E2B L12 Unit 12 Please and thank you

難得星期天就放上來,因為明天一早要去看醫生,呵呵。明天是最後一堂了,啊,又要送走不少學生了,離情依依,孩子長大總是要飛的,呵呵呵。備課備到神智不清了。應該剛剛討厭的Word居然當掉了,因為我剪貼了很多東西吧。很久沒當,用Mac真的當機頻率比起用Windows是天差到地,不過還是會當,所以就沒有養成存檔的好習慣,只能說自作孽不可活,呵呵,沒這麼嚴重,乖乖的花了二十分鐘重打,就是這樣。該睡了。等等休息一下寫一下今天的日誌。

 

 

E2B L12 Unit 12 Please and thank you            Jessie Lin    P.1

          jessielinhuiching@gmail.com/jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

商店,餐廳點餐

句型重點

like/would like

  1. A.  Warm-up Questions
  2. What can you do?  I can swim, play basketball, and ride a scooter.
  3. How well can you swim?  I can swim very well.
  4. How often do you swim?  I swim once a week in the summer, but I don’t swim in the winter because it’s too cold. I go to the gym instead.
  5. What can’t you do but you want to learn?

I can’t drive and I want to learn to drive.

  1. How well can you sing?

I can’t sing at all but I still go the KTV every week with my friends.

B. Places

1. bank 銀行 2. bakery [ˋbekərɪ] 麵包店 3. bookstore 書局

4. coffee shop 咖啡店 5. drug store [ˋdrʌg͵stor] 藥局 6. gym [dʒɪm] 健身房 7. internet café [ˋɪntɚ͵nɛt] [kəˋfe] 網咖8. newsstand [ˋnjuz͵stænd] 報攤

9. post office [post] [ˋɔfɪs] 郵局 10. pub [pʌb]酒吧

11. restaurant [ˋrɛstrant] 餐廳 12. supermarket [ˋsupɚ͵mɑrkɪt]  超市

Vocabulary:

1. magazine [͵mægəˋzin] 雜誌2. bread [brɛd] 麵包3. meat [mit] 肉

4. change [tʃendʒ] 改變5. stamp [stæmp] 郵票6. package [ˋpækɪdʒ] 包裹

7. dictionary [ˋdɪkʃən͵ɛrɪ] 字典 8. medium [ˋmidɪəm] 中等的

9. latte [ˋlɑteɪ] 拿鐵咖啡11. work out 運動健身12. shampoo [ʃæmˋpu] 洗髮精

13. conditioner [kənˋdɪʃənɚ] 潤髮乳  14. shower gel [ˋʃaʊɚ] [dʒɛl] 沐浴乳

 

  1. Where can you buy a dictionary?
  2. Where can you buy a magazine?
  3. Where can you buy bread and cake?
  4. Where can you buy bread, milk, fruit, and meat?
  5. Where can you buy shampoo and conditioner?
  6. Where can you buy stamps and send a package?
  7. Where can you change money?
  8. Where can you drink beer?
  9. Where can you eat a big dinner?
  10. Where can you get a medium latte?
  11. Where can you surf the Internet?
  12. Where can you work out?

E2B L12 Unit 12 Please and thank you            Jessie Lin    P.2

C. Would like

英語常用would like來表達想要什麼東西或想要做某件事情,這個用法比want有禮貌,語氣比較不那麼強烈。口語常把I would一起唸做I’d。

a. 表達想要什麼東西可用I’d like + N

I’d like a cup of coffee, please.

I’d like some roast beef, please.

b. 想要做某件事情,也就是後面接動詞則會用I’d like to + V1

I’d like to buy a dictionary.

I’d like to watch a movie.

c. 提供別人東西或事情時可以把would放到主詞前造問句如下:

Would you like + N…?

Would you like to + V1…?

Would you like a cup of tea?

Would you like to come to my party this weekend?

這類的回答,假如接受常說Yes, please. 拒絕則說No, thanks.

D. Some/Any

some 多用於肯定句中:

I’d like some orange juice.

any 多用於否定句與疑問句中:

Do you have any questions? I don’t have any questions.

F. Like/Would like Questions

1. Do you like traveling? Yes, I like traveling.

2. Where do you like going? I like going to Japan.

3. Where would you like to go next? I’d like to go to Italy next.

4. Would you like to live in another country?

Yes, I would like to live in France. / No, I wouldn’t.

5. Would you like to live in England?

Yes, I would. / No, I wouldn’t like to live in England.

6. Do you like learning English?

Yes, I like learning English because it’s very interesting.

7. Would you like to learn more languages?

Yes, I would like to learn French and Italian.

  1. What would you like for a present on your birthday?

I’d like a laptop computer.

  1. What would you like to do on your birthday?

I would like to have a big party on my birthday.

 

E2B L12 Unit 12 Please and thank you            Jessie Lin    P.2

G. Jessie’s Diner  P.90

Vocabulary

1. starter [ˋstɑrtɚ] 開胃菜 2. main course[men] [kors] 主菜

3. side order [saɪd] [ˋɔrdɚ] 副食,配菜 4. dessert [dɪˋzɝt] 甜點

5. drink 飲料 6. soup of the day 今日例湯

7. mixed salad [mɪkst] [ˋsæləd] 綜合沙拉 8. hamburger [ˋhæmbɝgɚ] 漢堡

9. fries [fraɪz] 薯條 10. steak [stek]牛排 11. spaghetti[spəˋgɛtɪ]義大利肉醬麵 12. tuna[ˋtunə] 鮪魚  13. vegetable [ˋvɛdʒətəb!] 蔬菜

14. chocolate [ˋtʃɑkəlɪt] 巧克力  15. soda [ˋsodə]汽水

16. mineral water [ˋmɪnərəl] [ˋwatɚ]礦泉水  17. noodle [ˋnud!] 麵條

18. right away [raɪt] [əˋwe]馬上

 

B. Ordering a meal  點菜

用英文點菜其實不難,難的是菜單的菜名可能看不懂。菜單可能有套餐跟單點。套餐的菜單叫set menu,常常會是三道菜three course,四道菜,有個固定的價位。單點的菜單叫a la carte。有些餐廳會有酒單wine menu/wine list。

一般正式的西餐菜單會有

開胃菜 starter:湯,沙拉之類的onion soup, green salad

主菜main dish/entrée:多半是肉或麵roast beef, steak, spaghetti

甜點dessert:常見的有蛋糕,冰淇淋ice cream, apple pie, cheese cake

飲料drink/beverage:冷熱飲soft drink, beer, coffee

主菜的附菜side dish:可能是蔬菜vegetable或米飯rice,也可能是不同方式做法的馬鈴薯:baked potato 烤洋芋, mashed potato 洋芋泥, fires薯條.

 

牛排的熟度:

rare 三分/medium 五分/ well done 全熟

 

一般服務生的問題多以would like的句型來問要不要什麼。如

What would you like?

How would you like your steak?

What would you like to drink?

Would you like anything else?

 

點菜時的句型可用I’d like … 或 I’ll have … ,或是Can I have …?

最好不要用 I want …。英文的want語氣比較強烈,有時會令人覺得不禮貌。

I’d like a steak.   I’ll have a cup of coffee.   Can I have a soup?

 

E2B L11 Unit 11 I can do that

 

星期一永遠都是很忙碌。加油啊!

有真糟糕,完全忘了十一堂要口試這回事了。詳情上課再說,假如沒有準備也不用擔心,今天討論後再決定什麼時候考:)

 

E2B L11 Unit 11 I can do that                   Jessie Lin    P.1

          jessielinhuiching@gmail.com/jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題表達能力,要求與提供幫助,生活上的問題 句型重點can/can’t, 副詞
  1. A.  Warm-up Questions
  2.  Did you go to the movies last weekend?

Yes, I went to the movies. I saw the movie “Lincoln”.

No, I didn’t. I saw a movie last month. I forgot the name.

  1.  Did you get up early yesterday?

Yes, I got up at 8 a.m. because I had to work early yesterday.

  1.  Where were you last night?  I was at home with my family. We had a

big dinner together.

  1.  What did you buy yesterday?

I bought a new cell phone. / I didn’t buy anything.

  1.  How long did you use the computer yesterday?

I used the computer for 3 hours. I chatted online with friends.

  1.  What do you use the computer for?

I use it for work, playing online games, finding information on the Net, chatting with friends, and shopping.

 

B. Can 的用法

Can 是一個助動詞,有不同的用法。

第一:可以用來表能力: I can speak five languages.,

第二:可以用客氣的請求request: Can you say it again?,

第三:可以用來提供別人幫助offer: Can I help you?

Can在上面三種用法時,不論主詞的人稱,都是用can後面接動詞的原形,一定不可以接V-ing。

1. 肯定句S  +   can +   V1

I can use a computer. He can sing. They can dance.

  1. 否定句S  + can’t+   V1 (注意可用cannot或can’t,不用 can not)

I can’t drive. He can’t play mahjong.  They can’t act.

  1. Yes/No 疑問句 Can  +  S  +  V1 ? (can是助動詞,移到主詞前即可造問句)

Can you play tennis?  Can he run fast?  Can they speak Japanese?

Yes, I can. / No, I can’t.  Yes, he can. / No, he can’t.  Yes, they can. / No, they can’t.

  1. WH疑問句  WH words + can + S + V1 ?

What can you do?  I can make cakes.

Who can cook?   Linda can cook.

Where can we go?  We can go to Tamsui.

E2B L11 Unit 11 I can do that                   Jessie Lin    P.2

  1. C.  What can they do? (P.76)

1. pilot [ˋpaɪlət] 機師 2. farmer [ˋfɑrmɚ]  農夫 3. athlete [ˋæθlit] 運動員

4. interpreter [ɪnˋtɝprɪtɚ] 口譯5. architect [ˋɑrkə͵tɛkt]建築師

6. fluently [ˋfluəntlɪ] 流利地 7. tractor [ˋtræktɚ]  耕耘機 8. draw [drɔ] 畫畫

9. plane [plen] 飛機  10. delicious [dɪˋlɪʃəs] 美味的

Tell a partner what you can do. For example:

I can speak Chinese fluently, but I can’t speak Japanese.

I can draw, but not very well.

I can run

I can’t drive, but I can ride a scooter and bicycle.

I can’t fly planes.

I can use a computer very well.

I can’t make delicious cakes, but I can cook very well.

  1. D.  How well can you sing? (P.78)

1. Spanish [ˋspænɪʃ] 西班牙文 2. Portuguese [ˋportʃʊ͵giz] 葡萄牙文

3. Korean [koˋriən] 韓文 4. musical instrument [ˋmjuzɪk!] [ˋɪnstrəmənt] 樂器 5. horse [hɔrs] 馬 6. scooter [ˋskutɚ] 摩托車

A: Can you speak Japanese?

B: Yes, I can speak Japanese very well/pretty well/really well.

Yes, I can speak Japanese well.

Yes, I can speak Japanese a little.

No, I can’t speak Japanese at all.

Names Notes
1. Can you speak Korean?
2. Can you play basketball?
3. Can you sing?
4. Can you dance?
5. Can you play a musical instrument?
6. Can you cook?
7. Can you play mahjong?
8. Can you ride a scooter?
9.
10.

E2B L11 Unit 11 I can do that                   Jessie Lin    P.3

  1. E.  Requests and Offers 要求與提供協助(P.79)

can的問句可以用來表達要求某人做某事,或提供協助。

提供協助:Can I help you? What can I do for you?

提出要求:Can I have a hamburger? Can you help me with my homework?

