【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 104 時間介系詞 講解講義

冬至快樂!一早就收到湯圓照片,潔西也忍不住,買了小湯圓跟鮮肉湯圓,老爸買了茼蒿,炒了香菇,蝦米,肉絲,煮了一大鍋湯圓,大家很賞臉,吃的剩下約一大碗,但是吃太飽又吃不下,一碗湯圓似乎是不能放到明天,晚一點再肥一下把它解決掉?恩,還是就算了?想到前兩天拉肚子的教訓。

潔西又長了一歲了,吃完湯圓,好可怕啊,年紀一年一年的長。為什麼吃了湯圓長一歲呢?冬至是冬天來了?先前有做過一支影片講冬至。放在最下面複習。今天影片做的是有關時間介系詞,不難,多用就比較容易記住了。

潔西要跟大家說一件事,雖然潔西說穿不夠衣服不會感冒,但是呢,潔西今天穿著夏天的洋裝搭上薄長袖跟羽絨外套,出門買東西時忘記戴帽子,結果冷到了,頭痛了。趕快換上冬天最溫暖的連帽上衣加上保暖的長褲,但是來不及了,從下午到現在一直都在頭痛,喝了薑母地瓜湯也沒有效,嗚嗚,剛剛決定吃個止痛藥,希望晚一點會好一點。

所以呢決定早點發文,等等再摸一下,今天應該早點休息。大家的週一過得如何呢?謝謝鼓勵潔西的網友,潔西一定要再更加努力,今年先把劍橋活用英語文法的影片先做完。明年再繼續想怎麼樣能夠幫助更多的人更容易地學英文。加油中!大家也一起加油!我要先躲去被窩囉!晚安晚安!

冬至:Dongzhi Festival / Winter Solstice Festival 

湯圓:Tangyuan / glutinous rice balls / Tangyuan rice balls 湯圓

The winter solstice is the day with the shortest period of daylight and longest night of the year. 冬至是一年當中白天最短夜晚最長的時候。

date: about December 21 (NH), about June 21 (SH) 日期:大約在12/21(北半球), 6/21(南半球)

According to Taiwanese tradition, after you eat Tangyuan rice balls, you are one year older. 根據台灣傳統,吃了湯圓就會長一歲。

Eating them is a wish or prayer for a long, healthy, and prosperous life. 吃湯圓是希望或祈禱長命,健康,財富。

A at

a 用在確切的時間點 at 9:30, at midnight 在午夜十二點, at noon 在正中午十二點, at midday 在正中午十二點

1 I start work at 8:00 in the morning. 我在早上八點開始上班。

2 The morning session begins at 8.30 and ends at noon. 早上的會議期間從八點半到中午十二點。

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b 在晚上用 at night

3 I can’t sleep at night. 我晚上睡不著。

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c 在某段時間開始或結束  at the beginning of …, at the end of …

4 I’m taking a trip at the end of October. 我十月底要旅行。

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d 在某個時間點

5 At that time I was still a student. 在那時候我還是個學生。

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B on

a 用在星期幾

6 I’ll call you on Sunday. 我星期天打電話給你。

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b 用在日期或是特殊的日期,節慶等。

7 The concert is on November 20. 演唱會在十一月二十日。

8 I’m going to have a party on my birthday. 我生日的時候我將要辦派對。

9 What do you do on Christmas Day? 你聖誕節通常做什麼?

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c 用在星期幾加上早上,下午,傍晚前面

10 I’m leaving on Friday night. 我在星期五晚上離開。

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d 我們有時候會把星期幾跟日期前等前面的 on 省略

11 See you on Monday. or See you Monday. 星期一見。

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e 在週末前要用 on,一定不可以省略。

12 They like to eat out on the weekend. 他們喜歡在週末出去吃飯。

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C in

a 用在一天中的一部份:morning 早上, afternoon 下午, evening 傍晚

13 Do you often go out in the evening? 你傍晚經常出去嗎?

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b 用在月份

14 I’m taking a trip in October. 我十月要旅行。

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c 用在年份

15 Amy was born in 1988. 艾咪在1998年出生。

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d 用在世紀

16 The house was built in the 19th century. 這房子在十九世紀蓋的。

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e 用在季節

17 The park is beautiful in the fall. 這個公園在秋天很美。

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D 在時間表達語 this, every, last, next 不可以再加 in, on at 等時間介系詞

18 What are you doing this weekend? 你這個週末要做什麼?

19 We have meetings every Wednesday. 我們每個星期三有會議。(影片中為 had,應該是 have 才對)

20 I went to France last January. 我去年一月去法國。

21 I’m leaving next Friday. 我下週五離開。

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E in + 一段時間:表示從現在起一段期間後。

22 I’ll meet you in ten minutes. 我十分鐘後跟你碰面。

23 I’ll have the report ready in a week. 我會讓報告在一個星期後準備好。

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翻譯練習

1 他傍晚六點半下班。

2 你每個星期六必須上班嗎?

3 那個游泳池星期一不開放。

4 他在2001年出生。

5 她的男朋友總是在情人節送她花。

6 我可以借一千元嗎?我會在下個月初還你。

7 他星期天早上打高爾夫球。

8 經理不在。他一個小時後回來。

9 你夏天要去度假嗎?

10 我總是在晚上睡覺前喝熱牛奶。

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翻譯練習答案

.

.

1 他傍晚六點半下班。

1 He finishes work at 6:30 in the evening. 

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2 你每個星期六必須上班嗎?

