday evening,  on Sunday night

In

a part of the day

一天中的一部分

We often go for a walk in the afternoon.  /  Jessie usually works in the evenings.

in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening,   Good day!

 

a month 月份

Her birthday is in July.

 

a season 季節

They often take a trip to Paris in fall.

 

a year  年份

I was born in 1971.

 

a century 世紀

Instant coffee was invented in the twentieth century.

instant noodles

 

X

在this, that, last, every, tomorrow 等與一些特定時間表達語前面不加任何介係詞

I am busy this weekend. / She goes dancing every Friday night. /Tom is going to see a dentist later.

 

 

 

  1. Do you sometimes watch TV ____ the morning?
  2. Are you usually at home _____ 7 o’clock _____ the evening?
  3. Do you sometimes work ______ night?
  4. What do you usually do _____ weekends?
  5. Do you usually go shopping _____ Saturdays?
  6. Do you go swimming ____ summer?
  7. Do you have a holiday _____ December?
  8. What do you usually do ______ your birthday?
  9. Do you eat breakfast _____ Sunday morning?
  10. What did you do ______ last weekend?
  11. What do you usually do ____ the evening?
  12. What do you only do _____ Sundays? sleep in

 

  1. in 2. at, in 3. at  4. on  5. on  6. in  7. in  8. on  9. on  10. X  11 in 12. on 13. X  14. on  15. X  16. on  17. on  18. on  19. in  20 on

時間介系詞與方位(地點)介系詞 in, on, at

夏日炎炎正好眠?不要睡了啦,午休時間可以練習一下時間地點介系詞,每天十分鐘,累積起來也很可觀喔!

 

小考先,下面這些介系詞要用 in, on, at 哪一個?

1 我住在台北。

2 我住在大安路。

3 我住在大安路一號(隨便寫的,不知道那是哪)。

4 我住在225號房。

5 我住在三樓。

6 我出生於夏天。

7 我出生於八月。

8 我出生於八月十五日。

9 我出生於 1988年。

10 我出生於二十世紀。

 

 

 

準備好要看答案了嗎?用看的真的學不好,自己寫一下再來對答案絕對印象比較深刻喔。

1 我住在台北。 I live in Taipei.

2 我住在大安路。 I live on Da-An Road.

3 我住在大安路一號(隨便寫的,不知道那是哪)。 I live at No.1, Da-An Road.

4 我住在225號房。 I live in Room 225.

5 我住在三樓。 I live on the third floor.

6 我出生於夏天。 I was born in summer.

7 我出生於八月。 I was born in August.

8 我出生於八月十五日。 I was born on August 15th.

9 我出生於 1988年。 I was born in 1988.

10 我出生於二十世紀。 I was born in the twentieth century.

 

假如這邊全對,那就還不錯了,基本改念有了,其他的就看到一個在記一個。介系詞就是這樣有點討厭的東西,因為除了這些放在名詞前表時間地點方向外,也可以跟動詞結合成各式各樣的片語: look for, look at, look up on someone, look down on someone,look around 這些意思都多少會有點不同,怎麼辦?看到一個記一個。另外也可以跟名詞,形容詞結合。比方說我怕狗,不能說 I afraid dog. (X) 因為 afraid 是個形容詞,所以前面要有 be 動詞,然後 be afraid of 是個片語,要一起寄,最後 dog 可數,所以通常會用複數來表示總稱,應該是 I am afraid of dogs. 才對。這就真的多練習,一個個記,然後不用去死背一整本片語書,保證背過又忘了。所以不要背單字,多閱讀自己整理片語單字,記句子會好些啊!

