【潔西家】one, another, other, others, the other, the others 用法

大家有沒有一首歌會讓你馬上聯想到某件事某個地點呢?

Can’t take my eyes off you: You’re just too good to be ture. Can’t take my eyes off you… 2000年的跨年夜大家在哪裡呢?潔西跟一群外國朋友,還有當時約會的美國朋友一起去跳舞,是不是 Kiss 有點忘了,總之排了超久的隊伍,總算在午夜前進去了,然後十二點的 Happy New Year! 的彼此祝福後就是這首歌,大家開始跳舞,啊,每次聽到這首歌就會想到那個夜晚。

Coldplay 的 Yellow,在加拿大魁北克的雪地上,下著不下的雪,一個人走在雪地裡,收音機正好放著 Yellow,每次聽到時就勾起回憶。

The Beatles 的 Here comes the sun 跟朋友開車去九份玩時,剛開雨下完太陽出來時我們就剛好聽到這首歌了,一起跟著開心的唱。

柴可夫斯基的 1812 序曲,在雪梨念書時,夏天時雪梨交響樂團都會有免費的音樂會,那一天下著不小的雨,人不多,大家站著撐著傘,有些人穿著雨衣在雨中欣賞音樂,最後的炮聲時還加上放煙火,大驚喜。難忘的一夜。

還有其他的歌先前想到好幾個,現在忘光了,最近不是普通笨。absent-minded 心不在焉的,健忘的,這完全就是為潔西造的字,先前常常搭捷運的時候搭錯方向,最近去內湖看物理治療師的時候也是坐了往動物園方向,還從忠孝復興坐到萬芳醫院才發現,結果本來該早到變遲到了,唉!

今天更誇張,游泳完不小心就走進男更衣室,還好什麼都沒看到,就發現怪怪的,趕快衝出來。潔西有個理論,設計廁所的應該都是男生,因為假如看到廁所標誌,不用大腦直接一直走,通常先走到的會是男廁所,有一陣子常常走錯的結論。

每天都忘東忘西,所以潔西每天出門前走到門口或巷口大概都要再進去兩次,常常忘的是耳機,水壺,鑰匙,雨傘,手機,今天忘的是水壺,上課要喝溫熱水,所以還是要進去拿,走出來又發現,啊,上課用的馬克筆沒帶,也不是不能用補習班的,但是潔西就是機車,就不想,所以又走進去,然後就沒趕上公車了。下一班等了十幾分鐘,又沒有直接到,所以呢,下了公車又要趕著走兩個站牌,只剩下十二分鐘,用衝的,還好,有趕上,不喜歡趕啊。

所以基本上可以的話都會提早出門,因為現在公車都超難等,所以早上的課有時候會提早到太多,不想太早進去補習班,所以會在外面晃,還好寶雅開了,可以進去吹冷氣,然後每次都在寶雅亂七八糟買了一堆東西,哈哈哈。

最近情緒又有點不穩定,昨天晚上回到家超累,洗完澡,吃個宵夜就上床睡覺,然後眼淚就一直掉,所以就開始聽好哭歌,Billy Joel 的 Lullabye,Rufus Wainwright 的 Hallelujah ,一邊聽一邊哭就睡著了。

今天也是超累的又睡不著,躺在床上又開始一直流眼淚,那就從 Sam Smith 的 I am not the only one 聽下去,躺了一個小時,眼淚流了一個小時也差不了,起來發廢文。

明明早上去游泳的時候才覺得人生真美好,晚上流眼淚時覺得做人真的沒有意義啊。有時候真的會懷疑究竟哪個才是真正的感受啊?還是兩個都是真實的?

