【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 18 現在完成式 for, since, 過去簡單式 ago

最近有點倦怠,每天寫講義做影片,但是好像沒有麼反應或者該說是 feedback 反饋這個翻譯我一直覺得很怪,總之呢就是希望能有一些回饋,大家對部落格或影片有什麼看法,希望在哪方面加強等等。

可能是昨天部落格的點閱率突然跌了一半,假如是我把網域換掉的時候掉我還沒話說,可是明顯就不是,心情突然就很低落。沒人看我還是會寫啦,誰叫我自己愛寫,但是有人看,有人點讚,有人訂閱總是一個支持跟肯定。然後網友有介紹一個小額贊助的網站,我現在把它放在每個影片跟部落格上面的網頁上。小額贊助連結:https://p.ecpay.com.tw/9DCFF

天氣變了吧,剛剛出去買晚餐,好涼喔,潔西穿夏天短洋裝,沒有很冷,但是是應該穿長袖了,天氣會影響心情,先前翹醫生診,該自己回診,但是好懶。晚上要上課,出去走走或許心情會好一點。

喔,還有一件事是潔西喜歡一個手環,問了臉書朋友在 Yahoo 商城或 PC Home 購買可靠嗎?價錢差了快一半,會不會買到假貨。今天下定決心就買了,然後潔西買的時候明明把尺寸換成 L,備註也寫,不過訂單上面出現的是 XS,不開心,寫信去問還沒回答。老弟說可以退掉,但是我想要啊,假如尺寸是對的,怎麼這種小事也困擾,人啊。

昨天小寶問我說他很難過怎麼辦?嚇了我一跳,以為在加拿大唸書的她被欺負了。後來她說是香港的事讓他很難過,不知道怎麼辦。她說她想分享一些英文的文讓她的外國朋友知道,希望他們能幫忙分享。我分析了一下給他聽,目前香港的狀態我們說實在幫不上什麼忙,大概就只能幫他們祈禱跟分享一些文章讓世界都知道這件事。

然後她在臉書上分享了一篇某人分享的文章說類似不要被假議題騙了,因為很多人會說假如中共打過來,你或你的小孩願意去當兵嗎,類似這樣的文章。後面講到一點說某個影星還是歌手被問到那我們要怎麼幫助香港?回答「去投票」,然後就提到看香港這樣就知道兩國一制是不可能的,總之呢言下之意就是應該把票投給現在的執政黨。我很衝動的留言說了這篇文章本身就是假議題,用香港的名義,實際上是要大家把票投給執政黨。邏輯有點缺乏,因為假如現在執政黨能做的事,他們為什麼不去做?香港的情況這麼糟糕了,為什麼要等到明年選舉上了才做,有什麼原因理由是他們現在不做選上了才做?選上了才會做的事為什麼現在不做?投票究竟在哪裡有幫助到香港?

我也有昨天總統發表的聲明,說得很好,可是實際上也沒有什麼幫助,也不是台灣政府不肯做,是做不到吧?其實大家也不是不知道發生在香港的事,我也有看 Reddit 像台灣的 PTT 論壇裡面討論香港的事情,大國家頂多是發表聲明譴責暴力,支持民主。但是中國聽得進去嗎?他只說一句話請勿干擾我們國家的國內事務。其他國家有做什麼嗎?好像也沒有。大家都想跟中國做生意,撕破臉是大家都不願意做的事。

就拿各大航空跟各個名牌把台灣放在中國下,本來都是單獨台灣一個國家?區域?但是被中國一威脅,紛紛就改了,為什麼不支持台灣?因為他們要做中國的生意,就這麼簡單。我想多數的人覺得台灣是一個獨立的國家,我們有自己的政府,軍隊,我們是個獨立的社會,我們跟中國沒有實質的關係。但是現在很多事實想法與理想是不相容的,最簡單的例子,我相信現在應該還是沒有變。某一年我轉機進中國海關的時候,有分外國人根本國人,啊我當然就排外國人了,結果排到的時候要我重排到本國人那裡,因為他們認為台灣是中國的,所以台灣人算是本國人,這就是中國人的思維。你想進去中國,有點變相地你必須承認自己是中國人,不然你就進不去。有點悲哀,想到這個。