 

其實這先前放過了,沒有改很多,不過多練習幾次印象多一點,介系詞說難不難,怎麼樣知道用哪一個介系詞,查字典,其實主要介系詞會在幾個地方出現,用來表時間跟地點一般是最常見的 。大原則,記一下,遇到例外再記一下。然後與名詞動詞形容詞等結合成的片語,就是去找主要的介系詞名詞動詞形容詞,看他的用法。比方說謝謝你來。 Thanks for coming. 為什麼用 for ,恩,就是因為 thank 這個字,所以去查 thank 看他的用法。最後,介系詞後面要加名詞,所以假如是名詞,就要改成動名詞。考試很喜歡烤的 I’m looking forwrad to see/seeing you. (?)要選哪一個?很多人看到 to 覺得 to 就是不定詞後面加原型?錯了啦,這邊的 look forward to 是個片語,這裡的 to 是介系詞,所以 I’m looking forward to see you. (X), I’m looking forward to seeing you. (O) 才對啊!其實介系詞有點難,但是也真的沒有那麼啦,但是很多人都隨便亂用….記一下啦!

 

頭痛睡醒了,還是沒力,想去圖書館,不過外面烈日如火,感覺又是會在家混一天,應該也沒體力做運動吧!頹廢的日子啊!繼續準備一些上課的東西,不要到時候又火燒屁股熬夜備課啊。

 

上星期聊到緊張,心理師說上課的時候會緊張嗎?不會耶,其實備課的時候最緊張,因為常常很貪心,常常都備很久,弄不完。其實潔西大概備課的時候就要先想好上課的時候要怎麼上,所以假如遇到上課的時候同學很配合,就會上的很開心,尤其是會話課,潔西一個上課 high,每次上完自己都很開心。不過代課或文法寫作這種課程就有時候學生都很安靜,沒有一兩個回應的,就很悶啊,潔西自己上到後面就會有點煩躁,檢討那裡出問題了,不過有時候真的就沒辦法就硬著頭皮上完了。心理師很可愛,跟潔西說備課不要太認真,用千年講義就好了,但是不同的學校還是要改一下,還要配合同學程度,前幾個星期上過的課,上起來沒有很睡,所以這次代課的時候覺得同學程度不錯,又改了一下講義,上起課來就比較順,也比較開心。

 

然後先前學生出走,被給負評那個時候,有學生建議說潔西要不要換補習班啊?這樣子會不會壓力太大?還好啦,就潔西上潔西的,適應的就會留下來繼續上,不適應的還可以有很多選擇可以上別的老師的課,這就是潔西當初選這個補習班的原因,然後這次上完課,其實星期六跟星期天都上得不太好,自己覺得,然後心理師很可愛,他說你講義改來改去學生也沒感覺,反正他們是第一次上,做人要有自己的原則啊,哈哈。越改就越覺得有進步的空間啊。然後潔西跟心理師說,現在都不會當天去看學生評分,壓力太大,反正上課就是有人喜歡有人不喜歡,要剛好遇到喜歡的就會很好上課,不喜歡潔西上法的就辛苦一點,通常過幾天再看,比較不受刺激,哈哈。不過昨天又看到很感動到,「Jessie老師是個準備課程充足的老師,我欣賞他的教學方式,聽說讀寫全部在會話課中融會貫通,這麼好的老師,應該在幫他多安排幾堂課,受惠學生…老師加油喔」,超級感動,不過怎麼有那種潔西請潔西寫跟補習班要課的感覺XD 冤枉啊,大人!哈哈,但是同樣的課也有人沒有那麼喜歡,所以一堂課上下來每個人會有不同的感受。

 

人都是這樣的,有些人有緣一點,喜歡你多一點,你也喜歡他們。有些人他們喜歡你,但是你覺得他們很煩,這就無緣。當然也有些人你對他們再好,你做得再多再好他們也無感,這也無緣。也沒有誰對誰錯,找到適合自己的環境,跟喜歡自己的人,自己也喜歡的人在一起,有緣份在,整個人的心情氛圍氣場整個都會大大提升啊!不過留言的同學不知道是誰,但是是是代課的班級,好可惜,下星期就上完課了啊!很可愛的同學們,上了幾次就覺得恩,這些同學好像都很熟,好像認識很久了一樣,哈哈。有緣再相會囉。

 

又中午了,時間飛快,肚子不太餓,但是感覺要挖點東西來吃比較好吧,有點氣力,又好多事要忙啊! Have a good day!

