Do not stand at my grave and weep 不要站在我的墳前哭泣

這是剛剛在潔西喜歡的女星 Viola Davis 的 IG( Instagram) 看到悼念黑豹男主角 Chadwick Boseman 查德威克鮑斯曼的詩。大家應該都看到新聞了,昨天的大新聞,潔西上午上課,中午下課就看到小寶傳給潔西這個惡耗。

在 IG 跟 Twitter 上都有很多的哀悼文,Reddit 是潔西第一個去查的,大新聞去哪裡看一定有,果然是真的,真是令人傷心。下面是放在臉書潔西家上的美聯社的報導。

‘Black Panther’ actor Chadwick Boseman dies at 43 after 4-year fight with colon cancer電影黑豹演員查德威克鮑斯曼在四年與大腸癌奮戰後病逝,享年四十三歲

本來想翻譯一下一些昨天看到的哀悼文,但是昨天早上跟下午上課,回到家吃完晚餐就躺在床上完全不行了。不知道為什麼那麼累。看網路上有人說飯吃太快,澱粉攝取太快也會想睡。睡了一覺起來,真的完全沒力氣,也就放棄了。看了一集日劇就去睡覺了。

今天早上上完課之後也覺得好累喔,喝了咖啡更想睡是怎麼樣啦,哈哈。潔西因為手機臉書好打,所以想到什麼就直接在哪裡發廢文。順便放上來好了,呵呵。剛剛想去敦煌書局,但是呢包包好重,回來吃了個老弟賞的排骨湯,補充了咖啡跟潔西喜歡的鳳凰酥,沒錯就是有蛋黃的鳳梨酥。啊,我想吃微熱山丘的鳳梨酥。我買了月票,可以到處做去亂逛亂買了。

準備一下,想去買閱讀或商用英文的書,最近開始有寫作加商用英文的學生,所以潔西也想好好多整理一下大家可能會有興趣會用到的商用英文,敬請期待。話說潔西的部落格太沒條理了,要再多加強改進。加油中!下面是先前的廢文。

What a disaster! 一早的大災難!廢文王一早一邊吃早餐一邊報導 I spilled my coffee,and it was a disaster. 很想怪星巴克店員沒把便條紙拿起來,但其實是自己手殘,拿起沒蓋的咖啡時手滑,倒了一半的咖啡出來三分之二在餐盤裡,三分之一濺到潔西的洋裝比較慘的是手機放在餐盤裡,整隻泡咖啡所以第一動作,拿起手機,拿掉手機殼,開始用餐紙擦乾。全部擦乾後再處理裙子,當然現在一半是濕的,再來才是餐盤,拿去洗手台倒掉裡面的咖啡剛剛終於吃了早餐,手機目前沒事的樣子,最近沒預算,您好好再撐一下吧,大大感激上課去!一早就跟個 drama queen 一樣

等倒垃圾的廢文倒垃圾可以用 take out the garbage 照片是晚餐小寶做的好吃煎餃, 英文叫做 fried dumplings, 水煎包也可以這麼叫。water dumpling 是水餃,但是 rice dumpling 是粽子喔。基本上有包東西的都可以叫 dumpling 的樣子有一次看旅遊生活頻道介紹港式飲茶(dim sum)的時候,各種餃全部都是 dumplings ,笑死潔西了垃圾車好慢,再介紹一個方方的義大利餃叫做 ravioli 喔!但是小籠包的英文就直翻 Xiao Long Bao 喔!垃圾車終於來了,衝啊!


潔西不是英文本科系出生的,對於詩讀得很少,不過這首算是簡單,又動人,看了眼淚就忍不住掉下來。潔西中文沒有很好,大家拿來當輔助看一下就好了,維基百科也有不同的翻譯版本可以參考喔!


Do not stand at my grave and weep.不要站在我的墳前哭泣

I am not there; I do not sleep. 我不在那裡; 我沒有長眠

I am a thousand winds that blow 我是那吹奏的千風

I am the diamond glints on snow. 我是那雪地中閃耀的鑽石

I am the sun on ripened grain, 我是那成熟稻穀上的陽光

I am the gentle autumn rain. 我是那綿綿的秋雨

When you awaken in the morning’s hush當你在寧靜的早晨醒來時

I am the swift uplifting rush 我是安靜的鳥兒們在空中徘徊般

Of quiet birds in circled flight. 輕快令人振奮的感受

I am the soft stars that shine at night. 我是黑夜中閃耀的柔星。

Do not stand at my grave and cry, 不要站在我的墳前哭泣

I am not there; I did not die.我不在哪裡; 我沒有死去


Mary Elizabeth Frye 瑪莉 伊莉莎白 弗萊 (美國詩人)

【潔西家】stop to do vs stop doing

先前有放過動詞的接續,就是有些動詞後面要接不定詞 to 再加原型,有些要加動名詞,有些兩個都可以意思不變,今天要講的這個比較麻煩一點,加不定詞 to 跟加動名詞意思不同,大家最常弄錯的是雨停了。

雨停了該怎麼說呢?不是 It stopped to rain. (X) 應該是 It stopped raining. 才對喔。所以把他當標題。其他的比較常見的都該算是 to do 的句型吧,看影片解釋可能會清楚一點喔。

今天去好市多買衛生紙,人山人海耶,下午的時候,星期五下午大家都不用工作吧?而且一台車堆的比一台車高,彷彿不用錢似的,每次都好市多都會有種景氣超級好的錯覺。而且非常巧喔,不知道是不是知道潔西今天本來就預定好要去好市多,潔西的好市多的信用卡到期,今天早上剛好寄掛號來新的卡片,馬上開卡,下午就開刷。

講到信用卡就想到先前把中國信託的信用卡忘在頂好超市,刷悠遊卡,刷完拿了東西就走人,卡就留在機器上面。而且比較誇張的是潔西完全沒發現,一直到中國信託打電話給潔西說頂好打電話給他們說有人忘卡片在他們那裡才知道自己忘了信用卡在那。頂好的人真好啊!潔西真是迷糊啊!

影片又傳不上去,但是我想要睡覺了啊,拿到客廳來試看看,順便看小寶玩紙片瑪利歐,日本人好厲害,從潔西小時候的瑪利歐到現在,越來越好玩。遊戲裡面的人也會騙人喔,說好用一千元玩,贏了給你一萬元,結果贏了之後人跑掉了,跟現實生活不是不像的啊,笑死潔西了。

原來電腦卡住是連線的問題。好想睡覺了喔。小寶超好笑的,一下子說這個遊戲根本是為我設計的,一副我怎麼這麼厲害的樣子,一下子又說這個遊戲好難啊,代表遊戲做得很好吧,哈哈。打到第三關要打第一個魔王,才來潔西家幾次,魔王出來潔西說是鳳凰,小寶說是烤小鳥吧,又改口,喔,是烤雞吧。哈哈哈。

最後影片的照片是去花蓮七星潭,風景真的很美,當天天氣超好,大熱天隨便拍都好看,前幾年去花蓮泛舟 I went whitewater rafting in Hualien a few years ago. 勇氣十足耶,現在還會不會想去啊,不知道。趁年輕多做一點想做的事吧!晚安晚安!

