【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 23 被動語態 2 現在進行被動與現在完成被動

現在進行式跟現在完成式的被動,這個部分的話可能要先把時態學好,先記住被動是 be +V3,be 動詞+過去分詞,然後每個時態去推,潔西一直覺得時態就是跟數學很像,一個時態一個時態有特定的句型,把這些句型加起來就變成另外一個時態,很好玩呢,大概只有潔西覺得好玩,哈哈。

英國終於叫大家不要出門了,You must stay home! 你們一定要待在家裡!Boris Johnson 英國首相終於說出口了。剛剛也看了川普發表談話,真的很無言到說實在我又想罵人了。 NPR 的新聞標題 Trump Stresses Need To Reopen American While Continue To Fight The Coronavirus 川普強調需要重新再開啟美國在持續對抗新冠病毒的同時。他只想著他年底的選舉,一直講經濟,人民的生命重要還是經濟重要,剛剛聽到說有個救助金的法案通不過,因為川普的法案的條件是那些錢全部都由川普決定給誰,不需要讓國會知道,他可以任意使用,六個月,最好這麼誇張的條款也能通過。新聞節目中醫生再呼籲醫療用具會不夠時,記者反應時川普說沒聽說,說我不是 shipping clerk 貨運員。連一些美國的醫療劇的節目都把原本拿來當道具用的手套口罩送去給醫院用了。人的自私真的是沒有邊界。一堆到處亂跑不遵守在家為了大家好的人是怎麼樣啦?小心會遭天譴的!昨天聽到忘記哪個外國新聞報導台灣重罰不好好居家防疫還跑去舞廳的,只能說罰得好!

剛剛看脫口秀,義大利的各個市長破口大罵不遵守 lockdown 封城令的人,西班牙的警察從警車中拿出樂器在街上表演給在家不能出門的民眾娛樂。另外昨天加拿大宣布假如今年舉辦奧運的話,他們將不會參加,好樣的!Justin Trudeau 加拿大總理跟日本首相安倍晉三通話的畫面剛好在現在看的日本線上新聞出現。日本終於鬆口說奧運會延期了,這當然是個困難的決定,不舉辦損失一定非常大,可是舉辦的風險也很大,究竟呢這個疫情會多久,誰也不知道,做成延期的決定當然是最好的了。

做菜吃飯運動備課,覺得有點疲憊了,好像很久沒有休假的感覺了,因為基礎文法課程要準備的東西很多,很多講義要改寫,雖然好些學生請假了,現在沒有那麼忙了,但是呢還是感覺事情做不完。不行不行,星期四要跟朋友出去吃飯,決定要放鬆一天,那天完全不要備課,應該也不要看新聞,出去哪裡走走,所以這兩天還是要先加油一下,到時候才能徹底放鬆。像今天這樣雖然晚上不用上課,但是呢好多東西要準備,覺得沒有什麼休息到呢!久了人會疲憊失去彈性,今天辛苦一點,星期四,我的假期,期待中!

 

 

 

1 現在簡單式

主動句型:

主詞+V1(動詞原型,第三人稱單數加 )+受詞

The mouse eats  the cheese.

     主詞        V1      受詞

 

被動句型:

主詞+ be1(am/is/are)+V3(過去分詞)+受詞

The cheese   is eaten    by  the mouse.

        主詞        be1+V3            受詞

 

Someone cleans the room every day.

The room is cleaned every day.

 

2 過去簡單式

主動句型:

主詞+V2(動詞過去式)+受詞

The mouse  ate  the cheese.

         主詞     V2      受詞

 

被動句型:

主詞+ be2(was/were)+V3(過去分詞)+受詞

The cheese    was eaten    by  the mouse.

       主詞         be2+V3              受詞

 

Someone cleaned the room yesterday.

The room was cleaned yesterday.

 

3 現在進行式

主動句型:

主詞+be1(am/is/are)+V-ing(現在分詞)+受詞

The mouse   is eating    the cheese.

        主詞     be1+V-ing      受詞

 

被動句型:

主詞+ be1(am/is/are)+being+V3(過去分詞)+受詞

The cheese   is being eaten    by  the mouse.

       主詞        be1+being+V3            受詞

 

Someone is cleaning the room now.

The room is being cleaned now.

The books are being sterilized now.

 

4 過去進行式

主動句型:

主詞+be2(was/were)+V-ing(現在分詞)+受詞

The mouse   was eating   the cheese.