 

又下面不要光看不做練習啦,更好的是自己整理自己的筆記啊!又潔西沒有回留言的等晚上再一起回,最近真的很沒力,那寫這些就有力?恩,不同的東西,晚點再來解釋囉

 

又廢話好多,一邊聽 Apple Music 的 Beats 1,剛好是在介紹一些日本音樂家,幾個日本歌手說了一些簡單的日文,大概都可以聽得懂八成左右,突然覺得好有成就感喔XD

 

A 地點的介系詞常用 in, on, at

1 in 

in後面接國家,城市,房號

I live in Taiwan.      She lives in Taipei.       He lives in Room 4B.

 

in 可用在房子或公寓裡面的某個地方或做某件事

in the kitchen, in the yard, in the shower

 

in常見的表達是一個東西在另一個東西的裡面(通常指三度空間)

The keys are in my pocket.

Linda is in the bathroom.

 

也用來表達場所時比較複雜一點,在某個建築物時可以用in或at

We stayed in the Spring Hotel.

We stayed at the Spring Hotel.

 

強調建築物本身,或在建築物內用in

There are 400 rooms in the Spring Hotel.

I’ll see you in the coffee shop

 

常見的 in 慣用法列舉如下

in the road, in the mirror, in bed, in hospital, in prison, in your tea, in the air,

in a car, in a hurry, in trouble, in danger, in a good mood

 

2 on

on 後面接路,街,樓層

I live on Main Road.  She lives on Oak Street.  He lives on the first floor.

 

on 常會用在休息,渡假,旅行

on my break, on vacation, on a trip

 

on 常見的是表達一個東西在另一個東西的表面上

Jessie likes to sit on the floor.

Your glasses are on the chair.

on the wall/ceiling/floor/ground/grass/table

 

on 也可表達在一條線上

Fulong is on the north-east coast of Taiwan.

 

on 也表達在搭乘的交通工具上,通常是可以站起來的。

I’ll be home soon. I’m still on the bus.

on the plane/train/bus/MRT/boat/ferry/ship/MRT/bike/motorcycle

 

常見的on慣用法列舉如下

on the left/right, on television/the radio, on the sidewalk, on a diet, on fire,

on duty, on purpose, on sale, on business, on vacation, on my own, on loan,

on a trip, on campus, on the second floor

 

3 at

at 後面接地址

I live at 523 Main Road, Taipei, Taiwan.

 

at 可用在在一些城市裡面的某個地點,比方說超市,海邊,百貨公司

at the mall, at the library, at the beach

 

at也會用在幾個特別的場所

at home, at school, at work, at church, at Lisa’s house, at a meeting

 

at常見的表達是在一個點或一個地方

There’s a convenience store at the end of the street.

Let’s meet at the airport.

常見的慣用法列舉如下

at work, at school, at university, at home, at the station, at the airport,

at a party, at a concert, at first, at the moment

 

練習一  在下面地點前加介系詞

1 Katie’s house  2 the bathtub  3 Chile  4 bed  5 the beach  6 the shower

7 a friend’s house  8 a conference  9 the hospital  10 her office

11 Mike’s office  12 the drugstore  13 vacation  14 Mexico  15 work

16 South Africa  17 school  18 a party  19 the bathroom  20 Joe’s house

21 class  22 the yard  23 the U.S.  24 the mall  25 Asia  26 her break

27 the dentist’s office  28 her parents’ house  29 the park  30 a trip

31 a meeting  32 the library

 

 

B 表時間的介系詞可以用 at, on, in

1 at

at 用來說時間點(幾點幾分)

I usually get up at 8 o’clock.

She starts work at 8.30.

 

at 用來一些特殊的詞 at night 晚上,at noon/midday  正中午十二點  at midnight 午夜十二點

Linda doesn’t like to work at night.

 

2 on

on 用在星期一星期日前,on Monday 在星期一, on weekdays 在平日, on weekends  在週末,特定日期a date or holiday

I do yoga on Tuesdays.

Tom goes hiking on weekends

My birthday is on July 25th.

 

in 用在一天中的一部份,如 in the morning/afternoon/evening 在早上/下午/傍晚, 月份 in January,季節 in summer,年份 in 2016,世紀 in the twenty-first century

We often go for a walk in the afternoon.