2 Do you have to work every Saturday? 

.

3 那個游泳池星期一不開放。

3 The swimming pool is not open on Mondays. 

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4 他在2001年出生。

4 He was born in 2001. 

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5 她的男朋友總是在情人節送她花。

5 Her boyfriend always gives her flowers on Valentine’s Day. 

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6 我可以借一千元嗎?我會在下個月初還你。

6 Can I borrow $1,000? I’ll give you back at the beginning of next month. 

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7 他星期天早上打高爾夫球。

7 He plays golf on Sunday morning. 

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8 經理不在。他一個小時後回來。

8 The manager is not in. He’ll be back in an hour. 

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9 你夏天要去度假嗎?

9 Are you going on vacation in the summer? 

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10 我總是在晚上睡覺前喝熱牛奶。

10 I always drink hot milk at night before I go to bed. 

時間介係詞 Prepositions of Time

把時間介系詞簡單的講解一下錄下來,裡面只有12題,另外找了先前的講義,所以這裡變成20提,講解裡面只有十二題,不過以此類推就可以了,答案在最後面有 🙂

 

Prepositions 時間介係詞 Prepositions of Time

At

at  a time of the day  時間點(幾點幾分)

I usually get up at 8 o’clock.  /  She starts work at 8.30.

 

at night/noon/midday/midnight

Linda doesn’t like to work at night.

 

On

a day  星期一至星期日前

I do yoga on Tuesdays.

 

weekend 週末

Tom goes hiking on weekends

 

a date or holiday 特定日期

My birthday is on July 25th.

 

In

a part of the day

一天中的一部分

We often go for a walk in the afternoon.  /  Jessie usually works in the evenings.

 

a month 月份

Her birthday is in July.

 

a season 季節

They often take a trip to Paris in fall.

 

a year  年份

I was born in 1971.

 

a century 世紀

Instant coffee was invented in the twentieth century.

 

X

在this, that, last, every, tomorrow 等與一些特定時間表達語前面不加任何介係詞

I am busy this weekend. / She goes dancing every Friday night. /Tom is going to see a dentist later.

  1. Do you sometimes watch TV ____ the morning?
  2. Are you usually at home _____ 7 o’clock _____ the evening?
  3. Do you sometimes work ______ night?
  4. What do you usually do _____ weekends?
  5. Do you usually go shopping _____ Saturdays?
  6. Do you go hiking ____ summer?
  7. Do you have a holiday _____ December?
  8. What do you usually do ______ your birthday?
  9. Do you eat breakfast _____ Sunday morning?
  10. What did you do ______ last weekend?
  11. What do you usually do ____ the evening?
  12. What do you only do _____ Sundays?
  13. What time do you have breakfast ____ every day?
  14. How do you feel ____ Sunday evenings?
  15. How do you feel ______ every Monday morning?
  16. What do you do ___Saturday nights?
  17. What time do you get up ____ weekdays? How about weekend?
  18. Where do you usually go ____ New Year’s Eve?
  19. Do you have a coffee break ____ the afternoon?
  20. Do you stay up until midnight ____ weekdays?

 

講解稿

Prepositions 時間介係詞 Prepositions of Time

At

at  a time of the day  時間點(幾點幾分)

I usually get up at 8 o’clock.  /  She starts work at 8.30.

I got up at 4.30 this morning. I got up at 4.30 in the morning.   I got up at 4.30 a.m.

It’s 4.09 p.m.  It’s 4.09 in the afternoon.

at night/noon/midday/midnight

Linda doesn’t like to work at night.

at noon= at 12 p.m. = at midday

at midnight = at 12 a.m.     3 a.m.

 

in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening, at night

 

On

a day  星期一至星期日前

I do yoga on Tuesdays.

I play basketball on Monday and Friday.

 

weekend 週末

Tom goes hiking on weekends

on weekdays  = from Monday to Friday

 

a date or holiday 特定日期

My birthday is on July 25th.

We are going to have a big party on Thanksgiving. / Halloween / Moon festival

I exercise on Monday morning.   on Saturday evening,  on Sunday night

In

a part of the day

一天中的一部分

We often go for a walk in the afternoon.  /  Jessie usually works in the evenings.

in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening,   Good day!

 

a month 月份

Her birthday is in July.

 

a season 季節

They often take a trip to Paris in fall.

 

a year  年份

I was born in 1971.

 

a century 世紀

Instant coffee was invented in the twentieth century.

instant noodles

 

X

在this, that, last, every, tomorrow 等與一些特定時間表達語前面不加任何介係詞

I am busy this weekend. / She goes dancing every Friday night. /Tom is going to see a dentist later.

 

 

 

  1. Do you sometimes watch TV ____ the morning?
  2. Are you usually at home _____ 7 o’clock _____ the evening?
  3. Do you sometimes work ______ night?
  4. What do you usually do _____ weekends?
  5. Do you usually go shopping _____ Saturdays?
  6. Do you go swimming ____ summer?
  7. Do you have a holiday _____ December?
  8. What do you usually do ______ your birthday?
  9. Do you eat breakfast _____ Sunday morning?
  10. What did you do ______ last weekend?
  11. What do you usually do ____ the evening?
  12. What do you only do _____ Sundays? sleep in

 

  1. in 2. at, in 3. at  4. on  5. on  6. in  7. in  8. on  9. on  10. X  11 in 12. on 13. X  14. on  15. X  16. on  17. on  18. on  19. in  20 on