基本上我大概像一般的老百姓,我覺得台灣是個獨立的國家,我們與中國不相關,我們也不需要什麼一國兩制,但是呢中國地大人多,現在國力又強勢,我也不希望政府跟中國硬碰硬,鬧個台灣獨立給中國有藉口攻打過來。所以呢怎麼樣能夠有一個完美的結局?目前我看不到。會不會有一天我們也需要像香港捍衛我們的自由民主?或許會或許不會。

我好像有說過,因為各種懶得列出來的理由,就是那些你去網路找找就會有的理由,我目前實在沒有辦法支持藍綠兩黨推出來的候選人。所以呢?還有一段時間,或許我會改變我的想法,或許我不會。可是假如你不去投票那…。對,我想過,其實我在網路上常常看到當我們看到某一方的候選人說錯話,做錯事,這時候就會有人說,啊,不然你要投另外一個喔。這不見得是最明智的選擇,選舉很可悲,有時候就是從一籃爛蘋果挑出一顆比較不爛的。不投票的人,就是得承擔自己的風險。假如我們國家因為台獨跟中國開戰,這是我不做選擇的後果。假如我們一國兩制,不能不接受中國那套把每個人都監視的制度,這也是我不做下選擇的後果。當你不做選擇的時候,你就要有這樣的體悟,發生了什麼事你都沒得抱怨,只能接受。

今天拿起先前在飛機上拿到的紐約時報跟日本財經報紙,比對了一下,內容差好多,廣告也差好多,紐約時報廣告一些名貴的表多,日本財經報紙居然還有好些書的廣告,日本人想必還是不少人買著書在電車上看。紐約時報頭版其中有一篇有關香港的報導,裡面說道的是抗議份子把和平抗議變成有攻擊性的抗議,比方說用我忘記什麼東西丟警察,然後在捷運站放火。被訪問的抗議份子說這樣的原因是因為被逼的,政府不理會他們的抗爭,所以抗爭活動只好升級。或許抗爭太久了,剛剛看了一下新聞,報得真的不多。不過看到 Reddit 有人把總統的發言呼籲,對,歐盟也是有呼籲,放在 Reddit,有上了熱門。不過有人很中肯的留言 China: “Your concern has been noted and ignored." 中國「你的關切我們知道且無視了。」這就是中國目前的態度吧?不只對台灣,對其他國家也是,但是沒有國家會跳出來干涉或多說。

hope for the best 希望最好的,是大家共同的想法吧。其實我不知道大家有沒有想過,我一直在想香港警察怎麼了?有些國家的警察是很壞的跟壞人勾結的,貪污的。我記得在我在澳洲唸書的新生訓練中,有講者特別強調澳洲的警察是好人,不要害怕擔心去跟他們求助。我不解為什麼香港的警察從人民的保母變成無情無義的壞人。少數變壞可以理解,但多數的警察是受到什麼命令還是威脅?為什麼從來都沒有聽到港警出來說話?為什麼這些人會對一般老百姓做出難以理解的事?本來就有問題嗎?也還是連續數個月的抗爭,他們太疲累了,不能思考了,開始憎恨這些抗議的人士讓他們不能休息,時時刻刻處於緊張狀態,而現在彷彿全世界全香港的老百姓都恨他們?一直看到的都是抗議人士跟警察之間的戰爭,但是誰叫那些警察那麼做的?為什麼沒人去鞭下命令的人?我不是在幫香港警察說話,是在看事情。警察是個組織,組織裡面什麼能做什麼不能做多半有明確的規範。是誰讓香港人民跟警察起衝突的?