Jessie usually works in the evenings.

Her birthday is in July.

They often take a trip to Paris in fall.

I was born in 1971.

Instant coffee was invented in the twentieth century.

 

X 什麼都不加:在this, that, last, every, tomorrow, yesterday 等與一些特定時間表達語前面不加任何介係詞

I am busy this weekend.

She goes dancing every Friday night.

Tom is going to see a dentist later.

 

練習二 在下面時間前加介系詞,不需要則打X

1. Do you sometimes watch TV ____ the morning?

2. Are you usually at home _____ 7 o’clock _____ the evening?

3. Do you sometimes work ______ night?

4. What do you usually do _____ weekends?

5. Do you usually go shopping _____ Saturdays?

6. Do you go hiking ____ summer?

7. Do you have a holiday _____ December?

8. What do you usually do ______ your birthday?

9. Do you eat breakfast _____ Sunday morning?

10. What did you do ______ last weekend?

11. What do you usually do ____ the evening?

12. What do you only do _____ Sundays?

13. What time do you have breakfast ____ every day?

14. How do you feel ____ Sunday evenings?

15. How do you feel ______ every Monday morning?

16. What do you do ___Saturday nights?

17. What time do you get up ____ weekdays? How about weekend?

18. Where do you usually go ____ New Year’s Eve?

19. Do you have a coffee break ____ the afternoon?

20. Do you stay up until midnight ____ weekdays?

 

 

 

答案

練習一

1 at Katie’s house  2 in the bathtub  3 in Chile  4 in bed  5 at the beach

6 in the shower  7 at a friend’s house  8 at a conference

9 in the hospital  10 in her office  11 in Mike’s office  12 at the drugstore

13 on vacation  14 in Mexico  15 at work  16 in South Africa  17 at school

18 at a party  19 in the bathroom  20 at Joe’s house  21 in class  22 in the yard

23 in the U.S.  24 at the mall  25 in Asia  26 on her break

27 at the dentist’s office  28 at her parents’ house  29 at the park

30 on a trip  31 at a meeting  32 in the library

 

練習二

1. in  2. at, in  3. at  4. on  5. on  6. in  7. in  8. on  9. on  10. X

11. in  12. on  13. X  14. on  15. X  16. on  17. on  18. on  19. in

20. on

 

表達時間的介系詞,連接詞,副詞

表達時間的介系詞,連接詞,副詞

  1. for後面加一段時間(an hour, three days, five months, a long time)

I lived there for six years.

I studied for 2 hours.

  1. in後面加一個特定的時間點,如月份,年,季節(January, 2010, spring)

We moved in February.

He graduated in 2009.

  1. on後面加一個特定的時間點,如星期,節慶,特定日期( Saturday, weekend, Mother’s Day)

They went dancing on Monday.

I had a big party on my birthday.

  1. from … to …表示從一個時間點到另一個時間點(hour, month, year)

between… and… 在…之間

They traveled in France from March to May.

I worked from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. yesterday.

From Monday to Friday, I get up at 7, so I always sleep in on weekends.

Between Monday and Friday, I get up at 7.

  1. 時間表達語+ ago 表示多久前(a week ago, seven years ago)

My family moved to Canada five years ago.

I ate lunch ten minutes ago.

  1. until + 子句(主詞加動詞)+ 特定的時間點 表示直到….

I lived in Tainan until I was seven.

He waited until she had finished speaking.

until + 一個特定的時間

We lived there until 1999.

not until 強調一直到某個時間點前某件事都沒有發生或結束

She didn’t get up until noon.

He didn’t show up for work until 10 a.m.

  1. then + 子句或句子(主詞加動詞)

I lived in Tainan. Then I moved to Taipei.

I lived in Tainan, and then I moved to Taipei.

  1. when +子句(主詞加動詞)+ 特定的時間點 表示當…

I started school when I was seven.

They had a lot of fun when they were in high school.

