潔西家基礎英文教室 第二課 Part B 現在簡單式一般動詞 Part C 現在簡單式 be動詞與一般動詞改否定 Part D 現在簡單式Yes/No 問句 Part E 工作

潔西覺得自己真的是太可怕了,一個自言自語狂耶。一個晚上沒睡覺,然後錄影片每隻都可以錄個二三十分鐘,合起來應該超過上課得時間了,不好意思,這裡面廢話有點多,不過也有些補充啦。睡不著的原因,有點懶得說了,說起來好長喔,把昨天的糗事放上來好了。開心地大笑是好的一天的開始。

 

昨天發生的事:

 

小姐,你東西掉了!好心的妹妹追上來,潔西才發現筆電包的拉鏈忘記拉,非常潔西。還有什麼其他東西掉嗎?不知,沒印象放了什麼。

 

中午去買了路由器,滑鼠,網路攝影機,無線網卡後,要離開前臨時想到又回去敗了機械式鍵盤。但是要刷卡時怎麼樣都找不到卡片,翻遍皮夾包包手機都沒有,還問電員說,你真的有還我信用卡嗎?店員說跟收據ㄧ起給你了啊!

 

急得要命找了又找,最後是在桌上找到,被潔西已經買了的東西蓋住,也就是說假如潔西沒再買鍵盤,信用卡就留在桌上了,雖然說也不一定會丟,好心的店員有看到的話應該會幫潔西收起來,但是還是覺得自己太誇張,上次在頂好也是信用卡放在刷悠遊卡的地方就開心回家了。

 

今天要去拿良民證,到警察局,五點零六分到,以為五點半關門,結果是五點就關了,不要嫌前一班公車太多人又等了十來分的車就來得及了。暈倒。

 

上課前又衝到東區Sogo附近買耳機,到了店家,五點打烊,見鬼了,也太早。又跑到明耀,店員說撤櫃了,再到誠品,哇,都高檔貨,買不起。潔西只是要個全罩擋噪音的耳機有這麼難嗎?

 

不死心,下課後又衝到光南,這次有先👀時間開到十點半。終於買到了。 All’s well that ends well. 皇天不負苦心人,辛苦的一天,連十公里的蛋都孵出大甲。Today is definitely not my day. 還好今天只剩幾小時就結束了。

 

十點起床到現在只吃了一個貝果,因為太趕了,餓死了啦!明天會更好,安慰自己中。

 

繼續補充,剛剛拆了耳機發現是大接頭,那手機跟電腦不就不能聽?看了說明書,有附小接頭啊,怎麼找都找不到,最後最後,發現原來人家是鎖在上面,轉下來就好 = =

 

然後回到家又找不到鑰匙,出門前明明衝回家拿了丟進去了啊?感恩老弟來開門,後來想說不會不見吧?還好在袋子的深處。

 

然後今天大早起床沒多久就把滿滿的一杯水倒在桌子上,亂七八糟的桌子有一堆發票,一堆藥,滑鼠,滑鼠墊,鬧鐘,行動電源,錢包,遙控器,插頭,手機,講義,髮圈,擦到快暈倒,後來又發現發票的痕跡印在白色桌子上,怎麼擦都擦不掉,連碧蓮都拿出來了,最後找到一罐老弟給的不知道什麼東西的清潔液總算消失了,潔西氣到都想換新桌面了。真的是起床起錯邊,今天要換方向睡,明天換另一邊起床,看會不會順利點啊。

 

要來去吃非常不配的大麥克配排骨湯了,耶!

 

繼續 drama ,剛剛要看影片,螢幕,螢幕沒有東西,水沒噴到螢幕,螢幕怎麼會壞掉呢?不會吧?沒訊號,啊,清的時候有動到電腦,線動到了吧?怎麼可是沒鬆掉啊,拔出來再接回去還不行,那重開機好了,耶,有了。

 

但是但是,無線滑鼠不能動,可惡,早上泡水壞掉了嗎?然後發現,啊,忘記插 USB 了,昨天換下來用筆電玩 LoL 美服雷了別人一場。插上USB 還是不能動,可惡,真的壞了?結果是開關忘記開。但是了還是不能動。氣死了,漢堡都冷了。然後還好今天有買新滑鼠,耶,立馬換,換了還是動不了,有這麼誇張?買到壞的滑鼠?結果再換回無線滑鼠,還是不行,可惡,再換一次有線滑鼠,忘記裝電池嗎?有線不是不用電池嗎?看說明插上就可以用啊,氣死了,換個 USB 槽看看,又過了一下,噫,上面說這按這裡安裝驅動程式,啊,就滑鼠就不能動,怎麼按?什麼跟什麼啦?把鍵盤拿起來按半天,也沒動靜,然後剛剛才發現,恩,那個無線鍵盤是配合無線滑鼠的鍵盤,沒插 USB 當然不能動XD 最後他就自己跑一跑驅動程式跑完了就可以動了啊,哈哈哈。

