【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 2 現在簡單式 be 動詞 am, is, are 用法 疑問句

這是配合劍橋初級文法的第二課的疑問句。把句型用圖表化希望能夠更容易理解。現在簡單式其實真的很好用,但是也蠻多人還是會用錯,記一下一些該注意的重點就可以運用自如了喔。但是練習是最重要,練習練習再練習,加油!

 

 

 

現在簡單式 be 動詞常見的句型

4 課前翻譯練習題

a 你爸媽是台北人嗎?

b 你對馬拉松有興趣嗎?

c 老師在教室嗎?

d 你為什麼遲到了?

e 你生日什麼時候?

f 你最喜歡的顏色是什麼?

g 你不累嗎?

 

1 Yes/No 問句:be 動詞+主詞名詞+/形容詞/介系詞片語

be 動詞(am, is, are) 主詞 名詞
Am I Jessie?
Are you a student?
Is he David?
Is she a doctor?
Is it Lucky?
Are we Tom and Mary?
Are you chefs?
Are they Ken and Jane?
be 動詞(am, is, are) 主詞 形容詞
Am I bored?
Are you tall?
Is Jimmy smart?
Is your mother nervous?
Is the dog sleepy?
Are Sue and I happy?
Are You and John Japanese?
Are Dan and Ben married?
be 動詞(am, is, are) 主詞 介系詞片語
Am I at home?
Are you at work?
Is your boss in his office?
Is your niece in Canada?
Is your cell phone on the desk?
Are you and your coworkers in the restaurant?
Are Cindy and I in the classroom?
Are the books in the bookshelf?

 

2 WH 問句:WH 疑問詞+be 動詞+主詞+(其他必須部分)

WH 疑問詞

be 動詞(am, is, are)

主詞

其他必要部分

Who

am

I?

How

are

you?

Where

is

he

from?

How old

is

she?

When

is

your birthday?

Where

are

we?

Why

are

you

late?

What

are

their names?

Who (主詞)

is

in the bathroom?

Who (主詞)

is

in the kitchen?

What (主詞)

is

in the fridge?

What (主詞)

is

in your bag?

3 WH 疑問句:WH 疑問詞跟 be 動詞的縮寫

What is=What’s, Where is=Where’s, When is=When’s, Who is=Who’s, How is=How’s

 

She is from Taiwan.

She is not from Taiwan.

Is she from Taiwan?

Where is she from?

 

5 課後翻譯練習題

1 你單身嗎?

2 外面冷嗎?

3 我遲到了嗎?

4 你的工作有趣嗎?

5 你對運動有興趣嗎?

6 你是哪裡人?

7 你姓什麼?

8 你的小孩在哪裡?

9 這雙鞋子多少錢?

10 你為什麼這麼生氣?

 

答案:

課前翻譯練習題

a 你爸媽是台北人嗎?   Are your parents from Taipei?

b 你對馬拉松有興趣嗎?   Are you interested in marathon?

c 老師在教室嗎?   Is the teacher in the classroom?

d 你為什麼遲到了?  Why are you late?

e 你生日什麼時候?   When is your birthday?

f 你最喜歡的顏色是什麼?   What is your favorite color?

g 你不累嗎?  Aren’t you tired?

 

 

5 課後翻譯練習題

1 你單身嗎?   Are you single?

2 外面冷嗎?   Is it cold outside?

3 我遲到了嗎?   Am I late?

4 你的工作有趣嗎?   Is your job interesting?

5 你對運動有興趣嗎?   Are you interested in sports?     You are boring.

6 你是哪裡人?   Where are you from?

7 你姓什麼?   What is your last name?

8 你的小孩在哪裡?   Where is your child? / Where are your children?

9 這雙鞋子多少錢?   How much are these shoes?

10 你為什麼這麼生氣?   Why are you so angry?