D 有些非常特殊的動詞後面加不定詞 to 再加原型跟加動名詞後的意思會不同

1 stop to do vs stop doing

a stop to do

加不定詞 to 再加動詞原型表示停下原本的動作,去做不定詞後面的動作

We stopped to take a break. 我們停下來做休息。

They stopped to watch news. 他們停下原本做的事去看新聞。

b stop doing

加動名詞表示停止做動名詞的動作

It stopped raining. 雨停了。

They stopped watching mews. 他們停止看新聞的動作。

2 remember to do vs remember doing

a remember to do

加不定詞 to 再加動詞原型表示記得(不要忘了)去做不定詞後面的動作,要記得去做該做的,該帶的,不忘記去做某事

Remember to turn off the air conditioner when you’re out. 你出去時記得關冷氣。

Remember to call me when you get home. 你到家的時候記得打電話給我。

b remember doing

加動名詞表示記得做過動名詞的動作

I remember putting the book on the table, but now it’s gone. 我記得把書放在桌上,但是現在書不見了。

I don’t remember turning off the speaker. 我不記得有關掉喇叭。

3 forget to do vs forget doing

a forget to do

加不定詞 to 再加動詞原型表示忘了(不記得)去做不定詞後面的動詞,忘了去做應該做的事

The teacher is angry because he forgot to bring his homework again. 老師很生氣因為他又忘記帶作業。

I forgot to pay the bill again. 我又忘記繳帳單。

b forget doing

加動名詞表示忘記做過動名詞的動作

I’ll never forget skiing in Japan for the first time. 我永遠忘不了第一次在日本滑雪。

I’ll never forget hearing that song for the first time. 我永遠忘不了第一次聽到這首歌。

I forgot seeing the movie, but when I saw the leading actress, I realized I had seen it. 我忘記看過那部電影,但是當我看到女主角的時候,我發現我已經看過了。

4 try to do vs try doing

a try to do

加不定詞 to 再加動詞原型表示試著去做做看不定詞後面的動作,設法,企圖,努力去做做看有可能做不到的事

My boss is so annoying, but I try to ignore him. 我老闆很煩,但是我試著不要理他。

I’ve tried hard not to laugh. 我很努力試著不要笑出來。

b try doing

加動名詞表示是短暫地做做看動名詞的動作,看是否會成功,適合或喜歡

Maybe you should try logging off and logging on again, and see if it works. 或許你可以試看看登出再登入,看看有沒有效。

I tried calling her, but there was no answer. 我試了打給她,但是沒有人接。

簡單的動詞接續加廢文

剛剛整理了動詞接續,也就是一個動詞後面要再接另外一個動詞的時候該怎麼辦?
有點小複雜,最先整理好的是最簡單的,把文字改過,單字改更常見的。還沒有做影片,因為還在整理中,今天晚上估計是整理不完的,之後還會繼續講,先放在來,再順便發個廢文,後者才是主要目的,哈哈哈。
剛剛用的是潔西快要不行的筆電打字的,看著他從90%的電量一直掉到60%,趕快換電腦,有點像住在 ICU 也就是 Intensive Care Unit 加護病房,勉強撐著一天是一天,每天還可以的時候就用一下,隨時都會走的概念,傷心啊!
轉換一下心情,聊聊今天去醫院的時候穿的閃亮亮像是要去夜店穿的洋裝。去年暑假在東京百貨公司專櫃買的洋裝,今天第一次穿,為什麼這麼久才穿?因為去年買了沒多久就借給去加拿大的小寶,讓她帶去說不定有機會穿到,不過後來他們因為新冠肺炎,各式活動都取消,所以也沒穿就帶回來還潔西。
早上穿的時候覺得有點短,自己是很喜歡,但是呢真的覺得很像去夜店穿的,穿去上課似乎有點不太合適,也不是不行啦,當家教老師的是沒有什麼 dress code ,中文叫什麼呢?穿衣服的規定。
潔西其實還蠻常買很誇張的洋裝,比方說大紅的,比方說大黑點的超正的低胸洋裝,在歐洲買的,但是一次都沒穿出去過就太胖了,洋裝似乎捐出去了,超可惜的。還有去婚禮穿的小禮服,還有露背的,啊,下次來發照片分享給大家看。說到洋裝潔西就超興奮的。
總之呢今天出門去看醫生就想說,啊,去看醫生穿好了,沒有人規定去醫院穿什麼吧?就開心地穿出門了。沒有什麼人看,還是有呢,公車司機多看了幾眼,上車下車時,其他人就沒有看得那麼明顯。剛穿有點怪怪的,回到家時已經穿習慣了就覺得沒什麼啊,下次跟同學出門吃飯的時候也可以穿。哈哈哈。
醫生很好笑,開了藥,然後說你可以自己決定要怎麼吃。沒辦法,都看了十年的醫生了,該說的都說過了,一直跟潔西強調說這個藥是目前世界上治療躁鬱症最有效的藥,叫做樂途達 Latuda ,國外會吃到160毫克,潔西目前可以從40毫克吃到80毫克,絕對沒問題。東方人應該不用吃那麼高劑量。這個醫生的話潔西就不知道根據在哪裡。
然後先前吃的威博雋 Wellbutrin 因為公司不做了,醫生說藥商要賺錢沒辦法,這個藥不賺錢嗎?潔西沒多問。總之改成成分相似的慮舒妥,醫生說他覺得有百分之八十的效果,真的嗎,潔西覺得效果差很多耶。不過副作用吃不下倒是沒變。
最近講義每天都寫不完,超苦惱的,因為家教課上的東西很不一樣,會話,文法,發音,多益,英檢,寫作,要整理教材也要花不少時間。講義不是已經寫了一堆了嗎?不同的學生上不同的東西,越教就會覺得,啊,可以說得再清楚一點,所以同樣的東西有時候要重新整理一下,有時候要改寫一下,每天工作不完,突然覺得很幸福。The more I work, the more I want to work. 越工作越想工作的大概只有潔西了吧,哈哈,晚安晚安!

Happy Chinese Valentine’s Day! 七夕情人節快樂!

Chinese Valentine’s Day is on July 7th of the lunar calendar. 七夕情人節是在農曆七月七日。

在這一天呢,就跟情人節差不多吧,今年放閃的照片意外地少,是潔西的周遭都上了年紀了?還是大家都改走低調路線呢?

潔西今天很努力地工作著,然後下午差點被潔西的老戰友 MacBook Air 嚇死,突然間整個螢幕暗掉關機,要死了,今天從早上弄到下午的檔案都還在桌面,還沒放到雲端,打超久的講義今天難得連存都沒存。從新開機,電源只有18%,趕快,拉桌面檔案到雲端,不拉還好,一拉,又關機。什麼時候掉到剩下18%的啦,現在也只有62%,雖然插頭從頭到尾都是插著的,電池快要沒辦法蓄電了吧?

還好開機關機試了很多次後,最後筆電有爭氣,電滿一點後開,有快快把打到一半的講義存檔,快速拉到雲端去,還好潔西家網速快,一下就存上雲端了,趕快換電腦,繼續工作。

剛剛寫到一半想到剛剛晚上開始寫的講義又放在桌面,剛剛趕快放到雲端,好危險,終於知道為什麼新的筆電會自動把桌面的東西放雲端,真的是非常必要啊。

有點傷感呢,陪了潔西走了近九年,這台2011年中產的MacBook Air 感覺隨時都可能說走就走,眼淚有點快掉下來了呢!

潔西的第一台筆電是一台白色的 ASUS,沒有兩年就不行了,忘記哪裡壞,總之呢停產,所以不能換零件就只好換電腦了。當時老弟跟法國作攝影記者的友人都是用 MAC 電腦,一直說好用,潔西又覺得很美,就換了,當時買的也是白色的 MacBook ,記得是2008買的,所以用了三年?總之呢,目前這台是第三台,居然跟著潔西奮鬥了九年,實在厲害,也不能太強求它了。

當年還跟潔西一起喝過啤酒,這台電腦,送修說要修整個鍵盤要七千,最後就不管它,卡卡地用著喝過啤酒有點醉的鍵盤?總之後來就沒事了。前幾年託學生換過電池,當年假如貴一點換原廠的電池說不定還可以多活幾年?總之呢電池出問題後就變成桌機在用。2016年初覺得他快不行了,所以趁著當時送 Beats 耳機,就買了新的 MacBook,好快,四年又過了,他還活著。其實大部分潔西都還是用 MacBook Air 而不是新的 MacBook,因為舊的鍵盤比較好打字。題外插一下,買了機械鍵盤就是來生灰塵的啊,當年在想什麼啊?