作重組的句子的時候記得把Can放在最前面,接下來是主詞,再來是動詞,受詞,地點,時間都往後放。表達客氣的語態常會在最後面加上please。

把下列句子翻譯成中文,然後回答。

  1. 我可以幫你嗎?
  2. 可以請你跟我說現在幾點嗎?
  3. 你可以來我的派對嗎?
  4. 我可以來一杯水嗎?
  5. 可以請你說慢一點嗎?
  6. 我可以載你一程嗎?
  1. F.  Everyday problems 日常生活的問題(P.83)

1. directions [dəˋrɛkʃənz] 方向2. a ticket machine [ˋtɪkɪt] [məˋʃin] 售票機

3. arriving late [əˋraɪvɪŋ] [let]遲到4. a lost passport [lɔst] [ˋpæs͵port] 遺失機票 5. an accident [ˋæksədənt] 意外6. work [wɝk] 有用7. turn [tɝn] 轉

8. left [lɛft] 左 9. right [raɪt] 右  10. Avenue [ˋævə͵nju] 大道

11. straight [stret] 直的 12 ahead [əˋhɛd] 向前的 13. miss 錯過

14. wrong [rɔŋ] 錯的15. push [pʊʃ] 按,壓 16. button [ˋbʌtn] 按鈕

17. airport [ˋɛr͵port] 機場18. arm [ɑrm] 手臂19. hurt [hɝt] 受傷,痛的

20. it doesn’t matter [ˋmætɚ] 沒關係

  1. G.  Review Questions
  2. What can you do?  I can sing, I can swim, and I can speak English.
  3. What can’t you do?  I can’t cook, I can’t drive, and I can’t dance.
  4. What can you do on the Internet? I can go on facebook, chat with friends, and find information on the Net.
  5. Where can you buy food after midnight? I can go to the night market or convenience stores like 7-11.
  6. What language can you speak?  I can speak English, Mandarin, and a little Japanese.
  7. Can you drive? Yes, I can drive very well. I have a driver’s license.
  8. Can I borrow your pen, please? Sure. Here you are. / Sorry. It’s not my pen.
  9. Can you tell me the time, please? Yes. It’s 3.50. / Sorry. I don’t have a watch.

E2B L11 Unit 11 I can do that                   Jessie Lin    P.4

H. Review questions

  1. What’s your last name? My last name is Lin.
  2. Where are you from?  I’m from Taipei.
  3. Where is your father from?  He’s from Chunghwa.
  4. Is your mother from Korea?  No, she’s from Thailand.
  5. Where’s Tokyo?  It’s in Japan.
  6. What’s your cell phone number?  It’s 099123456.
  7. How old is your mother? She is 56 years old.
  8. Is your best friend married? No, he’s single.
  9. What’s your job? Where do you work? I’m a clerk. I work at Starbucks.
  10. Do you have a sister? What’s her job? Yes, I do. She’s a nurse.
  11. Where’s your office/school? It’s in Xinyi District, near Taipei 101.
  12. What do you have in your bag? I have a wallet, a book, and some keys.
  13. What sports do you like? I like basketball.
  14. What drinks do you like? I like juice and water.
  15. What food do you like? I like hamburgers.
  16. How many languages does your father speak? He speaks two languages.
  17. Does your best friend like Italian food? Yes, he loves Italian food.
  18. What time do you go to bed on weekend? I go to bed at 2 a.m.
  19. Do you get up at 7.30 on weekdays? No, I get up at 8.

20. Where do you have lunch? I have lunch in the office.

  1. What do you do after work/school? I usually just go home and relax.

22. How many people are there in your family? There are three people.

23. Are there any photographs in the classroom? No, there aren’t.

24. Is there a computer in your bedroom? Yes, there is.

25. Where is your cell phone? It’s in my pocket.

26. What did you do last weekend?  I visited my parents in Taichung.

27. When did you last go shopping? What did you buy?

I went shopping last weekend. I bought a new cellphone.

28. Did you eat in a restaurant last night? No, I didn’t. I ate at home.

29. Who did you call yesterday? I didn’t call anyone.

30. Where were you last night?  I was at home.

 

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time

真糟糕,似乎有點感冒越來越嚴重的樣子,一直覺得很冷,過敏也很嚴重。希望晚上上課順利啊!Have a good week 🙂

 

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.1

          jessielinhuiching@gmail.com/jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

週末活動,運動與休閒活動

句型重點

過去簡單式一般動詞的規則與不規則變化

 

  1. A.  Warm-up Questions 暖身問題
  2. How was your day?  It was not bad.
  3. Where were you born?  I was born in Taichung.
  4. When were you born?  I was born on January 5th, 1985.
  5. Where were you last night?  I was at home.
  6. Who were you with?  I was with my family. / I was on my own.

 

Are you a student? Where do you go to school?

What do you do? Where do you work?

Where do you live? How do you get here?

What do you do in your free time? What do you do on weekend?

 

  1. B.  Yesterday 昨天

英文在表達過去發生的事情時要用的是過去式,在過去簡單式中的一般動詞必須用動詞的第二個變化,過去式動詞。過去式動詞可分為規則與不規則變化兩種。規則變化的動詞在改成過去式時只要在後面加上ed,就可以表達過去式。不規則變化的動詞則是可能跟動詞原型完全不同,而且沒有一定的規則可循,先把常見的動詞記起來,然後看到一個記一個,不確定的時候可以查字典。不規則變化在字典中都會列出。

Regular Verbs規則動詞:

1. play-played 玩 2. stay-stayed 待在..  3. clean-cleaned 打掃

4. listen-listened 聽 5. watch-watched 看 6. cook-cooked 做菜

7. work-worked工作 8. start-started 開始 10. want-wanted 想要

Irregular Verbs 不規則動詞:

1. get-got 拿 2. have-had 有 3. go-went 去 4. buy-bought 買

5. see-saw 看 6. eat-ate 吃 7. drink-drank 喝 8. spend-spent 花費

句型:1. 肯定句S + V2 : I ate a sandwich.

2. 否定句 S + didn’t + V1 : I didn’t eat a hamburger.

Yesterday was Sunday. I got up at noon. I didn’t have breakfast. I had lunch with my family. My mom cooked dinner for us. After lunch, I went to the department store. I bought some clothes. I ate dinner in a restaurant and I drank some beer. I got home at 10.00. I was very tired. I went to bed at 11.30.

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.2

  1. C.   Last weekend 上週末

過去式的疑問句句型:

Yes/No 問句 Did + S + V1?

Did you have a good weekend?  Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t.

Did he go shopping last night?  Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t.

WH問句:   WH疑問詞 + did + S + V1?

What did you do last weekend?  I went shopping.

Who did you go shopping with?  I went with my friend.

Where did you go?             I went to Global Mall.

  1. Did you have a good weekend? Yes, I did.
  2. What did you do?  I went shopping at Global Mall.
  3. Who did you go with?  I went there by myself.
  4. What did you buy?  I bought some clothes and a bag.
  5. How much did you spend?  I spent $5,000.
  6. Where did you eat dinner?  I ate dinner at Friday’s.
  7. What did you drink?   I drank some coke.
  8. Did you get up early?  No, I didn’t. I got up at 11.00 a.m.
  9. Did you go to bed late?  Yes, I went to bed at 2.00 a.m.

 

  1. D.  Questionnaire 問卷調查

 

names
1.Did you go to the movies last week?

 

2.Did you go shopping last month?

 

3.Did you eat in a restaurant yesterday?

 

4.Did you go to a party last month?

 

5.Did you surf the Net today?

 

6.Did you watch TV last night?

 

7.Did drink coffee this morning?

 

 

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.3

  1. E.  Sports and leisure 運動與休閒

1. play soccer 打排球 2. play golf 打高爾夫球 3. play tennis 打網球

4. play cards 打牌 5. paly baseball 打棒球 6. play ice hockey 打冰上曲棍球 7. go ice skating 溜冰 8. go windsurfing 玩風帆 9. go sailing 航海

10. go walking 走路,健行 11. go swimming 游泳 12. go skiing 溜冰

13. go bicycling 騎腳踏車 14. go dancing 跳舞

 

sport跟exercise的區別

sports 跟exercise這兩個名詞中文都翻成運動,但是在英文意思上有些區別,用的動詞也不一樣。

sport一般指的是競賽類運動,像籃球,棒球,足球類的運動。本身可數,用的動詞是play,本身不當動詞用。

What sports do you play?  I play basketball.

 

exercise一般指的是為了身體健康,鍛鍊身體所做的運動。本身不可數,用的動詞是do。但是exercise這個字也可以拿來當動詞用。

What exercise do you do?  I do yoga.

Where do you exercise?   I exercise at the gym.

 

表達做競賽的運動時用play + sports:play basketball

表達為了身體健康做的運動時do + exercise: do yoga, do

另外英文用go加上動名詞來表達從事某樣活動 go + V-ing: go swimming

 

A: Do you play basketball?

B: Yes, I do.

A: When did you last play basketball?

B: I played basketball last weekend.

 

A: Do you do yoga?

B: No, I don’t.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.4

  1. F.   Simple Past Questions
  2. How was your weekend?  It was great. / It was O.K.
  3. Did you go to the movies last weekend?

Yes, I went to the movies. I saw the movie “Lincoln”.

  1. Did you go shopping last weekend?

Yes, I went shopping. I bought some clothes.

  1. Did you eat in a restaurant last weekend?

Yes, I ate in an Italian restaurant. It was really good.

  1. Did you see your friends last weekend? No, I didn’t. I stayed home.
  2. Did you go to the KTV last weekend?

Yes, I went to New CB Party.

  1. Did you do a lot of homework yesterday? No, I didn’t do any homework.
  2. Did you do exercise last weekend? Yes, I went swimming near my home.
  3. Did you go out last night? Yes, I went to the night market.
  4. Did you go to bed early last night? No, I went to bed at 2 A.M.
  5. Did you get up early yesterday? Yes, I got up at 8 A.M.
  6. Did you watch TV yesterday morning? No, I watched TV in the evening.
  7. Where were you last night?  I was at home.
  8. What did you do yesterday evening?  I went shopping in Xinmen.
  9. What did you buy yesterday?

I bought a new cell phone. / I didn’t buy anything.

  1. What did you drink yesterday?  I drank coffee, tea, and water.
  2. Who did you call yesterday?  I called my sister and my friend.
  3. What did you eat for breakfast yesterday?

I ate a sandwich and drank some milk.

  1. How long did you use the computer yesterday?

I used the computer for 3 hours. I chatted online with friends.

20. Where did you have dinner last night?

I had dinner at home. I cooked some instant noodles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.5 D. 過去簡單式Simple Past                

英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變化以及搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

一、過去簡單式的使用時機

1. 英文用過去簡單式用來表達發生在過去的事件。

I went home late last night.

He had a great time at his birthday party.

2. 過去簡單式也用來表達在過去重複進行的活動、習慣。

We lived in America for five years when I was a child.

My grandmother went to church every Sunday morning.

 

二、過去簡單式的句型

(一)過去簡單式一般動詞的句型為S + V2(V2指的是動詞的過去式)

肯定句     S    +    V2

I           ate a big dinner last night.

Tina          got married when she was 18.

 

否定與問句需要用did這個助動詞來幫忙。

否定句在助動詞後面加not, 記得助動詞後動詞要改回原型動詞。

否定句     S   +    did not    +   V1

They        didn’t         do their homework.

He          didn’t         sing at the KTV last weekend.

 

Yes/No 問句把助動詞did放在主詞前面造問句,助動詞後用原型動詞。

Did   +   S    +  V1

Did       you       sleep well last night?

Did       Tom       have a good time?

 

WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、原型動詞。

因為what 跟who 可以當主詞,當主詞時則不須助動詞,動詞用過去式。

WH             did   +   S    +   V1

What time    did        you         get up this morning?

Where         did        Linda       go last weekend?

Who         did     you       go shopping with?

Who/What +  V2

Who        took my umbrella?

Wha       happened last night?