  1. in + 一段時間:表示從現在起一段期間後。在…之內。

I’ll meet you in ten minutes. 我在十分鐘後跟你碰面。

I’ll have the report ready in a week.

by + 時間點:表示不晚於某個時間點後。在…之前

I’ll get there by 9:00.  我會在九點前到。

I’ll have the report ready by Friday.

  1. during, before, after + 一段期間:表示在某段期間中,在某段期間前或後

We left before lunch.

We slept during the flight.

We returned after the concert.

  1. for + 一段其間

since + 時間點

I have worked for this company for three years.

I have worked for this company since 2007/ three years ago.

 

容易弄混淆的地點方位介系詞,究竟是 in 還是 at 呢?

同學常常弄不清楚英文說在什麼地方的在究竟要用in還是at。老實說,英文的介系詞算是個有點討厭的東西,規則多,例外多,特殊用法多,總之就是要記的很多,而且常常會弄錯。有些人覺得,厚,反正這些字都是虛字,又不是用來表示意思的,錯了有什麼關係,可以溝通就好。話是沒錯啦,但是呢,在講地點方位的時候的介系詞弄錯還好,可是呢假如是跟動詞放在一起變成片語的時候可不要亂用喔,用錯了意思可能會差之毫釐,失之千里呢!

 

雖然是要說方位,但是舉一下動詞片語好了look up可以當找尋資訊的意思。Look the word up in your dictionary. 去查查字典吧!但是look up to someone卻變成了尊敬某人。差很大吧!look down 可以是往下看,可是look down on someone又變成了看不起某人。look out 可以當往外看,也可以當小心,上過潔西的課的人應該記得那個很冷的笑話,就是小明坐火車過山洞,外國人要他Look out!小心,結果小明上課不專心,只記到look out是往外看,結果,頭一往外看,就撞到山洞了,Oops!好慘。還有look after 又是照顧,所以介系詞有時候真的很重要,這時候一點也錯不得呢!

 

離題王回來。今天現說簡單的in跟at,還有一點on好了。其實這些有時候是固定用法,錯了是不影響語意,可是假如一篇文章中不斷地出現這樣的小錯誤,給人的感覺就不好,一定多少會扣分的,所以可以的話,還是盡量記住。請同學把大原則一定要記住,其它例外的或固定用法就看一個記一個,重要的常常看到的一定要弄清楚喔。還是一句老話,多記句子,句型,然後把單字替換,不要死記單字而不知道用法啊!大家加油!

 

這裡是一定不會變的大原則

in 後面接國家,城市,房號

I live in Taiwan.      She lives in Taipei.       He lives in Room 4B.

 

on 後面接路,街,樓層

I live on Main Road.  She lives on Oak Street.  He lives on the first floor.

 

at 後面接地址

I live at 523 Main Road, Taipei, Taiwan.

 

另外

in 可用在房子或公寓裡面的某個地方或做某件事

in the kitchen, in the yard, in the shower

 

at 可用在在一些城市裡面的某個地點,比方說超市,海邊,百貨公司

at the mall, at the library, at the beach

 

這裡就是討厭麻煩的地方了:在某個建築物的時候,用in或at都可以,用in有時可以強調在建築物的裡面。

Let’s meet at the coffee shop.

Let’s meet in the coffee shop.

 

潔西印象很深刻的就是有一回跟朋友約在7-11,結果時間到了朋友打電話來說Where are you? 我說I’m at 7-11. Where are you? 然後呢其實我是在裡面晃,結果朋友是在7-11的外面,所以他也說I’m at 7-11! 然後下一句他說O.K. I see you. You’re IN 7-11. 呵呵。這樣有點概念了嗎?

 

at也會用在幾個特別的場所

at home, at school, at work, at church, at Lisa’s house, at a meeting

 

on 常會用在休息,渡假,旅行

on my break, on vacation, on a trip

 

先說幾個最基本的,隨便一寫也很多,還有有些時候其實at 跟 in 都可以用,看情形。不過呢基本的先記住吧!該睡了,拿Interchange Intro裡面的練習來讓大家做做,有些沒有說到,可以猜一猜,然後錯的話再用力記吧!可能有人會說好難啊,呵呵,多練習會比較容易記起來喔!