         主詞      be2+V-ing       受詞

 

被動句型:

主詞+ be2(was/were)+being+V3(過去分詞)+受詞

The cheese   was being eaten    by  the mouse.

        主詞        be2+being+V3               受詞

 

Someone was cleaning the room when I arrived.

The room was being cleaned when I arrived.

 

5 現在完成式

主動句型:

主詞+have/has+V3(過去分詞) +受詞

The mouse      has eaten        the cheese.

          主詞      have/has+V3        受詞

 

被動句型:

主詞+ have/has+been+V3(過去分詞)+受詞

The cheese       has been eaten          by       the mouse.

         主詞          have/has+been+V3                    受詞

 

Someone has cleaned the room

The room has been cleaned.

The books have been sterilized.

 

6 未來

主動句型:

will 句型

主詞+will+V0(動詞原型)+受詞

The mouse    will eat     the cheese.

     主詞          will+V0      受詞

 

被動句型:

主詞+ will+be+V3(過去分詞)+受詞

The cheese  will be eaten    by  the mouse.

    主詞           will+be+V3             受詞

 

Someone will clean the room tomorrow.

The room will be cleaned tomorrow.

 

6 未來

主動句型:

be going to 句型

主詞+be1(am/is/are) going to +V0(動詞原型)+受詞

The mouse     is going to eat        the cheese.

     主詞           be1 going to+V0         受詞

 

被動句型:

主詞+ be1(am/is/are) going to+be+V3(過去分詞)+受詞

The cheese  is going to be eaten    by  the mouse.

    主詞          be1 going to+be+V3           受詞

 

Someone is going to clean the room tomorrow.

The room is going to be cleaned tomorrow.

 

7 情態助動詞

主動句型:

主詞+情態助動詞+V0(動詞原型)+受詞

The mouse      might eat        the cheese.

     主詞        情態助動詞+V0       受詞

 

被動句型:

主詞+情態助動詞+be+V3(過去分詞)+受詞

The cheese       might be eaten         by    the mouse.

    主詞          情態助動詞+be+V3                受詞

 

Someone might clean the room later.

The room might be cleaned later.

 

1 現在簡單式表示經常性的活動,習慣

Kate cleans the office every day.

The office is cleaned by Kate every day.

 

3 現在進行式表示正在進行的活動

Kate is cleaning the office now.

The office is being cleaned by Kate now.

 

2 過去簡單式表過去某個時間完成的活動

Kate cleaned the office yesterday.

The office was cleaned by Kate yesterday.

 

5 現在完成式可以用來表達在過去完成的事,但是結果是跟現在相關的

Kate has cleaned the office.

The office has been cleaned by Kate. It’s neat and clean now.

 

翻譯練習

1 湯尼(Tony)沒有被邀請去婚禮。

2 你可以載我去機場嗎?我的車子正在修理。

3 你有被爸媽打過嗎?

4 我是被我祖父母帶大的。

5 明天的比賽會被取消因為天氣不好。

6 他因為在商店偷東西(shoplifting)被逮補了。

7 包裹被送到了嗎?

8 當我們抵達的時候正在上(serve)午餐。

9 所有的文件都被已經銷毀了。

10 演唱會的票可以在網路上買到。

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翻譯練習 答案

1 湯尼(Tony)沒有被邀請去婚禮。

1 Tony wasn’t invited to the wedding.

2 你可以載我去機場嗎?我的車子正在修理。

2 Can you drive me to the airport. My car is being repaired.

3 你有被爸媽打過嗎?

3 Have you ever been hit by your parents?

4 我是被我祖父母帶大的。

4 I was brought up/risen up by my grandparents.

5 明天的比賽會被取消因為天氣不好。

5 Tomorrow’s match will be canceled because of the bad weather.

6 他因為在商店偷東西(shoplifting)被逮補了。

6 He has been arrested for shoplifting.

7 包裹被送到了嗎?

7 Has the package been delivered yet?

8 當我們抵達的時候正在上(serve)午餐。

8 Lunch was being served when we arrived.

9 所有的文件都被已經銷毀了。

9 All the documents have been destroyed.

10 演唱會的票可以在網路上買到。

10 Tickets for the concert can be bought online.

【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 22 被動語態 1 現在被動與過去被動

做成幻燈片這樣有沒有比較容易看呢?但是花得時間超久的,做久了會習慣嗎?字也盡量放大了,希望對大家眼睛友善,英文很愛用 -friendly 表示對什麼東西友善 user-friendly 指的是對使用者友善,也就是簡單方便上手的,比方說 a user-friendly printer 一台容易使用的印表機。eco-friendly 對環境友善的,也又是環保的,比方說 eco-friendly products 環保的產品,環保就是對環境友善 environmental-friendly, 對大自然友善 nature-friendly, 綠色 green 等都可以用來表示同意意思,綠色常常就是環保的代表色了吧?