 

我才烤好的漢堡冷掉了啊 ,不過排骨湯熱好了,11:42分,終於可以吃到晚餐了啊QQ

 

一定要這麼曲折嗎?亂七八糟的房間吃飽飯起碼要整理個半個小時一個小時以上啊,吃飽才有力氣,無言的一天,吃飯去

 

吃飽飯,因為吃太飽看影片,然後開始想明天要上課的內容,想著想著翻了一堆書出來研究,不良嗜好,然後突然想到,啊,這星期上課的內容還沒有錄,真是心虛,就錄了起來,然後一說就停不了,真是恐怖,文章寫超長,自言自語習慣了,所以聊天就可以隨便就說一堆啊… 大家早安!

 

 

 

B Present Simple 現在簡單式   

I buy a clothes today. (X)  

I bought a T-shirt today.

I’m going to buy a T-shirt today. 

I buy clothes every month. 

 

英文有十二個時態。在學每一個時態時要記住四點:使用時機、句型、動詞變

化以及搭配的副詞。最重要是理解跟多做練習,才能靈活運用、得心應手

 

一、現在簡單式的使用時機

1. 英文用現在簡單式用來表達重複進行的活動、習慣、嗜好。

I take a shower in the morning. / He plays basketball every weekend.

She takes a bus to school. / We don’t take the bus. We take the MRT.

2. 現在簡單式也用來表達事實、真理。

I’m a student. / He has two sons. / We love English.

The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

sunrise   sunset

 

二、現在簡單式的句型

(ㄧ)一般動詞的句型為 S + V1 (V1指的是動詞的原形)

1. 肯定句    S  +     V1    (第三人稱單數動詞後要加s)

I          cook dinner every night.

My mother     cooks diner for me.

He/She/It      sleeps all the time.

 

2. 否定與問句需要有do或does這兩個助動詞來幫忙。在助動詞後面加not ,第三人稱單數主詞( he, she, it 或其他可以用這三個字代替的字)的動詞後面要用 doesn’t ,因為 doesn’t 這裡有第三人稱單數的 s 了,所以後面的動詞不可以再加 s ,要加原型動詞。 比方說 He speaks English. 他講英文。He doesn’t speak Spanish.  他不講西班牙文。

否定句     S   +    do not/does not    +    V1

I/You/We/They         do not/don’t              eat breakfast every day.

She/He/It           does not/doesn’t        like Japanese food.

brunch = breakfast + lunch  I don’t eat sashimi./salmon./ I like ramen.

 

3. Yes/No 問句 把助動詞放在主詞前面造問句

Do/Does   +   S    +  V1

Do                you       live with your parents?  Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

Does             Tom       speak English?   Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.

Can you speak English?

Do you speak English? (polite)

Can she use knife and fork?    chopsticks

 

4. WH問句則將疑問詞放在最前面再依序放助動詞、主詞、動詞,其他的部份

WH     do/does    +   S    +       V1

What time  do          you           finish work?       I finish work at 5.30.

Where     does        Linda          go to school?     She goes to Taiwan High School.

How       does        your father    like his job?     He loves it.

Why         do           you             study English?  Because it is useful.

 

三、現在簡單式副詞:every day, once a week, always, usually, often, never…等。

once a week, twice a month, three times a year

always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly ever, never

 

 

四、現在簡單式拼字與發音規則

英文在表達現在簡單式時,當主詞為第三人稱單數(任何可以用 he、she、it 代替的名詞)時,動詞後面要加s。加s的拼字與發音規則如下。

a. 拼字規則

1. 大部分的動詞在字尾加s。

talk-talks, learn-learns, read-reads, get-gets

2. 當動詞字尾是sh, ch, ss, x, z時,則加es。

wash-washes, watch-watches, kiss-kisses, fix-fixes, buzz-buzzes

3. 當動詞字尾為子音加y時,需將y去掉,加ies。

study-studies, cry-cries, fly-flies, try-tries

4. 當動詞字尾為母音 a, e, i, o, u 加y時,則只要加s,即可。

say-says, play-plays, pray-prays, pay-pays

5. 有幾個特別的變化需記住。

have-has, do-does, go-goes

Do you do exercise? / Do you exercise? / Do you do homework before dinner?

Have you a brother? (X) Do you have a brother? Have you got a brother?

Yes, I have a brother. / Yes, I’ve got a brother.