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.6

過去簡單式Simple Past                           

 

(二)、過去簡單式Be的句型為

主詞+    過去式Be  +名詞/形容詞/介係詞片語

S  +   was/were       +noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

                        

肯定句    S     was/were noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

I          was          a housewife.

You         were        happy earlier.

My father   was          at home this morning.

 

否定與問句用本身的be動詞來改否定與造問句。

否定句只要在Be後面加not

否定句    S + was/were + not +  noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

I              was     not     a teacher last year.

You           were    not     sad this morning.

My father     was     not     at work yesterday.

Yes/No 問句 Be放在主詞前面造問句

Was/Were +    S  +      noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

Was            I                   loud earlier?

Were         you                 in the office this morning?

Was       your mother         away last week?

 

WH問句則將WH疑問詞放在最前面再依序放Be、主詞與其他部分

WH  word+ was/were +   S  +   noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

When             were         you            born?

Where           were         you           last night?

How               was        your day?

 

 

切記在過去簡單式中,一般動詞與Be絕對不會同時出現。

 

三、過去簡單式的副詞如:this morning, this afternoon, this evening, tonight, yesterday morning, yesterday afternoon, yesterday evening, last night, this Monday, last weekend, this January, last April, yesterday, the day before yesterday, three days ago, five years ago, in 2005…等。

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.7

過去簡單式Simple Past                         

四、過去簡單式規則動詞過去式的拼字與發音變化的規則

  1. A.   規則動詞的過去式拼字變化如下:
  2. 大多數的動詞在過去式時只要在字尾加ed。

work-worked, help-helped, call-called, wash-washed

  1. 動詞字尾已經有e時,只要加d即可。

live-lived, die-died, dance-danced, smile-smiled

  1. 動詞字尾為子音加y時,必須去y加ied。

study-studied, cry-cried, worry-worried, copy-copied.

  1. 只有一個音節的動詞字尾發音為短母音加子音時,重複字尾再加ed。

shop-shopped, plan-planned, tap-tapped, hop-hopped

  1. 兩個音節以上且重音在最後一個音節的動詞,字尾發音為短母音加子音時,也需重複字尾加ed。

admit-admitted, prefer-preferred, omit-omitted, occur-occurred

 

  1. B.   規則動詞的過去式發音的變化如下:
  2. 動詞字尾是無聲子音時,加ed後讀/ t /。無聲子音指的是除了/ t /之外的

/ k /, / f /, / s /, / ʃ/, / tʃ/, /θ / 等。

cook-cooked, laugh-laughed, kiss-kissed, wash-washed, watch-watched

  1. 動詞字尾是有聲子音或母音時,加ed後讀/d/。有聲子音指的是除了/ d /之外的/ b /, / g /, / r /, / l /, / m /, / n /, / v / 等。

call-called, rain-rained, love-loved, play-played, try-tried

  1. 動詞字尾的發音是/ t /, / d /的發音時,加ed後讀/ɪd /。

want-wanted, need-needed, visit-visited, wait-waited

 

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

 

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /,

/ ɔɪ/, / aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

1. smile ________   2. laugh __________    3. count ________

4. try _________    5. touch _________    6. fold ___________

7. ask _________    8. play __________    9. visit __________

10. shop __________

E2B L10 Unit 10 We had a good time               Jessie Lin    P.8

1. be       是

2. buy      買

3. come    來

4. do       做

5. drink    喝

6. drive    開車

7. eat      吃

8. find     找

9. fly      飛

10. forget  忘記

11. get     到達

12. give    給

13. go     去

14. have   有,吃

15. know   認識

16, leave   離開

17. lose    輸

18. make   做

19. meet   碰面

20. quit    辭職

21. read    閱讀

22. ride    騎車

23. run     跑步

24. see     看

25. sell     賣

26. sing    唱歌

27. sit     坐

28. sleep   睡覺

29. speak  說話

30. spend  花費

31. swim   游泳

32. take    拿

33. think    想

34. wear    穿

35. win      贏

36. write    寫

was/were

bought

came

did

drank

drove

ate

found

flew

forgot

got

gave

went

had

knew

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

rode

ran

saw

sold

sang

sat

slept

spoke

spent

swam

took

thought

wore

won

wrote

been

bought

come

done

drunk

driven

eaten

found

flown

forgotten

gotten

given

gone

had

known

left

lost

made

met

quit

read

ridden

run

seen

sold

sung

sat

slept

spoken

spent

swum

taken

thought

worn

won

written

being

buying

coming

doing

drinking

driving

eating

finding

flying

forgetting

getting

giving

going

having

knowing

leaving

losing

making

meeting

quitting

reading

riding

running

seeing

selling

singing

sitting

sleeping

speaking

spending

swimming

taking

thinking

wearing

winning

writing

 

1. smiled  2. laughed  3. counted

4. tried  5. touched  6. folded

7. asked  8. played  9. visited

10. shopped

 

 

E2B L9 Unit 9 Times Past

 

 

E2B L9 Unit 9 Times Past                        Jess Lin    P.1

          jessielinhuiching@gmail.com/jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

人物,職業

句型重點

過去簡單式was/were,一般動詞

 

  1. A.  Warm-up Questions 暖身問題
  2. How was your weekend?  It’s great/OK/boring/terrible.
  3. How many people are there in your family? Who are they?

There are five people in my family. They are my parents, my older brother, and my younger sister.

  1. How many rooms are there in your house?

There are five rooms in my house. There is a living room, a kitchen, a bathroom, and two bedrooms.

  1. What’s in your bedroom? There’s a bed, a closet, a desk, and a chair.

 

What’s your favorite color/food/drink?

Who’s your favorite singer or band/person/movie star?

What are your favorite things to do on weekends?

Where’s your favorite place?

 

  1. When were they born? (P.60)
  2. 英文表達年份的時候,當有四位數時,多拆成兩位數兩位數,比方說1998會念成nineteen ninety-eight。假如第二個兩位數中前面一個是零的時候,會用oh取代,比方說1905會念作nineteen oh five。比較特別的2000年就念作two thousand,而2003會念作two thousand three,而2010念作two thousand ten或twenty ten。再來就都可以拆兩位數念。2013就可以念作twenty thirteen.
  3. 說在何時哪裡出生的時候可以用was/were born[bɔrn] 這個片語。was [wɑz]是am, is的過去式,were [wɝ]是are的過去式。
I am happy every day. I was happy yesterday.
You are a student now. You were a student last year.
He/She/It is at home. He/She/It was at home last night.
We are in the classroom. We were in the classroom last week.
They are angry. They were angry this morning.

When were you born?   I was born in 1995.

Where were you born?  I was born in Taipei.

When was your father born? He was born in 1964.

When were your twin sisters born?  They were born in 1989.

E2B L9 Unit 9 Times Past                        Jess Lin    P.2

  1. C.   When’s your birthday? (P.67)

When is your birthday?  It’s on July 1st.

When were you born?    I was born on February 23rd, 1976.

 

Months of the year

January /’dʒænjuˈɛrɪ/ February /’fɛbruˈɛrɪ/ March  /mɑrtʃ/,
April /’eprəl/ May /me/ June  /dʒun/
July /dʒu’laɪ/ August /ɔ’gʌst/ September /sɛp’tɛmbɚ/
October /ɑk’tobɚ/ November /no’vɛmbɚ/ December  /dɪ’sɛmbɚ/

 

Ordinal numbers

1st: first [fɝst] 2nd: second [ˋsɛkənd ] 3rd: third [θɝd]
4th: fourth [forθ] 5th: fifth [fɪfθ] 6th: sixth [sɪksθ]
7th: seventh [ˋsɛvnθ] 8th: eighth [etθ] 9th: ninth [naɪnθ]
10th: tenth [tɛnθ] 11th: eleventh [ɪˋlɛvnθ] 12th: twelfth [twɛlfθ]
13th: thirteenth

[ˋθɝtinθ]

14th: fourteenth

[ˋforˋtinθ]

15th: fifteenth

[ˋfɪfˋtinθ]

16th: sixteenth

[ˋsɪksˋtinθ]

17th: seventeenth

[͵sɛvnˋtinθ]

18th: eighteenth

[ˋeˋtinθ]

19th: nineteenth

[ˋnaɪnˋtinθ]

20th: twentieth

[ˋtwɛntɪəθ]

21st: twenty-first

[͵twɛntɪˋfɝst]

22nd: twenty-second 23rd: twenty-third 24th: twenty-fourth
25th: twenty-fifth 26th: twenty-sixth 27th: twenty-seventh
28th: twenty-eighth 29th: twenty-ninth 30th: thirtieth [ˋθɝtɪəθ]
31st: thirty-first

 

Survey: Find out your classmate’s birthday

names: birth dates

 

 

E2B L9 Unit 9 Times Past                        Jess Lin    P.3

  1. D.  Who were they?

Vocabulary

1. singer [ˋsɪŋɚ] 歌手  2. musician [mjuˋzɪʃən] 音樂家  3. actor [ˋæktɚ]  演員     4. writer [ˋraɪtɚ] 作家  5. artist [ˋɑrtɪst] 藝術家  6. princess[ˋprɪnsɪs] 公主

7. politician [͵pɑləˋtɪʃən] 政治家  8. race-car driver [res] [kɑr] [ˋdraɪvɚ] 賽車選手

9. scientist [ˋsaɪəntɪst] 科學家 10. England [ˋɪŋglənd] 英格蘭English[ˋɪŋglɪʃ]英格蘭人  11. Austria [ˋɔstrɪə] 奧地利 Austrian[ˋɔstrɪən] 奧地利人

11. the U.S.美國 American [əˋmɛrɪkən] 美國人

13. Brazil [brəˋzɪl] 巴西  Brazilian [brəˋzɪljən] 巴西人

14. Mexico [ˋmɛksɪ͵ko] 墨西哥  Mexican [ˋmɛksɪkən] 墨西哥人

15. horrible [ˋhɔrəb!] 糟糕的

 

過去簡單式有be動詞的句型:

1. 肯定句

主詞+was/were+名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語(時間,地點)

I was a singer. He was happy. They were at home.

 

2. 否定句

主詞+was/were+not+名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語(時間,地點)

I was not a singer. He wasn’t happy. They weren’t at home.

 

  1. Yes/No疑問句

Was/Were+主詞+名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語(時間,地點)?

Were you a singer?  Yes, I was. / No, I wasn’t.

Was he happy?     Yes, he was. / No, he wasn’t.

Were they at home? Yes, they were. / No, they weren’t.

 

  1. WH 疑問句

WH疑問詞+Was/Were+主詞+名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語(時間,地點)?

What was your job? I was a singer.

How was he?   He was happy.

Where were they? They were at home.

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L9 Unit 9 Times Past                        Jess Lin    P.4

E. Was/Were practice

  1. When were you born? I was born in 1985.
  2. Where were you born? I was born in Taichung.
  3. Were you at home last night? Yes, I was at home.
  4. Where were you this morning? I was in the office.
  5. How was your day?  It was OK.
  6. How was the weather yesterday? It was cold and rainy.
  7. Were you happy yesterday? No, I wasn’t. I was sick.
  8. Was the weather nice last weekend? Yes, it was.
  9. Were you sick last week? Yes, I was.
  10. Where were your parents born? My father was born in I-lan, and my mother was born in Taoyuan.

 

 

  1. F.  Today
  2. Did you eat breakfast?  Yes, I did. I ate a sandwich.
  3. Did you drink coffee?  Yes, I did. I drank two cups of coffee.
  4. Did you go shopping?  Yes, I did. I went shopping in the afternoon.
  5. Did you go for a walk?  Yes, I did. I went for a walk for 20 minutes.
  6. Did you do your homework?  Yes, I did. I did all my homework.
  7. Did you had a good time? Yes, I did. I had a great time.