打了這麼久還是在 62%,不知道明天早上醒來會不會就壽終正寢,打不開了呢?嗚嗚嗚。剛剛又檢查了一次,確定重要的都放雲端了。但是新筆電就打不開 word 檔了,似乎有線上的可以用?突然心情盪到谷底。天底下沒有不散的宴席,明天就走了也就是人生了,感謝我的 MacBook Air 陪了我這麼久一短日子,不離不棄,嗚嗚嗚。還好我沒有幫他取名字。印象中似乎是日本演員高橋一生吧,會幫週遭的東西取名字,這樣就不會隨意丟棄,會珍惜。雖然我沒有取名字,但是我還是很珍惜的。不知道有沒有個天堂是給壞掉的筆電跟手機都電器用品呢?有的話我想我的筆電一定會去那裡從此過著幸福快樂的日子吧!

晚安晚安!

I’m wearing this dress to the hospital. It’s actually like the one you wear to a club, not to a hospital. It did take a bit courage to wear this walking on the street.

I have a good reason. I really liked the design, so I bought this dress last year when I went to Tokyo. However, it’s a bit short, and it’s a bit weird to wear this to a class. So here I am, wearing it to the hospital.

I have at least 30 dresses, but I’m always wearing the same five or six ones. I even drew down what I was wearing next to the date on my daily planner, so I don’t wear the same dress to the same class every time.

Well, maybe I just think too much. Nobody is looking at me, so I guess it’s not too bad to wear a dress for a night club during the day. It’s a free society anyway.

I hope I won’t have to wait for too long in the hospital.

Have a good day!

英文的基本句型是一個主詞,一個動詞。當一個動詞後面用在接另外一個動詞時,會依照動詞的不同有不同的接續方式。不確定該如何接續的時候只要查一下字典,比方說劍橋字典 Cambridge Dictionary 會用 + to infinitive 表示加不定詞 to 再加動詞原型,用 + ing verb 表示加動名詞,而朗文字典 Longman Dictionary 會在動詞後面加上 to do something 或 doing something 來表示。

A 加不定詞 to,再加動詞原型     V + to + V0

大多數的動詞後面要接另一個動詞時,只可以加不定詞 to 再加動詞原型。這個部分是數量最多的。有些人誤以為所有的動詞要加另外一個動詞前一定要加不定詞再加動詞是錯誤的喔。

下面這些動詞的後面要先加不定詞 to ,再接動詞原型

want 想要, would like 想要,need 需要,hope 希望, learn 學習,plan 計畫,

ask 問,decided 決定,promise 允諾,agree 同意,expect 期望,request 要求,等

She decided to study abroad. 

He is studying English because he wants to get a better job. 

They agreed to help us. 

B 加動名詞     V + V-ing 

有少數動詞的後面一定只能加動名詞(V-ing),數量不多,看到一個記一個。

下面的這些動詞的後面要接動名詞

enjoy 享受,dislike 不喜歡,finish 完成,quit 戒,miss 想念,feel like 想要, 

can’t help 忍不住,mind 介意,suggest 建議,regret 後悔,discuss 解釋,等

I enjoyed walking in the rain when I was a junior high school student. 

She finally finished doing her homework before midnight. 

C 加不定詞 to ,再加動詞原型或加動名詞  V + V-ing  or  V + to + V0

有更少數的動詞後面可以加不定詞(to+V0),也可以加動名詞(V-ing),意思都不變。

下面的這些動詞可以加不定詞 to 再加動詞原型,也可以加動名詞,都可以。

start 開始,begin 開始,continue 持續,love 愛,like, 喜歡,prefer 比較喜歡,

hate 恨,can’t stand 無法忍受,can’t bear 無法承受,等

While I was walking home, it started to rain.

= While I was walking home, it started raining.

I can’t stand working in an office. 

= I can’t stand to work in an office. 

【潔西家】劍橋活用英語文法 初級 51 報導句 She said that … 講解講義

今天這張是瑞士的某個湖的照片,因為是買 iPhone 前的照片,所以沒有地點,剛剛查了一下查不到。

今天要講的是報導句,就是要轉述別人說過的話。比方潔西今天聽到一個上小學前的小男孩跟他媽說下星期二是情人節。嚇了潔西一跳。潔西完全不知道。話說那麼小的小男孩記住情人節是哪一天的原因是什麼啊?送媽媽巧克力?送小女朋友巧克力?

今天終於把自己踢出去游泳了,真開心,泡在水裡面。說游泳也只有游幾趟而已,而且一開始還覺得外面的水太冷了,還先去室內池暖身一下,在戶外池游一下馬上就不冷,感到的就是涼爽了,超舒服的。

今天一整天都在看日劇跟備課,很妙,這種時候有想說的日文就會自動浮出來。先前跟學生上課的時候也是,差點脫口而出說日文,明明上的是英文課,好險沒說出來。

今天用了五個今天,剛剛寫在部落格的時候沒發現,放到臉書分段就發現,這個人每一段都是從今天開始,也太好笑了,哈哈哈。覺得有點累,早點睡吧。晚安晚安!