 

b. 發音規則

1. 當動詞字尾是無聲子音如/f/, /k/, /p/, /t/, 時,加s後,應讀做/s/。

laugh-laughs, cook-cooks, stop-stops, meet-meets

2. 當動詞字尾是有聲子音如/d/, /n/, /l/, /v/ 等或母音時,加s後,應讀做/z/。

read-reads, learn-learns, sell-sells, live-lives, know-knows, see-sees

3. 當動詞字尾為/s/, /z/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/, / dʒ /時,加s後,應讀做/ɪz/時。要注意的是,發音時看的是最後一個音,而非最後一個字母,如dance就是這一類。

miss-misses, buzz-buzzes, wish-wishes, match-matches, judge-judges,

英文字母的母音(vowels)為a, e, i, o, u,其餘為子音(consonants)。

無聲子音(voiceless consonants):/p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ/, / tʃ/, / θ /, /h/,

有聲子音(voiced consonants):/b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /z/, / ʒ /, / dʒ /, / ð/, /l/, /m/, /n/,

/r/, /w/, /j/, / ŋ/

母音:/ æ /, / ɛ /, /ɪ/, / a /, / ʌ /, / e /, / i /, / aɪ / , / o /, / u /, / ʊ /, / ɔ /, / ɔɪ/

/ aʊ /, / ɝ /, / ɚ/, /ə /

1 speak _________________   2 do _________________         3 study _________________

4 read _________________     5  watch _________________   6 play _________________

7 kiss _________________      8 have _________________      9 eat _________________

10 close _________________

 

 

1 speaks /s/  2 does /z/  3 studies /z/  4 reads /z/  5 watches /ɪz/

6 plays /z/  7 kisses /ɪz/  8 has /z/  9 eats /s/  10 closes /ɪz/

 

 

Where are you from?  I am from Taipei.

Where do you come from? I come from Taipei.

Where are you come from? (X)   I am come from Taipei. (X)

Where in Taipei are you from?  Xinyi District, near Taipei City Hall MRT station

 

 

 

 

C Present Simple affirmatives and negatives practice 現在簡單式肯定句,否定句練習

記住現在簡單式可分為be動詞的句型跟一般動詞的句型。

a. be動詞句型:造否定句跟疑問句都要用be動詞,造否定句只要在be動詞後面加not即可。

b. 一般動詞句型:造否定句時跟疑問句時都需要助動詞do或does的幫忙。第三人稱單數he/she/it或任何可以用這三個代名詞代替時,用does。造否定句在does後面加not即可。

Make the following sentences opposite.

將下列句子改成相反的句子,肯定改否定,否定改肯定

I live in Taipei. – I don’t live in Taipei.

You are sad. – You aren’t sad.

She doesn’t play basketball. – She plays basketball.

They aren’t tired. – They’re tired.

題目

1. President Tsai speaks Japanese.

2. Beckham is Taiwanese.

3. My mother enjoys cooking.

4. My father has a car.

5. We’re tired and we want to go to bed.

6. Ben goes shopping in the night market.

7. They smoke and they drink.

8. Linda works at home because she has a computer.

9. He doesn’t go to bed early.

10. I’m not interested in English.

11. Tom isn’t happy because he doesn’t have a new car.

12. We don’t take the MRT to school.

13. She doesn’t want to get married.

14. We aren’t busy today because it isn’t a holiday.

15. They don’t work on weekends.

16. He doesn’t do exercise at home.

 

 

 

答案

1. President Tsai speaks Japanese.

Present Tsai doesn’t speak Japanese.

2. Beckham is Taiwanese.

Beckham isn’t Taiwanese.

Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie are married.

Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie aren’t married.

3. My mother enjoys cooking.

My mother doesn’t enjoy cooking.

4. My father has a car.

My father doesn’t have a car.

5. We’re tired and we want to go to bed.

We aren’t tired and we don’t want to go to bed.

6. Ben goes shopping in the night market.

Ben doesn’t go shopping in the night market.

7. They smoke and they drink.

They don’t smoke and they don’t drink.

8. Linda works at home because she has a computer.

Linda doesn’t work at home because she doesn’t have a computer.

9. He doesn’t go to bed early.

He goes to bed early.

10. I’m not interested in English.

I am interested in English.

11. Tom isn’t happy because he doesn’t have a new car.

Tom is happy because he has a new car.

12. We don’t take the MRT to school.

We take the MRT to school.

13. She doesn’t want to get married.

She wants to get married.

14. We aren’t busy today because it isn’t a holiday.

We are busy today because it is a holiday.

15. They don’t work on weekends.

They work on weekends.

16. He doesn’t do exercise at home.

He does exercise at home.

 

 

 

D Present Simple Questions

1. Do you sing in the shower? Yes, I do. I always sing in the shower.

2. Do you read the newspaper in the morning? No, I don’t. I read online news.

3. Do you study English in the morning? No, I don’t.

4. Do you exercise every day? No, I don’t. I never exercise. Because I’m too lazy.

5. Do you like the Internet? Yes, I love it. I use it every day. I can’t live without it.

6. Do you have a computer? Yes, I do. I have a laptop computer.

notebook computer, desktop computer, tablet computer – iPad

7. Do you have a cell phone? Yes, I do. I have an iPhone 6s Plus.

knock the wood, mobile phone, mobile games, smartphone, dumb phone

cell phone addict/addiction, cell phone overuse, phubber = phone + snub +er

8. Do you have two brothers? No, I don’t. I have two sisters.

older brother, younger brother

9. Do you walk to class? No, I don’t. I take the MRT.

10. Do you speak three languages? No, I don’t. I only speak Mandarin and English.

Chinese = dialect, Mandarin, Taiwanese, Hakka, Cantonese

11. Do you play online games? No, I don’t. I don’t like online games.

He is addicted to online games.