 

 

 

E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live

昨天打到很晚,結果今天早上起來覺得應該寫更細一點,所以呢,恩,改了不少,希望沒有同學已經下載了。其實也沒關係,只是句型說明比較詳細,針對同學容易犯錯的地方特別說明。晚上見。頭好痛,又來吃藥看醫生,不然晚上上課又頭痛的話就太慘了。

東西超多的這一課,其實就是單字多,有空預習一下,不然上起來很吃力,剛剛潔西也打到手都軟了。原本想說很快,所以就沒帶護腕,眼睛也好酸,睡覺去。有錯誤在根潔西說,今天去跟太陽公公跳舞,本來心情很好,後來發生一點是,跟這部落格有關,明天再說。晚安。

 

E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.1

     jessielinhuiching@gmail.com/ jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題房間,傢具 句型重點There is/are句型,方位介系詞
  1. A.  Warm-up Questions 暖身問題

Vocabulary:

1. apartment [əˋpɑrtmənt] 公寓 2. floor [flor] 樓層,地板

3. first  [fɝst] 第一 4. second [ˋsɛkənd ] 第二5. third [θɝd] 第三

6. fourth [forθ] 第四 7. fifth[fɪfθ] 第五 8. yard [jɑrd] 庭院

  1. How are you today?  Pretty good. Thanks. And you?
  2. Where do you live?   I live in Chungho.
  3. Who do you live with?   I live with my father and my younger brother.

I live alone. / I live with my coworkers.

  1. Do you live in a house or an apartment?  I live in an apartment.
  2. What floor do you live on?  I live on the first floor.
  3. Do you have a yard?  No, we don’t.
  1. B.  Rooms 房間

1. bedroom [ˋbɛd͵rum] 臥室 2. bathroom [ˋbæθ͵rum]  浴室

3. living room [ˋlɪvɪŋ] [rum]客廳 4. dining room[ˋdaɪnɪŋ] [rum] 餐廳

5. kitchen[ˋkɪtʃɪn]  廚房

How many rooms are there in your house/apartment?

There are eight rooms in my apartment. There are three bedrooms, two bathrooms, one living room, one dining room, and one kitchen.

bedroom bathroom living room dining room kitchen others
student 1
student 2
student 3
student 4
student 5

E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.2

  1. C.   Furniture [ˋfɝnɪtʃɚ] 傢俱
  2. bed [bɛd] 床  2. shower [ˋʃaʊɚ] 蓮蓬頭  3. toilet [ˋtɔɪlɪt]  馬桶

4. lamp [læmp] 電燈  5. laptop [ˋlæptɑp] 筆電 6. desk [dɛsk] 書桌7.TV電視

8. DVD player DVD播放器 9. sofa [ˋsofə]沙發 10. armchair [ˋɑrm͵tʃɛr]扶手椅 11. magazine [͵mægəˋzin] 雜誌 12. picture [ˋpɪktʃɚ] 圖片13. table [ˋteb!]桌子 14. stove [stov]爐子 15. fridge [frɪdʒ]冰箱

What is in your living room?

There is a sofa, a TV, an armchair and a table in my living room.

What is in your dining room?

There are four chairs, a table, a lamp in my dining room.

I don’t have a dining room.

 

  1. D.  There is / There are
  2. 使用時機:

there is / there are 中文翻成有,常用來表達在什麼地方有什麼東西。

Look! There’s a hot chick over there! 看!那裡有個辣妹!(口語)

There are five rooms in my apartment. 我的公寓有五間房間。

have/has 中文也翻成有,不過通常用在人擁有的東西。

He has a hot girlfriend. 他有個很辣的女朋友。

She has brown hair and blue eyes. 她有棕髮與藍眼睛。

  1. 本課句型:

1. Affirmative 肯定句

There is + a/an + 單數名詞 + 介系詞 + 名詞.

There are + some/a lot of/數量詞 + 複數名詞s + 介系詞+ 名詞.

這個句型比較特別

虛主詞there放在放最前面,

動詞用is或are決定於緊接著在後面的真正的主詞

there is 可以縮寫成there’s,there are 不可以縮寫

真正的主詞假如是單數可數用a/an + 單數名詞

真正的主詞假如是複數名詞,前面可以用some, a lot of, 或數量詞來修飾

再加複數名詞,記得複數名詞後面要加s

最後面的地點用介系詞 + 名詞的片語來表示

There is an armchair in the living room.

There’s a shower in the bathroom.

There are four chairs in dining room.

There are a lot of magazines on the floor.

E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.3

  1. D.  There is / There are

2. Negative 否定句

There is + not + a/an + 單數名詞 + 介系詞 + 名詞.

There are + not + any + 複數名詞s + 介系詞+ 名詞.

否定句直接在there is/are後面接not就可以。

單數可以用There is not…或縮寫成There’s not… 或 There isn’t…

複數可以用There are not…或所寫成There aren’t…

複數名詞的否定not後常加any,表示沒有任何的東西。

切記:單數名詞後面只可以加a,不可以加any。any後面只可以接複數可數

名詞或不可數的單數名詞。簡單記法any + 複數名詞s

There is not a book on the table.

There’s not a lamp in the dining room.

There isn’t an apple in the fridge.

There are not any pictures in my kitchen.

There aren’t any chairs in my bedroom.

3. Yes/No Questions  Yes/No 問句

Is there + a/an + 單數名詞 + 介系詞 + 名詞 ?

Are there + any + 複數名詞s + 介系詞+ 名詞 ?

任何有be動詞的句子造Yes/No問句都是把is/are移到主詞前,也就是

放到句首。

單數問句把is放到句首,不要忘了在名詞前加a

複數問句會在主詞後加上any,後面的名詞記得加s

回答簡答時,Yes, there is. 中there is 不可以縮寫。

some多用在肯定句,any用在否定句與疑問句。

切記:is跟are 放到最前面後不要再重複

常見錯誤:Is there is an appleAre there are any books?

Is there a laptop on the desk?

Yes, there is. / Yes, there is a laptop on the desk.

No, there isn’t. / No, there isn’t a laptop on the desk.

Are there any pictures on the wall?

Yes, there is. / Yes, there is a picture on the wall.

Yes, there are. / Yes, there are three pictures on the wall.

Yes, there are a lot of pictures on the wall.

Yes, there are some pictures on the wall.

No, there aren’t. / No, there aren’t any pictures on the wall.

E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.4

  1. D.  There is / There are

4. WH Questions  WH問句

How many + 複數名詞s + are there + 介系詞+ 名詞 ?

常見的問題是在什麼地方有多少東西。

How many magazines are there on the table?

There is one magazine on the table.

There are three magazines on the table.

There are a lot of magazines

How many students are there in the classroom?

There are twenty students in the classroom.

 

  1. E.  My favorite room

Robert’s Living Room (P.53)

Vocabulary: 1. great [gret]很棒的  2. video game[ˋvɪdɪ͵o] [gem]  電視遊樂器 3. poster[ˋpostɚ] 海報 4. wall[wɔl] 牆壁 5. clean[klin]  乾淨的

6. comfortable [ˋkʌmfɚtəb!]舒適的 7. picture [ˋpɪktʃɚ]  照片

8. photograph [ˋfotə͵græf] 照片9. there [ðɛr] 那裡

Use the following sentences as a model to talk about your favorite room.

My favorite room is my bedroom.

It’s not very big, but it’s very comfortable.

There’s a bed, and there are two pictures on the wall.

There’s a table with a laptop computer on it, and there is an armchair.

There’s a bookcase and there are a lot of books.

I like sitting on my bed, reading and listening to music.

My favorite room is _______________.

It’s ____________________________.

There is/are _____________________.

There is/are _____________________.

There is/are _____________________.

I like ___________________________.

E2B L8 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.5

  1. F.  Prepositions介係詞

Vocabulary:

1. in [ɪn] 在裡面 2. on [ɑn] 在上面  3. under [ˋʌndɚ] 在下面

4. in front of [ɪn] [frʌnt] [ɑv] 在前面 5. behind [bɪˋhaɪnd] 在後面

6. between [bɪˋtwin] 在中間  7. next to [ˋnɛkst] [tu]  在旁邊

8. car key [kɑr] [ki] 車子鎖匙 9. drawer [ˋdrɔɚ] 抽屜

10. soccer ball [ˋsɑkɚ] [bɔl] 足球 11. sneakers [ˋsnikɚz] 運動鞋

12. bag [bæg] 袋子 13. gym bag [dʒɪm] [bæg] 健身房袋子

14. cell phone[sɛl] [fon] 手機 15. credit card [ˋkrɛdɪt] [kɑrd] 信用卡

16. sweater[ˋswɛtɚ] 毛衣 17. alarm clock [əˋlɑrm] [klɑk] 鬧鐘

單數用Where is + the +單數名詞?的句型   回答: It’s + 介 + the + 名詞.

複數用Where are + the +複數名詞?的句型 回答:They’re + 介 + the + 名詞.

注意事項:

問什麼東西在什麼地方,因為是問特定的東西,所以東西前要加the或所有格形容詞my, Tom’s等。

回答的時候因為也是表達跟相對特定的東西間的關係,所以答案的地點也要加the或所有格形容詞。

Where 跟is可以縮寫成Where’s,但是Where跟are不可縮寫。

Where is my laptop?   It’s on the desk.

Where’s the CD?      It’s under the table.

Where are the keys?  They’re next to the cell phone.

Where are my glasses? They are on your head!

用教室裡面的東西或你自己的東西造兩個使用了地方介系詞的問句。一個單數一個複數。並寫出答案。然後考考你的同學

Ex:

  1. Where is the teacher?  She is in front of the whiteboard.
  2. Is there a pencil under your table? No, there isn’t a pencil under my table.

Your questions                         Your answers

1.

2.

E2B L7 Unit 8 Where I live                          Jess Lin    P.6

Vocabulary

1. country [ˋkʌntrɪ]國家2. wallet [ˋwɑlɪt]皮夾 3. clothes [kloz]衣服 4. rats [ræt]老鼠

  1. How many rooms are there in your apartment? There are five rooms in my apartment.
  2. How many students are there in the classroom? There are 15 students in the classroom.
  3. How many floors are there in this building? There are ten floors in this building.
  4. How many classrooms are there on this floor? There are six classrooms on this floor.
  5. How many people are there in your family? There are five people in my family.
  6. How many countries are there in the world? I’m not sure. I guess there are about 200 countries in the world.
  7. How many windows are there in your bedroom? There is one window in my bedroom. / There aren’t any windows in my bedroom.
  8. How many televisions are there in your home? There are three televisions in my home.
  9. How many keys are there in your bag? There are three keys in my bag.
  10. How many credit cards are there in your wallet? There is only one credit card in my wallet.
  11. Is there a sofa in your living room? Yes, there’s a sofa in my living room.
  12. Is there a computer in your bedroom? No, there isn’t a computer in my bedroom. There’s a computer in the living room.
  13. Is there an armchair in your bedroom? Yes, there’s an armchair in my bedroom.
  14. Is there a lamp in your kitchen? No, there isn’t a lamp in my kitchen.
  15. Is there a picture in your dining room? Yes, there’s a picture.
  16. Are there any magazines in your bathroom? Yes, there are some magazines in my bathroom.
  17. Are there any clothes on your bed? No, there aren’t any clothes on my bed.
  18. Are there any rats in your apartment? Yes, there are some rats in my apartment.
  19. Are there any photographs in your wallet? Yes, there is a photograph of my son in my wallet.
  20. 20.  Are there any flowers in your living room? Yes, there are some beautiful flowers in my living room.

 

E2B L7 Unit 7 My favorites

這一課東西超多的,絕對上不完,所以應該只會上前四頁P.44-47。48頁的形容詞可能留給同學自己看,50,51頁的Everyday English應該會分到後面的章節,作為一開始上課的暖身對話。現在簡單式很多人過個年大概忘了,所以後面有個總復習,有八頁之多。看過一遍可能會有點概念。另外講義裡面的練習跟翻譯都在Answer Key解答的地方。

 

好多課要準備,繼續忙碌去。有問題可以留言問潔西。大家開始做收心操了嗎?明天要上課的同學記得來上課喔!