【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 1 現在簡單式 be 動詞 am, is, are 肯定句與否定句

從頭學文法終於進入時態了,又要從頭講起,很愛改講義的潔西這次又重寫了,希望能更容易理解。因為最近請一些學生買了劍橋活用英語文法初級這本書,想說配合它時態的部分開始講,那本書做練習步錯,但是解說上好像比較沒那麼容易自己看懂。有書的人可以配合著看做練習,沒有書也沒有關係,可以自己練習。可以造類似的句子就不容易錯。看影片或內容之前可以先作課前練習題,覺得懂了之後再作課後翻譯題。有書的人就可以做課本裡面的練習題。潔西沒有力氣再出一般的練習題了。還是處於每天很累的狀態,明明說今天下午要偷懶的,還是忍不住寫了講義錄了起來。

下午發文沒人看,剛剛找到可以設定時間發文了,耶!先前 YouTube 通知覺得很煩,我是那種有通知一定要點的強迫症。昨天發現了看留言的地方,半夜兩點多回了半年份的留言,四十幾個,還好不多,有些只點讚,現在打開了,不會漏接了。不過被批評發音很差看了覺得無奈。好歹我在澳洲拿個碩士回來,語言是能溝通的,要說差的話我個人覺得是難以溝通的話才算是差,哈哈哈,我不是母語使用者,只能盡力,不要對不起我的學生。

話說我又做了新的發音講義,好像只有開直播能有螢幕,那天試了四秒,居然有人點近去,真是不好意思啊,星期五晚上來開直播好了。又我在想說翻譯的東西要不要也用直播講解呢?先把問題給大家有時間練習。白天給題目,晚上講解?

然後昨天看到很多留言都說清爽,奇怪,在清爽什麼啊?後來才想到是我講解的時候,要英文還是英文與中文一起,只有英文的是清爽,所以原來看影片大家都是在 YouTube 留言啊!以後會看到了,歡迎留言!

真的要休息放鬆了。有問題都可以留言。Have a good day!

 

5 課前翻譯練習題

a 我跟湯姆很忙。

b 今天天氣很好。

c 鑰匙在袋子裡。

d 我沒結婚。

e 我老闆不在。

f 他們不餓。

 

 

 

 

現在簡單式 be 動詞常見的句型

1 肯定句:主詞+be 動詞+名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

主詞

be 動詞(am, is, are)

名詞

I

am

Jessie.

You

are

a student.

He

is

David.

She

is

a doctor.

It

is

Lucky.

We

are

Tom and Mary.

You

are

chefs.

They

are

Ken and Jane.

主詞 be 動詞(am, is, are) 形容詞
I am bored.
You are tall.
Jimmy is smart.
My mother is nervous.
The dog is sleepy.
Sue and I are happy.
You and John are Japanese.
Dan and Ben are married.
主詞 be 動詞(am, is, are) 介系詞片語
I am at home.
You are at work.
My boss is in his office.
My niece is in Canada.
My cell phone is on the desk.
My coworkers and I are in the restaurant.
You and Cindy are in the classroom.
The books are in the bookshelf.

 

2 否定句:主詞+be 動詞+not 名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

否定偷懶放一個,因為全都長一樣

主詞 be 動詞(am, is, are) not 名詞
I am not Jessie.
You are not a student.
He is not David.
She is not a doctor.
It is not Lucky.
We are not Tom and Mary.
You are not chefs.
They are not Ken and Jane.

 

3 肯定句 主詞跟 be 動詞的縮寫

I am=I’m, you are=you’re, he is=he’s, she is=she’s, it is=it’s, we are=we’re, they are=they’re

my father is=my father’s

 

4 否定句 be 動詞跟 not 的縮寫

is not=isn’t, are not=aren’t, 注意:am 跟 not 不可以縮寫

 

He is not a student.

He’s not a student.

He isn’t a student.

 

We are not happy.

We’re not happy.

We aren’t happy.