12. Do you work at night? Yes, I do. I sometimes work overtime. / work late

13. Do you work on weekends? No, I don’t. I work from Monday to Friday only.

I work from 9 to 5.

14. Do you work in Taipei? No, I don’t. I work in Chungho.

15. Do you live alone? No, I don’t. I live with my coworkers.

16. Do you live in the suburbs? Yes, I do. I live in Tucheng.

downtown, suburb, suburban area

17. Do both your parents work?

No. My father works, but my mother is a housewife.

18. Do you eat dinner with your family every day? Yes, I do. I’m very lucky.

19. Do you stay home on weekends? No, I don’t. I go to the movies.

What do you usually do on weekends?

What kind of movies do you like?

Who do you go to the movies with?

Where do you see the movies?

When do you go to the movies? I go to the movies when there’s a good one.

20. Do you get up before 7.00 A.M. on weekdays? Yes, I do. I get up at 6.00

 

 

 

E What do you do?  

   (What do you do for a living?)  What does your father do?

A: What do you do?

B: I’m a student. I study math. / Physical Education/ PE  I’m a full-time student.

A: Where do you go to school?

B: I go to National Taiwan University.

A: Wow! How do you like your classes?

B: I like them a lot.   I very like them. (X)  I’m very happy.

I love it. / I like it a lot. / I really like it.

A: Where does your father work?

B: He works in a restaurant. / He works at Tasty.

He works in a hospital. / He works at National Taiwan University.

A: What does he do?

B: He is a chef.  watch, ditch, switch, watch-swatch

ship, shop,  cook v/n  cooker – rice cooker

A: Oh? How does he like it?

B: He doesn’t really like it.

He doesn’t like it. / He hates it.

 

Job Questions

1 What do you do?  I’m an engineer./I’m a student./I’m a housewife./I’m retired.

an assistant, an accountant

2 Where do you work?  I work in a bank./I work at Taiwan Bank.

Where do you go to school?  I go to Taipei High School.

3 Do you like your job?  Yes, I like it very much. It’s interesting. / challenging

Do you like your classes? No, I don’t really like them. They’re boring.

4 How do you like your coworkers?  I like them. They’re easygoing.

How do you like your classmates? I love them. They’re friendly.

5 What time do you start work?  I start work at 9.00.

What time do you start school?  I start school at 7.30.

6 What time do you finish work?  I finish work at 5.30.

What time do you finish school?  I finish school at 4.10.

12.10, 12.05, 3.07, 15.30 military time  3.30 p.m. = 3.30 in the afternoon

7 How do you relax after work? I do yoga, read novels, and play online games.

How do you relax after school?  I use my smartphone to chat with friends, watch

YouTube videos and listen to music.

 

Jobs

1 actor 演員 actress 女演員   2 boss 老闆/你的上司  owner

3 businessman 商人 businesswoman  businessperson  PC= politically correct

waiter, waitress, server  4 cook/chef 廚師

5 dentist 牙醫   6 doctor 醫生   7 driver 司機  8 farmer 農夫  9 fisherman 漁夫

10 footballer 足球選手   12 hairdresser 美髮師  13 nurse 護士

14 mail carrier/postman 郵差  15 pilot 機師   16 police officer 警察  the police

18 pop singer 流行歌手  19 shop assistant 店員  20 shopkeeper 店主

21 singer 歌手  22 soldier 軍人  23 student 學生  24 taxi driver 計程車司機

25 teacher 老師  26 tourist guide 導遊   27 waiter/waitress/server 服務生

28 worker 勞工/工人  construction worker 建築工人 29 writer 作家  author

30 flight attendant 空服員  check-in agent 地勤

 

Adjectives

Think of one job for each adjective. Do your classmates agree?

1 easy 容易的     2 difficult 困難的   3 safe 安全的        4 dangerous 危險的

5 boring 無聊的   6 exciting 刺激的   7 relaxing 輕鬆的   8 stressful 有壓力的

A teacher has an easy job. / A teacher’s job is easy.

A doctor has a difficult job. / A doctor’s job is difficult.

A: I think a teacher has an easy job.

B: I agree with you. A teacher’s job is easy.    I think so. / I don’t think so.

C: I don’t really agree. A teacher’s job is stressful.