 

E2B L7 Unit 7 My favorites                        Jess Lin    P.1

                                   jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

問與答,形容詞,地點

句型重點

WH疑問詞,主詞,受詞,所有格形容詞

 

  1. A.  Warm-up and Review  暖身與復習
  2. What’s your favorite food?   My favorite food is ice cream.
  3. What’s your favorite drink?  My favorite drink is coffee.
  4. What’s your favorite sport?  I don’t have a favorite. I don’t like sports.
  5. What’s your favorite song?  I don’t have a favorite. I like a lot.
  6. What’s your favorite TV program?  My favorite TV program is Kangxi Lai Le.
  7. What’s your favorite day of the week? I like Sunday because I don’t have to work on Sunday.
  8. What’s your favorite city? Taipei is my favorite city.

 

  1. This is my favorite… (P.46) 這是我最喜歡的…

This是個代名詞,用來代替離說話者近距離的可數單數名詞,表示這一個。

That是個代名詞,用來代替離說話者遠距離的可數單數名次,表示那一個。

Vocabulary 單字:

1. favorite [ˋfevərɪt] 最喜歡的 2. photo [ˋfoto] 照片 3. guy [gaɪ] (男)人

4. boss [bɔs] 老闆  5. MP3 player [ˋpleɚ] MP3播放器 6. I’ll take it. 我要買這個。

7. fantastic [fænˋtæstɪk] 很棒的 8. coat [kot] 外套 9. cheese [tʃiz] 起士

10. delicious [dɪˋlɪʃəs] 美味的 11. This is for you. 這是給你的。

12. present [ˋprɛznt] 禮物

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L7 Unit 7 My favorites                        Jess Lin    P.2

  1. C.  Present Simple Review 現在簡單式複習

(A)   使用時機:現在簡單式多用來表達事實,習慣,經常性的動作。

(B)    常一起使用的副詞:every day, every week, every Monday, once a week, twice a month, on weekends, always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly never, never…

(C)    句型:

  1. 肯定句:

I’m a teacher. You are happy. He is at work. My favorite color is blue.

I have a sister. You play basketball. He takes a bus to work.

  1. 否定句:

I’m not Japanese.  You’re not heavy.   He’s not interested in comics.

I don’t live in Taipei.  You don’t work hard.  He doesn’t play mahjong.

  1. Yes/No 問句

Am I late?  Are you worried?   Is he an engineer?   Is she married?

Do you work from 9 to 5?   Does he like his job?

  1. WH 問句

What’s your name?  Where’s he from?   How old is your father?

What do you do in your free time?  Where does he go to school?

(D)   WH 疑問詞

  1. What問什麼 a. What’s your favorite drink? What are they?

b. What time do you get up?  What does your brother do?

  1. Who 問誰 a. Who’s that?  Who are the kids in the photos?

b. Who do you have dinner with? Who does he work for?

  1. Where 問地點a. Where are you from?  Where is my cup?

b. Where do you come from?  Where does he live?

  1. When 問時間a. When is your birthday?  When is Father’s day?

b. When do you wash your clothes? When does he go to bed?

  1. Why 問原因 a. Why are you sad?  Why is he late?

b. Why do you study English?  Why does he work so hard?

  1. How 問如何a. How much is this?  How far is it?

b. How often do you get a haircut?  How well does he sing?

 

 

 

E2B L7 Unit 7 My favorites                        Jess Lin    P.3

  1. D.  Reading 閱讀 I love it! (p.44)

Vocabulary單字:

1. American [əˋmɛrɪkən] 美國人  2. France [fræns] 法國 3. Paris [ˋpærɪs] 巴黎

4. divorced [dəˋvɔrst] 離婚的 5. married [ˋmærɪd] 結婚的6. husband [ˋhʌzbənd]丈夫 7. Frenchman [ˋfrɛntʃmən] 法國人 8. photographer [fəˋtɑgrəfɚ] 攝影師

9. fashion show [ˋfæʃən] [ʃo] 時尚秀 10. clothes [kloz] 衣服11. choose [tʃuz] 選擇(v)

12. designer [dɪˋzaɪnɚ] 設計師 13. Sydney [ˋsɪdnɪ] 雪梨 14. October [ɑkˋtobɚ] 十月 15. website [ˋwɛb͵saɪt] 網頁 16. daughter [ˋdɔtɚ] 女兒 17. son [sʌn] 兒子

18. adore [əˋdor] 熱愛(v) 19. Swedish [ˋswidɪʃ] 瑞典人 20. director [dəˋrɛktɚ] 導演  21. visit [ˋvɪzɪt] 拜訪(v) 22. hard [hɑrd] 努力地(adv) 23. restaurant [ˋrɛstrɒnt] 餐廳24. image [ˋɪmɪdʒ] 圖像(n)25. imagine [ɪˋmædʒɪn] 想像(v)

 

E. Translation翻譯

Vocabulary 單字 :

1. breakfast [ˋbrɛkfəst] 早餐 2. toast [tost] 吐司 3. band [bænd] 樂團

4. favorite [ˋfevərɪt] 最喜歡的 5. center [ˋsɛntɚ]中心

6. international[͵ɪntɚˋnæʃən!] 國際的7. language[ˋlæŋgwɪdʒ]語言8. start[stɑrt] 開始

  1. 你如何上學? 搭公車。
  2. 你早餐吃什麼?吐司跟咖啡。
  3. 你最喜歡的樂團是誰?我沒有最喜歡的。我喜歡很多。
  4. 你父親在哪裡工作?在市中心的一間辦公室。
  5. 你為什麼要學英文?因為它是一個國際的語言。
  6. 你身上有多少錢?沒有多少。大約兩元。
  7. 你的學校課程幾點開始?他們(課程)在九點開始。
  8. 你的老師說幾種語言?三種。

E2B L7 Unit 7 My favorites                        Jess Lin    P.4

  1. F.  Pronouns人稱代名詞

主格代名詞

subject pronouns

受格代名詞

object pronouns

所有格形容詞

possessive adjectives

所有格代名詞

possessive pronouns

第一人稱單數

I

mine

第一人稱複數

we

ours

第二人稱單數

you

yours

第二人稱複數

you

yours

 

第三人稱單數

 

he

his

she

hers

it

its

第三人稱複數

they

theirs

 

1. 主格代名詞subject pronouns 用來代替前面說過的人事物用來當主詞時。

S+V+O 主詞一般放在句首,在動詞的前面。I love you. / He is a nice guy.

2. 受格代名詞object pronouns 用來代替已經說過的人事物作為受詞時。

S+V+O 受詞一般放在動詞的後面。 You love me. / I don’t know him.

中文的I跟me都一樣是”我”,所以容易弄混淆。一個英文句子一定有主詞跟動

詞,記住動詞前用主格代名詞,動詞後(有時是介係詞後)則用受格代名詞。

3. 所有格形容詞possessive adjectives 是個形容詞,放在名詞前面,表達該

名詞是屬於誰的。後面一定會加名詞。He’s my best friend.

4. 所有格代名詞possessive pronouns 用來代替前面所說過的名詞,而這個名

詞是屬於某人的。所有格代名詞本身已是名詞,所以後面不可以再接名詞。

He’s a friend of mine.

中文的my跟mine都一樣是”我的”,所以容易弄混淆。記得所有格形容詞後面

一定要加名詞,而所有格代名詞後面一定不可以加名詞,應該就不會錯了。

  1. Do you know Lin Chi-ling.  ________ is a top model.
  2. Tom doesn’t live with ______ parents now.
  3. Linda loves his boyfriend, and he loves _____.
  4. France is famous for _______ wine and _______ cheese.
  5. I’m in love with Jay Chou, but __ is not very interested in ___.
  6. Tom and Mary showed _________ holiday photos to us.
  7. I took these photos. Do you like _______?

Answer Key

E. Translation翻譯

  1. 你如何上學? 搭公車。

How do you go to school? By bus.

  1. 你早餐吃什麼?吐司跟咖啡。

What do you have for breakfast? Toast and coffee.

  1. 你最喜歡的樂團是誰?我沒有最喜歡的。我喜歡很多。

Who’s your favorite band? I don’t have a favorite. I like a lot.

  1. 你父親在哪裡工作?在市中心的一間辦公室。

Where does your father work? In an office in the center of town.

  1. 你為什麼要學英文?因為它是一個國際的語言。

Why do you want to learn English? Because it’s an international language.

  1. 你身上有多少錢?沒有多少。大約兩元。

How much money do you have on you? Not a lot. About $2.

  1. 你的學校課程幾點開始?他們(課程)在九點開始。

What time do classes start at your school? They start at nine o’clock.

  1. 你的老師說幾種語言?三種。

How many languages does your teacher speak? Three.

F.Pronouns人稱代名詞

主格代名詞

subject pronouns

受格代名詞

object pronouns

所有格形容詞

possessive adjectives

所有格代名詞

possessive pronouns

第一人稱單數

I

me

my

mine

第一人稱複數

we

us

our

ours

第二人稱單數

you

you

your

yours

第二人稱複數

you

you

your

yours

 

第三人稱單數

 

he

him

his

his

she

her

her

hers

it

it

its

its

第三人稱複數

they

them

their

theirs

 

1. She  2. his  3. her  4. its, its  5. he, me  6. their  7. them

 

 

現在簡單式Present Simple                                   P.1

                                  jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

學習時態要記住下列幾點。一,使用時機,什麼時候該用這個時態,二,句型,每個時態的句型的肯定句,否定句,Yes/No問句,WH問句,時態句型的變化主要在動詞,也要記住該句型所使用的是哪個助動詞。三,常見副詞,有些副詞常常會跟著這個句型一起出現,記住了有助於正確使用時態。四,動詞變化,不同時態的動詞變化。

 

一.   使用時機:現在簡單式多用在表達日常生活的習慣,事實,真理等。

現在簡單式的句型可細分為一般動詞與be兩種句型。幾乎每個英文句子都要有主詞跟動詞,所以當描述現在的事實狀態時,假如句子沒有一般動詞,有名詞,形容詞,介系詞片語,副詞等時,則需要有現在簡單式的be,也就是am, is, are。

1. 英文用現在簡單式用來表達重複進行的活動、習慣、嗜好。

I work from 9 to 5.

She rides a scooter when it’s not rainy. When it rains, she takes the MRT.

I play mahjong and go to a pub in my free time.

2. 現在簡單式也用來表達事實、真理。

Honesty is the best policy. 誠實為上策。

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 日出於東落於西。

 

.現在簡單式 be的句型

1. 肯定句

   主詞+現在式be +  名詞                       

S  +    be1  +  noun

I        am        a teacher.

You       are       a student.

He        is        a singer.

She       is        a homemaker.

It         is        a table.

We       are        friends.

You       are        dancers.

They      are        coworkers.

現在簡單式Present Simple                                   P.2

 

主詞+現在式be + 形容詞

S   +    be1  +  adjective

I         am        tall.

You       are       pretty.

He        is        hungry.

She       is        thirsty.

It         is        dirty.

We       are        bored.

You       are        happy.

They      are        sleepy.

主詞+ 現在式be + 介系詞片語

S   +    be1   +  preposition phrase

I         am        at home.

You       are       at work.

He        is        in the classroom.

She       is        in the bank.

It         is        on the floor.

We       are        on the bus..

You       are        in a good mood.

They      are        in Hong Kong.

 

2. 否定句 : 英文句子改否定跟疑問時都需要助動詞,be本身就是助動詞。

所以否定句只要在be後面加not

S +   be1  +  not +  noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

I       am        not    a Japanese teacher.