教小朋友有時候真的會被他們的天真感動,今天上到 French course 法文課,小朋友說 French 後面可以加 course 喔,我以為只能加 fries ,同學,你只知道薯條叫做 French fries ,那你以為 French 是什麼意思啊?忘記問他了。

然後他忘記 warm 是什麼意思,寫了warm, hot, cool, cold 在黑板上,解釋說夏天熱的是 hot,秋天是 cool 涼爽的,冬天是 cold 寒冷的,那 warm 是什麼意思,他很開心的說春天,潔西的笑點超低,同學真的是太可愛了,是溫暖的,不是春天。

然後講到絲巾 scarf ,聽力說是圍在脖子上的,問他說圍在脖子的是什麼?他說 neck ,neck 是脖子,潔西肚子好痛。還好上課幾乎每一天都很開心,所以忙碌的暑假也還算開心。雖然煩人的事也不少。

昨天摔手機,潔西的手機殼是有蓋子可以放信用卡的那種,基本上要正面摔下去還不容易,但是潔西就是正面朝下直接摔在地上,當然裂的亂七八糟,剛好當時在想要做某件事,啊,果然是不該做的事啊!

還好桃園是個好地方,出了火車站就有換螢幕保護貼的地方,超快的,大概三分鐘就幫潔西換好了,感動。摔手機這件事讓潔西想蠻多的。生日許的願望幾乎從來沒有實現過,今年的願望,沒說出口的不知道怎麼就突然出現在腦海,究竟是實現還是沒實現,現在還看不出來,不過摔手機這件事真的是值得深思,當作是個警告或許是好的。或許也是在告訴潔西要心平氣和,昨天發生了點事,有點非常不開心。

潔西不開心就會上臉書抱怨,寫完也就差不多不氣了,沒說出來很難過。可憐的臉書好友常常要聽潔西倒垃圾,非常感謝。昨天除了拍拍之外還搞笑了一下,哈哈。不抱怨的人生會得癌症是潔西的名言。

就像潔西絕對不會叫人家不要哭,想哭就哭啊,可以排毒,但是哭太多就會像潔西現在一樣,眼睛痛,早點去睡。希望等等躺下來可以直接睡著了,大家小週末愉快,晚安晚安!

1 One 的用法

A one 可以當代名詞,用來代替前面說過的可數單數名詞

   I’m going to buy a drink. Would you like one?

   Which one is your father? My father is the tall one wearing glasses.

B ones 可以用來代替前面說過的可數複數名詞

   Should I buy the red jeans or the green ones?

   You like the blue earrings? I like the yellow ones better.

C one 除了當代名詞外,也可以當限定詞,限定詞的用法相當於形容詞,

   當限定詞時後面要加可數單數名詞,這時相當於第三人稱單數,所以假

   如是現在簡單式時,動詞必須加 s。

   There are two flights. One leaves at five p.m. and the other leaves at 

   nine.   

   There are two flights. One flight leaves at five p.m. and the other   

   leaves at nine.

D one of +the/所有格形容詞+複數名詞,用來表達很多東西當中的一個

   One of the students in my class was off sick today.

   He is staying with one of his relatives.

E 問句時可以用 Which one …? 來問說是哪一個? 用 Which ones …? 來

   問說是哪一些?

   Look at these jackets. Which one do you like better?

   I like the black and white photographs. Which ones do you like? The 

   black and white ones or the color ones?

F 使用 one 而不是 a 的時機

(a) 用來跟 another 或 others 對比時

     One boy wanted to play basketball, but the others wanted to play 

     baseball.

(b) 用在表達 one day 

     One day I’ll become famous.

(c) 用來加上數字百,千等後面表示確切的數字

     A: How much are there? About a hundred?

     B: Exactly one hundred and three.

(d) 用在一些表達如 only one 跟 just one 時

     We have plenty of apples, but only one banana.

How English works Oxford  Swan & Walter  a and an P17

1____ day last year – it was 2 ____ very hot afternoon in June – I was hurrying to get home. I was about 3 ____ hour late – well, to be precise, exactly 4 ____ hour and ten minutes. I had taken the train that arrived at the station at 6.15. Anyway, there was 5 ____ woman standing under the trees, and there were several children with her. I saw 6 ____ child clearly – she was 7____ lovely dark-haired girl – but I only heard the others. Suddenly 8 ____ strange thing happened. The girl took some stones and leaves out of her pocket, and threw 9 ____ stone after another into the air.