答案在後面。

 

  1. Katie’s house
  2. the bathtub
  3. Chile
  4. bed
  5. the beach
  6. the shower
  7. a friend’s house
  8. a conference
  9. the hospital
  10. her office
  11. Mike’s office
  12. the drugstore
  13. vacation
  14. Mexico
  15. work
  16. South Africa
  17. school
  18. a party
  19. the bathroom
  20. Joe’s house
  21. class
  22. the yard
  23. the U.S.
  24. the mall
  25. Asia
  26. her break
  27. the dentist’s office
  28. her parents’ house
  29. the park
  30. a trip
  31. a meeting
  32. the library

 

 

 

答案,不要先偷看喔!假如我不小心寫錯或有疑問的再問我喔!我有檢查兩次,但是校對能力一向很差,又很想睡了…

  1. at Katie’s house
  2. in the bathtub
  3. in Chile
  4. in bed
  5. at the beach
  6. in the shower
  7. at a friend’s house
  8. at a conference
  9. in the hospital
  10. in her office
  11. in Mike’s office
  12. at the drugstore
  13. on vacation
  14. in Mexico
  15. at work
  16. in South Africa
  17. at school
  18. at a party
  19. in the bathroom
  20. at Joe’s house
  21. in class
  22. in the yard
  23. in the U.S.
  24. at the mall
  25. in Asia
  26. on her break
  27. at the dentist’s office
  28. at her parents’ house
  29. at the park
  30. on a trip
  31. at a meeting
  32. at the library

 

 

7 介系詞 7.1 時間介系詞

 

 

時間介係詞 Prepositions of Time              Jessie Lin           P.1

at a time of the day

時間點(幾點幾分)

I usually get up at 8 o’clock.

She starts work at 8.30.

at night/noon/midday/midnight Linda doesn’t like to work at night.
on a day  星期一至星期日前 I do yoga on Tuesdays.
weekend 週末 Tom goes hiking on weekends
a date or holiday 特定日期 My birthday is on July 25th.
in a part of the day

一天中的一部分

We often go for a walk in the afternoon.

Jessie usually works in the evenings.

a month 月份 Her birthday is in July.
a season 季節 They often take a trip to Paris in fall.
a year  年份 I was born in 1971.
a century 世紀 Instant coffee was invented in the twentieth century.
X 在this, that, last, every, tomorrow 等與一些特定時間表達語前面不加任何介係詞 I am busy this weekend.

She goes dancing every Friday night.

Tom is going to see a dentist later.

  1. Do you sometimes watch TV ____ the morning?
  2. Are you usually at home _____ 7 o’clock _____ the evening?
  3. Do you sometimes work ______ night?
  4. What do you usually do _____ weekends?
  5. Do you usually go shopping _____ Saturdays?
  6. Do you go hiking ____ summer?
  7. Do you have a holiday _____ December?
  8. What do you usually do ______ your birthday?
  9. Do you eat breakfast _____ Sunday morning?
  10. What did you do ______ last weekend?
  11. What do you usually do ____ the evening?
  12. What do you only do _____ Sundays?
  13. What time do you have breakfast ____ every day?
  14. How do you feel ____ Sunday evenings?
  15. How do you feel ______ every Monday morning?
  16. What do you do ___Saturday nights?
  17. What time do you get up ____ weekdays? How about weekend?
  18. Where do you usually go ____ New Year’s Eve?
  19. Do you have a coffee break ____ the afternoon?

20. Do you stay up until midnight ____ weekdays?

時間介係詞 Prepositions of Time              Jessie Lin           P.2

 

Answers

  1. in  2. at, in  3. at  4. on  5. on  6. in  7. in  8. on  9. on  10. X

11. in  12. on  13. X  14. on  15. X  16. on  17. on  18. on  19. in

20. on

 

 

其他:

  1. from…to  從…到…  between … and  在…之間

He works from 9 p.m. to 5 p.m.

From Monday to Friday, I get up at 7, so I always sleep in on weekends.

Between Monday and Friday, I get up at 7.