好累喔,要上床睡覺了,但是房間好亂喔,整理一下睡覺去,大家晚安 🙂

A 主動 active 與被動 passive

1 主動 active

英文的句子強調的多是主詞,主動的句子的句型結構是:主詞+動詞+受詞

A robotic vacuum cleaner cleans my house every day.

                       主詞                  動詞         受詞

A dog   bit     Tom yesterday.

主詞    動詞    受詞

2 被動 passive

當要強調的是原本主動句型中的受詞時,會把句子改成被動。原本的受詞放到主詞的位置,原本的主詞放到受詞的位置,動詞要依時態改成 be + V3(過去分詞)

My house is cleaned by a robotic vacuum cleaner every day.

   原受詞    be + V3              原主詞

 

 Tom       was bitten by     a dog.

原受詞         be + V3           原主詞

B 主動改被動

主動的句型:主詞+動詞+受詞

被動的句型:原受詞+時態(be+V3)+by+原主詞

改被動時,

1 把受詞跟主詞的位置互換,原受詞變成新的句子的主詞

2 動詞依時態不同,把主要動詞的部分改成 be 加上 V3 過去分詞

3 再加上 by 與變成新的受詞的原主詞。

4 注意主詞跟受詞交換後,需依新的主詞對動詞作適當的變化,注意主動詞的一致

      Lisa     hit     Jane.

      主詞    動詞    受詞

   

     Jane    was hit   by Lisa.

     原受詞  be + V3   原主詞

     

     Lisa      hit     Jane and Sue.

      主詞    動詞        受詞

Jane and Sue   were hit     by Lisa.

     原受詞        be + V3     原主詞

B 被動語態使用的時機

1 當做該行為動作的人未知或不重要時,使用被動語態。

Rice is grown in Asia.

Scotch whisky is made in Scotland.

2 當想要避免提到做該行為動作的人時。

Some mistakes were made in this paragraph.

Three people were injured in the accident.

3 被動語態比較常用在書寫,口語也可以用,相對來說比較少。

Payment can be made at any banks.

Cars left here will be towed away.

4 被動語態也常用在新聞報導

Talks will be held in Tokyo next week.

Californians are told by Governor to stay home.

C 被動時態使用 by +做該行為動作的人或事物的時機

英文句子強調的是主詞,所以使用被動語態時常常會省略掉做行為動作的人事物,但是在下列狀況下用被動時會把該人事物提出

1 當你要表達這是某人的創作

“Romeo and Juliet” was written by William Shakespeare.

“We Will Rock You” was sung and written by Queen.

2 當做該動作的人事物是令人感到訝異的

The dog was hit by a car!

The cake was eaten by a mouse!

D 被動的句型

被動的要素是 be + V3。

被動一定會有be動詞跟動詞的第三態,過去分詞。依時態不同會有所改變。

1 肯定句:時態不變,把主要動詞按時態帶入be+V3

The book is written in nineteen languages.

The car was repaired yesterday.

2 否定句:時態不變,找出改完被動後句子中的助動詞,後面加not。

The book is not written in nineteen languages.

The car was not repaired yesterday.

3 疑問句:時態不變,找出改完被動後句子中的助動詞,放到主詞前面。

When is breakfast served in this hotel?

Where was the car repaired?

E 現在簡單式跟過去簡單式的主動與被動句型

1 現在簡單式

主動句型:

主詞+V1(動詞原型,第三人稱單數加 )+受詞

The mouse eats  the cheese.

     主詞        V1      受詞

被動句型:

主詞+ be1(am/is/are)+V3(過去分詞)+受詞

The cheese   is eaten    by  the mouse.

    主詞          be1+V3            受詞

2 過去簡單式

主動句型:

主詞+V2(動詞過去式)+受詞

The mouse ate  the cheese.

     主詞        V2      受詞

被動句型:

主詞+ be2(was/were)+V3(過去分詞)+受詞

The cheese    was eaten    by  the mouse.