講解影片

引用句 Quoted Speech/Direct Speech 與報導句 Reported Speech/Indirect Speech                       

1 引用句直接重述說話者所說的切確內容,在書寫時用引號quotations表示。

1 The kid said, “I’m hungry.”  那個男孩說:「我餓了。」

2 Mary said, “I didn’t take your book.”  瑪麗說:「我沒有拿你的書。」

2 報導句重述說話者說的內容,但不是用完全一樣的字,人稱代名詞跟動詞都可能會有所改變,不用引號。that 常常可以省略掉。

3 The kid told his mom that he was hungry. 那個小孩跟他媽媽說他餓了。

4 Mary told me that she hadn’t taken my book.  瑪麗跟我說她沒有拿我的書。

A 在報導句中,需要做一些改變來維持原本說話者的意思

1 改變代名詞與所有格代名詞

5 He said to Ann, “Tell me your problem.”  他跟安說:「跟我說你的問題。」

6 He told Ann to tell him her problem.  他跟安說跟他說她的問題。

7 “I don’t mind.”  「我不在意。」

8 She said she didn’t mind.  她說她不在意。

2 改變時間片語   

9 “Call me tomorrow.”。「明天打電話給我。」

10 She said to call her the next day.  她說隔天打電話給她。

11 “I don’t know what to do now.”。「我不知道現在怎麼做。」

12 He said he didn’t know what to do then.   他說他不知道當時怎麼做。

3 改變 this 跟 here

13 “Sign this form here.”。「在這裡簽這個表格。」

14 She told him to sigh that form there.  她跟他說在那裡簽那個表格。

15 “I’ll wait for you here.”。「我在這裡等你。」

16 He said he would wait for me there.  他說他會在那裡等我。

B 當主要子句的動詞是過去簡單式時 said, told, asked 等,報導句中的動詞會跟引用句也就是原本說話者說出的句子的時態會有所不同。

1 現在簡單式變為過去簡單式

17 He said, “It’s great.”  他說:「太棒了。」

18 He said it was great.  他說太棒了。

19 She said, “I play basketball in my free time.”。她說:「我在我有空的時候打籃球。」

20 She said she played basketball in her free time.  她說她在她有空的時候打籃球。

2 現在進行式變為過去進行式

21 “I’m leaving.”  「我要離開了。」

22 She said she was leaving.  她說她要走了。

23 “I’m doing my homework.”  「我正在做我的作業。」

24 He said he was doing his homework.  他說他正在做他的作業。

3 過去簡單式變為過去完成式

25 “I made it.”  「我做到了。」      

26 He said he had made it.  他說他做到了。

27 “I wasn’t angry.”  「我沒有生氣。」 

28 She said she hadn’t been angry.  她說她沒有生氣。

4 現在完成式變為過去完成式

29 He said to her, “I’ve never lied.”   他跟她說:「我從來都沒說過謊。」

30 He told her that he had never lied.  他跟她說他從來都沒說過謊。

31 “I have been to Japan.”  「我去過日本。」

32 She said she had been to Japan.  她說她沒有去過日本。

5 某些助動詞變成助動詞的過去式

33 He said, “I can work hard.”  他說:「我可以努力地工作。」  

34 He said he could work hard.  他說他可以努力地工作。

35 She said, “I’ll help you.”  她說:「我會幫你。」

36 She told me she would help me.  她說她會幫我。

C 當主要子句的動詞是現在簡單式時,不要改變報導句的時態。

在某些情況下,報導句中的子句可以改,也可以不改變時態。

1 某人剛剛說的話

What did you just say?  你剛剛說了什麼。

I said I’m tired. / I said I was tired.  我說我累了。

2 仍舊還是真實的事情

Rick said the bank wants a check.  里克說銀行需要一張支票。

Rick said the bank wanted a check.  里克說銀行需要一張支票。

3 一般的事實或科學定律

She said that everyone lies sometime.  她說每個人在某個時間點都會說謊。

She said that everyone lied sometime.  她說每個人在某個時間點都會說謊。

4 當主要子句的動詞是現在簡單式時,不要改變報導句的時態。

“I run a mile every day.”  「我每天跑一哩。」

She says that she runs a mile every day.  她說她每天跑一哩。

D say 的用法

1 say 用在表示說了什麼時,後面可以用引號加上原本說的話

‘I’m sorry,’ Sam said.  「我很抱歉。」山姆說。

2 say 用在表示說了什麼時,也可以在後面加名詞子句,that 可以省略

Sam said (that) he was sorry.  山姆說他很抱歉。

3 say 用在跟人說說了什麼時,人的前面要加 to 

The teacher said a few words to me.  老師跟我說了一些話。

E tell 的用法

1 tell 用在告訴某人某事,人的前面不需要 to

Sam told me the news.  山姆跟我說了那個消息。

2 tell 用在告訴某人發生了什麼事時,名詞前面可以用 about 

Sam told me about the accident.  山姆告訴我有關那個意外。

3 tell 用在告訴某人某句話時,也已在人後面加名詞子句,that 可以省略

Sam told me that he wanted to buy a car.  山姆跟我說他要買一台車。

翻譯練習

1 Emily 說她正在聽音樂。

2 Tim 說他找不到他的鑰匙。

3 Peter 告訴我他去過韓國。

4 Tom 跟 Mary 告訴我他們很開心。

5 Sam 說他不會去派對。

6 他們說他們沒有任何錢。

7 我老闆總是說他很忙。

8 她說她將要買一台跑車。

9 John 跟我說他吃過晚餐了。

10 Susan 說她不餓。

翻譯練習 答案

.

.

.

1 Emily 說她正在聽音樂。

1 Emily said that she was listening to music.

2 Tim 說他找不到他的鑰匙。

2 Tim said that he couldn’t fin his key.

3 Peter 告訴我他去過韓國。

3 Peter told me he had been to Korea.

4 Tom 跟 Mary 告訴我他們很開心。

4 Tom and Mary told me that they were very happy. 

4 Tom and Mary told me that they had been very happy.

5 Sam 說他不會去派對。

5 Sam said that he wouldn’t go to the party.

6 他們說他們沒有任何錢。

6 They said they didn’t have any money.

7 我老闆總是說他很忙。

7 My boss always says that he is busy.

8 她說她將要買一台跑車。

8 She said she would buy a sports car. 

9 John 跟我說他吃過晚餐了。

9 John told me he had eaten dinner.

10 Susan 說她不餓。

10 Susan said that she wasn’t hungry. 

怎麼學好英文的經驗分享

Be a good person in real life, not in social media. 在現在生活中當好人,而不是在社交軟體上。


兩邊都要當好人啦!不過有時候當好人好難喔,嗚嗚。對得起自己有時候會對不起別人。對得起別人又對不起自己了,哈哈哈,星期天晚上的廢文。順便分享學習心得。


Thinking Humanity 這個臉書專頁常常會發一些簡單的句子,大家也可以追蹤,每天給自己一點環境喔。


最近特別有感是覺得想學好英文的人但是呢又覺得進步不多的人多半有個相同的問題,輸入太少。遇過很多學生就只有上課的時候接觸到英文,除此之外完全沒有跟英文當朋友,當然你想跟他裝熟,比方說考試時,他也是不會理你的啦,因為平常都沒交情啊!潔西每次都會跟想考多益的學生這麼說。


潔西今年夏天,六七月上了兩個月的日文課,口說大大提升,雖然也是只去上課,下課也沒有複習,但是呢上課的頻率是非常高的。一個星期大概是十到十五個小時,上了八週,所以是很密集的上了近一百個小時的課程。


雖然沒有複習老師上過的內容,也沒有找日語學習書出來看,但是每天都會花時間看日文新聞,日劇,日本綜藝節目,聽聽日文歌。現在就正看著 YouTube 剛好看到有歌詞的影片,一邊跟著唱日文歌。


說實在,潔西的輸入真的是蠻多的,所以去上課的時候能把這些亂七八糟沒有組織吸收到大腦的東西用出少少的部分,用自己的意思七拼八湊地表達出自己的意思,不完美,但是至少能表達。


自己真的覺得假如沒有大量的輸入,潔西大概也說不出來吧?有時會依著內容說出自己不知道居然對的單字或用法,後來想想,因為就是像人家說去當地國家居住,泡在那個環境中,因為在某個情境下就是會說出某些常用的句子,這個來說常看韓劇的人應該也多少會一兩句這樣簡短的句子。自然而然就會了,也會用對,就像小朋友開始學說話一樣。


想學好英文的人就給自己找環境,現在網路太發達了。要找到自己有興趣又跟英文有關的其實不難。潔西的外甥女小寶喜歡美劇演員,看了十多季,兩三百集的美劇,英文多多少少有點進步吧?潔西的外甥大寶喜歡跳舞,也會找很多外國的影片來看。我讓他看我的影片他看不太下去,但是他會去找自己喜歡有趣的說英文的影片,也覺得可以從當中學到一些東西。


單一的輸入可能是比較無聊的,就可以多找一些不同的媒體,重要的東西會是一直重複出現的,慢慢地去累積,自己喜歡的方式都可以,電視劇,電影,小說,新聞,八卦新聞,IG,推特,臉書都可以多追蹤一些喜歡的英語系的演員歌手名人,YouTube的內容很多,想辦法找喜歡的來看。


不過呢,假如是想真正的學好,還是要花一些時間在一些可能沒有那麼有趣的語法上,不然的話可能表達出來的還是很有限。看韓劇看了幾百集,甚至上千集的人不會說韓文的人其實還是占大多數。潔西的日文其實先前可是花了很多時間在語法上,不喜歡背單字,不喜歡背句型,就找自己能夠接受的方式,潔西會去抄一些書的句子,會聽書的句型的音檔,會跟讀,潔西的日文筆記真的是自己看了都會嚇到覺得怎麼自己當時那麼認真。


在學一課的句型時,一課除了自己把句型寫下來之外,也會寫四五十個例句,先前還再整理一次,把自己想記住的句型跟單字另外寫出來做翻譯練習,讓自己用記句子的方式來把句型記住。覺得效果很好,自己做筆記,自己翻譯句子,把句型跟單字一起記住。


真的光去上課輸入太少要輸出的時候就會比較困難。假如自己能找時間多做相關的輸入,要輸出的時候就會像潔西學日文一樣,總有打通任督二脈的一天。
潔西的日文沒有很好,但是呢兩個月課上下來,至少突破了可以簡單地表達自己跟溝通這真的是進步很多。


潔西有時候很怕學生說我只是想要可以用英語做日常生活對話的溝通,因為這背後需要很多的努力跟練習才可以做到,大家可能覺得這很容易,其實真的沒有那麼容易。很多人從小學開始學英文,國中三年,高中三年,大學,即便出國去英語系國家唸研究所,或去英語系國家打工度假一兩年,回來還是沒有辦法做簡單的基礎的日常生活溝通,自由地表達自己的人還是不少。