You     are       not    busy.

He      is        not    in the living room.

She     is        not     a model.

It       is        not     new.

We      are       not     from Japan.

You      are       not     helpful.

They     are       not     over 18 years old.

現在簡單式Present Simple                                   P.3

3. Yes/No 問句 : 英文句子疑問時要把助動詞放到主詞前面,be本身就是個助動詞。所以yes/no問句只要把be放在主詞前面就可以造問句

be1  +   S       +   noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

Am       I            late?

Are      you           the only child?

Is        he           sick?

Is       she           friendly?

Is        it            broken?

Are      we            loud?

Are      you           American?

Are      they          engineers?

4. WH問句: 英文的疑問詞大致有what, where, when, why, who, how。把WH疑問詞放最前面再放be、主詞與其他部分就可造WH問句。

WH   be1 +  S  +   ( noun/ adjective / preposition phrase)

What 問什麼

What is your favorite color?   My favorite color is blue.

What is that on the table?    It is my new cell phone.

What day is it?   It’s Tuesday.

 

Where 問地點

Where am I?    You are in the hospital.

Where is your father?   He is in the bathroom.

Where are my books?    They are under the table.

 

When 問時間

When is your birthday?  It is January 1st.

When is the party?   It is on Saturday.

When is the library open?  It is open at 9 a.m.

 

Why 問理由

Why are you so happy?  It is my birthday today.

Why is he late?  He overslept.

Why are they sleepy?  They got up early.

現在簡單式Present Simple                                   P.4

 

Who問誰

Who is he?   He is my brother.

Who is Lisa?  She is the new assistant.

Who is in the bathroom? Tom is in the bathroom.

 

How 問如何

How are you? I am fine. Thank you.

How long is the movie?  It is about two hours.

How tall are you?  I’m 1 meter 65.

 

特別Who 與 What 這兩個疑問詞可以當主詞,只要把be放在疑問詞後即可

Who is there?  That is my friend.

What is on the table?  It is Tom’s new toy.

 

 

 

三,現在簡單式的一般動詞的句型

一般動詞的句型只要在主詞後面加一般動詞。當主詞是第三人稱單數,也就是任何可以用he/she/it代替的主詞時,需要在動詞後面加s。

 

  1. 肯定句

主詞+動詞原型

S  + V1

I       ride a bicycle.

You   take a bus.

He    drives a car.

She   rides a scooter.

It     sleeps.

We    walk.

You    take the MRT.

They   take the train.

 

現在簡單式Present Simple                                   P.5

 

  1. 否定句

現在簡單式的否定句需要有助動詞來幫忙。第三人稱單數主詞的助動詞為does,其他主詞用do這個助動詞。否定句把助動詞加not放在一般動詞前面

主詞 + 助動詞 + not   +動詞原型

S   +   do/does not    + V1

I          do not        eat beef.

You         do not        like Japanese food.

He         does not       drink coffee.

She        does not       cook.

It          does not       work.

We         do not        get up early.

You         do not        sleep for eight hours.

They        do not        play mahjong.

 

  1. Yes/No 問句

現在簡單是造問句需要有助動詞do, does來幫忙。句型是把助動詞放在主詞前面造問句即可。

助動詞   +  主詞   +  動詞原型

Do/Does  +  S       +  V1

Do             I          work hard?

Do         you        play basketball?

Does       he         go bowling?

Does       she        watch sports on TV?

Does       it          have fun?

Do         we         go jogging?

Do         you        do yoga?

Do         they       play sports?

 

 

 

 

 

現在簡單式Present Simple                                   P.6

  1. WH問句

WH問句也需要助動詞do/does來幫忙造問句。句型是把則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞,其他的部份

WH疑問詞  +   助動詞    +  主詞  + 動詞  +(其他部分)?

WH           +    do/does    +   S     +       V1                ?

 

What 問什麼,可以跟其他的字組合來問不同問題

What do you do in your free time?  I play online games in my free time.

What do you think of Korean dramas?  I think it’s very interesting.

What kind of food does Lisa like?   She likes Indian food.

 

 

Where 問地點

Where do you live?   I live in Tucheng.

Where do you go to school?  I go to National Taiwan University.

Where does your father work?  He works in a bank.

 

When 問時間

When do you exercise?  I exercise every Monday and Wednesday.

When do you visit your parents?  I visit my parents on big holidays.

When does Peter go on vacation?  He goes on vacation in August.

 

Why 問理由

Why do you study English?

I study English because it’s an international language.

Why do you like Thai food?  Because I lived in Thailand when I was a child.

Why does your father work in China?  Because the pay is better.

 

Who問誰

Who do you live with?  I live with my coworkers.

Who do you play badminton with?  I paly badminton with my sister.

Who does Mary work for?  She works for her aunt.

 

現在簡單式Present Simple                                   P.7

 

How 問如何

How often do you get a haircut?  I get a haircut twice a year.

How long do you use the computer every day?

I use the computer for four or five hours.

How much does the dress cost?  It costs NT$2,500.

 

特別注意當疑問詞what或who當主詞時,則不需要助動詞,而且動詞應用第三人稱單數。

What makes your happy?  Helping people makes me happy.

Who cooks dinner for you?  My dad cooks dinner for me.

 

 

切記在現在簡單式中,一般動詞原型與Be絕對不會同時出現。

I am from Taiwan. / I come from Taiwan. 這兩句都可以。

但是不要說 I am come from Taiwan. 這是個錯誤的句子。

 

三、現在簡單式的副詞如:every day, once a week, twice a month, always, usually, sometimes, often, hardly ever…等。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

現在簡單式Present Simple                                   P.8

四、現在簡單式拼字與發音規則

英文在表達現在簡單式時,當主詞為第三人稱單數(任何可以用he、she、it代替的名詞)時,動詞後面要加s。加s的拼字與發音規則如下。

a. 拼字規則

  1. 大部分的動詞在字尾加s。

talk-talks, learn-learns, read-reads, get-gets

2.當動詞字尾是sh, ch, ss, x, z時,則加es。

wash-washes, watch-watches, kiss-kisses, fix-fixes, buzz-buzzes

3.當動詞字尾為子音加y時,需將y去掉,加ies。

study-studies, cry-cries, fly-flies, try-tries

4.當動詞字尾為母音加y時,則只要加s,即可。

say-says, play-plays, pray-prays, pay-pays

5.有幾個特別的變化需記住。

have-has, do-does, go-goes

b. 發音規則

  1. 當動詞字尾是無聲子音如/f/, /k/, /p/, /t/, 時,加s後,應讀做/s/。

laugh-laughs, cook-cooks, stop-stops, meet-meets

2.當動詞字尾是有聲子音如/d/, /n/, /l/, /v/ 等或母音時,加s後,應讀做/z/。

read-reads, learn, learns, sell, sells, live-lives, know-knows, see-sees

3. 當動詞字尾為/s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/, / dʒ /時,加s後,應讀做/ɪz/時。要注意的是,發音時看的是最後一個音,而非最後一個字母,如dance就是這一類。

miss-misses, buzz-buzzes, wish-wishes, match-matches, judge-judges,

英文字母的母音(vowels)為a, e, i, o, u,其餘為子音(consonants)。

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /, / ɔɪ/, / aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

1. save _______ 2. work ______ 3. notice ________ 4. try  _______

 

5. teach _______ 6. start ______ 7. buy ________ 8. fix  ________

 

  1. have________  10. finish_______

 

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L6 Unit 6 Every day

 

 

E2B L6 Unit 6 Every day                         Jess Lin    P.1

                                   jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

時間,星期,頻率副詞

句型重點

現在簡單式一般動詞第三人稱單數

 

  1. A.  Warm-up Questions

1. . What language do you speak?   I speak Chinese, Japanese, and English.

2. What kind of food do you like?  I like Japanese food.

3. What drinks do you like? I like tea, coffee, and juice.

4. What sports do you play?  I play basketball.

5. Do you like your job?  No, I don’t. It’s boring.

6. Do you like Italian food? Yes, I love it.

7. Do you listen to English songs?  No, I only listen to Chinese songs.

8. Do you have a Korean TV? No, I have a Japanese TV.

9. Do you watch French movies? No, I don’t. I watch American movies.

10. Do you have a brother?  Yes, I have a younger brother.

 

B. Time

A: Excuse me. Do you have the time? / What time is it?

B: It’s two forty. / It’s five o’clock.

A: Thanks a lot.

 

A: What time do you get up?    B: I get up at 7.30.

 

Questions Time Name
  1. What time do you get up?
  1. What time do you have breakfast?
  1. What time do you go to school/work?
  1. What time do you have lunch?
  1. What time do you leave school/work?
  1. What time do you get home?
  1. What time do you watch TV
  1. What time do you go to bed?

E2B L6 Unit 6 Every day                         Jess Lin    P.2

C. Frequency Adverbs 頻率副詞

英文將頻率副詞放在主詞後面,一般動詞的前面。

 

always                               100%

usually

often

I   sometimes       get up early

hardly ever

never                                  0%

A: Do you walk to work?         B: Yes, I always walk to work.

A: How long does it take?        B: It takes ten minutes.

A: Do you walk to work?         B: No, I never walk to work.

A: How do you go to work?       B: I take a bus.

  1. Do you get up early?   Yes, I often get up early.
  2. Do you have a big breakfast?  No, I never have a big breakfast.
  3. Do you walk to work?  No, I never walk to walk. I always take the MRT.
  4. Do you watch TV in the evening? Yes, I sometimes watch TV in the evening.
  5. Do you go shopping on the weekend? Yes, I always go shopping on the weekend.
  6. Do you eat in restaurants? Yes, but I hardly ever eat in restaurants. I usually eat at home.
  7. Do you drink coffee? Yes, I sometimes drink coffee.
  8. Do you go to bed late?  Yes, I often go to bed late.

 

 

E2B L6 Unit 6 Every day                         Jess Lin    P.3

D. 現在簡單式的句型

1. 肯定句     S  +   V1    (第三人稱單數動詞後要加s)

I      usually get up before 7 o’clock.

David    sometimes cooks dinner.

2. 否定句    S   +   do/does not    +   V1

We       don’t            go to work by bus.

She       doesn’t          ride a scooter.

3. Yes/No問句  Do/Does   +   S    +  V1

Do           you         go to bed late?

Does         Tom        have lunch in the office?

4. WH問句 WH     do/does    +   S    +   V1

What day   do           you         go to work?

Where     does       your father    work?

Who        do          you          go shopping with?

Who                               cooks dinner for you?