 

現在簡單式的 Be 動詞用法 Present Simple Be

 強迫症的潔西一寫就停不下來,按掉好多次螢幕提醒休息程式,好啦,寫完要來休息了。

 

 

很簡單的現在簡單式 be ,但是越簡單的東西越容易錯,真心不騙。從口說流利的學生口中還是不時會聽到 He’s come from Canada. (X)  請用 He’s from Canada 或He comes from Canada. 還有 I was watched a good movie last weekend. (X)  I watched a good movie last weekend. 這樣才對。拜託 be 不要跟動詞原型跟動詞的過去式一起用啦!!!他們是冤家,見面會打架的啦。

 

 

潔西打算開始寫一些基礎的講義,從頭開始學的或觀念不清楚的人都可以看一下,be 台灣一般叫 be 動詞,英文就叫他 be ,所以下面潔西都只有用 be ,be 是原型,現在簡單式有 am , is, are 三個面貌,過去式是 was, were,過去分詞是 been。接下來會一一介紹。午餐時間到了,好餓啊!不要再按暫停了,吃午餐去!

 

 

下面是潔西整理了過去的講義跟練習題,看完之後做做練習題才知道有沒有真的懂了,文法很難看懂的啦,要先理解,練習,再運用觀察。看電視電影文章的時候多注意什麼時候用,自己把它用出來就真正學起來了,不過句型跟使用時機一定要對喔。

 

 

對了,練習題的答案晚上或明天再給,先練習一下,真正懂的話應該很簡單一題都不會錯的啦!

 

 

現在簡單式的 Be 動詞用法 Present Simple   Be

現在簡單式的句型可分一般動詞與Be兩種句型。每一個英文句子都要有主詞跟動詞,所以當描述現在的事實,狀態時,假如句子中沒有一般動詞時,有名詞,形容詞,介系詞片語,副詞等時,則需要現在簡單式的be ,也就是am, is, are。

 

切記一般動詞的原型跟 be 絕對不可以放在一起使用。 be 可以當助動詞,後面可以接現在分詞表示進行式,接過去分詞表被動,但是不會跟動詞的原型跟過去式同時出現。

I am from Taiwan. 我來自於台灣。(O)

I come from Taiwan. 我來自於台灣。 (O)

I am come from Taiwan. (X) 超常見錯誤啊!

I was at home last night. 我昨天晚上在家。(O)

I stayed at home last night. 我昨天晚上在家。(O)

I was stayed at home last night. (X) 常見錯誤用法,不可以一起用。

I am writing. 我正在寫東西。(O) 現在進行式,動詞要加ing,不可以用原型。

I was bitten by a dog when I was a kid. 我小時候被狗咬過。(O)

 

I 我這個第一人稱單數的 be 是am。

he, she, it他,她,它這三個代名詞或其他第三人稱單數名詞的 be 是is。

you, we, they 你/你們,我們,他們這四個代名詞或其他複數名詞則接are。

you 這個字是單複數同型,後面只能接 are,即使是單數的你 you 也是用 are。

 

學習英文的每個時態都要記住這個時態的重要四個點

  1. 這個時態的使用時機,什麼時候用,用在哪裡。
  2. 這個時態的句型,肯定句,否定句,疑問句的句型,應該要用什麼助動詞造問句跟否定。
  3. 動詞的變化,用的是動詞原型V1如 work, eat,動詞過去式 V2 如 worked, ate, 過去分詞 V3 如 worked, eaten,還是現在分祠 V-ing 如 working, eating. V1, V2, V3 是潔西自己方便區分寫的,正式文法書沒有人這樣寫,但是潔西覺得簡潔易懂,所以編寫的講義會出現這樣,恩,通常也會註解說明,假如忘了請大家自己轉換,感恩。
  4. 常跟這個時態一起使用的副詞,如 always, usually常跟現在簡單式一起使用, now 常跟現在進行式一起出現, already, yet 常跟現在完成式一起出現。某些副詞跟某些時態會常一起出現,但不是一定絕對用在某個時態。比方說 now 不一定永遠用在現在進行式,always 也不一定永遠跟用在現在簡單式。

 

 

Be 的常見使用時機如下,也還有其他用法,族繁不被記載XD

  1. 用be 來說明我們是誰 who we are : I’m Jessie. 我是潔西。
  2. 用 be 來說天氣:It’s cold and rainy today. 今天又冷又下雨。
  3. 用 be 來說時間:It’s half past eleven. 現在十一點半。
  4. 用 be 來說地點:Taipei is in the north of Taiwan. 台北在台灣的北部。(天龍國XD)
  5. 用 be 來說年紀:Her son is six months old. 她兒子六個月大。
  6. 用 be 來說感受:I’m so tired. 我好累。
  7. 用 be 來打招呼:How are you? 你好嗎?
  8. 用 be 來道歉:I’m sorry I’m late. 不好意思我遲到了。
  9. 用 be 來描述事物:iPhone 6s Plus is so expensive! IPhone 6s Plus 好貴啊!
  10. 用 there + be 來表示事物的存在:There’s a supermarket in this street. 這條街有間超市。

 

現在簡單式 Be 的句型: 主詞+Be+名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

  1. 肯定句

   主詞+現在式be動詞 +  名詞/形容詞/介系詞片語

S  +  am/is/are       +  noun/adjective/preposition

I        am            a teacher.