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練習七:下面應該用 a/an 還是 one 呢?

1_One___ day last year – it was 2 _a___ very hot afternoon in June – I was hurrying to get home. I was about 3 _an___ hour late – well, to be precise, exactly 4 _an/one___ hour and ten minutes. I had taken the train that arrived at the station at 6.15. Anyway, there was 5 _a___ woman standing under the trees, and there were several children with her. I saw 6 _one___ child clearly – she was 7_a___ lovely dark-haired girl – but I only heard the others. Suddenly 8 _a___ strange thing happened. The girl took some stones and leaves out of her pocket, and threw 9 _one___ stone after another into the air.

2 Another

A another 可以當限定詞,後面加可數單數名詞,表示再一個。

   Would you like another drink?

   These cookies are delicious. Can I have another one?

B another 可以表示一個不同的。

   Let’s go to another restaurant for a change. 

   This shirt is dirty. Do you have another one?

C another 可以是限定詞,也可以是代名詞,當限定詞時後面加可數單數

   名詞,也可以加 one,但是加 one 時不可以再加另外一個名詞,因為 

   one 就是代替那個名詞了。

   Would you like another drink?

   Would you like another?

   Would you like another one?

   Would you like another one drink? (X)

D another 後面不可以加複數名詞或不可數名詞,要表達再多一些時會用 

   more。

   Would you like another potato?

   Would you like another cherry?

   Would you like some more cherries?

   Would you like some more meat?

E another 

   限定詞:another + 單數名詞

   限定詞:another + one

   代名詞:another

   another 可以是限定詞後面加可數單數名詞或 one 。當代名詞時後面則

   不加任何東西。可以用來表示在一個特定的同類的群組中,除了先前提

   過的那一個或那一些之外,再一個。

   another = an + other 合起來寫成一個字。

   There are seven colors in the rainbow. One is red, and another color 

   is orange.

   There are seven colors in the rainbow. One is red, and another one is 

   orange. 

   There are seven colors in the rainbow. One is red, and another is 

   orange. 

   There are seven colors in the rainbow. Some of them are red, orange,  

   yellow. Another is green. Another is blue. Another is indigo. 

3 other, others, the other, the others

   other 可以當限定詞後面可以加可數單數名詞或可數複數名詞,也可以

   當代名詞

   others 只可以當代名詞,不可以當限定詞,後面不可以加名詞或 one, 

   ones 

A 表示單數特定

   限定詞:the + other + 單數名詞

   限定詞:the + other + one

   代名詞:the + other

   表示單數特定時,other 當限定詞時後面加單數名詞或 one ,other 當

   代名詞時,後面不加名詞。

   用來表示在一個特定的同類的群組中的最後一個,剩下的那一個時,加 

   the 表示限定。

   I have two hands. One is my left hand. The other hand is my right

   hand.

   I have two hands. One is my left hand. The other one is my right hand.

   I have two hands. One is my left hand. The other is my right hand.

   There are seven colors in the rainbow. Some of them are red, orange, 

   yellow, green. Another is blue. Another is indigo. The other is violet.

   There are five fingers in one hand. One is the thumb. Another is the 

   index finger. Another is the middle finger. Another is the ring finger. 

   The other is the little finger. 

翻譯練習:

1 世界上有很多種類的動物。一種是老虎。另外一種是獅子。另外一種是

   熊貓。

2 法國國旗有三種顏色。一個顏色是紅色。另外一個顏色是白色。另外一

   個顏色是藍色。

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答案

1 世界上有很多種類的動物。一種是老虎。另外一種是獅子。另外一種是

   熊貓。

1 There are many kinds of animals in the world. One kind is a tiger. 

   Another kind is a lion. Another kind is a panda. 