潔西覺得自己上課兩個月從很卡,不太會表達自己到後面可以簡單地跟老師溝通,有時候上到是一對一或一對二的可,可以跟老師聊一聊自己的想法,問出想問的問題,背後的努力其實付出很多,絕對不是光上課那麼容易。先前自己很努力認真打的底子,花了很多時間在基礎文法上,花很多時間看日劇或綜藝節目當中學到的口說會話。去圖書館借一些日文書籍看到重複好用的東西,沒有特別花時間記,但是靠數量取勝,就是快樂的輸入,秘訣!大家快點找到自己能夠快樂的輸入的方法吧,這樣就會多花時間,學習真的也會比較有效喔。


說到有效,有一點潔西覺得很可惜的是很多時候有些人會堅持潔西看起來效果不彰地學習方法,所以花了很多時間但是還是在原地打轉。自己上課的時候會遇到的狀況是跟學生說自己的經驗,怎麼樣會是有效的學習。但是呢學生還是會找網路上推薦地各式各樣方法,然後問潔西有沒有效,即便潔西告知效果可能不好,學生還是要照著自己覺得有效地方法,不想用潔西的方法,有時候真的會覺得很奇怪。


跟學生說單字要從閱讀中,各種多媒體中去學效果比較好,給了學生教材。但是學生還是寧可花時間在單字 app,一堆不相干的背了又忘,忘了又背,但是最後還是不記得或知道這個字,就算記得但是卻也不會用。也有些是明明說的是錯誤的句子卻不肯改,覺得只要能溝通就好了,學了正確的用法卻不肯花時間去記句型,提醒自己,最後還是一直要錯誤的說法,自己想說的方式去說,然後質疑為什麼無法跟別人溝通。英文跟日文其實句型都很重要,中翻英能走到的路很有限。


工程師的學生跟潔西說他看到網路上說英文等於自然發音加文法加單字,這三個學好就可以學好英文了。大部分的人的問題是分別學了,合再一起不會用。學了自然發音只記住規則不知道怎麼用到實際的單字句子。文法學了,但是練習都不夠,所以學了一堆最後還是都忘光了。單字背了一堆,但是都是不相關的,就像上說過的背了就忘。潔西教一個高中生,每天老師都要他們背八十個英文單字,所以上課他常常說,啊,這個字我知道,那個字我看過,但是意思多半不記得,就算記得也不會用。學校這樣的學習方式對於底子不好的學生來說真的也是無效地學習。潔西聽了真的覺得感概。


自己能夠做的有什麼啊?常常在想怎麼樣才能幫助大家用更簡單更有效的方式來學英文。真的覺得學習語言不容易,跟你說語言能速成的,除非是真的很有語言天份的人,不然都是 easier said than done 說來容易做來難。有多少人能夠輕鬆自然地學好一個外語?我沒有認識這樣的人。我自己則是花了很多時間心血跟努力。語言潔西是自己覺得用對方法是真的會有成效的,不要小看一個語言啦!


好長的廢文,一邊聽自己喜歡的歌真是開心,還可以一邊唱就更開心了啊。大家星期天晚上收假愉快!

【潔西家】多益必考單字 16 十個後面加不定詞的動詞

今天的照片是富基漁港的天空,天氣很好的說,可能是因為已經傍晚了?所以天空看起來有點黑黑的,其實是要照可愛的煙囪的。

昨天是個完全不能工作的狀態,今天又終於元氣滿滿的備課,真的覺得自己是個謎啊。人生真的是不容易又莫名其妙啊。所以我都在第一時間有空的時候把課備好,才能遇到昨天那種完全不行的狀態時就放空吧。

今天找了十個後面要加不定詞 to 再加原型動詞的動詞,在多益還算常見的單字,大家可以記一下用法喔。我真的覺得我不是懶惰,但是呢不行的時候就不行,這解釋給一般人也是不會懂的,所以也不用解釋了啦。

生活是一天天過,今天本來要放深夜食堂中看到的大螃蟹,好久沒吃螃蟹了喔,想念北海道的三大蟹吃到飽。但是潔西的舊筆電似乎快不行了呢,昨天影片怎麼都傳不上去,今天試了一下,感覺不太行,就放棄了,改用新的筆電。果然快速地上傳了。

一下就四點了,好快喔,晚點要上課前想去 UNIQLO 晃晃,有看到特價的洋裝,當然是衣櫥滿是洋裝了,但是呢特價就又很想買,可是看網路的沒試穿過的潔西通常不會買,所以就是想出去試穿,哈哈,也不一定會買。希望穿起來不好看就不用買了?人真是複雜呢,哈哈哈。Have a good day! 又是星期五了,怎麼那麼快啦。潔西加油加油!大家放鬆放鬆。

加不定詞的動詞

I want to play tennis.

加動名詞的動詞

I enjoy playing tennis.

加不定詞與加動名詞都可以的動詞

I started to play tennis. 

I started playing tennis.

1 pretend 假裝

1 She didn’t want to talk to her husband, so she pretended to be asleep.

2 hesitate 猶豫

If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask me.

3 expect 期待,期望

What a coincidence! I didn’t expect to see you here. 

4 manage 成功做到(困難的事)

The animals managed to survive the wildfire. 

5 deserve 值得

You deserve to live a better life. 

6 decide 決定

She decided to take the job.

7 agree 同意

They agreed to give us a refund.

8 promise 答應

He promised to arrive on time, but he was late again. 

9 prepare 準備

She is busy preparing to take the entrance exam. 

10 force 強迫

He was forced to give up his dreams. 

My Wednesday brunch

睡前的廢文。剛好想到,昨天吃的中式早午餐。一般來說講到早午餐,印象會是西式的,歐姆蛋捲,吐司,煎蛋,吐司,煎蛋,班乃尼克蛋,香菇,薯餅,薯條,香腸等等,至少潔西的腦海出現的是這些東西。

但是呢昨天跟同學在三峽老街附近的市場跟同學吃了這個簡單又好吃的中式早午餐,真是令人開心。對喔,市場內很多的都是中式的早午餐呢。只要是接近中午吃的早餐跟午餐合併一起吃的都可以叫早午餐呢!

還買了六雙鞋,第二雙一百元的魅力不可擋啊!話說我的鏡頭似乎髒了,超模糊的。

昨天是快樂的一天,今天相較之下就遜色很多。是突然又變得很憂鬱,大家覺得懶惰的那種什麼都不想做的憂鬱。不過晚上跟老弟聊了很多,有提升一點。每天都是不斷地努力跟挑戰。明天又是新的一天,又要這樣騙自己?明天會更好,一定的,日文在心中跑出來了,但是懶得打字,睡覺去。晚安晚安!

What? You called this brunch? Why not? The definition of brunch is a meal eaten in the late morning that is a combination of breakfast and lunch. So, yes, that was my brunch.

I went to Sanxia Old Street with my classmate from college yesterday. Before we had a walk there, we went to the market nearby to have my first Chinese style brunch. My classmate told me it was a very popular restaurant, and it was almost packed every time she went there. The food was simple but tasty. We ordered quite a lot and of course we finished all of them.

While we were strolling on the Old Street, we found a good bargain. Some shoes are on sale: buy one pair, and get one pair for only one hundred dollars. Can you guess how many pairs we bought together? Six pairs! It was a lot of fun.