  1. until  直到, 不到…不

I always sleep until noon on Sunday.

On the weekend, I don’t go to bed until midnight.

  1. during  在…其間

During summer vacation, I go swimming every morning.

  1. by 在…之前

I’ll have the report ready by Friday.

  1. in 在..之內

I’ll have the report ready in a week.

  1. for + 一段其間

since + 時間點

I have worked for this company for three years.

I have worked for this company since 2007/ three years ago.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 介系詞 7.2 地點介系詞

介係詞 場所與方位介係詞                            Jessie  P.1

 

英文的介係詞不會單獨存在,一般後面會加名詞或代名詞組合成介係詞片語。介係詞片語可以當形容詞或副詞用,可表達時間、方位、空間、因果等等。

 

英文的介係詞用法跟中文差很多,有些大規則如時間、方位等常用的可以先記住,其他的慣用法可能要一一記,學一個單字的時候很重要的是留意搭配的介係詞的用法,有時候用錯介係詞,意思就會完全不同喔。所以介係詞也是相當重要的喔。

常見表達位置的場所介系詞

1. in (裡面)  2. at
在某個地方  3. inside 在裡面 
4.  in front of 
在前面       5. behind
在後面 6. between 在中間  7. next
to
在旁邊  8. near 在附近   
9. by
在附近  10. beside 在旁  11. on  在上面,東西的表面

12. above 在上面 (高於…)  13.
over
在上面(高於…), 穿越,從一邊到另一邊  14. under  在下面  15.
below 
在下面(有一段距離)  16. across  橫過,對面      17. across
from 
對面  
18. opposite 
在對面 19. in the corner 在角落     20. on the corner of A and B AB的轉  21. in
the center of
的中間 22. in the front of   的前面  23. in
the back of  
的後面                 
24. on the right side of 
的右邊  25. to the left of 的左邊          26. in the
middle of 
在中間      27. beyond  再過去的遠處 

28. around 
環繞  29. along  沿著   30. against  緊靠著,倚

動詞  1. cross 越過, 穿越  2. pass  通過,渡過                   

副詞:1. ahead  在前方  2. behind  在後方

 

 

場所介係詞最容易混淆的是on,
in, at
這三個字,因為中文都翻做。其實三個用法很不同。

 

on 常見的是表達一個東西在另一個東西的表面上

    Jessie likes to sit on the
floor.

    Your glasses are on the
chair.

    on the
wall/ceiling/floor/ground/grass/table

   也可表達在一條線上

    Fulong is on the north-east
coast of Taiwan.

也表達在搭乘的交通工具上

 I’ll be home soon. I’m still on the bus.

 on the
plane/train/bus/MRT/boat/ferry/ship/MRT/bike/motorcycle

 

 

介係詞 場所與方位介係詞                            Jessie  P.2

 

常見的on慣用法列舉如下

       on the
left/right

       on
television/the radio

       on the
sidewalk

       on First
Street/Road/Avenue

       on a
diet, on fire, on duty, on purpose, on sale, on business, on vacation,

       on my
own, on loan, on a trip, on campus, on the second floor

 

in常見的表達是一個東西在另一個東西的裡面(通常指三度空間)

    The keys are in my pocket.

    Linda is in the bathroom.

  也用來表達場所時比較複雜一點,在某個建築物時可以用inat

    We stayed in the Spring
Hotel.

    We stayed at the Spring
Hotel.

  強調建築物本身,或在建築物內用in

    There are 400 rooms in the
Spring Hotel.

    I’ll see you in the coffee
shop.

常見的慣用法列舉如下

    in Taiwan(國家)/Taipei(城市)

    in the road, in the mirror,
in bed, in hospital, in prison, in your tea, in the air,

    in a car, in a hurry, in
trouble, in danger, in a good mood,

 

at常見的表達是在一個點或一個地方

   There’s a convenience store at
the end of the street.

   Let’s meet at the airport.

   I live at 38 Yuanshan road,
Chungho.

   常見的慣用法列舉如下

   at work, at school, at
university, at home, at the station, at the airport, at a party, at a concert,
at first, at the moment