    主詞            be2+V3              受詞

翻譯練習 

1 奧運每四年舉行一次。

2 泰姬瑪哈陵(The Taj Mahal)大約在1640年蓋的。

3 紀念品在所有的熱門景點販售。

4 英文在許多國家使用(說)

5 我在回家的路上被警察攔下來。

6 你在哪裡出生的?

7 大部分在台灣的人在月初領薪水(被付款)

8 紙是中國人發明的。

9 這條手鍊是我弟弟做的。

10 蒙娜麗莎(Mona Lisa)是李奧納多達文西(Leonardo da Vinci)畫的。

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翻譯練習 答案

1 奧運每四年舉行一次。

1 The Olympic Games are held every four years.

2 泰姬瑪哈陵(The Taj Mahal)大約在1640年蓋的。

2 The Taj Mahal was built around 1640.

3 紀念品在所有的熱門景點販售。

3 Souvenirs are sold at all popular tourist spots.

4 英文在許多國家使用(說)

4 English is spoken in many countries.

5 我在回家的路上被警察攔下來。

5 I was stopped by the police on my way home.

6 你在哪裡出生的?

6 Where were you born?

7 大部分在台灣的人在月初領薪水(被付款)

7 Most people are paid at the beginning of the month in Taiwan.

8 紙是中國人發明的。

8 Paper was invented by the Chinese.

9 這條手鍊是我弟弟做的。(這邊把項鍊改為手鍊,影片上中文是項鍊,把項鍊說成 bracelet 是錯誤的,項鍊應該是 necklace)

9 This bracelet was made by my brother.

10 蒙娜麗莎(Mona Lisa)是李奧納多達文西(Leonardo da Vinci)畫的。

10 Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo da Vinci.

被動語態講解與練習題的影片

剛好被問到有沒有被動的影片,沒有,下午剛好同學請假,有多的時間,其實還想睡的,不過還是做個影片,晚上再睡好了,星期六日的課還可以拖一下,之後再備。不過不知為何覺得講得有點口齒不清,因為原先有做好的講義,照著講義講,其實被動沒有很難,只是需要原本就對時態很清楚,時態沒記清楚的話,換成被動就更難懂了,可是時態非常清楚的話,改被動只要把動詞改成 be 動詞再加上過去分詞這樣代換而已,真的沒有很難。多多練習其實就會駕輕就熟了。

然後這部落格真的沒轍,格式怎麼樣都會跑掉,所以看影片會比較清楚。看完之後可以自己做一下潔西下面另外造的,影片沒有的。就是把魯夫塑造成貪吃鬼,恩,他本來就是,被一塊肉就可以釣走,哈哈。總之這個句子是主動:魯夫吃我的巧克力。被動:我的巧克力被魯夫吃了。用這個句子造出主動跟被動的現在簡單,現在進行,現在完成,過去簡單,過去進行,過去完成,未來簡單,未來完成式的句子。也可以找幾個類似的句子,把每個時態都練習過,多換幾個動詞,多練習,應該就會很熟悉了,其實時態真的就是加法加一加,把必要的元素都加進去就對了喔!

好累,前面是直撥的,直播到一半網路怪怪的,後面練習題就用影片錄。有問題可以再提出來。對了,一般而言被動只有這八個時態會用,另外四個時態很少在用被動,多半用主動的方式。

 

 

現在簡單式:魯夫每天吃我的巧克力。我的巧克力每天都被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy eats my chocolate every day.

My chocolate is eaten by Luffy every day.

 

現在進行式:魯夫正在吃我的巧克力。我的巧克力正都被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy is eating my chocolate.

My chocolate is being eaten by Luffy.

 

現在完成式:魯夫吃了我的巧克力。我的巧克力都被魯夫吃掉了。

Luffy has eaten my chocolate.

My chocolate has been eaten by Luffy.

 

 

過去簡單式:魯夫昨天吃我的巧克力。我的巧克力昨天都被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy ate my chocolate yesterday.

My chocolate was eaten by Luffy yesterday.

 

過去進行式:魯夫當時吃我的巧克力。我的巧克力那時候都被魯夫吃掉了。

Luffy was eating my chocolate at that time.

My chocolate was being eaten by Luffy at that time.

 

過去完成式:我到家時魯夫那時候已經吃掉我的巧克力。我到家時我的巧克力那時候已經都被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy had eaten my chocolate when I arrived home.

My chocolate had been eaten by Luffy when I arrived home.

 

未來簡單式:魯夫將會吃掉我的巧克力。我的巧克力將會都被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy will eat my chocolate. Luffy is going to eat my chocolate.