【潔西家】GEPT 全民英檢 初級 口說練習整理

快一週沒做影片了,剛剛突然發現。然後剛剛做了居然傳不上去,發生什麼事了啊?去年有寫了全民英檢的題目的練習,但是沒有答案,最近被網友問到時完全忘記自己有寫過這樣的東西。後來有找到,發現整理得沒有很好,所以又重新整理一下,花了幾天,越整理越多越長,自己都要不耐煩起來了啊,嗚嗚。所以有很多題目,其實想要練習口說的人也可以參考一下答案,看自己能不能每個題目都順利地回答出來。題目也要一起記住喔。影片因為做失敗了,覺得其實也很重複,所以還在考慮要不要做。 有覺得想看的再留言,有空的時候再來做。

真的最近是非常奇妙的狀態,在家就不好,出門就還不錯,但是要出門又很難,很難被理解的狀態中。每天早上都不想起床,跟大家一樣,不得不做的事先做了,可以選擇晚一點做的事就一直拖。真正想做的事非常的多,真正在做的事幾乎沒有。平常覺得有樂趣的事都提不起勁來做,在家不會想吃什麼東西,想出去游泳卻不能踢自己出門,非常的矛盾,只想躺在床上發呆,但是這真的不是本性,所以非常的煩惱。4:44常常看到這個時間,昨天也在這個時間給小寶傳了訊息。跟3:33都依樣特別容易注意到吧?

怎麼樣把自己拉出來?尋找中,希望可以早一點找到。Where’s my silver lining? 我的一線光明在哪裡呢?看 YouTube 唱歌試試看?極度不想出門,莫名其妙,快要對自己失去耐心了,啊!無力的掙扎,這是有病的呻吟啊!先發文,再來考慮要不要做影片。

影片的部分

A 個人資訊

1 What’s your first name?  

1 My first name is Jessie. My last name is Lin. My full name is Jessie Lin.

2 How old are you?  

2 I’m in my forties.

3 When were you born?  

3 I was born in 1989. 

4 Where were you born?

4 I was born in Taipei.

5 When is your birthday?  

5 My birthday is on January 1st.

6 How tall are you?  

6 I’m one meter 65 (centimeters). 

7 Where are you from? 

7 I’m from Taipei. 

8 Where do you live?

8 I live in Chungho, New Taipei City.

9 How are you?/How are you doing?  

9 I’m fine. Thank you.

B 日常生活

1 What do you do in your free time?

1 I cook, listen to music, and watch dramas in my free time. 

2 Where do you usually go for a walk?  

2 I usually go for a walk in the park. 

3 Where do you usually go shopping?

3 I usually go shopping in a department store.

4 When do you usually exercise?

4 I exercise every morning. 

5 What do you usually do on the weekend?

5 I often go to the movies with my friends. 

6 Where do you go to school?  I go to National Taiwan University.

6 Where do you work?  I work in a hospital. I work at National Taiwan University Hospital.

7 How do you go to school?  I go to school by bus.

7 How do you go to work?  I drive a car.

8 What do you usually wear in summer? 

8 I usually wear a T-shirt and shorts. 

8 What do you usually wear in winter?  

8 I usually wear a sweater, pants, a coat, and boots. 

9 How many hours do you sleep every night? Is that enough for you?  

9 I sleep eight hours every night. It is enough for me. 

10 How much do you spend every week?

10 I spend about one thousand dollars every day.

C 喜好與想法

1 What season do you like best? Why?  

1 I like summer the best because I can go swimming.

2 What’s your favorite holiday. Tell me about it. 

2 My favorite holiday is Moon Festival. I love mooncakes, and pomelos. I often have a barbecue with my friends, and it’s a lot of fun. 

3 What’s your favorite fruit?

3 I like mangos. They are juicy and tasty. 

4 What’s your favorite color?

4 My favorite color is red because it’s a lucky color.

4 What colors do you like best? Why? 

4 I like blue the best because it’s the color of the sky and sea. 

5 What kind of food do you like?

5 I like Italian food. I love pizza and pasta.

6 What kind of movies do you like?

6 I like superhero movies. Chris Evans is my favorite actor. 

7 Who is the actor you like the best? Why?  

7 I like Robert Downey Jr. because he acts very well. 

8 Who is the singer you like the best? Why? 

8 I like Jay Chou the best because he sings very well.

9 What kind of music do you listen to?

9 I usually listen to classical music. It’s relaxing. 

10 What sports do you play?

10 I don’t play any sports because I don’t have time. 

11 Do you have a favorite athlete?

11 Yes, I do. My favorite athlete is Jeremy Lin.

12 Do you have a favorite author/writer?

12 No, I don’t. I like to read novels, but I don’t have a favorite author. 

13 What’s your favorite drink? 

13 My favorite drink is milk because it’s healthy. 

14 Which do you like better? Beef or pork? Why?

14 I like beef better because I like the taste. 

15 Which do you like better? Coffee or tea? Why?

15 I don’t like tea or coffee. I like to drink water because it’s healthier. 

15 I like coffee better because I need it to wake me up every morning. 

16 Which is more important? Friends or family? Why?

16 I think they are both important. They play different roles in my life and I can’t live without them.

17 Which is more important to you? Love or money? Why?

17 I think love is more important because money can’t buy love.

18 Do you like to play badminton? Why or why not? 

18 Yes, I do. Playing badminton is fun. / No, I don’t. I’m not good at sports.

19 Do you like to take the bus? Why or why not?  

19 Yes, I like to take the bus because it’s convenient. / No, I don’t like to take the bus because it’s very slow. 

20 Which country do you like to visit most? Why? 

20 I like to visit Japan most because I want to go to Tokyo Disneyland. 

21 Do you like to live in a different country one day? Why or why not?

21 No, I don’t want to live in a different country because I’ll miss my family and friends.

22 What dessert do you like best? Why?  

22 I like cheesecake best because it’s delicious.

23 Do you like cold drinks or hot drinks on a cold winter day? Why?  

23 I like a hot drink on a cold winter day because it keeps me warm. 

24 Do you like to watch movies at home or go to a movie theater? Why?

24 I enjoy watching movies at home because it’s more comfortable and relaxing. 

25 Do you like to go hiking? Why or why not?  

25 Yes, I like to go hiking. It’s a very good exercise. I go hiking once a month. 

26 Do you think learning English is fun? Why or why not?

26 Yes, I think learning English is fun. My classmates and teacher are very nice, and we often talk about interesting things. 

26  No, I don’t think learning English if fun. It’s very difficult to remember the vocabulary and grammar rules. 

27 What are your hobbies?

27 My hobbies are cooking and singing. 

D 頻率

1 How often do you study English?

1 I study English twice a week. I take a class in a language school. 

2 How often do you eat a late night snack?

2 I hardly ever eat a late night snack. I’m on a diet.

3 How often do you do exercise?

3 I do exercise three time a week. I do yoga for thirty minutes every time. 

4 How often do you eat vegetables?

4 I eat vegetables every day. My favorite vegetable is broccoli. 

5 How often do you eat out? Who do you usually eat out with?

I eat out once a week. I usually have dinner with my friends on weekend. 