You       are           a student.

He        is            thirsty.

She       is            hungry.

It         is            pretty.

We       are           at home.

You       are          in a good mood.

They      are          on the bus

 

  1. 否定句 : 英文句子改否定跟疑問時都需要助動詞,be本身就是助動詞。所以否定句只要在be後面加not。is與not可以縮寫成isn’t,are與not可以縮寫成aren’t。但是am跟not不可以縮寫。

S + am/is/are + not +        noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

I       am        not          a Japanese teacher.

You     are       not (aren’t)   busy.

He      is        not (isn’t)     in the living room.

She     is        not           a model.

It       is        not          new.

We      are       not          from Japan.

You      are       not          helpful.

They     are       not          over 18 years old.

 

 

  1. Yes/No 問句 : 英文句子疑問時要把助動詞放到主詞前面,be本身就是個助動詞。所以yes/no問句只要把be放在主詞前面就可以造問句

Am/Is/Are +   S       +   noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

Am            I            late?

Are           you          the only child?

Is             he           sick?

Is            she           friendly?

Is             it            broken?

Are           we           loud?

Are           you           American?

Are          they           engineers?

 

  1. WH問句: 英文的疑問詞大致有what, where, when, why, who, how。把WH疑問詞放最前面再放be、主詞與其他部分就可造WH問句。

WH   be1 +  S  +   ( noun/ adjective / preposition phrase)

What 問什麼

What is your favorite color?   My favorite color is blue.

What is that on the table?    It is my new cell phone.

What day is it?   It’s Tuesday.

 

Where 問地點

Where am I?    You are in the hospital.

Where is your father?   He is in the bathroom.

Where are my books?    They are under the table.

 

When 問時間

When is your birthday?  It is January 1st.

When is the party?   It is on Saturday.

When is the library open?  It is open at 9 a.m.

 

Why 問理由

Why are you so happy?  It is my birthday today.

Why is he late?  He overslept.

Why are they sleepy?  They got up early.

 

Who問誰

Who is he?   He is my brother.

Who is Lisa?  She is the new assistant.

Who is in the bathroom? Tom is in the bathroom.

 

How 問如何

How are you? I am fine. Thank you.

How long is the movie?  It is about two hours.

How tall are you?  I’m 1 meter 65.

 

特別Who 與 What 這兩個疑問詞可以當主詞,只要把be放在疑問詞後即可

Who is there?  That is my friend.

What is on the table?  It is Tom’s new toy.

 

be 練習題

A. Fill present form of be (am,is,are) in the blanks. 下面句子填入適當的 be

  1. ____ you busy? Yes, I’m busy.
  2. How ____ your English class? It’s very interesting.
  3. ____ Taipei an exciting city? Yes, it’s an exciting city.
  4. Where ____ your parents from?     They’re from Taichung.
  5. ____ your last name Chen?             No, my last name is Lin.
  6. Who ____ Jessie?                     She’s my English teacher.
  7. What ____ your classmates like?        They’re friendly and helpful.
  8. What ____ Taipei like? It’s lively and convenient.
  9. ____ you a hardworking student?        Yes, I’m a hardworking student.
  10. What ____ your hometown like?         It’s quiet and beautiful.
  11. What ____ your last name?              My last name is Chen.
  12. ____ you and your friends the same age?   Yes, we’re the same age.
  13. ____ your teacher friendly? Yes, she’s friendly.
  14. Where ____ your keys?                  They’re in my bag.
  15. ____ I right?      No, I think you’re wrong.
  16. ____ you free after class?              Yes, I am.
  17. When ____ your birthday?             It’s on July 25th.
  18. ____ your favorite subject math? Yes, my favorite subject is math.
  19. ____ your shoes new?  No, they are old.
  20. Who ____ your best friend?           My best friend is Tom.

 

B.  Write questions using the words in brackets( ) and a form of be.

用現在簡單式的be (am, is, are) 寫出問句:

  1. (where/your parents from)?
  2. (you/in love)?
  3. (your mother/a housewife)?
  4. (who/your English teacher)?
  5. (your best friend/from Kaohsiung)?
  6. (your classmates/interesting)?
  7. (when/Christmas)?
  8. (you/worried)?
  9. (how old/ your best friend)?
  10. (your birthday/in July)?
  11. (you/left-handed)?
  12. (what/your father’s job)?