.

2 法國國旗有三種顏色。一個顏色是紅色。另外一個顏色是白色。另外一

   個顏色是藍色。

2 There are three colors in the French flag. One of the colors is red. Another color is white. The other color is blue. 

B 表示複數不特定

限定詞:other + 複數名詞

限定詞:other + ones

代名詞:others

表示複數不特定時,other 當限定詞時後面加複數名詞或 ones,others 當代名詞時因為本身代表複數名詞,後面就不可以再加名詞。用來表示在一個特定的同類的群組中,除了先前提過的那一個或那一些之外,再幾個。不加 the,因為不是特定的。

There are seven colors in the rainbow. One is red. Other colors are orange and yellow.

There are seven colors in the rainbow. One is red. Other ones are orange and yellow.

There are seven colors in the rainbow. One is red. Others are orange and yellow. Others are green and blue. 

C 表示複數特定

限定詞:the other + 複數名詞

限定詞:the other + ones

代名詞:the others

表示複數限定時前面一定要加 the 表限定,the other 當限定詞時後面加複數名詞或 ones,the others 當代名詞時因為本身代表複數名詞,後面就不可以再加名詞。這個用法用來表示在一個特定的同類的群組中,除了先前提過的那一個或那一些之外,最後的那幾個,最後的那一些。因為是剩下的那幾個,是特定的,所以前面要加 the。

I have five dresses. One is black. Another is blue. The others dresses are white.

I have five dresses. One is black. Another is blue. The other ones are white.

I have five dresses. One is black. Another is blue. The others are white. 

There are seven colors in the rainbow. One is red. Others are orange and yellow. Others are green and blue. The others are indigo and violet.

There are seven colors in the rainbow. One is red. Another is orange. Others are yellow, green, blue, and indigo. The other is violet.

3 other, others, the other, the others

D others 可以用來表示其他人或其他事物。others 是代名詞,後面不可以再加名詞。 

Some people like sports and others aren’t interested in it at all.

I’ll attach two photos to this email, and I’ll send others tomorrow.

E the others 可以用來表示在同一套或同一個團體中的其他東西或其他人。

We arrived first and the others came later.

I’ll phone all the others if you phone Tom and Mary.

F the/所有格形容詞/數量詞 + other + 複數名詞可以用來表示除了先前講過的之外,還沒有提到的那些,或不同的那些

The other restaurants are expensive.

Sue agreed with me, but my other friends said I was wrong. 

G


限定詞/形容詞one代名詞
非限定單數 非限定複數another book other booksanother one other onesanother others
限定單數 限定複數the other book the other booksthe other one the other onesthe other the others

十二、one, another, other, others  (6-14, 6-15, 6-16)

練習題:填入 one, another, other, or others. 有時候可能要加 the 

1 Could I ask you __________ question?

2 What time is the __________ flight?

3 What will the _________ say when I tell them about this?

4 Do you know any ________ clubs that are as good as this one?

5 Will you have _________ chance to take the exam?

6 Could we change our meeting to _________ date?

7 A: All their flights are fully booked.

   B: Well, we’ll have to phone ________ airline. Lots of airlines fly 

       there.

8 A: Do you like this writer?

   B: I’m not sure. I really enjoyed one of her books but I haven’t enjoyed 

      any of _________ books she’s written.

9 A: Have you been to any __________ cities in Taiwan apart from 

      Taipei?

   B: Yes, on my ________ visit to this country last year, I went to 

      Taichung.

10 A: Are you on your own?

 B: Yes, but ___________ are on their way. They’ll be here soon.

11 A: Is the company you work for big?

 B: It has two main offices. _______ office is in London and _______ 

    one is in Paris.

12 A: Can we make a decision now?

 B: No, I think we should have _________ discussion about this    

     subject later.

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練習題答案

1. another/one  2. other  3. others  4. other  5. another  6. another

7. another  8. the other  9. other, other  10. others  11. One, the other  

12. another