 

6 課後翻譯練習題

1 我來自於台灣。

2 我最喜歡的顏色是藍色。

3 我老闆不在。

4 我的好朋友是加拿大人。

5 我跟湯姆是好朋友。

6 今天沒有下雨。

7 我弟弟對運動沒興趣。

8 我爸媽不在家。

9 我的手機不在口袋裡。

10 他們不是醫生。

 

答案

.

.

.

.

.

翻譯練習題答案

5 課前翻譯練習題

a 我跟湯姆很忙。 Tom and I are busy.

b 今天天氣很好。It is a nice day. / It’s sunny today.

c 鑰匙在袋子裡。The key is in the bag. / The keys are in the bag.

d 我沒結婚。I am not married.

e 我老闆不在。My boss is not in. My boss is out.

f 他們不餓。They are not hungry.

 

 

6 課後翻譯練習題

1 我來自於台灣。I am from Taiwan.

2 我最喜歡的顏色是藍色。My favorite color is blue.

3 我老闆不在。My boss is out.

4 我的好朋友是加拿大人。My best friend is Canadian. / My best friends are Canadian.

5 我跟湯姆是好朋友。Tom and I are good friends.

6 今天沒有下雨。It isn’t rainy.

7 我弟弟對運動沒興趣。My brother is not interested in sports.

8 我爸媽不在家。My parents are not at home.

9 我的手機不在口袋裡。My cell phone isn’t in my pocket.

10 他們不是醫生。They are not doctors.

現在簡單式 do/does 與 am/is/are 助動詞的用法與區別

簡言之:

英文的句子,每個句子都要有一個主詞跟一個動詞。要把句子改成否定句或疑問句時都需要助動詞來幫忙。怎麼樣找適當的助動詞呢?

第一:先辨別句子的時態,找出句子的動詞,現在簡單式的句子有兩種句型,可能是用一般動詞 1. He comes from Taipei. 或be動詞 2. He is from Taipei. 現在進行式的句型 3. He is working.  這三個句子的動詞分別是 comes, is, is working。

第二:當句子本身有助動詞時,直接在助動詞後面加not造否定句,把助動詞放到主詞前面造問句,因為be動詞本身就是助動詞,所以改問句時2跟3句就直接改成 2. Is he from Taipei?  3. Is he working?

第三:當句子本身沒有助動詞時,必須要依照時態與主詞的不同找一個助動詞來幫忙,在助動詞後面加not改否定,把助動詞放到主詞前面早問句。現在簡單式的助動詞是do/does,第三人稱單數時用does。所以第一句的疑問句就會是 Does he come from Taipei?

還是不清楚的可以看下面的影片或下面更詳細的每個時態的句型,會比較有清楚的概念

.

還是不清楚可以看下面說明:

現在簡單式最簡單的辨識方式是看句子裡面有沒有 be 動詞,有 be 動詞的話就用 am, is, are 造問句

I am late.  — Am I late?

He is busy. — Is he busy?

They are at home. — Are they at home?

.

現在簡單式的句子裡面沒有 be 動詞時,一定就是一般動詞的句子,就需要用 do, does 造問句

They walk home. — Do they walk home?

He plays basketball every day. — Does he play basketball every day?

.

現在進行式的句型就是 be + V-ing ,所以一定有 be 動詞,就用 be 造問句。

I am dreaming. — Am I dreaming?

She is cooking. — Is she cooking?

They are swimming. — Are they swimming?

現在式助動詞do/does與am/is/are 造問句時的用法與區別

英文造問句與改否定的時候都需要一個助動詞,這個助動詞依主詞,表達的時態,表達的語態會有所不同。造問句的時候要把助動詞放到主詞前面,造否定把not放到助動詞後面。要決定助動詞先要先弄清楚要表達的是哪個時態,來選擇助動詞,在依主詞不同,選擇最適當的助動詞。

a. 現在簡單式:

表達事實或一般習慣狀態時,因為有兩種不同句型,句子裡有一般動詞的時候,用do/does造問句。句子裡沒有一般動詞,有am/is/are的時候,用am/is/are造問句。要按照不同的人稱來用不同助動詞。

一般動詞句型 :主詞+動詞原型 (第三人稱單數加s) 

  S + V1

I/You/We/They work.   Where do you work?  Do your parents work?