會這麼想是因為看到孕婦被打壓制的影片,應該原本就有衝突,然後警察試著捉住孕婦,後來她掙脫了,雙方分開了,然後孕婦又拿袋子去打警察,然後就被一堆人制伏在地上。希望孕婦跟寶寶都安好。我不懂的是為什麼本來沒事,為什麼孕婦又要拿袋子打警察,中間有多大的仇恨值在,讓她忘卻她還有個小寶寶要保護。警察居然這麼多人衝上去制服一個手寸鐵,就是個拿個皮包的孕婦,很無恥,也很可悲。

今天心情真的太不好了,寫完更不好,出門散步吃飯上課去。假設有人不喜歡我上面說的任何事,我的話只是我的想法,沒有所謂的正確跟錯誤,你可以不同意不認同我的想法,但你必須尊重民主國家我有表達我的想法的權利,我應該沒有去毀謗任何人吧,檢查一下,應該沒有。覺得傷心。

 

 

 

ㄧ 現在完成式 since 跟 for 的用法

I have visited Taipei 101.

I have lived in Taipei since I was born.

I have taught English for 22 years.

I have taught English since 1999.

現在完成式可以用來表達在過去發生的事情,這個事情或狀態從過去開始一直延續

現在,在未來也可能繼續持續下去。表達這種情形時,多跟 since for 連用。

for與 since        past ——x———————now —————— future

                                  2013               2019

They have been professional gamers for 6 years.

They have been professional gamers since 2013.

She has worked in a hospital for 10 months.

She has worked in a hospital since January.

 

for + 一段時間:表示這個事件持續了多久

(for three hours, for two weeks, for three months, for ages, for a long time)

I haven’t seen you for ages.

 

since + 一個過去時間點 :表示這個事件開始的時間

(since six o’clock, since Monday, since May, since 1998, since university)

I have recorded this video since 3:30.

 

二 ago 用在過去式

They got divorced five years ago.

He left an hour ago.

The train left five minutes ago.

We booked the ticket three months ago.

 

練習一 在下面空格中填入 for 或 since 或 ago

1 Tim has had his new cell phone _________ three days.

2 They have lived in Hong Kong ________ 1990.

3 I had dinner two hours __________.

4 I haven’t seen you _________ ages.

5 You need to clean your room. You haven’t cleaned it ________ a month.

6 He had a cold two weeks ____________.

7 Can we have a barbecue? We haven’t had it ___________ last Moon Festival.

8 The plane arrived at the airport two hours ____________.

9 I have known Tom _________ high school.

10 They got married three years __________.

 

練習二 翻譯

1 他三年沒有工作了。

2 他們從大學時就是好朋友了。

3 他生病很多年了。

4 他們從四月開始就每場比賽都贏。

5 她兩個小時前去逛街。

6 我好久沒看到 Vicky。她從三月就沒來拜訪我們了。

7 她兩個晚上沒睡了。

8 我兩個月沒喝咖啡了。

9 我從早上到現在還沒吃東西。

10 我十年前在雪梨念書。

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.

.

.

.

答案

練習一  填空

1 for

2 since

3 ago

4 for

5 for

6 ago

7 since

8 ago

9 since

10 ago

 

練習二 翻譯

1 他三年沒有工作了。

1 He hasn’t had a job for three years.

 

2 他們從大學時就是好朋友了。

2 They have been best friends since college.

 

3 他生病很多年了。

3 He has been sick for years.

 

4 他們從四月開始就每場比賽都贏。

4 They have won every game since April.

 

5 她兩個小時前去逛街。

5 She went shopping two hours ago.

 

6 我好久沒看到 Vicky。她從三月就沒來拜訪我們了。

6 I haven’t seen Vicky for ages. She hasn’t visited us since March.

 

7 她兩個晚上沒睡了。

7 She hasn’t slept for two nights.

 

8 我兩個月沒喝咖啡了。

8 I haven’t had coffee for two months.

 

9 我從早上到現在還沒吃東西?

9 I haven’t eaten anything since this morning.

 

10 我十年前在雪梨念書。

10 I studied in Sydney ten years ago.

   

【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 17 現在完成式與現在完成進行式 Hong long have you …?