 

答案呢?明天公布,學生說不可以放在一起,不然大家都直接看答案XD 練習一下,晚上或明天潔西再來放答案。

 

現在簡單式-be-解答與翻譯練習題

 

然後一樣的除了 Facebook 分享外,請勿任意轉載轉貼,整理很辛苦啊,不要盜用別人心血,謝謝。另外不小心寫錯拼錯也麻煩指正,感恩:)

E4A L1 Unit 1 Please call me Beth

很愛改講義的潔西又稍微改了一下講義。厚,真累,一個半小時的課,改講義改了兩個多小時,暈倒暈倒。好餓啊。昨天沒吃宵夜結果早上起來頭又痛了,不知道是天氣變還是沒吃宵夜,然後胖了0.5公斤,天理何在?呵呵,說說而已,體重本來就會一直變。繼續加油!下面的格式亂掉了,要下載可以到最後面Google Docs連結下載,假如有很認真想預習的同學。吃飯去!

E4A Interchange 1 L1 Unit 1 Please call me Beth.    Jess Lin     P.1

jessielinhuiching.wordpress.com

課程主題

初次見面,個人資料,打招呼,道別

句型重點

現在簡單式be,所有格形容詞

  1. Getting to know each other

Some possible topics

a. personal details  b. family   c. work   d. study   e. free time

f. last holiday  g. future plans  h. studying English   i. home

 

  1. Is this your first class here?  Yes, it is. I’m a bit nervous.

No, it’s not. I was in Jessie’s E2 class.

Why do you study English?  I want to study abroad.

  1. What do you do?   I’m an engineer.

Where do you work?  I work for HTC.

  1. Are you a student?   Yes, I am.

Where do you go to school?   I go to Chinese Culture University.

What grade are you in?   I’m a freshman. / I’m in my first year.

What’s your major?  My major is Business Administration.

  1. Do you live around here?  Yes, I do. /Not really. I live in Chungho.

How do you get here?  I ride a scooter.

  1. Do you live with your family?  Yes, I live with my parents.

No, I live in the school dorm with my classmates. I’m from Taichung.

  1. What do you do in your free time? I surf the Net and play mahjong.

 

  1. Classroom Language
  2. Can you speak more slowly?                   可以說慢一點嗎?
  3. Can you speak louder?                           可以說大聲一點嗎?
  4. How do you say this word?                    這個字怎麼念?
  5. What does this mean?                          這是什麼意思?
  6. How do you spell that?                          這個字怎麼拼?
  7. Excuse me. Can you repeat that?          不好意思,可以再說一次嗎?
  8. How do you say that in English?            那個字的英文怎麼說?
  9. What’s the answer for number 4?        第四題的答案是什麼?

9.  You go first. / I go first.                      你先。/ 我先。

10.  Your turn. / My turn.                           該你了。/該我了。

11. Whose turn is this?                              該誰了?

12. Wait a moment.                                    等一下。

13. Excuse me for a moment.                    失陪一下。

14. Whose book is this?                            這是誰的書?

15. Can I borrow your pen?                       可以跟你借筆嗎?

 

E4A Interchange 1 L1 Unit 1 Please call me Beth.    Jess Lin     P.2

C. 現在簡單式Present Simple    

想要學好英文,時態非常的重要。同學每學到一個時態要記住下列幾點。一使用時機,什麼時候該用這個時態,二,句型,每個時態的句型的肯定句,否定句,Yes/No問句,WH問句,時態句型的變化主要在動詞,也要記住該句型所使用的是哪個助動詞。三,常見副詞。有些副詞常常會跟著這個句型一起出現。記住了有助於正確使用時態。四,動詞變化。不同時態的動詞變化。

 

一. 使用時機:現在簡單式多用在表達事實或習慣。現在簡單式的句型可細分為一般動詞與be兩種句型。幾乎每個英文句子都要有主詞跟動詞,所以當描述現在的事實狀態時,假如句子沒有一般動詞,有名詞,形容詞,介系詞片語,副詞等時,則需要有現在簡單式的be,也就是am, is, are。

.現在簡單式 be的句型

1. 肯定句

主詞+現在式be +名詞/形容詞/介係詞片語

S +    be1        +noun/ adjective /preposition phrase

I       am            an English teacher.

You     are           awesome!

My father   is             at work.

英文句子改否定跟疑問時都需要有助動詞,be本身就是個助動詞。

2. 否定句 : 否定句只要在be後面加not

S +   be1  +  not +  noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

I       am        not    a Japanese teacher.

You     are       not    strict.

My mother   is        not    at home.

3. Yes/No 問句 : 把be放在主詞前面造問句

be1  +   S       +   noun/ adjective / preposition phrase

Am       I                      late?

Are       you                   the only child?

Is      your mother        from  Tainan?

4. WH問句:將WH疑問詞放在最前面再放be、主詞與其他部分

WH             be1   +    S  +   ( noun/ adjective / preposition phrase)

Where        am          I?

How old      are      your parents?

What          is       your hometown like?

When          is        your birthday?

Who 與 What 這兩個疑問詞可以當主詞

Who is there?          What is on the table?