He/She/It works.        Where does he work? Does your mother work?  

be 動詞句型:主詞+現在式be動詞+名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

S + am/is/are + noun/adjective/preposition phrase       

I am a teacher.                      Where am I?                   Am I tall?

He/She/It is happy.               Why is he happy?           Is he handsome?

We/You/They are at home. Where are the kids?      Are they at home?

b. 現在進行式:主詞+現在式be動詞+動詞ing

表達現在正在進行的動作,短暫性的動作時,本身句型只有am/is/are三個助動詞,而且動詞會加ing,依主詞不同,來決定助動詞是am, is, 還是are。

S  +  am/is/are + V-ing

I am cooking.                          What am I doing?     Am I dreaming?

He/She/It is dancing.               How is he doing?       Is he sleeping?

We/You/They are  singing.   Why are they singing?   Are they crying?

在缺助動詞的句子中,可以看句子有沒有一般動詞,有一般動詞的原型的話,就是現在簡單式,用do/does造問句。有一般動詞的現在分詞(動詞ing/V-ing)時,就是現在進行式用am/is/are造問句。假如完全沒有動詞,就需要am/is/are當動詞,就用am/is/are造問句。

 

用 am/is/are 或 do/does 造 yes/no 問句:

1.    Are you / lazy or hardworking

2.    Taipei / a noisy city

3.    you / use the computer every day

4.    your brother / smoke

5.    your father/living abroad (住國外)

6.    your parents/ generous or stingy (大方或小氣)

7.    the weather/ terrible today

8.    you / get up early

9.    your friends / smart

10.  your classmates / sitting now

11.  your mother / work in a bank

12.  your blood type / A  (血型)。   

13.  you / have a  pet

14.  your classmates / naughty    (淘氣)

15.  Jay Chou / a top model   (名模)

16.  your English teacher / helpful

17.  your shoes / new

18.  your best friend / married

19.  you / a careless person  (粗心大意的人)

20.  you / reading a good book at the moment

21.  your mother / cook dinner for you

22.  President Tsai / busy

23.  you / over 18 years old

24.  English / easy or difficult for you

25.  you / in a good mood today   (好心情)

答案在這裡:

  1. Are you lazy or hardworking?
  2. Is Taipei a noisy city?
  3. Do you use the computer every day?
  4. Does your brother smoke?
  5. Is your father living abroad?
  6. Are your parents generous or stingy?
  7. Is the weather terrible today?
  8. Do you stay up late?
  9. Are your friends smart?
  10. Are your classmates sitting now?
  11. Does your mother work in a bank?
  12. Is your blood type A?
  13. Do you have a pet?
  14. Are your classmates naughty?
  15. Is Jay Chou a top model?
  16. Is your English teacher helpful?
  17. Are your shoes new?
  18. Is your best friend married?
  19. Are you a careless person?
  20. Are you reading a good book at the moment?
  21. Does your mother cook dinner for you?
  22. Is President Ma busy?
  23. Are you over 18 years old?
  24. Is English easy or difficult for you?
  25. Are you in a good mood today?

2016/10/24 文字看不下的可以看或聽影片。先前影片做的時候身體狀況比較不好,又重新做了影片,希望這次講的有比較清楚,比較容易懂。習題可以自己先做過再對答案。第一次是現在簡單式什麼時候用 do does am is are 造問句,第二次影片是過去式什麼時候用 did was were 造問句。建議先看過第一支影片再看第二隻,因為第一支影片講得比較詳細。