6 How often do you go to a convenience store? 

6 I go to a convenience store three or four times a week. I go there to buy water when I’m out. 

E 數量

1 How many brothers or sisters do you have?

1 I have two brothers and a sister.

2 How many books do you own?  

2 I own about two hundred books. / I only have ten books. 

3 How many people are there in this room?

3 There are about forty people in this room?

4 How many rooms are there in your apartment?

4 There are five rooms in my apartment. There are two bedrooms, a living room, a kitchen, and a bathroom.

E 數量

5 Is there a post office in your neighborhood? How often do you go there?

5 Yes, there is a post office in my neighborhood. I never go there.

6 Are there any convenience stores in your neighborhood? How often do you go there?

6 Yes, there are about five convenience stores in my neighborhood. I go there almost every day. 

F 天氣與感受

1 How do you feel on rainy days?

1 I don’t feel good on rainy days. Bad weather sometimes makes me sad.

2 How do you feel on sunny days? 

2 I feel great because I’m always in a good mood on sunny days.

3 What’s the weather like today?

3 It’s hot and sunny.

4 What was the weather like yesterday?

4 It was cold and rainy.

5 What will the weather be like tomorrow?

5 I’m not sure. I think it will probably be hot and sunny like today.

6 What’s the weather like during a typhoon?

6 It’s usually rainy and windy. 

7 What do you need to do to prepare for a typhoon?

7 I need to buy some food and water. I also need to charge my electronic devices.

G 家庭

1 How many people are there in your family?

1 There are five people in my family. My parents, my brother, my sister, and me. 

2 How many brothers and sisters do you have? Are you the oldest?

2 I have a brother and a sister. I’m not the oldest. I’m the youngest.

3 What’s your father like?

3 My father is tall and thin. He’s very strict.

4 What does your mother look like?

4 My mother has long straight black hair. She is short and slim. 

5 Who in your family cooks most of the time?

5 My mother cooks most of the time. She is a housewife/homemaker.

6 When do you get together with your family?

6 I don’t live with my family. We get together on big holidays.

7 Who’s the tallest person in your family? How tall is he or she? 

7 The tallest person in my family is my father. He’s one meter seventy-five. (one hundred and seventy-five centimeters)

8 Who’s the happiest person in your family?

8 My brother is the happiest person in my family. He often tell jokes.

9 Who in your family cleans the house most of the time?  

9 My father cleans the house most of the time. He enjoys cleaning the house.

H 現在進行與現在進行表示未來

1 What are you wearing today?   I’m wearing a white T-shirt, blue jeans, and black sneakers.

2 What are you doing? I’m taking a test. 

3 How are you doing? I’m fine. I’m a bit nervous.

4 Are you wearing glasses now? How good are your eyes?

4 Yes, I’m waring glasses. My eyes are not very good.

4 No, I don’t wear glasses. My eyes are very good. / My eyes are perfect. 

5 What are you doing after this test?

5 I’m going home.

6 What are you doing tomorrow?

6 I’m working tomorrow.

I 未來

1 What are you going to do after the test?

1 I’m going to have dinner with my friend.

2 What are you going to do tomorrow?

2 I’m going to play basketball.

3 What are you going to do next weekend?

3 I’m going to stay home and watch dramas next weekend. 

4 Will you be busy next week? Why or why not?

4 I’ll be busy next week because I have to prepare for my exam.

4 I won’t be busy next week because I am going on vacation. 

5 Will you go on a vacation this year?

5 I don’t think so. I want to save some money. 

J 過去式

1 What time did you get here today? Did you look around here?

1 I got here at eight-thirty. I didn’t have much time to look around.

2 How did you get here? How long did it take?  

2 I got here by MRT. It took 20 minutes. 

3 What time did you get up this morning?  

3 I got up at seven o’clock this morning.

4 What time do you go to bed last night?

4 I went to bed at 11:30 last night. 

5 What did you do last night? 

5 I went shopping with my family. 

K 上一次

1 When was the last time you saw a movie? What did you see?

1 I saw a movie last weekend. I forgot the name. 

2 When was the last time you had dinner in a restaurant?

2 I had dinner in a restaurant last weekend. I had Japanese food, and it was delicious. 

3 When did you last go out with your family? Where did you go?

3 I went out with my family last month. We went to Tamsui.

K 上一次

4 When was the last time you checked your cell phone?

4 I checked my cell phone an hour ago. I checked the time. 

5 When was the last time you went on a vacation? Where did you go?

5 I went on a vacation last year. I went to Paris, France. 

6 When was the last time you used the computer? What did you use it for?

6 The last time I used a computer was this morning. I checked my e-mail. 

7 When was the last time you went to a night market? How did you like it?  

7 I went to a night market last month. I like the food. It was cheap and delicious. 

8 When did you last take a bus? How much did you pay for the ride?  

8 I took a bus this morning. I paid $15 for the ride.

L 現在完成式,經驗

1 Have you ever travel abroad? Tell me about your trip. If you haven’t, which country would you like to visit most?

1 Yes, I’ve been to Japan. I went to Disneyland with my friends. I like it a lot.

1 No, I have never travel abroad. I would like to go to the U.S.A.

2 Have you ever had a beer? If not, would you like to try it?

2 No, I haven’t. I would not like to try it because I heard it’s bitter.

3 Have you ever cooked a meal for your family?

3 No, I haven’t. I can’t cook.

4 Have you ever taken Maokong Gondola?

4 Yes, I have. It was a fun trip.

5 Have you been to a movie theater alone?  

5 Yes, I’ve been to a movie theater alone. I enjoy it a lot. 

5 No, I’ve never been to a movie theater alone. I always go with my friends or my family. 

6 Have you ever told someone you were sorry? What was the reason?

6 Yes, I have. I told my mother I was sorry because I broke her favorite cup.

7 Have you been late for school or work? What was the reason?

7 Yes, I have been late for school because I overslept. 

8 Have you ever lost something important?

8 Yes, I have. I lost my wallet last year.

9 Have you ever visited relatives on weekends? What did you do together?  

9 No, I haven’t. I only see my relatives on Chinese New Year Holiday. 

10 Have you ever seen a live concert? 

10 Yes, I have. I saw a live concert two years ago.

10 No, I haven’t, but I would love to see a live concert. 

M 其他

1 What would you say to your teacher if you were late for school?

1 I would say I’m sorry I’m late. I won’t do that again. 

2 Your mother is going to the convenience store. Ask her to buy something for you.

2 Can you get some milk and potato chips for me, please. 

3 The phone is ringing, but you’re busy. Ask your roommate for help. 

Hey, John. Can you answer the phone, please. I’m busy right now. 

M 其他

4 Your friend has a bad headache. What can you say to him or her?

4 Are you okay? Do you need some hot drink? Would you like to take a pain killer?

5 You have the flu. Call your boss and tell him or her you can’t go to work. 

5 Hello. This is Jessie. I can’t go to work today because I have a bad cold. I’m sorry I have to take a day off.

6 Your friend, Tom, has a stomachache. What could you say to her?

6 Tom, are you OK? Do you need to see a doctor? Would you like to rest for a while?

7 Your neighbors have been playing mahjong very loudly after midnight. What will you do? 

7 I will call the police. 

8 Your friend Jane is going on a graduation trip. Ask her some questions about the trip.  

8 When are you going? Where are you going? Are you excited about it?

9 You’re eating at a restaurant, and you see your favorite actor eating there, too. What will you do?   

9 I won’t do anything. I don’t think it’s a good idea to disturb my favorite actor. 

10 You left your umbrella on the MRT today, and you want to know whether it has been found. Call the station to find out.  

10 Hello? I took the MRT today, and I left my blue and white umbrella in the car. Could you check if anyone has turned it in? 

11 What would you do if someone were talking too loudly in public?  

11 I would ask the person to speak quietly. 

12 Your friend Andy has a pet dog in his apartment. Ask him some questions about the dog.  

12 What’s your dog’s name? How old is your dog? What do you and your dog do together?

心情沈重的夜晚

蠻煩心的事真的多得不得了。昨天補習班的主管問潔西星期六晚上能不能上課,原本上星期六下午的課,但是學生開學要留校,所以不能下午上。然後呢潔西也問了一下學生的意見,學生覺得就是媽媽有命令要上也不能不上。所以潔西想想星期天早上也還有課,所以就跟主管說不方便。但是呢後來主管可能就幫學生找了星期六晚上能上的老師。學生寫訊息給潔西說媽媽說要換老師,問潔西能不能繼續幫他上星期六晚上。

當場看到潔西的眼淚就掉下來了。很理解學生的無奈,也了解學生希望潔西繼續教他,但是呢總不能再跟主管說我可以上了吧?實際上就各方面考量,我的體力真的也沒有那麼好,早上十點上到十二點,下午兩點上到四點,晚上在上六點到八點,隔天早上再上十點到十二點。但是覺得學生應該會覺得被潔西拋棄,放棄的感覺吧?真的不知道該怎麼安慰學生,超覺得對不起學生的,但是呢人生就是這樣。希望學生能夠體諒。稍微解釋了一下,學生就回好的。

然後呢潔西弟鼻咽癌進入治療第二週了,腫瘤有縮小的現象,副作用也慢慢出來了。第一階段治療有七週,醫生說第五週之後很關鍵,因為副作用越來越嚴重,體力會越來越差,因為殺死癌細胞的同時也殺死很多好的細胞。潔西大學同學說她妹妹坐到後面哭著想放棄,因為覺得真的做不下去,太痛苦了。潔西老弟目前狀況還不錯時唯一值得欣慰的,目前也非常正面積極的去面對,每天有空的時候都會跟潔西聊一聊。