我決定我以後都要用開直播的方式來上傳影片,比較長一點的,文法的,比較方便。等好久一直都不上傳完成。這支影片有三十分鐘因為有點廢話,主要是我現在加上一個回答問題,針對可以的時態或句型。因為光學會,不會用等於沒學,然後我用翻譯也是想讓大家可以把英文或中文遮住時,看能不能說出來,這是我希望我學生做的訓練,不用死背但是要活記。

現在完成進行式跟現在進行與過去進行式ㄧ樣都是進行式,但是強調的是從過去開始一直持續到現在,除了句型記住外,怎麼用更重要喔!I’ve been working for four hours, and I’ll take a break now. 工作四小時要來休息了。中文不用有主詞,也沒有時態,真是幸福的語言啊,哈哈。

 

 

 

 

現在完成式    past —x———————now ————— future    x: action

                          —x———————x- – – – – – – – –

現在完成式可以用來表達從過去開始,一直持續到現在,可能繼續持續到未來的動作或狀態。

I have lived in Taipei all my life.

She has taught Japanese for ten years.

They have known each other since high school.

 

My niece is studying in Canada now.

She is in Canada now.

She arrived in Canada on August 25th.

It’s October 25th.

She has been in Canada since August 25th.

She has been in Canada for two months.

 

現在簡單式表達現在的狀態,現在完成式表達從過去到現在持續的狀態。所以要表達動作或狀態的持續時間要用現在完成式。問某個狀態持續多久也要用現在完成式。

I have a dog.

How long have you had a dog?

I have had a dog for five years.

 

He lives in Japan.

How long has he lived in Japan?

He has lived in Japan all his life.

 

Jimmy knows Stephen.

How long has Jimmy known Stephen?

Jimmy has known Stephen since college.

 

Tom and Mary are married.

How long have Tom and Mary been married?

Tom and Mary have been married for twenty years.

 

Kate works in a hospital.

How long has Kate worked in a hospital?

Kate has worked in a hospital since 2001.

 

三 現在完成進行式

1 現在完成進行式用來表達過去開始一直持續到現在的行為動作狀態。這個狀況通常還可能會持續到未來。特別是用來說明動作持續多久。不可以用現在簡單式或現在進行式來表達動作持續多久。

It has been raining since Monday. (O)

It rains since Monday. (X)

It is raining since Monday. (X)

 

I have been waiting for Andy for 30 minutes.     

Have you been waiting long?      How long have you been waiting?

 

2 有時候現在完成式跟現在完成進行式表達幾乎完全相同的意義。特別是用在單字像 live, work, study, teach 搭配 for 跟 since 時。

I have taught English for 20 years.

I have been teaching English for 20 years.

They have lived in New York since 1999.

They have been living in New York since 1999.

 

3 現在完成進行式有時候會用在過去一段時間持續發生的事情,剛剛結束,但是結果可以看見。

It has been raining.

She has been running.

 

四 現在完進行式句型

1 肯定句句型:主詞 S + have/has + been + V-ing

主詞

have/has

been + V-ing

其他部分

I

have

been sleeping.

You

have

been talking.

He

has

been living

in Japan.

She

has

been crying.

The dog

has

been barking.

We

have

been studying English.

You

have

been playing

basketball for 2 hours.

They

have

been watching

TV for 30 minutes.

 

2 否定句句型:主詞 S + have/has + not + been + V-ing

主詞

have/has

not

been + V-ing

其他部分

I

have

not

been sleeping.

You

have

not

been talking.

He

has

not

been living

in Japan.

She

has

not

been crying.

It

has

not

been barking.

We

have

not

been studying English.

You

have

not

been playing

basketball for 2 hours.

They

have

not

been watching

TV for 30 minutes.

 

3 Yes/No 問句句型: Have/Has +主詞 S  + been + V-ing ,,, ?

Have/Has

主詞

been + V-ing

其他部分

Have

I

been sleeping?

Have

you

been talking?

Has

he

been living

in Japan?

Has

she

been crying?

Has

it

been barking?

Have

we

been studying English?

Have

you

been playing

basketball for 2 hours?

Have

they

been watching

TV for 30 minutes?