 

F. Days of the week

Weekday: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday

Weekend: Saturday, Sunday

Weeknight: the evenings of Monday through Friday

 

 

G. Prepositions of Time  時間介系詞

at 表達幾點幾分,特定的時間點,正中午,午夜,在晚上等

at 7 o’clock/9 p.m./noon/midnight

on 表達星期幾,週末,特定的日子

on Monday/Sunday afternoon/the weekend/my birthday/Christmas Day

in 表達特定的時間如早上,下午,傍晚。另外用來表達月份,季節,年份

in the morning/the afternoon/the evening/

in January/summer/1991

 

 

 

E2B L6 Unit 6 Every day                         Jess Lin    P.4

H. Routine

  1. Do you drink coffee in the afternoon? Yes, I drink coffee in the morning and afternoon.
  2. Do you get up early on Sunday morning? No, I never get up early on Sunday morning. I always sleep until noon.
  3. Do you surf the Net in the evening? Yes, I surf the Net in the evening.
  4. Do you go to bed late on weekdays? No, I don’t go to bed late on weekdays. I go to bed late on weekend.
  5. Do you go to work by bus? No, I go to work by scooter.
  6. Do you have a big breakfast? No, I don’t have breakfast.
  7. Do you have lunch in a restaurant? Yes, I sometimes have lunch in a restaurant with my coworkers.
  8. Do you take a shower in the morning? No, I always take a shower in the evening.
  9. Do you usually work late? No, I never work late.
  10. Do you watch TV in the morning? No, I always watch TV in the evening.
  11. Do you go shopping on weekend? Yes, I go shopping on weekend.
  12. Do you eat in restaurants on weekend? Yes, I always eat in restaurant with my friends or family on weekend.
  13. Do you stay home on Friday evening? No, I go out with my friends.
  14. Do you listen to music every day? Yes, I always listen to music when I take the bus to work.
  15. Do you play mahjong on the weekend? Yes, I play mahjong with my family.
  16. What do you do in the evening? Not much. I just stay home and take it easy.
  17. Where do you have for breakfast? I usually have breakfast in the office.
  18. When do have dinner with your family? I only have dinner with my family on big holidays because I don’t live with them.
  19. Why do you study English? I want to find a better job.
  20. How do you get here? I get here by MRT

 

 

 

E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life

E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life                         Jess Lin    P.1

                                 jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

國家,城市,數字

句型重點

現在簡單式一般動詞,定冠詞a,an

 

A. Warm-up Questions

1. Do you have any brothers or sisters? Yes, I do. I have two sisters.

2. Do you have NT500 in your wallet? No, I don’t. I only have $100.

3. Do you have five credit cards? Yes, I have more than five credit cards.

4. Do you have a job? Yes, I do. I’m an engineer.

5. Do you have a cat? Yes, I have a cat and a rabbit.

6. Do you have English classes in the morning?

No, I have English classes at night.

7. Does your father have a beautiful daughter? Yes, he does.

8. Does your mother have a handsome son? No, she doesn’t.

9. Does your best friend have a Japanese car? Yes, he does.

10. Does your teacher have short hair? No, she doesn’t.

 

B. Sports, Food, and Drink

Sports

1. basketball  籃球 2. baseball   棒球 3. badminton 羽毛球

4. soccer  足球 5. football 美式足球  6. tennis 網球  7. golf  高爾夫

8. swimming  游泳 9. jogging  慢跑  10. hiking   健行

 

Food

1. Italian food  義大利菜 2. Chinese food 中國菜 3. Japanese food 日本菜 4. American food   美國菜  5. Thai food 泰國菜   6. pizza   披薩                     7. hamburgers 漢堡 8. oranges橘子9. ice cream 冰淇淋  10. noodles 湯麵

 

Drinks

1. tea  茶 2. coffee  咖啡 3. soda  汽水 4. juice  果汁 5. water  水                6. milk   牛奶  7. pearl milk tea/ bubble tea  珍珠奶茶  8. beer 啤酒              9. wine  葡萄酒  10. cocktail   雞尾酒

 

E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life                         Jess Lin    P.2

B. Sports, Food, and Drink

A: It’s a kind of drink. It’s bitter. You can find it at Starbucks.

What’s this?

B: It’s coffee!

A: Yes, that’s right. Do you like coffee?

B: Yes, I like coffee. / No, I don’t like coffee.

 

 

C. About you

1. Do you come from Taipei?  Yes, I do. I come from Taipei.

2. Do you live in Banqiao?  No, I don’t. I live in Tucheng.

3. Do you live in an apartment?  Yes, I live in an apartment.

4. Do you work in a foreign company? No, I don’t. I work in a local company.

5. Do you like Korean food?  Yes, I do. I like it a lot.

6. Do you like your job?  Yes, I love it.

7. Do you drink coffee?  No, I drink tea and water.

8. Do you speak Taiwanese and Hakka?

I speak Taiwanese, but I don’t speak Hakka.

 

1. My name’s ____________.

2. I come from __________.

3. I live in _____________.

4. I work in ____________.

5. I’m a/an _____________.

6. I eat _______________.

7. I drink ______________.

8. I like _______________.

9. I don’t like ___________.

10. I speak _____________.

11. I want to ____________.

 

 

 

E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life                         Jess Lin    P.3

D. Questions

1. Where do you come from?   I come from Taipei.

2. Where do you live?      I live in Chungho.

3. Do you live in an apartment? No, I don’t. I live in a house.

4. Where do you work?    I work in a bank in Sanchung.

5. Do you like your job?   Yes, I like my job very much.

6. Do you like Korean food?   No, I don’t like Korean food.

7. What kind of food do you like?   I like Chinese food and Japanese food.

8. Do you like tennis?   Yes, I love tennis!

9. What sports do you like?  I like basketball.

10. Do you like beer?   No, I like wine.

11. What drinks do you like?  I like tea, coffee, and beer.

12. Do you speak Japanese? Yes, I speak Japanese.

13. What language do you speak?   I speak Chinese, Japanese, and English.

14. Do you play badminton?   No, I don’t play badminton.

15. What sports do you play?

I don’t play any sports, but I watch baseball games on TV.

16. Do you like American movies?  Yes, I like American movies a lot.

17. Do you have a Japanese car?

No, I don’t have a Japanese car, but I have a Japanese camera.

18. Do you read English magazines?

No, I don’t read English magazines, but I visit English learning websites.

19. Do you cook Italian food? No, I don’t cook Italian food, but I cook

Japanese food and Chinese food.

20. Do you listen to English songs?  Yes, I listen to English songs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life                          Jess Lin    P.4

E. 現在簡單式Present Simple                 

英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變化以及搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

一、現在簡單式的使用時機

  1. 英文用現在簡單式用來表達重複進行的活動、習慣、嗜好。

I get up at 7.30.

She takes a bus to school.

  1. 現在簡單式也用來表達事實、真理。

Honesty is the best policy. 誠實為上策。

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 日出於東落於西。

二、現在簡單式的句型

一般動詞的句型為S + V1 (V1指的是動詞的原形)

肯定句     S  +   V1    (第三人稱單數動詞後要加s)

I      cook dinner five days a week.

My mother    cooks diner for me.

否定與問句需要有do或does這兩個助動詞來幫忙。否定句在助動詞後面加not

否定句     S   +   do/does not    +   V1

They        don’t       eat breakfast every day.

He        doesn’t       like Japanese food.

Yes/No 問句 把助動詞放在主詞前面造問句

Do/Does   +   S    +  V1π

Do           you       live with your parents?

Does         Tom       speak English?

 

WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞

當what who 當主詞時,則不需要助動詞

WH     do/does    +   S    +   V1

What time  do          you        finish work?

Where     does        Linda       go to school?

Who        do          you        have dinner with?

Who                               cooks dinner for you?

三、現在簡單式的副詞如:every day, once a week, always, usually, often,

sometimes, …等。

E2B L5 Unit 5 It’s my life                           Jess Lin    P.5

現在簡單式Present Simple

四、現在簡單式拼字與發音規則

英文在表達現在簡單式時,當主詞為第三人稱單數(任何可以用he、she、it代替的名詞)時,動詞後面要加s。加s的拼字與發音規則如下。

拼字規則

  1. 大部分的動詞在字尾加s。

talk-talks, learn-learns, read-reads, get-gets

  1. 當動詞字尾是sh, ch, ss, x, z時,則加es。

wash-washes, watch-watches, kiss-kisses, fix-fixes, buzz-buzzes

  1. 當動詞字尾為子音加y時,需將y去掉,加ies。

study-studies, cry-cries, fly-flies, try-tries

  1. 當動詞字尾為母音加y時,則只要加s,即可。

say-says, play-plays, pray-prays, pay-pays

  1. 有幾個特別的變化需記住。

have-has, do-does, go-goes

發音規則

  1. 當動詞字尾是無聲子音如/f/, /k/, /p/, /t/, 時,加s後,應讀做/s/。

Laugh-laughs, cook-cooks, stop-stops, meet-meets

  1. 當動詞字尾是有聲子音如/d/, /n/, /l/, /v/ 等或母音時,加s後,應讀做/z/。

Read-reads, learn, learns, sell, sells, live-lives, know-knows, see-sees

  1. 當動詞字尾為/s/, /z/, / ʃ /, / tʃ /, / dʒ /, 時,加s後,應讀做/ ɪz/。要注意的是,發音時看的是最後一個音,而非最後一個字母,如dance就是這一類。

Miss-misses, buzz-buzzes, wish-wishes, match-matches, judge-judges,

英文字母的母音(vowels)為a, e, i, o, u,其餘為子音(consonants)。

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

 

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, / ɪ /, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ/, / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /, / ɔɪ/,

/ aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

   

 

 

E2B L4 Family and Friends 2013/01/14

 

 

有謝謝有網友請潔西把所有講義整理放在來供大家下載。其實大致上已經有按分類,可以下載的多半有附連結了。剛剛看了一下文件,裡面有將近一千七百個檔案,應該至少有一半是潔西的講義。要整理這些東西把他們放在網路上,恩,目前可能沒有這樣的時間。覺得睡眠不足好像很久了,先睡覺去。不好意思,請耐心等待。假如看到想下載可是格式亂掉,有沒有連結的,麻煩跟潔西說一下。先前有一篇形容詞子句,因為網友問,才發現,啊!格式完全都亂掉,而且是早期放的,所以都沒有連結,真是對不起大家。應該是看得很辛苦。有發現的人在麻煩跟潔西說,大大感激。補眠去。晚安。

 

E2B L4 Family and Friends                               Jess Lin    P.1

                                            jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

家庭,朋友,電話用語

句型重點

現在簡單式一般動詞,所有格形容詞

  1. A.  Warm-up Questions

1. Are you a hardworking student?  Yes, I am. / No, I’m a lazy student.

2. Are you an engineer?   No, I’m an accountant.

3. Are you from Taipei?  Yes, I’m. I was born and grew up in Taipei.

4. Are you 25 years old?  No, I’m 35 years old!

5. Are you talkative?  Yes, I am. / No, I’m quiet.

6. Is your father a civil servant?  No, he’s retired.

7. Is your best friend married?  Yes, he’s married with two children.

8. Is your mother from Tainan?  No, she’s from Thailand.

9. Are your classmates friendly?  Yes, they are very friendly and helpful.

10. Are your parents at work?  No, they are in the night market.

 

 

  1. B.  Family Members

1. grandparent 祖父母 2. grandfather祖父 3. grandmother 祖母 4. parents 雙親

5. father 父親 6. mother 母親 7. son 兒子 8. daughter 女兒 9. grandson 孫子

10. granddaughter 孫女 11. husband  丈夫 12. wife 妻子 13. brother兄弟

14. sister姊妹 15. uncle 伯叔舅姑姨丈 16. aunt 阿姨伯母 17. cousin 堂表兄弟姊妹

A: Who is this?         B: This is my older brother.

A: How old is he?       B: He’s 25 years old.

A: What’s his job?     B: He’s an engineer.

A: Is he married?      B: No, he’s not.

E2B L4 Family and Friends                               Jess Lin    P.2

C. Family

  1. Who’s your father’s mother?  She’s my grandmother.
  2. Who’s your father’s father?  He’s my grandfather.
  3. Who’s your mother’s mother? She’s my grandmother.
  4. Who’s your mother’s father?   He’s my grandfather.
  5. Who’s your mother’s sister?   She’s my aunt.
  6. Who’s your mother’s brother?   He’s my uncle.
  7. Who’s your father’s brother?   He’s my uncle.
  8. Who’s your father’s sister?   She’s my aunt.
  9. Who is your uncle’s daughter?   She’s my cousin.
  10. Who is your aunt’s son?   He’s my cousin.
  11. Who’s your father’s daughter?  She’s my sister.
  12. Who’s your mother’s son?   He’s my brother.
  13. Who’s your son’s father?   He’s my husband.
  14. Who’s your daughter’s mother?   She’s my wife.
  15. Who’s your uncle’s son?   He’s my cousin.
  16. Who’s your aunt’s daughter?   She’s my cousin.
  17. Who’s your son’s sister?   She’s my daughter.
  18. Who’s your daughter’s brother?   He’s my son.
  19. Who’s your uncle’s wife?   She’s my aunt.