另外也還有很不開心的事,就先不說了。然後潔西家這邊鄰居想要都更,雖然老房子都更也不錯,但是呢很麻煩,又要花很多錢,現在的法令居然是半數居民贊同就可以,先前有驗出來不是海砂屋,對抗震的耐度也還沒問題,但是呢大家說要更好像不更也不行,但是要花得很多錢也不知道有沒有那麼多錢,到時候要貸款,房子能不能順利的蓋好?還有要先搬家,還有家裡的一堆東西,自己的一堆書,一堆講義,房子蓋好前要找新家要搬家,要把一堆有的沒的東西整理掉,也不是壞事,但是心情真的蠻糟的,現在,就一堆煩人煩心的事。

做影片發臉書文之類的現在完全沒有想法。做不出來。喔,還有最近發現自己原來得了網球肘,昨天去治療,莫名地幫我電療肩膀,跟熱敷肩膀,電得也是手的前方,同一條筋也不是不能理解。今天去說要電療的是腰,因為我今天穿洋裝,所以問說可以電肩膀嗎?回答不行,要按照醫生開的來治療,那昨天電假的喔?算了,也不想為難做治療的老師。然後說醫生開的不是熱敷是雷射,那昨天為什麼沒做雷射而是熱敷,哎呀呀,不同人做不同的事,昨天星期一比較忙吧?做人不可以仗著自己理直氣壯就兇別人,退一步海闊天空,雖然沒有很開心,但是不可以讓自己更不開心。弄清楚狀況就好了,下次就知道要做什麼了呢。

覺得自己真的發太多牢騷了。最近有沒有什麼開心事啊?上星期上小二學生的課其實蠻開心的,覺得從中偷到不少開心的能源,上課上到一半去洗手間的時候還很開心,想說,我不可以再那麼 cynical ,中文是,憤世忌俗,要相信大家都是好人,頂多被欺騙感情,總之把大家當壞人看好吧?隔天也還電力充足,早上的課下課都下午的課的中間心情超好,本來想發文,後來有事就沒發了,過了就懶得發了。

星期天上課有點傷心,人數很少,學生不來上課,老師真的會覺得很傷心,然後就一直往下掉了。昨天去看醫生,一事無成。今天洗衣服,洗被單,倒垃圾,做復健,備課。小煩小累。明天要去找朋友玩,希望可以拉回來一點。睡覺去,明天又是新的一天。晚安晚安!

【潔西家】照片日記 triple stimulus vouchers 振興三倍卷

昨天寫的英文日記,太累了,所以只發在臉書上,要不要做影片呢?很猶豫,很猶豫, 還是做了。想做就做吧!

最近早上都起不來,一直賴床,什麼事都不想做,很沒有人生意義地過日子,進入了憂鬱期,不趕快拉上來的話,會越來越嚴重。想法都很負面,每天都很懶散,大家都會賴床,大家都會有負面想法,這樣就憂鬱症嗎?當然不是,潔西已經憂鬱二十年了,所以對自己的狀況也很清楚。

想一想,憂鬱症的人還蠻可憐的,真的很容易就被冠上懶惰的惡名,但是就是一個很像懶惰的病,什麼事都不想做,很累恨累,一直想躺在床上,然後很負面的想法一直冒出來,很黑暗的,很難擺脫掉的。

先要認清楚自己,知道自己是什麼樣的人,然後去跟他奮鬥,醫生曾經跟潔西說過,你這個病不會好,而且年紀越大會越嚴重,不愧是了解潔西的醫生啊!憂鬱症不是不會好,每個人都不同,環境,朋友等等的關係,幸運的人是可以完全治癒的喔。

潔西最近狀況不好也不是沒有原因,開不了班,沒有新生,老弟得癌症,做的影片觀看的人數一樣不多,臉書也是觸及率低,每次看臉書專頁都是誰誰誰按你的文讚,邀請他來按你的專頁讚的相同的通知,沒有人留言,沒有人問問題,日復一日的覺得自己的生活生命真的沒有什麼太大的意義。

沒有什麼朋友,年輕的時候朋友不少,還被問過說你怎麼會有那麼多朋友,年紀大的,朋友的性質變得很不同,前些日子朋友一起出去,他們聊孩子跟老公,潔西一句話都插不進去。大家有孩子有家庭,要約一起出去也真的不容易,只能很偶爾的出來吃個飯,走走,當然不是不開心的,人生要求太多的人一定不會快樂的,對於現有的感到滿足的話會快樂許多,但是這樣的人也就沒有往前衝的動力,潔西是在介於對現狀滿足與不滿間掙扎吧?不滿都是感覺又不知道該如何突破是最難的,現狀又隨著年紀越來越大,只會越來越困難。

看到佐野洋子,就是畫「活了一百萬次的貓」的插畫家,所寫的「我可不這麼想」,佐野洋子的中年回望,裡面有寫到女性友人的可貴。

「她高中時代的女性友人還制定了輪流探病表,每個人每週要來探望她兩次。我們都很窮,她一定和我一樣沒什麼積蓄。但就算存了幾千萬,也不如有很多女性友人可以在你出事時緊緊握著你的手,這比擁有鉅額存款更令人安心。」

有這樣的朋友,真好!

繼續備課去,今天星期五了,好快,大家週末愉快!

 

英文日記又來了,隨便寫幾句中文,翻譯成英文突然變成好長一串喔!果然潔西是不能當翻譯的啊!不是逐字逐句翻譯,只是講大意,明天有空的話再來錄音!

前幾天才領振興卷,被問到為什麼不早領,因為沒有特別想買的東西。前兩天買口罩,一盒三百五,只有兩百元的現金,問說可不可以刷卡,店員看到潔西手上剛領的振興卷說我們有收振興卷喔。

但是當然不找零,潔西想想不對,這樣要付一百五現金,這樣就不夠買便當了,所以還是刷卡。今天終於用到了。

剛剛在定食八有被振興優惠到,本來不知道用振興卷有優惠,點了四百三,結帳時店員說用振興卷200元可以點250的食物,所以又加點一堆,兩張卷點了兩份套餐,飲料,雞翅,豆腐,青菜,飽到吃不下。吃得飽飽,心情好好

下面是改成英文的日記

晚安晚安!

 

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Thursday, August 13th, 2020

I went to the post office to pick up the triple stimulus vouchers a few days ago. I paid NT$1,000 for the vouchers, which are worth NT$3,000.

After that, I went to a drugstore to buy masks with my NHI card (National Health Insurance card). I asked the clerk if they had a whole box of masks because I wanted to get a box but couldn’t find it anywhere. She told me there was one box left and it cost NT$350. Lucky me! While I was paying, I found out that I had only two hundred dollars cash with me. I asked her if I could pay with my credit card, and she saw the vouchers that I was holding. She told me that I could pay with the vouchers. They do not give you back the change for the vouchers, so I had to pay a $200 voucher and NT$150. In the end, I paid with the credit card because I realized that if I had paid with the voucher and cash, then I would have had only NT$50 left, which was not enough to buy my lunch.

Today, finally I got a chance to use the vouchers. My class finished early today, so I went to Teishoku 8 to have dinner. I wanted to pay with two two-hundred-dollar vouchers and $30 cash, but I was told that we could order $250 worth of food with a $200 voucher. We were going to pay $430, but we ended up paying $420 for $520 worth of food. The math is so complicated here, so forgive me if I wrote something wrong. Anyway, we ordered two sets of meals, some chicken wings, fried tofu, greens, and a drink. We were so full that we couldn’t finish everything. I think I made good use of the vouchers.

My friend asked me why I waited so long to pick up the vouchers, and I said that there was not anything particular I wanted to buy. She told me that I would find ways to spend them easily after I got them and she was totally right!