My chocolate will be eaten by Luffy. My chocolate is going to be eaten by Luffy.

 

未來完成式:魯夫到時候會已經吃掉我的巧克力。我的巧克力到時會會都已經被魯夫吃掉。

Luffy will have eaten my chocolate.

My chocolate will have been eaten by Luffy.

 

 

 

 

S + V + O 

fO + be + V3 + by + fS

 

A 主動與被動The Active and the Passive

英文的句子焦點多放在主詞上

1 主動句型:強調的是人,老鼠

Millions of people read the magazine. (The focus is on the people.)

S                   V       O

The mouse ate the cheese.   mice

S       V.       O

2 被動句型:強調的是雜誌,起士

The magazine is read by millions of people. (The focus is on the

magazine.)

O         be   V3 by.     S

They cheese was eaten by the mouse.

O         be. V3.   by.   S

 

非必要時,英語多用主動句型來表達,主動句型用的比被動多得多

 

B 被動語態使用的時機

1 當做該行為動作的人未知或不重要時,使用被動語態。

The magazine was founded in 2008. (I don’t know who founded it.)

 

2 當從上下文中可以清楚地得知做該行為動作的人或事物。

The magazine was sold at newsstands. (We can assume that the newsstand owners and employees sell it. We don’t need to mention them.)

 

3 當想要避免提到做該行為動作的人時。

Some mistakes were made in that article. (I know who made the mistakes, but I don’t want to blame the person who made them.)

 

4 被動語態比較常用在書寫,口語也可以用,相對來說比較少。

Payment can be made at any post office.

Cars left here will be towed away.

 

5 被動語態也常用在新聞報導

A number of political prisoners have been released.

Talks will be held in London next week.

 

C 主動改被動

主動的句型:主詞+動詞+受詞   S + V + O

被動的句型:原受詞+時態(be+V3)+by+原主詞. fO + be + V3 + by +fS

 

改被動時,

1 把受詞跟主詞的位置互換,原受詞變成新的句子的主詞

2 動詞依時態不同,把主要動詞的部分改成be加上過去分詞V3

3 再加上by與上原主詞,變成新的受詞。

4 注意主詞跟受詞交換後,需依新的主詞對動詞作適當的變化。

Farmers grow corn.

Corn is grown by famers.

David helped me.

V.       O

I was helped by David.

fO be V3 by     fS

David helped them.

They were helped by David.

 

D 被動時態使用by+做該行為動作的人或事物的時機

使用被動語態時常常會省略掉做行為動作的人事物,因為英文句子強調的是主詞,可以直接用主動時態,但是在某些狀況下用被動會把該人事物提出

1 當你要表達這是某人的創作

The article was written by Jessie Lin.

“Romeo and Juliet” was written by William Shakespeare.

“Both Sides Now” was sung and written by Joni Mitchell.

 

2 當做該動作的人事物是令人感到訝異的

Our windows are washed by a robot.

The cake was eaten by a mouse!

 

3 當你要介紹做動作的人事物的必要新資訊時

John Delgado is a famous sports writer. He has just been hired by National Sports to write a monthly column. (The name of John’s employer is necessary new information.

 

E 及物動詞與非及物動詞.   S + V.   Time flies.   S + V + O.   I love dogs.

英文的動詞可以分為及物動詞與非及物動詞,只有及物動詞的句型才可以改被動。不及物因為沒有受詞,所以不可以改被動。

1 及物動詞:動詞後面一定要接受詞,必須有接受這個動作的對象的受詞。

Andy bought those flowers.

Those flowers were bought by Andy.

Betty sold those clothes.

Those clothes were sold by Betty.

 

2 非及物動詞:在動詞後面不可以接受詞。動詞只可以單獨存在。

Cathy smiles all the time.

Something happened.

He laughed at me.

 

F 被動的句型

被動的要素是be + V3。被動一定會有be動詞跟動詞的第三態,過去分詞。依時態不同會有所改變。

1 肯定句:時態不變,把主要動詞按時態帶入be+V3

It is written in nineteen languages.

It has just been printed.

 

2 否定句:時態不變,找出改完被動後句子中的助動詞,後面加not。

These computers aren’t produced anymore.

Scotch whiskey isn’t made in England.

 

3 疑問句:時態不變,找出改完被動後句子中的助動詞,放到主詞前面。

When is breakfast served in this hotel?

Where was the car repaired?

 

 

G 主動與被動句型比較

主動 S + V + O

被動 S + be + V3 + by + O

1 現在簡單式

The mouse eats the cheese.