 

4 WH 問句句型: WH疑問詞+ have/has +主詞 S  + been + V-ing ,,, ?

WH疑問詞

have/has

主詞

been + V-ing?

其他部分

How long

have

you

been studying

English?

How long

has

he

been working

in a bank?

How long

has

she

been living

in Tokyo?

How long

has

it

been sleeping?

How long

have

we

been working?

How long

have

they

been watching

TV?

 

練習一  回答下列問題

1 How long have you lived in Taipei?

2 How long have you studied English?   

3 How long have you been married? 

4 How long have you been watching this video?   

5 How long have you worked in this company? 

6 How long have you known your best friend?   

7 How long have you had your phone? 

8 How long have you been up today? 

 

練習二 翻譯練習

1 A: 你不餓嗎?   B: 我一整天一直都在吃。

2 你們結婚多久了?

3 我們從小學就認識了。

4 他們在這邊住很久了。

5 你等多久了?

6 他從大學就留長頭髮。

7 現在雨下得很大。今天一整天都在下雨。

8 我已經唸日文念三個月了。

9 A: 你看起來很累。   B: 我從今天早上就一直在打掃房子。

10 我爸媽在看電視。他們已經看了三個小時。

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.

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答案

練習一  回答下列問題

1 How long have you lived in Taipei?  I have lived in Taipei all my life. However, I lived in Taoyuan for four months when I was in college and I lived in Sydney for one and a half years when I studied in Australia.   graduate school

2 How long have you studied English?  I have studied English since junior high school.

3 How long have you been married? I’m single. / I’m not married.

4 How long have you been watching this video?  I have been watching this video for 20 minutes.

5 How long have you worked in this company? I have worked in this company since I graduated from college.

6 How long have you known your best friend?  I have known my best friend since high school.

7 How long have you had your phone?  I have had my phone for 3 years.

8 How long have you been up today?  I have been up since 10.00.

 

練習二 翻譯練習

1 A: 你不餓嗎?   B: 我一整天一直都在吃。

1 A: Aren’t you hungry?   B: No, I’ve been eating all day.

 

2 你們結婚多久了?

2 How long have you been married?

 

3 我們從小學就認識了。

3 We’ve known each other since elementary school.

 

4 他們在這邊住很久了。

4 They have been living here for a log time. / They have lived here for a long time.

 

5 你等多久了?

5 How long have you been waiting?

 

6 他從大學就留長頭髮。

6 He has had long hair since college.

 

7 現在雨下得很大。今天一整天都在下雨。

7 It’s raining hard. It’s been raining all day.

 

8 我已經唸日文念三個月了。

8 I have been studying Japanese for three months. / I have studied Japanese for three months.

 

9 A: 你看起來很累。   B: 我從今天早上就一直在打掃房子。

9 A: You look tired.   B: I’ve been cleaning the house since this morning.

 

10 我爸媽在看電視。他們已經看了三個小時。

10 My parents are watching TV. They’ve been watching for three hours.

【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 16 現在完成式 經驗 Have you ever …?

用直播真的蠻方便的,都不用上傳,前面有說了假如找不到潔西的部落格可能會要到 Chrome 或相關瀏覽器刪除瀏覽紀錄,不過對很多人而言可能太麻煩,沒關係,直接打 jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com 就找得到了。新的影片也都可以連接,前兩年內的連結都如同作廢,唉,小小麻煩。今天很訝異,以為部落格的瀏覽量會大減,想不到居然跟昨天差不多,不解不解。

現在完成式對很多人來說都蠻難的。套句同學說的,公式我都會背,就是不會用。恩,說到重點了,會用才是最重要的啊!經驗經驗,今天講的是經驗,每個人最少說得出幾項比較特殊的經驗嗎?潔西每次都會用半夜跳到湖裡去的經驗。不是小湖喔,是小艇繞一圈要一二十分鐘的大湖。半夜的湖想來都可怕,非常的黑暗,可不像台北到處是燈光,只有一棟靠湖的房子有些許的燈光,裡面的兩隻大狗還不斷地對我們大叫。

