【潔西家】多益做題技巧 第二部份 聽力 應答問題

這部分潔西列出來的題目都比較難一點,實際上做題時會有比較簡單的題目跟答案。主要是提醒大家容易錯的部分。

多益 第二部份  聽力 應答問題             

A. 考法:多益第二部份為聽力的應答問題,一共有二十五題。首先考生會聽到一個問題或一個句子,接著會聽到三個對應的答案選項。考生必須從三個答案中找出正確回應前面的問題或句子的選項。問題與答案選項都不會印在試卷上。每題的作答的時間約五秒。

B. 內容:第二部份的內容多是一般常用的生活會話,比較口語化,常有一些慣用語出現,多為公司同事間在辦公室的簡單對談 ,也有朋友,家人,店員與顧客等之間的對話。特點為一問一答,單字簡單,句子大多簡短易懂。

C. 做題技巧

  1. 聽懂問題:第二部份最重要的是聽懂真正的語意。因為只有一問一答,沒有前後文與相關背景,聽的時候必須非常用心。首先分辨題目究竟是六大題目中的哪一種。聽清楚最重要的疑問詞,再來主詞,動詞,受詞與其它關鍵詞都要聽的很清楚才容易找到答案。
  2. 跟唸選項:建議在聽完問題後,馬上在腦海中重複唸一次,加強印象,牢記句子的大意。這樣才不會聽到第三個選項時已經忘記問題是什麼。程度好的同學建議可以先預測答案,能夠更有效幫助你找到正確答案。
  3. 選對答案:對應的回答要完全吻合語意才可以選。常見答案是針對 WH疑問句中問時間或地點等。避免下列的錯誤選項,可以幫助你更容易找到正確答案。
  4. 錯誤選項

(1) 重覆單字:常見的的錯誤選項會重覆出現與第一句問題中相同的單字,  

     尤其在問題短句最後的一兩個字,如受詞,常會被重覆,用來誤導。

     Q. Have you seen my scissors?     A. Those scissors are sharp.  (x)

(2) 類似發音的字,或同字不同義的字

     Q. Have you met the new staff?   A. No, it’s not the same stuff. (x)

(3) 相關的主題但沒有回答問題

     Q. Where can I buy a cheap heater? A. This heater is very good. (x) 

(4) 細節部份:如代名詞或時態,較不常見,但容易誤聽。

     Q. What is she going to do next? A: He’s going to take a vacation.(x)

     Q. When will the concert start? A: It started thirty minutes ago.(x)

  1. 避免塗改:聽到可能選項後把筆先停在該選項,假如聽到更正確的答案再移動,等到三個選項都聽完就馬上塗滿正確選項。 沒聽清楚或不確定時,馬上選一個最有可能的,繼續往下聽。也盡量避免修改答案,因為容易分心。再者這部份每一題的作答時間只有約五秒左右,只要多考慮上一題的答案時可能就漏聽了下一題了。
  2. 善用消去法:遇到不懂的單字時,試著用消去法。當聽得懂的選項都不正確時,剩下的那個選項雖然不確定意思,但應該就是正確的答案。

D. 問題題型

常見應答問題的題目句型可分下列六種。第一種是最常見詢問資訊的 WH問句,第二種問肯定與否定的 Yes/No問句,第三種選擇的 or問句,第四種附加問句  tag questions,第五種陳述句Statement。第六種是一些看來是問句,實際上是用來做為提供協助 offers,要求幫忙 requests,建議 suggestions 或詢問意見 opinions 等。

第一種 WH Questions :以 WH疑問詞 what, where, when, why, who, how, 等開頭的問句。這種問句要專心聽第一個字的疑問詞,找最正確的答案。但是有時可能不直接問,會用插入句Do you know where…這種問法。另外注意回答時有可能不是直接回答問題。如問人數時,正確答案沒有回答人數的多少,卻是回答不如預期的多這類的說法。

Q. Do you know where my keys are?  A. In the drawer, as usual.

Q. How long did you have to wait?     A. Not as long as I expected.

Q. When is the new intern’s first day?  A. I’m not in charge of the interns this year.

Q. What was the topic of yesterday’s workshop?  A. I was meeting with clients all day. 

What: What are your co-workers like?