切記在現在簡單式中,一般動詞原型與Be絕對不會同時出現。

I am from Taiwan. / I come from Taiwan. 這兩句都可以。

但是不要說 I am come from Taiwan. 這是個錯誤的句子。

E4A Interchange 1 L1 Unit 1 Please call me Beth.                  P.3

D. Fill in the blanks with am, is, are, or what, where, when who, how.

  1. ____ you busy?                                 Yes, I’m busy.
  2. _____ is your English class?           It’s very interesting.
  3. ____ Taipei an exciting city?           Yes, it’s an exciting city.
  4. _______  are  your parents?              They’re at home.
  5. ____  your last name Chen?             No, my last name is Lin.
  6. _____   is Jess?                            She’s my English teacher.
  7. What ____  your classmates like?  They’re friendly and helpful.
  8. _______ is  Taipei like?                   It’s lively and convenient.
  9. ____  you a hardworking student?   Yes, I’m a hardworking student.
  10. What ____  your hometown like?     It’s quiet and beautiful.
  11. _______   I late?                            No, in fact, you’re early.
  12. ____  is your father?                       He is good. Thanks.
  13. ____    your teacher friendly?          Yes, she’s friendly.
  14. Where ____  you from?                    I’m from Taipei.
  15. ____  your best friend from I-lan?      No, he’s from Kaohsiung.
  16. ____  you free after class?              Yes, I am.
  17. _______   is your birthday?             It’s on July 25th.
  18. ____  your favorite subject math? Yes, my favorite subject is math.
  19. ____  your mother from Taoyuan? Yes, she’s from Tao-yuan.
  20. Who ____  your best friend?           My best friend is Tom.

 

E. 慣用語 1

1. .After you.                                                  你先請
2. A promise is a promise.                               答應了可別反悔喔! …promise 承諾
3. Are you telling me?                                     用得著你說嗎? (你在教訓我嗎?)
4. Behave yourself.                                         乖一點! …behave 表現好

5. Be my guest.                                               我請客 (直譯: 當我的客人)

6. Come on!                                                     算了吧! (來吧!)

7. Count me in!                                                算我一份 (我也參加)

8. Do something, please.                                 快想點法子!
9. Make up your mind!                                   拿定主意吧!
10.I won’t let you down!                                我不會讓你失望的!…down 沮喪的

E4A Interchange 1 L1 Unit 1 Please call me Beth.                  P.4

F. Small Talk   from Tactics for Listening Unit 13

  1. Getting Ready

Read these expressions. How do people use them in conversation? Check the correct answer

Greeting someone Ending a conversation
1. Keep in touch.
2. How have you been?
3. Well, it’s been nice talking to you.
4. How’s everything?
5. Hope to see you again.
6. Well, talk to you later.
7. Hello. Nice to see you again.
8. Hey, how’s it going?
9. I haven’t seen you for a long time.
10. It’s been great seeing you again.

 

Can you write two more sentences for greeting someone and ending a conversation?

11.

12.

13.

14.

 

 

  1. Let’s Listen

Listen to the conversations. Is each person greeting someone or ending a conversation? Check the correct answer.

Greeting someone      Ending a conversation

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

 

 

 

E4A Interchange 1 L1 Unit 1 Please call me Beth.                  P.5

G. Small Talk    Audio Script     2. Let’s Listen

1. Oh, hello, Bob. I haven’t seen you in ages. How is everything with you

these days?

2. It’s been great seeing you again. Gee, look at the time. I’ve got to run.

Talk to you later.

3. How are you, anyway? It’s so nice to see you. What have you been doing

lately?

4. It’s been really nice talking to you. Let’s get together again soon, okay?

5. Oh, hi. I’ve been thinking about you. I haven’t seen you in such a long

time. How’s everything?

6. Where have you been? It’s been ages. How’s it going with you?

7. Listen. I hope to see you again soon. Let’s have lunch sometime, okay?

8. How have you been? And how’s your family? It’s so nice to see you again.

 

H. Find someone who

Can you +V1….?     Do you +V1…?  Are you + noun/adj/prep phrase/adv…?   can  是個表能力的助動詞,疑問句時放主詞前,後接動詞原型

do/does  是用在現在簡單式句子中有一般動詞時的助動詞。疑問句時放主詞前,後

面接動詞原型。

am/is/are 是現在簡單式的Be動詞,當句子裡有名詞,形容詞,介系詞片語,副詞

等,沒有一般動詞時,需用be造問句跟否定。疑問句時放主詞前。

  1. Can you play a musical instrument?
  2. Are you afraid of cockroaches?
  3. Do you ride a scooter to work?
  4. Can you sing very well?
  5. Do you usually chat online?
  6. Do you have a pet?
  7. Are you into Korean dramas?
  8. Can you do 20 push-ups?
  9. Do you drink coffee every morning?
  10. Are you very happy today?
  11. Do you have an interesting job?
  12. Do you like spicy food?