三個喝了酒的人不知道誰起鬨就衝出去了,在加拿大維多莉雅島朋友家度假時去他朋友在湖邊的家。朋友的朋友的老婆帶小孩出門,留我們三個在家。三個人喝酒,聊天,然後吉他拿出來,彈彈唱唱,我是聽的那一個,這輩子第一次有人為我唱歌,真是超感動。總之後來就去湖邊的甲板上,本來我怎麼樣都不打算跳入湖裡的,但是喝了酒的人,神智沒有很清,就跳下去了,水很冰,當時晚上大約12度,水裡更冷,漆黑一片什麼都看不見,往前游找到梯子就馬上爬上去了。三個人衝回去,馬上跳到 jacuzzi 裡面去。他們有種方形的按摩浴缸,放在庭院,溫度設在38度左右,超級舒服的。Those were the days. 過去的好日子啊又拿出來說嘴了。

說嘴的經驗

I have seen the Queen. 我看過英國女皇,一條街的距離,在溫莎古堡,Easter Sunday 復活節的時候。

I have had seven beers in one night. 我一個晚上喝七瓶啤酒。應該會有人說這小 case 吧?

I have eaten Moroccan food. 我吃過摩洛哥菜,在法國吃的,好好吃喔。

I have been to the smallest country in the world: Vatican. 我去過世界上最小的國家,梵蒂岡

喔,剛剛跳湖的 I have jumped into a lake late at night. 我在晚上跳進去湖中,其實也可以用 I have swum in the lake at night. 我晚上在湖中游過泳。

看文的人每個人都要想五個特別的經驗分享。有分享的潔西可以幫你們改句子,但是要附上中文想表達的意思。今天備課一天好累,手快斷掉了,不過居然一天一邊聽歌一邊把歌放到我的 iTune 還放不完,今天才放了80首歌,我的歌單有 260首歌,哇,好驚人。多年來自己翻譯的歌曲實在也不少呢。晚安晚安,休息去!

 

 

現在完成式    

past ——x——now————— future        x: event/activity/action

  現在完成式常用來表達經驗。表示在過去的某個時間點曾經做過的事。事情發發生的時間不重要,要強調的是有這樣的經驗。

I have dated foreigners.  I haven’t dated foreigners. Have you ever dated foreigners?

I have swum in the sea.

She has been to Russia.   She has gone to Russia.  I have gone to Japan. (X)

 

這個經驗發生的時間不重要或不確定。 現在完成式用來表示經驗的時候一定沒有過去

    時間點。有過去時間的話要用過去簡單式。

I have been to Japan.

I went to Japan this August.

 

現在完成式的問句常與 ever 連用,ever 表示曾經,指的是從你這輩子出生到現在有沒有做過某件事。要注意的是 ever 這個單字多放在疑問句,比較特殊句型時才會放在肯定句。This is the best movie I’ve ever seen. 一般肯定句不用 ever。

Have you ever played golf?

Has he ever played chess?

中文會說我曾經打過高爾夫球,英文用現在完成式肯定句表達的時候不能有 ever

I have played golf. (O)

I have ever played golf. (X)

 

現在完成式與 never 連用表示這輩子從來沒有做過某些事。一個句子用了 never 就表示否定,所以後面就不能再加 not 。

I have never eaten sashimi.

I have not eaten durian.

I have never not been to America. (X)  never 跟 not 在一個句子只能用其中一個

I have never been to America.

I have not been to America.

    

Have you ever had wine? = Have you had wine?

Yes, I have had wine. (O)  Yes, I have ever had wine. (X)

No, I have never had wine. (O)   No, I haven’t had wine. (O)

No, I haven’t never had wine. (X)

 

五 現在完成式的句型

1 肯定句:主詞(S)+have/has+過去分詞(V3)   foundue

S

have/has

V3

其他部分

I

have

eaten

Swiss food.

You

have

had

champagne.

He

has

seen

Lady Gaga.

She

has

lost

her wallet.

It

has

gotten

lost.

We

have

seen

snow.

You

have

been

to Australia.

They

have

tried

diving.