         What kind of refreshment are they planning for the reception?

         What does your father do for a living?

Who:  Who’s working on the revising project?

        Who’ll be joining us for dinner?

Whose: Whose cell phone is this?

Where: Excuse me. Where are the stairs?

          Which country did Susan say she’s from?

When: When are you starting your new job?

         What time does the post office open on Saturdays?

Why: Why is Ms. Lin in such a good mood?

       Why didn’t you come to the party?

How: How do you like the new filing system?

       How did Jim manage to pay for the trip?

       How long/how often/how much/ how many …

第二種 Yes/No 問句:指的是以助動詞 do, does, am, is, are, was, were, have, has, will,… 等助動詞開頭的問句。特別注意回答時可能省略 Yes/No,所以正確選項可能為非 Yes/No 開頭的選項,有時候有 Yes 或 No 的選項可能是誤導的選項。答案可能不是回答問題,而是沒做一件事的理由或可能甚至反問對方意見,所以回答的時態不一定跟問題是一樣的。這部份的問句有時候會出現否定疑問句如 Don’t you …, Won’t you …, Didn’t you …, 等。這些否定疑問句並不影響答案,還是按照一般疑問句來回答。

Q. Does the apartment building have a parking area?  A. There’s a public garage close by. 

Q. Is there a dressing room where I can try these jeans on?  A. They’re all occupied now.

Q. Wasn’t the office furniture shipped last month?  A. The delivery’s been delayed.

Q. Won’t Tom be organizing the conference this year?  A. No, he’s taking a year off.

第三種 Or 問句:多半從兩個選項挑一個,也可能兩個都不選而另外作答。

Q. Will we hire one delivery driver or two?  A. We really need two. 

Q. Do you work in marketing or public policy?  A. Neither, actually.

Q. Have we been selling more orange juice or apple juice?  A. About the same of both. 

Q. Would you like indoor or outdoor seating?  A. Isn’t it supposed to rain?

第四種附加問句:前面為肯定句或否定句,後面為相反的否定或肯定附加問句,有時候後面直接問 right? 表達的多為徵求對方的同意,認同。這種句子不管前面是肯定句還是否定句,都是問該句子本身是真的還是假的。回答可能為 Yes/No,主詞多為附加問句的主詞。但是回答也有可能不是直接回答 Yes/No,而是其他答案。

Q. The storage closet is locked, isn’t it?  A. Yes, but I’ll give you the key.

Q. You can’t get us an earlier flight, can you?  A. No, they’re all fully booked. 

Q. That was a short movie, wasn’t it?  A. You’re right. It was only an hour.

Q. Today’s all-staff meeting wasn’t well attended, was it? A. Many employees are out of the office.

第五種陳述句:這種句子可能性非常的多,應該注意的是說該句話的用意,可能為尋求協助,提醒等,必須聽清楚句子,再從選項中找最合適的語意回答。

Q. The registration deadline is on Friday.  A. Where did you hear that?

Q. I really need the updated expense report.  A. I’ll send it as soon as possible.

Q. I’m going to put on my sweater.  A. I could turn the heat on. 

Q. This e-mail from Mr. Brown is rather unclear.  A. I didn’t understand it either. 

第六種用來表示提供協助,要求,詢問意見,建議等的問句:這些句子必須注意句子本身的真正用意,並注意一些特殊的回答方式,有時候甚至會用問句回答。

提供協助:

Q. Can I get you anything?  A. Can I have a coke, please?

Q. Would you like some help with those?  A. Thanks. They’re not heavy. 

提出要求

Q. Would you mind if I kept the door open?  A. Isn’t the hallway too noisy. 

Q. Could you work my shift on Monday night?  A. Did you ask the manger first?

詢問意見

Q. What did you think of Mr. Lee’s job application?  A. He seems highly qualified. 

Q. How did the focus group respond to our new logo?  A. They liked it. 

提出建議

Q. Let’s discuss the building designs this morning.  A. We can do it this afternoon instead.

Q. Why don’t we submit the supply request?  A. OK, I’ll print it out.