V1

   The cheese is eaten by the mouse.

be1 +V3

  

2 現在進行式

   The mouse is eating the cheese.

S       be. V-ing

   The cheese is being eaten by the mouse.

be1+V3

 

3 現在完成式

The mouse has eaten the cheese.

S     has + V3

The cheese has been eaten by the mouse.

be + V3

 

4 過去簡單式

The mouse ate the cheese.

V2

The cheese was eaten by the mouse.

be2 + V3

 

5 過去進行式

The mouse was eating the cheese.

S       be2 + V-ing

The cheese was being eaten by the mouse.

be  + V3

 

6 過去完成式

The mouse had eaten the cheese.

S       had. V3

The cheese had been eaten by the mouse.

be.+ V3

 

7 未來式

The mouse will eat the cheese.

S     will V1

The cheese will be eaten by the mouse.

be + V3

The mouse is going to eat the cheese.

S     be going to V1

The cheese is going to be eaten by the mouse.

be+ V3

 

8 未來完成

The mouse will have eaten the cheese.

S     will have. V3

The cheese will have been eaten by the mouse.

be. + V3

9 情態助動詞

Decisions shouldn’t be made too quickly.

be V3

It can’t be done.

Reports have to be filed.

 

練習題,下面有題目,答案,最下面是題目加答案,可以先自己做做看

 

被動語態練習題

You are telling a friend some news. Use the notes and complete the second sentences. Sometimes you need to use the active and sometimes the passive.

根據前後文跟提示的字完成句子,可能是主動或被動。

 題目:解答在後面

  1. (Past Simple: Claude Jennings / win / the quiz competition)

Did you hear about the quiz competition? It ___________________.

  1. (Past Simple: Mrs. Miles / do / a parachute jump / last week)

You know Mrs. Miles? She _______________________________.

  1. (Present Perfect: a bull / attack / David)

Have you heard about David? He’s__________________________.

  1. (Present Continuous: build / the house)

Trevor and Laura have bought a house. It’s still ________________.

  1. (Present Simple: Andrew / like / Jessica)

Did I tell you about Andrew? He ___________________________.

  1. (Present Perfect: throw away / your stamp collection)

Bad news about your stamp collection. It’s ___________________.

  1. (Present Perfect: Martins / kidnap / my neighbors)

Did I mention my neighbors? They’ve _______________________.

  1. (Past Simple: five people / see / the ghost)

Did you hear about the ghost? It ___________________________.

  1. (Past Simple: Claire / go / to Florida / last month)

You remember Claire? She _______________________________.

  1. (Present Perfect: send / our luggage / to Australia)

Bad news about our luggage. It’s __________________________.

 

 

解答

1. It was won by Claude Jennings.

2. She did a parachute jump last week.

3. He’s been attacked by a bull.

4. It’s still being built.

5. He likes Jessica.

6. It’s been thrown away.

7. They’ve been kidnaped by Martins.

8. It was seen by five people.

9. She went to Florida last month.

10. It’s been sent to Australia.

 

題目與解答一起看,影片中的

1. (Past Simple: Claude Jennings / win / the quiz competition)

Did you hear about the quiz competition? It ___________________.

It was won by Clade Jennings.

2. (Past Simple: Mrs. Miles / do / a parachute jump / last week)

You know Mrs. Miles? She _______________________________.

She did a parachute jump last week.

3. (Present Perfect: a bull / attack / David)

Have you heard about David? He’s__________________________.

He’s been attacked by a bull.

4. (Present Continuous: build / the house)

Trevor and Laura have bought a house. It’s still ________________.

It’s still being built.

5. (Present Simple: Andrew / like / Jessica)

Did I tell you about Andrew? He ___________________________.

He likes Jessica.

6. (Present Perfect: throw away / your stamp collection)

Bad news about your stamp collection. It’s ___________________.

It’s been thrown away.

7. (Present Perfect: Martins / kidnap / my neighbors)

Did I mention my neighbors? They’ve _______________________.

They’ve been kidnapped by Martins.

8. (Past Simple: five people / see / the ghost)

Did you hear about the ghost? It ___________________________.

It was seen by five people.

9. (Past Simple: Claire / go / to Florida / last month)

You remember Claire? She _______________________________.

She went to Florida last month.

10. (Present Perfect: send / our luggage / to Australia)

Bad news about our luggage. It’s __________________________.

It’s been sent to Australia.