縮寫 

I have=I’ve, You have=You’ve, He has=He’s, She has=She’s, It has=It’s, We have=We’ve, They have=They’ve

 

2 否定句:主詞(S)+have/has+not +過去分詞(V3)

S

have/has

not

V3

其他部分

I

have

not

eaten

Swiss food.

You

have

not

had

champagne.

He

has

not

seen

Lady Gaga.

She

has

not

lost

her wallet.

It

has

not

gotten

the shot.

We

have

not

seen

snow.

You

have

not

been

to Australia.

They

have

not

tried

diving.

have not=haven’t,   has not= hasn’t

 

3 Yes/No 問句:Have/Has +主詞 (S) +過去分詞 (V3)

Have/Has

S

V3

其他部分

Have

I

eaten

Swiss food?

Have

you

had

champagne?

Has

he

seen

Lady Gaga?

Has

she

lost

her wallet?

Has

it

gotten

the shot?

Have

we

seen

snow?

Have

you

been

to Australia?

Have

they

tried

diving?

 

簡答的時候回答

Yes, I/you/we/they have.             No, I/you/we/they haven’t.

Yes, he/she/it has.                     No, he/she/it hasn’t.

 

練習一 回答下面問題

1 Have you been to a jazz club?

2 Have you tried bungee-jumping?

3 Have you sold anything on the Internet?

4 Have you met a famous person?

5 Have you seen a shooting star?

6 Have you lost anything important?

7 Have you had champagne?

8 Have you lived abroad?

9 Have you won an award?

10 Have you eaten Indian food?

 

練習二 翻譯練習

1 我曾經去過歐洲。

2 她沒看過恐怖片。(horror movies)

3 你曾經在網路上買過東西嗎?

4 你丟過錢包嗎?

5 我從來沒吃過法國料理。

6 你開過跑車嗎?

7 我從來沒贏過樂透。(win the lottery)

8 他曾經住在國外。

9 你滑雪過嗎?

10 她從來沒有暈車過。

.

.

.

.

答案

練習一 回答下面問題

1 Have you been to a jazz club? Yes, I have. I went to Brown Sugar before it closed.

2 Have you tried bungee-jumping? No, I haven’t. I am afraid of heights.

3 Have you sold anything on the Internet? Yes, I have. I sold some handouts.

4 Have you met a famous person? No, I haven’t. But I would like to meet a famous Japanese actor.

5 Have you seen a shooting star? Yes, I have seen some shooting stars. I saw them in Canada when/while I was traveling with my friends.

6 Have you lost anything important? Yes, I have. I lost my wallet in a library a few years ago. Luckily, somebody found it and gave it to the librarian.

7 Have you had champagne? No, I haven’t. I have always wanted to drink champagne.

8 Have you lived abroad? Yes, I have. I lived in Sydney from January 2007 to June 2008.

9 Have you won an award? Yes, I have. I won a few awards when I was a student.

My student gave me a trophy when they won the world champion.

10 Have you eaten Indian food? Yes, I have. I love it.

 

練習二 翻譯練習

1 我曾經去過歐洲。

1 I have been to Europe.

 

2 她沒看過恐怖片。(horror movies)

2 She hasn’t seen horror movies.

 

3 你曾經在網路上買過東西嗎?

3 Have you ever bought anything on the Internet?

 

4 你丟過錢包嗎?

4 Have you ever lost your wallet?

 

5 我從來沒吃過法國料理。

5 I have never eaten French food. / I haven’t eaten French food.

 

6 你開過跑車嗎?

6 Have you driven a sports car?

 

7 我從來沒贏過樂透。(win the lottery)

7 I have never won the lottery.

 

8 他曾經住在國外。

8 He used to live abroad. / He lived abroad before.  

影片上的用法看起來合理,但是實際上似乎是不會那樣用的,用上面的用法表達比較好

 

9 你滑雪過嗎?

9 Have you ever skied?

 

10 她從來沒有暈車過。

10 She has never gotten carsick.  / She hasn’t gotten carsick.    seasick, airsick