20. Who’s your aunt’s husband?   He’s my uncle.

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L4 Family and Friends                               Jess Lin    P.3

D. 現在簡單式Present Simple                 

現在簡單式一般動詞的句型為S + V1 (V1指的是動詞的原形)

1. 肯定句              S  +   V1    (第三人稱單數動詞後要加s)

I        have two brothers.

My mother    has three children.

2. 否定與問句需要有do或does這兩個助動詞幫忙造否定句,後面加not

否定句              S   +   do/does not    +   V1

I              don’t             have any sisters.

My father       doesn’t         have a car.

3. Yes/No 問句 把助動詞do或does放在主詞前面造問句

Do/Does   +   S    +  V1

Do              you       have a girlfriend?

Does            Tom       have any children?

4. WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞

當what who 當主詞時,則不需要助動詞

WH                               do/does    +   S    +   V1

What                                do              you       have in your bag?

How many children          does            Lisa       have?

Who                                                                  has a nickname?

 

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L4  Unit 4 Family and Friends                 Jess Lin    P.4

E. Have Questions

  1. Do you have any brothers or sisters?

Yes, I have one older brother and one younger sister.

  1. Do you have NT$500 in your wallet?

Hmm, let me think. Yes, I have around 1,000 dollars.

  1. Do you have five credit cards?

No, I only have three credit cards. / No, I don’t have any credit cards.

  1. Do you have a job?

Yes, I do. I’m a sales assistant.  / No, I don’t. I’m a student.

  1. Do you have a cat?

No, I don’t have any pets. / Yes, I have two cats!

  1. Do you have some interesting classmates?

Yes, I have a lot of interesting classmates and a funny teacher.

  1. Do you have English classes in the morning?

No, I don’t. I have English classes in the evening.

  1. Do you have a scooter?

Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. But my father has a scooter.

  1. Does your father have a beautiful daughter?

Yes, he has a beautiful daughter.

  1. Does your mother have a handsome son?

Yes, she has a handsome son.

  1. Do you _______________________?

 

  1. Does _________________________?

 

F. Talking on the phone

  1. Is this Miss Judy Lin? / Is Tom there? / Is this Dr. Smith’s office? …在嗎?
  2. May/Can I speak to Mr. Mark Jordan, please?  請問…在嗎?
  3. This is Linda. /Speaking. /It’s me. / Linda Wang.  我是…
  4. Extension 103, please.  請轉分機103。
  5. Who’s calling, please?  請問您哪位?
  6. Hold on, please. / One moment, please.  請等一下。
  7. Her line is busy now.  她忙線中。
  8. Can I take a message? / Would you like to leave a message?我可以幫你留言嗎?/你要留言嗎?
  9. Could you call back later? / I’ll tell her to call you back.你可以晚點再打嗎?/ 我請她回電給你
  10. I’m sorry. You have the wrong number. 對不起,你打錯了。

 

E2B L2 Unit 2 Your World 2012/12/25

E2B的課本換新的,所以新的講義會跟舊的有一點不同,但是其實內容大同小異,改的範圍不多,新的講義會陸續放上來,這是下星期大家去跨年時年夜的課程,因為跟同學說不來的可以先預習,

E2B L2 Unit 2 Your World                          Jessie Lin    P.1                                               jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題 句型重點
國家,城市,數字 現在簡單式be

 

  1. A.  Warm-up Questions 暖身問題

1. Where do you live?   I live in Tucheng. I live with my family.

2. How do you get here?    I get here by bus. It takes 15 minutes.

3. What do you do?     I am a salesperson. I work in a computer company.

4. What do you do in your free time?

I go shopping, surf the Net, and listen to music.

5. Why do you study English?  I want to improve my English.

 

B. Countries and Cities 城市與國家

Countries Cities
1. Australia [ɔˈstreljə]    澳洲 Sydney [sɪdnɪ]                雪梨
2. Brazil [ˈbrə’zɪl]        巴西 São Paulo  [saʊˋpaʊlo]        聖保羅
3. Canada [ˋkænədə]      加拿大 Montreal [͵mɑntrɪˋɔl]         蒙特羅
4. China [ˋtʃaɪnə]         中國 Beijing [beˋdʒin]              北京
5. England [ˋɪŋglənd]      英國 London [ˋlʌndən]              倫敦
6. Egypt [ˋidʒɪpt]         埃及 Cairo [ˋkaɪro]                 開羅
7. France [fræns]        法國 Pairs [ˋpærɪs]                巴黎
8. Hungary [ˋhʌŋgərɪ]     匈牙利 Budapest [͵budəˋpɛst]        布達佩斯
8. Japan [dʒəˋpæn]       日本 Tokyo [ˋtokɪo]                東京
9. Korea [koˈriə]          韓國 Seoul [sol]                   首爾
10. Mexico [ˋmɛksɪ͵ko]    墨西哥 Mexico City [ˋmɛksɪ͵ko] [ˋsɪtɪ] 墨西哥市
12. Russia [ˋrʌʃə]         俄羅斯 Moscow [ˋmɑsko]             莫斯科
11. Spain [spen]          西班牙 Madrid [məˋdrɪd]             馬德里
12. the United States[ðə] [juˋnaɪtɪd] [stet]  美國 Miami [maɪˋæmɪ]             邁阿密Los Angeles [lasˋændʒɪliz]    洛杉磯

 

1. What’s your name?     My name’s Mario.

Where are you from?  I’m from Brazil.

2. What’s his name?      His name’s Thomas.

Where’s he from?     He’s from Canada.

3. What’s her name?     Her name’s Lisa.

Where’s she from?    She’s from Spain.

E2B L2 Unit 2 Your World                          Jessie Lin    P.2

  1. C.  Subject Pronouns & Possessive Adjectives 主格代名詞與所有格形容詞

人稱代名詞可用來代表前面說過的人、事、物。

主格代名詞用來代替前面說過的主詞。主詞一般放在句首,在動詞的前面。

I am from Taiwan.  He speaks English.   They like coffee.

 

所有格形容詞放在名詞前面,用來表達該名詞是屬於誰的。所以所有格形容詞後面一定會加名詞。

This is not his book.   Our favorite sport is basketball.  His name is Mike.

主格 I 我 you 你 he 他 she 她 it 它 we 我們 they 他們
所有格 my 我的 your你的 his 他的 her 她的 its 它的 our 我們的 their他們的
  1. I am a teacher. ____ name is Jessie.
  2. _____ are next to me.  Your seat is here.
  3. He is a student. ______ major is Math.
  4. _____ is my best friend. Her name is Kathy.
  5. It is Linda’s dog. _____ name is Spot.
  6. We are businessmen. ______  business is in Asia.
  7. You are new students. _______ classroom is near the gym.
  8. They are students. _______  school is in Tainan.

 

  1. D.  Contractions of am/is/are and not現在簡單式be否定的縮寫
  2. I am not a student.       I am not a student.
  3. You are not from Japan.  You aren’t from Japan.
  4. He is not at work.        He isn’t at work.
  5. She is not a doctor.      She isn’t a doctor.
  6. It is not on the table.    It isn’t on the table.
  7. We are not busy.         We aren’t busy.
  8. They are not tired.       They aren’t tired.

 

 

 

 

 

E2B L2 Unit 2 Your World                          Jessie Lin    P.3

 

D. Present Simple Be現在簡單式be的句型

現在簡單式常用來表事實,經常性動作,狀態等。現在簡單式有兩種句型,一種是一般動詞,一種是be動詞。這兩種動詞在造否定跟疑問句時用的助動詞不同,要特別注意。每個英文句子都要有一個主詞,一個動詞。所以當一個句子裡面有名詞,形容詞,介系詞片語,但是沒有其它動詞時,需要有一個be動詞,句子才完整。

中文可以說我很忙,但是英文的忙busy是一個形容詞,所以不可以說I busy.說I’m busy. 他們在家不可以說They at home. 要說They are at home.

每一個時態要記得有幾個重點,第一個要記的是什麼時候用這個時態。第二個要

記的是這個時態的句型,肯定句,否定句,Yes/No問句,WH問句的問法。

Be動詞的句型: 主詞 +  現在式b    +名詞/形容詞/介係詞片語

1.肯定句         S   +    be       +noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

I         am              an English teacher.

You        are             happy.

My father    is               at home.

2.否定句: 因為be本身可以當助動詞,所以否定句只要在be後面加not

否定句       S +    be+  not +   noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

I       am       not    a Japanese teacher.

You      are      not    sad.

My father    is       not    at work.

3. Yes/No 問句: 因為be本身可以當助動詞,所以問句只要把be放在主詞前

be +     S  +     noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

Am       I                   late?

Are      you                 a student?

Is      your mother         from Tainan?

4. WH問句:將WH疑問詞放在最前面再依序放be、主詞與其他部分

WH   +      BE +    S  +      noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

Who          am        I ?

How          are       you?

What          is        this?

When          is       Christmas?

Where         is       your best friend  from?

E2B L2 Unit 2 Your World                          Jessie Lin    P.4

  1. E.  Write sentences that are true for you. 根據事實寫出你的答案

EX: My father ____ tall.  My father is tall. / My father isn’t tall.

  1. I _________ from Taipei.
  2. My parents __________ rich.
  3. My father ___________ a teacher.
  4. My mother ____________ Taiwanese.
  5. I ____________ thirty years old.
  6. My brother ____________ in the army.
  7. My friends ________ at home.
  8. It ___________ very hot today.
  9. I ___________ busy.
  10. My classmates ___________ friendly.

F. Present Simple Be Questions 現在簡單式Be的練習問題

1. Where are you from?  I’m from Taipei.

Where’s your mother from?  She’s from Taichung.

Where are your parents from?   They are from Kenting.

2. What’s your teacher’s name?  Her name is Jessie.

What’s your best friend’s name?  His name is Chris.

3. What’s this in English?   It’s a correction tape. / They are scissors.

4. How are you? Pretty good. Thanks. How about you?

How is your father?   He is fine. Thank you.

How are your parents?  They are very well.

5. Where’s Toronto?   It’s in Canada.

Where’s Taipei 101?   It’s in Xinyi District, near Taipei City Hall.

6. When is your birthday?  It’s on July 25th.

When is Christmas?  It’s on December 25th.

7. Who is that? She’s my best friend, Lucy.

Who are they?  They are my coworkers.

Who is in the bathroom?  Mom is in the bathroom.

8. Are you outgoing?  Yes, I’m outgoing. / No, I’m shy.

Is your father tall?   Yes, he’s tall. / No, he’s short.

Is your room neat?   Yes, it is neat. / No, it’s messy.

Are your classmates interesting?  Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

  1. Are you a student?  Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.

Is your mother a housewife?  Yes, she is. / No, she’s not.

  1. Are you parents at home?  Yes, they are. / No, they aren’t.

Is your father from Kaohsiung?  Yes, he is. / No, he’s not.

答案

C. Subject Pronouns & Possessive Adjectives 主格代名詞與所有格形容詞

1. My   2. You   3. His   4. She   5. Its   6. Our   7. Your   8. Their

E. Write sentences that are true for you.

1. I am from Taipei. / I’m not from Taipei.

2. My parents are rich. / My parents aren’t rich.

3. My father is a teacher. / My father isn’t a teacher.

4. My mother is Taiwanese. / My mother isn’t Taiwanese.

5. I am thirty years old. / I am not thirty years old.

6. My brother is in the army. / My brother isn’t in the army.

7. My friends are at home. / My friends aren’t at home.

8. It is very hot today. / It isn’t very hot today.

9. I am busy. / I am not busy.

10. My classmates are friendly. / My classmates aren’t friendly.